Caius of Korea


Caius of Korea

Infobox Martyrs
name=Blessed Caius of Korea
birth_era= 1571
death_date=15 November, 1624
martyred_by=
means_of_martyrdom=Burnt at the stake
feast_day=15 November
venerated_in=Roman Catholic Church
birth_place= Korea
death_place=Nagasaki, Japan
beatified_date=7 July, 1867
beatified_place=Rome
beatified_by=Pope Pius IX
attributes=

Caius of Korea (born 1571 in Korea– died 15 November, 1624 in Nagasaki, Japan) is the 128th of the 205 Roman Catholic Martyrs of Japancite web
title = List of Martyrs of Japan
publisher = The Hagiography Circle
date = 2001
url = http://newsaints.faithweb.com/martyrs/Japan02.htm
accessdate = 2008-06-11
] beatified by Pope Pius IX on 7 July, 1867cite book
last = Turnbull
first = Stephen
title = Japan's Hidden Christians, 1549-1999 (Japan Library Historic Documents)
publisher = Japan Library
date = 2000-01-21
pages = 44
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=mbLFBhSZGAAC&pg=RA3-PA44&dq=205+japanese+martyrs&ei=popRSPfTL4uujgHahKhB&sig=qZdEdaQDPICrvaABpSTxRr3p09U
isbn = 978-1873410516
] , after he had canonized the Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan five years before on 8 June, 1862.

The 19th century French Catholic missionary Claude-Charles Dallet wrote of him in his "A history of the church in Korea", "His history proves, in a dazzling way, that God would rather make a miracle than abandon an infidel who follows the lights of his conscience, and seeks the truth with an upright and docile heart."cite book
last = Dallet
first = Claude-Charles
authorlink = Claude-Charles Dallet
title = A history of the church in Korea
publisher = Human Relations Area Files (1952 edition)
date = 1872
quote = "Son histoire prouve, d'une manière éclatante, que Dieu ferait un miracle plutôt que d'abandonner un infidèle qui suit les lumières de sa conscience, et cherche la vérité d'un cœur droit et docile."
language = French
pages = 6
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=jXFCAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA1-PA394&dq=inauthor:charles+inauthor:dallet&as_brr=1&ei=peq4R5GeDIzWiwGTibXZBQ#PRA1-PA6,M1
isbn =
]

Biography

Caius was born in Korea and was given to a Buddhist monastery by his parents. He left the monastery because he could not find the peace that he wanted there and went to a mountain to live as a hermit. It is said that he found a cave in which a tiger lived, which he lived with. The tiger is said not to have harmed Caius, and later went away to find another dwelling. Dallet said of this, "He withdrew into solitude to meditate with more ease on this happiness which he sought. He had as a dwelling only a cave, which he shared with a tiger, which occupied it before him. This wild animal respected its guest; it even yielded the cave to him some time after, and withdrew elsewhere."

Caius only ate what was necessary to preserve his life, abstaining from anything that was not absoultely necessary to live. One night, while in meditation, a man of "majestic aspect" appeared to him, and said to him, "Take courage; within one year you will traverse the sea, and, after much work and fatigue, you will obtain the object of your desire."In 1592, Japan invaded Korea, and Caius was made a prisoner. On the journey to Japan, they were shipwrecked at Tsushima Island part of Nagasaki Prefecture, and the Caius was taken to Kyoto, close to death. A Christian named Caius Foyn, the father of his mistress, nursed him back to health.

Allured by the life of the Buddhist monks, he felt that he had found what he had been seeking for many years, and went to live in one of the most famous pagodas in Kyoto. Again he felt that he could not find the peace that he wanted there, and he became ill. During his illness, he had a dream in which he saw the pagoda on fire. Then a "child of a charming beauty" appeared to him in his dream, comforting him saying, "Fear no more, you are close to obtaining the happiness you desire."

He found himself cured after the dream. In "The Ascetical Works. Volume IX, The Victories of the Martyrs" by St. Alphonsus de Liguori, it is said that "One day during sleep it seemed to him that the house was on fire: a little while afterwards a young child of ravishing beauty appeared to him, and announced to him that he would soon meet what he desired; at the same time he felt himself quite well, though he had been sick. Despairing of seeing among the bonzes the light for which he was longing, he resolved to leave them."cite book
last = de' Ligouri
first = Alfonso Maria
title = The complete ascetical works of St. Alphonsus de Liguori
publisher = Mount Saint Alphonsus Book Shop
work = Volume IX - Victories of the Martyrs
date = 1954
pages = 393-395
url = http://www.archive.org/details/victoriesmartyrs09liguuoft
isbn =
]

Caius then left the temple and went back to his master, who introduced him to a Christian, who in turn introduced him to some Jesuit priests. He converted to Catholicism and was baptised immediately. While he was instructed, one of the priests showed him a tableau representing Jesus Christ, at which Caius is said to have exclaimed, "Oh! Voila! Here is who appeared to me in my cave, and who foretold all that happened to me."

Caius served the sick, especially lepers. In 1614, he went to the Philippines with the General of a Japanse army, who had been exiled for his Catholic faith, in order to work as a servant for the General. After the General died Caius went back to Japan, and resumed his duties as a catechist. He helped the missionaries by preaching in his native language to the Koreans who had been taken to Japan after the Japanese invasion of Korea, as well as to the Japanese.cite news
title = A letter from a missionary of Japan
quote = "He preached not only to the Japanese, but also to the many Koreans, who are here by the war that ended three years ago, in his native language, which was a great blessing for us."
publisher = Catholic Times
url = http://www.catholictimes.org/news/news_view.cath?seq=27387
accessdate = 2008-06-11
]

On 15 November, 1624, Caius was burned at the stake with James Coici, a Japanese Catholic, after he was arrested for harbouring missionaries.

References

Further reading

cite book
last = Neale
first = John Mason
title = Tales illustrative of the Apostles' creed
publisher = J. Masters & Co;
date = 1885
location = London
work = VI. Basil Bay "Was Crucified, Dead, and Buried."
url = http://anglicanhistory.org/neale/creed_tales/06.html


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