Electoral systems in the United Kingdom


Electoral systems in the United Kingdom

Various electoral systems are now used in the United Kingdom. Historically, First Past the Post had been used in most types of elections, but pressure for change has gradually seen the introduction of different systems, especially towards the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st. This history of using First Past the Post means that the development of political parties in the United Kingdom was and continues to be affected by Duverger's Law, which causes the agglomeration of related political ideologies into a few large parties with many small parties rarely winning representation.

Electoral systems now used across the United Kingdom are:

*The First Past the Post system is used for UK general elections, and also for some local government elections in England and Wales.
*The Bloc Vote system is also used for some local government elections in England and Wales.
*The Additional Member System is used for elections to the Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly and London Assembly.
*The Single Transferable Vote system is used in Northern Ireland to elect the Assembly, local councils, and Members of the European Parliament, and in Scotland to elect local councils.
*The Party List System is used for European Parliament elections in England, Scotland and Wales.
*The Supplementary Vote is used to elect directly-elected mayors in England, such as the Mayor of London.


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