Court of Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved


Court of Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved

The Court of Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved is an appellate court within the hierarchy of ecclesiastical courts of the Church of England. Hearing cases involving church doctrine, ceremony, or ritual, the Court has jurisdiction over both the Province of Canterbury and the Province of York. As of 2009 the Court has met just twice since it was established.

Contents

Activity

The Court of Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved was created in 1963 with appellate jurisdiction in matters of doctrine, ritual or ceremonial.

A complaint against a priest or deacon may be vetoed by his bishop, and one against a bishop by his archbishop. Before a case is heard, a preliminary enquiry by a Committee decides whether there is a case to answer. In the case of a priest or deacon, the Committee of Inquiry consists of the diocesan bishop, two members of the Lower House of Convocation of the Province, and two diocesan chancellors. There are other provisions where the accused is a bishop.

If the Committee allows the case to proceed, the Upper House of Convocation appoints a complainant against the accused in the Court for Ecclesiastical Causes Reserved, where the procedure resembles that of an assize court exercising jurisdiction but without a jury. However, the Court sits with five advisers chosen from panels of theologians or liturgiologists.

As of 2009, the court has met only twice:

The first case dealt with the introduction of an icon and candlestick into a church without a faculty (exemption from the usual practice) being granted beforehand. The second case allowed the use of a marble sculpture by Henry Moore as an altar table.[3]

Composition

The Court's five judges are appointed by the Sovereign. Two must be judges (or have held high judicial office), and must also be communicant members of the Church of England; the remaining three must be (or have been) diocesan bishops.

In criminal cases there must be not less than three nor more than five advisers, who are selected by the Dean of the Arches and Auditor from a panel of eminent theologians and liturgiologists.

Current members

The following were appointed as judges by royal warrant for a five-year term beginning on 1 July 2006:[4]

Former members

References

  1. ^ [1985] 1 All ER 993
  2. ^ [1987] 2 All ER 578
  3. ^ http://www.henry-moore.org/works-in-public/world/uk/london/church-of-st-stephen-walbrook/circular-altar-1972-630
  4. ^ London Gazette: no. 58062. p. 10685. 4 August 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-21.
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 50581. p. 8568. 27 June 1986. Retrieved 2007-11-21.
  6. ^ London Gazette: no. 52828. p. 2231. 10 February 1992. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  7. ^ London Gazette: no. 52828. p. 2231. 10 February 1992. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  8. ^ London Gazette: no. 52828. p. 2231. 10 February 1992. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  9. ^ London Gazette: no. 52828. p. 2231. 10 February 1992. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  10. ^ London Gazette: no. 52828. p. 2231. 10 February 1992. Retrieved 2011-08-22.

External links


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