Clonoe ambush


Clonoe ambush
Clonoe Ambush
Part of The Troubles and Operation Banner
Clonoe RC Church - geograph.org.uk - 275076.jpg
St Patrick's Roman Catholic church, near Clonoe
Date 16 February 1992
Location Clonoe, County Tyrone
Northern Ireland
Result IRA unit decimated
RUC base damaged by machine-gun fire
Belligerents
Flag of Ireland.svg Provisional IRA United Kingdom Special Air Service
Strength
6 volunteers [1] unknown
Casualties and losses
4 dead 1 wounded
Clonoe ambush is located in Northern Ireland
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The Clonoe ambush happened on 16 February 1992 in the village of Clonoe, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. A local Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit was ambushed by the Special Air Service at a graveyard after launching a machine-gun attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base in Coalisland. IRA members Peter Clancy, Kevin Barry O'Donnell, Seán O'Farrell and Patrick Vincent were killed, while two others escaped. An SAS soldier was wounded in the operation.

Contents

Background

From 1985 onwards, the IRA in East Tyrone had been the forefront of a wide IRA campaign against British military facilities. In 1987, an East Tyrone IRA unit was ambushed and eight of its members killed by the SAS while bombing an RUC base at Loughgall, County Armagh. This was the IRA's greatest loss of life in a single incident during the Troubles. Despite these losses, the IRA campaign continued unabated; 33 British bases were destroyed and nearly 100 damaged during the next five years.[2] The SAS ambush had no noticeable long-term effect on the level of IRA activity in East Tyrone. In the two years before the Loughgall ambush the IRA killed seven people in East Tyrone and North Armagh, and eleven in the two years following the ambush.[3]

Another three IRA members—Gerard Harte, Martin Harte and Brian Mullin—had been ambushed and killed by the SAS as they tried to kill an off-duty Ulster Defence Regiment soldier near Carrickmore, County Tyrone.[4] British intelligence identified them as the perpetrators of the Ballygawley bus bombing, which killed eight British soldiers. After that bombing, all troops on leave or returning from leave were ferried in and out of East Tyrone by helicopter.[5]

Ed Moloney, who wrote A Secret History of the IRA, and author Brendan O'Brien said that the IRA East Tyrone Brigade lost 53 members during the Troubles—the highest of any "Brigade area".[6] Of these, 28 were killed between 1987 and 1992.[7]

The ambush

On 20 February 1992 at 22:30, a car and a truck carrying a number of IRA members drove into the center of Coalisland and stopped at the fortified RUC/British Army base. The unit opened fire on the base at point-blank with armour-piercing tracer ammunition. They had mounted a heavy DShK machine-gun on the back of the lorry. The machine-gun was manned by Kevin O'Donnell. The two vehicles then fled up the Annagher hill and drove past the house of Tony Doris, an IRA member killed the previous year. There they spent the last rounds of ammunition firing in the air and shouting, "Up the 'RA, that's for Tony Doris!". The IRA unit was intercepted by the SAS[8] at the car park of St Patrick's Roman Catholic church in Clonoe. The unit was trying to dump the truck and escape in cars. The roof of the church was set on fire by SAS flares. Three of the dead were found around the truck, while the fourth was caught in a fence outside the church grounds. The machine-gun had been partially dismantled. At least two IRA men got away from the scene, but the four named above were killed. One SAS soldier was wounded.[9] One witness said that some of the IRA men were trying to surrender but were then killed by the SAS.[1]

Internal IRA criticism

A local IRA source pointed-out a number of flaws in the operation that led to the deaths of the volunteers. First of all: the use of a long-range weapon for a point-blank shooting. The DShK could be used up to 2,000 meters from the target, and its armour-piercing capabilities at 1,500 meters are still considerable. The tracer rounds were not the best option, since the firing location, if not executed from a well-hidden position, is easily spotted. The escape route was chosen at random, with the machine-gun in full sight and the support vehicle flashing its hazard lights. The gathering of so many men at the same place after such an attack was another factor in the getaway's failure.[1]

Aftermath

During the funeral service for Kevin O'Donnell and Seán O'Farrell in Coalisland, the parish priest slammed the security forces for what happened at Clonoe church, claiming that this wasn't the way to win the hearts and minds of the Irish nationalist community. He was equally critical of the republican leaders, to whom he appealed "to bring violence to an end". Francis Molloy, then a local Sinn Féin councillor, walked out of the church in protest. Leading republicans Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness, who also attended the service, remained in their seats. There were many armed RUC officers outside the church during the funeral, the RUC having changed its policy after the Milltown Cemetery attack. This show of force was criticized as it "ensured new young recruits to the IRA".[1]

The growing tension among local nationalists led to an open confrontation with soldiers of the Parachute Regiment in Coalisland three months later.[10]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d O'Brien, pp. 232–235
  2. ^ Toolis, Kevin (1995). Rebel Hearts: journeys within the IRA's soul. Picador, p. 53. ISBN 0330342436
  3. ^ Urban, Mark (1992). Big Boys' Rules. Faber and Faber, p. 242. ISBN 0-571-16809-4
  4. ^ DUP slams GAA club IRA commemoration Newshound 27 September 2003
  5. ^ Van Der Bijl, Nick (2009). Operation Banner: The British Army in Northern Ireland 1969 to 2007. Pen & Sword Military, p. 179. ISBN 1844159566
  6. ^ O'Brien, p. 160
  7. ^ Moloney, Ed (2002). The Secret History of the IRA. W.W. Norton & co., p. 319. ISBN 0393325024
  8. ^ McKittrick, p. 965
  9. ^ "British try to end the fear in Ulster" by Steven Prokesch
  10. ^ "British Take Paratroopers Off Ulster Security Detail", by Alexander McLeod. The Christian Science Monitor, 28 May 1992

References

Coordinates: 54°32′51.5″N 6°40′5″W / 54.547639°N 6.66806°W / 54.547639; -6.66806



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