Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi


Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi

Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi (Persian: ابوالنجیب عبدالقادر سهروردی)a (1097–1168) was a Persian[1][2] Sufi who was born in Sohrevard near Zanjan and founded the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order.

He studied Islamic law in Baghdad, then set up a retreat by the river Tigris, where he gathered disciples, which eventually came to be the Sufi order of Suhrawardiyya.

His paternal nephew Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi expanded the order.

His name is also sometimes transcribed as Diya al-din Abu 'n-Najib as-Suhrawardi.

References

  1. ^ John Renard, "Historical dictionary of Sufism ", Rowman & Littlefield, 2005. pg xxviii. excerpt: "Abu 'n-Najib 'Abd al-Qahir as-Suhrawardi, Persian shaykh and author, and scholar who thought Ahmad al-Ghazali, Najm al-Din Kubra and Abu Hafs 'Umar as-Suhrawardi
  2. ^ Qamar al-Huda, "Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi" in Josef W. Meri, Jere L. Bacharach, Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, index Volume 2 of Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, Josef W. Meri, ISBN 0-415-96690-6. pp 775-776: "Shahab al-Din Abu Hafs 'Umar al-Suhrawardi belonged to a prominent Persian Sufi family and was responsible for officially organizing the Suhrawardi Sufi order"



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