List of reptiles of South Asia


List of reptiles of South Asia

The following is a list of reptiles of South Asia, primarily covering the region covered by mainland India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, parts of Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Island chains.

Order Crocodilia

Family Crocodilidae

* Mugger crocodile ("Crocodylus palustris") Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar
* Saltwater crocodile ("Crocodylus porosus") India (east coast and the Andamans), Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia,Bangladesh

Family Gavialiidae

* Gharial "Gavialis gangeticus" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh

Order Testudines

Family Dermochelyidae

* Leatherback Sea Turtle "Dermochelys coriacea" Global

Family Chelonidae

* Loggerhead sea turtle "Caretta caretta" Tropical regions
* Green turtle "Chelonia mydas" Tropical regions
* Hawksbill sea turtle "Eretmochelys imbricata" Tropical regions
* Olive Ridley sea turtle "Lepidochelys olivacea" Tropical regions

Family Testudinidae

* Indian star tortoise "(Geochelone elegans)" India
* Elongated tortoise "(Indotestudo elongata)" India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malay peninsula, Indo-China
* Travancore tortoise "(Indotestudo travancorica)" Western Ghats
* Asian brown tortoise "(Manouria emys)" India, Bangladesh, Malay region
* Central Asian tortoise "(Testudo horsfieldii)" Pakistan

Family Bataguridae

* River terrapin "Batagur baska" India (Sundarbans, Bhitarkanika), Bangladesh, Malay peninsula, Indo-China, Sumatra
* Malayan box turtle "Cuora amboinensis" India (Northeast, Nicobar Islands) Bangladesh, Malay peninsula, Indo-China, the Sundas, Maluku, Philippines
* Asian leaf turtle "Cyclemys dentata" Northeast India, Bangladesh, China, Indo-China, Malay peninsula, Indo-Malay, the Sundas, Philippines
* Oldham's Leaf Turtle "Cyclemys oldhami"
* Spotted pond turtle "Geoclemys hamiltonii" Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal
* Cochin forest cane turtle "Vijayachelys silvatica" (="Geoemyda silvatica") Southwest India
* Crowned river turtle "Hardella thurjii" Pakistan, India
* Three-striped roofed turtle "Kachuga dhongoka" North India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Painted roofed turtle "Kachuga kachuga" North India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Brown roofed turtle "Kachuga smithii" Pakistan, North India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Assam roofed turtle "Kachuga sylhetensis" Northeast India, Bangladesh
* Indian roofed turtle "Kachuga tecta" Pakistan, North India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Indian tent turtle "Kachuga tentoria" India, Bangladesh
* Tricarinate hill turtle "Melanochelys tricarinata" India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Indian black turtle "Melanochelys trijuga" India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand
* Indian eyed turtle "Morenia petersi" Eastern India, Bangladesh
* Flatback Turtle "Natator depressus"
* Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle "Notochelys platynota"
* Keeled Box Turtle "Pyxidea mouhotii"

Family Trionychidae

* Indian softshell turtle "Aspideretes gangeticus" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Indian peacock softshell turtle "Aspideretes hurum" India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Leith's softshell turtle "Aspideretes leithii" Peninsular India
* Black softshell turtle "Aspideretes nigricans" Chittagong city tank in southeast Bangladesh
* Narrow-headed softshell turtle "Chitra indica" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Indian flapshell turtle "Lissemys punctata" Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
* Asian giant softshell turtle "Pelochelys cantorii" India (coasts), Malay peninsula, Indo-China, South China

Order Squamata

uborder Lacertila

Family Eublepharidae

* Indian fat-tailed gecko "Eublepharis fuscus" Western India
* Hardwicke's fat-tailed gecko "Eublepharis hardwickii" Eastern and central India
* Pakistani leopard gecko "Eublepharis macularius" Pakistan, Northwest India

Family Gekkonidae

* Böhme's Mountain Gecko "Alsophylax boehmei"
* Baluch rock gecko "Bunopus tuberculatus" Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal
* Indian golden gecko "Calodactylodes aureus" Eastern Ghats
* Sri Lankan golden gecko "Calodactylus illingworthi" Sri Lanka
* Assamese Day Gecko"Cnemaspis assamensis",Assam
* Beddome's day gecko "Cnemaspis beddomei"
* Boie's day gecko "Cnemaspis boiei"
* Goan Day Gecko "Cnemaspis goaensis"
* "Cnemaspis heteropholis"
* Indian Day Gecko "Cnemaspis indica"
* "Cnemaspis indraneildasii"
* Jerdon's Day Gecko "Cnemaspis jerdonii"
* Kandy Day Gecko, "Cnemaspis kandiana"
* Coastal Day Gecko "Cnemaspis littoralis"
* Ponmudi Day Gecko "Cnemaspis nairi"
* Ornate Day Gecko "Cnemaspis ornata"
* "Cnemaspis otai"
* Sispara Day Gecko "Cnemaspis sisparensis"
* Rough-bellied Day Gecko "Cnemaspis tropidogaster"
* Wynaad Day Gecko "Cnemaspis wynadensis"
* "Cnemaspis yercaudensis"
* Flat-tailed gecko "Cosymbotus platyurus" Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China, Indo-China, Malay region
* Sind Gecko "Crossobamon orientalis"
* "Cyrtodactylus adleri"
* "Cyrtodactylus aravallensis"
* "Cyrtodactylus collegalensis"
* Gunther's Indian Gecko "Cyrtodactylus deccanensis"
* Giant forest gecko "Cyrtodactylus frenatus" Sri Lanka
* Sikkim bent-toed Gecko "Cyrtodactylus gubernatoris"
* Khasi Hills bent-toed Gecko "Cyrtodactylus khasiensis"
* Smith's bent-toed Gecko "Cyrtodactylus malcomsmithi"
* Jammu bent-toed Gecko "Cyrtodactylus mansarulus"
* "Cyrtodactylus nebulosus"
* Malayan Forest Gecko "Cyrtodactylus pulchellus"
* Andamans bent-toed gecko "Cyrtodactylus rubidus" India (Andamans)
* Frontier Bow-fingered Gecko "Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai"
* "Cyrtodactylus walli"
* "Cyrtopodion baturensis"
* Banded bent-toed Gecko "Cyrtopodion fasciolatus"
* Himalayan bent-toed Gecko "Cyrtopodion himalayanus"
* Kutch Gecko "Cyrtopodion kachhensis"
* Lawder's bent-toed Gecko "Cyrtopodion lawderanus"
* Rough-tailed Gecko "Cyrtopodion scabrum"
* Siamese Leaf-toed Gecko "Dixonius siamensis"
* "Dravidogecko anamallensis"
* Patinghe Indian Gecko "Geckoella jeyporensis"
* Lined Gecko "Gekko vittatus"
* Devil gecko "Geckoella yakhuna" Sri Lanka
* Four-clawed gecko "Gehyra mutilata" South India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indo-China, Malay region
* Tokay gecko "Gekko gekko" Northeast India, Indo-China, China, Malay region
* Smith's giant gecko "Gekko smithii" India (Nicobar), Myanmar, Thailand, Malay region
* Andamanese giant gecko "Gekko verreauxi" India (Andamans)
* Bowring's gecko "Hemidactylus bowringii" Eastern India, Myanmar, China
* Brook's gecko "Hemidactylus brookii" Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Singapore, Malay region
* Depressed gecko "Hemidactylus depressus" Sri Lanka
* Yellow-spotted gecko "Hemidactylus flaviviridis" Pakistan, India, Iran
* Asian house gecko "Hemidactylus frenatus" South India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, China, Malay region, Tropical areas
* Giant Leaf-toed Gecko "Hemidactylus giganteus"
* Garnott's gecko "Hemidactylus garnotii" Northeast India, Bhutan, Nepal, Malay region
* Graceful Leaf-toed Gecko "Hemidactylus gracilis"
* Marbled tree gecko "Hemidactylus leschenaultii" Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka
* Burmese Leaf-toed Gecko "Hemidactylus karenorum"
* Spotted gecko "Hemidactylus maculatus" Southwest India, Sri Lanka
* "Hemidactylus mahendrai"
* Persian Leaf-toed Gecko "Hemidactylus persicus"
* "Hemidactylus porbandarensis"
* Bombay Leaf-toed Gecko "Hemidactylus prashadi"
* Reticulate Leaf-toed Gecko "Hemidactylus reticulatus"
* Scaly gecko "Hemidactylus scabriceps" South India, Sri Lanka
* "Hemidactylus subtriedrus"
* Termite hill gecko "Hemidactylus triedrus" Pakistan, India
* Mediterranean House Gecko "Hemidactylus turcicus"
* "Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus"
* Indopacific Tree Gecko "Hemiphyllodactylus typus"
* Mourning Gecko "Lepidodactylus lugubris"
* Andaman day gecko "Phelsuma andamanense" India (Andamans)
* Kuhl's flap-skinned gecko "Ptychozoon kuhli" India (Nicobar), Malay region
* Smooth-backed Gliding Gecko "Ptychozoon lionotum"
* White-striped Viper Gecko "Teratolepis albofasciatus"
* Carrot-tailed Viper Gecko "Teratolepis fasciata"

Family Agamidae

* Laungwala Long-headed Lizard ("Bufoniceps laungwalaensis") Rajasthan
* Green Crestless Forest Lizard "(Calotes andamanensis)" Western Ghats
* Emma Gray's Forest Lizard ("Calotes emma") northeast India.
* Green forest lizard "(Calotes calotes)" South India, Sri Lanka
* Large Scaled Forest Lizard "(Calotes grandisquamis)" Western Ghats
* Jerdon's forest lizard "(Calotes jerdoni)" India (Khasi hills, Meghalaya), Myanmar, China
* Orange-lipped forest lizard "(Calotes aurantolabium)" Southern Western Ghats, "sp. nov."
* Indo-Chinese forest lizard "(Calotes mystaceus)" Northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam
* Black-lipped forest lizard "(Calotes nigrilabris)" Sri Lanka
* Roux forest lizard "(Calotes rouxii)" India
* Indian garden lizard "(Calotes versicolor)" Afghanistan, Pakistan, India (Andamans), Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Malay peninsula, Indo-China, China, Sumatra
* Rough-horned lizard "(Ceratophora aspera)" Sri Lanka
* Small-horned lizard "(Cophotis ceylanica)" Sri Lanka
* Bay Islands forest lizard "(Coryphophylax subcristatus)" India (Andaman and Nicobar islands)
* Blanford's flying lizard "(Draco blanfordii)" Northeast India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malay peninsula
* South Indian flying lizard "(Draco dussumieri)" Southwest China
* Tubercled agama "(Laudakia tuberculata)" Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal
* Hump-nosed lizard "(Lyriocephalus scutatus)" Sri Lanka
* Wiegmann's forest lizard "(Otocryptis wiegmanni)" Sri Lanka
* Rock lizard "(Psammophilus dorsalis)" South India
* Blanford's Rock lizard "(Psammophilus blanfordanus)" South India
* Horsfield's Spiny Lizard ("Salea horsfieldii") South India
* Anaimalai Spiny Lizard India ("Salea anamallayana") South India
* Fan-throated lizard "(Sitana ponticeriana)" India, Sri Lanka
* Agile agama "(Trapelus agilis)" Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northwest India
* Indian spiny-tailed lizard "(Uromastyx hardwickii)" Pakistan, Northwest India

Family Chamaeleonidae

* Indian chamaeleon "Chamaeleo zeylanicus" Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka

Family Dibamidae

* "Dibamus nicobaricum"

Family Anguidae

* Armoured glass snake "Ophisaurus apodus" Eurasia, Afghanistan, Pakistan
* Eastern glass snake "Ophisaurus gracilis" India (Himalayas, Northeast), Myanmar

Family Scincidae

* Minor Snake-eyed Skink "Ablepharus grayanus"
* Asian Snake-eyed Skink "Ablepharus pannonicus"
* "Asymblepharus tragbulense"
* Barkud limbless skink "Barkudia insularis" India (East coast)
* "Barkudia melanosticta"
* Four-toed snake skink "Chalcidoseps thwaitesii" Sri Lanka
* "Chalcides pentadactylus"
* Tree skink "Dasia haliana" Southwest India, Sri Lanka
* Olive tree skink "Dasia olivacea" India (Nicobars), Myanmar, Indo-China, Malay region
* "Dasia nicobarensis"
* Olive Tree Skink "Dasia olivacea"
* Boulenger's Dasia "Dasia subcaerulea"
* Schneider's Skink "Eumeces schneideri" (Daudin, 1802)
* "Eumeces blythianus"
* Poona Skink "Eurylepis poonaensis" (Sharma, 1970)
* Alpine Punjab Skink "Eurylepis taeniolatus" Blyth, 1854
* Kelaart's slender skink "Lankascincus taprobanensis" Sri Lanka
* Big-eared Lipinia "Lipinia macrotympanum" (Stoliczka, 1873)
* Four-striped Lipinia "Lipinia quadrivittata" (Peters, 1867)
* White-spotted Supple Skink "Lygosoma albopunctata" (Gray, 1846)
* "Lygosoma ashwamedhi" Sharma, 1969
* Christmas Island Grass-skink "Lygosoma bowringii" (Günther, 1864)
* "Lygosoma goaensis" (Sharma, 1976)
* Günther's Writhing Skink "Lygosoma guentheri" (Günther, 1864)
* "Lygosoma lineata" (Gray, 1839)
* "Lygosoma pruthi" (Sharma, 1977)
* "Lygosoma punctata" (Gmelin, 1799)
* Vosmer's Writhing Skink "Lygosoma vosmaeri" (Gray, 1839)
* Gunther's spotted skink "Lygosoma guentheri" Southwest India
* "Mabuya allapallensis" Schmidt, 1926
* "Mabuya andamanensis" Smith, 1935
* Beddome's skink "Mabuya beddomii" (Jerdon, 1870) Southwest India, Sri Lanka
* Bibron's skink "Mabuya bibronii" (Gray, 1838) Southeast India, Sri Lanka
* Common keeled skink "Mabuya carinata" (Schneider, 1801) Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh
* Inger's Mabuya "Mabuya clivicola" Inger, Shaffer, Koshy & Bakde, 1984
* Striped grass skink "Mabuya dissimilis" (Hallowell, 1857) Pakistan, North India
* "Mabuya gansi" Das,1991
* Blanford's Mabuya "Mabuya innotata" (Blanford, 1870)
* Little Indian skink or Bronze Skink "Mabuya macularia" (Blyth, 1853) Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malay peninsula
* Many-lined skink "Mabuya multifasciata" (Kuhl, 1820) Northeast India (Nicobars), China, Malay region
* Sharma's Mabuya "Mabuya nagarjuni" Sharma, 1969
* Nine-keeled skink "Mabuya novemcarinata" (Anderson, 1871) Northeast India, Myanmar, Malay peninsula
* Four-keeled skink "Mabuya quadricarinata" Boulenger, 1887 Northeast India, Myanmar
* Rough Mabuya "Mabuya rudis" (Boulenger, 1887)
* Nicobar Island Skink "Mabuya rugifera" (Stoliczka, 1870)
* Three-banded Mabuya "Mabuya trivittata" (Hardwicke & Gray, 1827)
* Tytler's Mabuya "Mabuya tytleri" (Tytler, 1868)
* Gray's snake skink "Nessia burtonii" Sri Lanka
* Deraniyagala's snake skink "Nessia deraniyagalai" Sri Lanka
* Two-toed snake skink "Nessia didactylus" Sri Lanka
* Shark-headed snake skink "Nessia hickanala" Sri Lanka
* Layard's snake skink "Nessia layardi" Sri Lanka
* One-toed snake skink "Nessia monodactylus" Sri Lanka
* Sarasin's snake skink "Nessia sarasinorum" Sri Lanka
* Eastern sandfish "Ophiomorus raithmai" Anderson & Leviton, 1966 Pakistan, Northwest India
* Three-toed Snake Skink "Ophiomorus tridactylus" (Blyth, 1853)
* "Ristella beddomii" Boulenger, 1887
* Günther's Ristella "Ristella guentheri" Boulenger, 1887
* Rurk's Ristella "Ristella rurkii" Gray, 1839
* Travancore Ristella "Ristella travancorica" (Beddome, 1870)
* "Scincella beddomei" (Boulenger, 1887)
* Two-lined Ground Skink "Scincella bilineata" (Gray, 1846)
* Ladakh Supple skink "Scincella ladacensis" (Günther, 1864) North India, Nepal
* "Scincella macrotis" (Steindachner, 1867)
* "Scincella palnica" (Boettger, 1892)
* Reeves' Smooth Gecko "Scincella reevesii" (Gray, 1838)
* Sikkimese Supple skink "Scincella sikkimensis" (Blyth, 1854) Eastern India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal
* "Scincella travancorica" (Beddome, 1870)
* "Sepsophis punctatus" Beddome, 1870
* North Indian litter skink "Sphenomorphus indicus" (Gray, 1853) Tibet, India (Himalayas), Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, China, Malay peninsula
* "Sphenomorphus courcyanum" (Annandale, 1912)
* Dussumier's Forest Skink "Sphenomorphus dussumieri" (Duméril & Bibron, 1839)
* Spotted Forest Skink "Sphenomorphus maculatus" (Blyth, 1853)

Family Lacertidae

* Blanford's Fringe-fingered Lizard "Acanthodactylus blanfordii"
* Indian Fringe-fingered Lizard "Acanthodactylus cantoris"
* Small-spotted Lizard "Mesalina guttulata"
* Beddome's Snake-Eye "Ophisops beddomei"
* Snake-eyed Lizard "Ophisops elegans"
* Jerdon's Snake-Eye "Ophisops jerdonii"
* Leschenault's Snake-Eye "Ophisops leschenaultii"
* "Ophisops microlepis"
* Deraniyagala's striped lacerta "Ophisops minor" India, Sri Lanka
* Goalpara Grass Lizard "Takydromus haughtonianus"
* Java Grass Lizard "Takydromus khasiensis"
* Asian Grass Lizard "Takydromus sexlineatus"

Family Varanidae

* Bengal monitor "(Varanus bengalensis)" Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
* Yellow monitor "(Varanus flavescens)" Pakistan, India, Nepal
* Desert monitor "(Varanus griseus)" Caspian Sea, Pakistan, Northwest India
* Water monitor "(Varanus salvator)" India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, Malay region, Philippines

uborder Serpentes

-----See List of snakes of South Asia

ee also

* Wildlife of India

References

* Romulus Whitaker & Ashok Captain, (2004) Snakes of India: The Field Guide. Draco Books, Chennai.
* Daniel, J.C.(2002) The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-566099-4

External links

* [http://www.reptile-database.org/ Reptile database]
* [http://www.bio.utexas.edu/grad/sp/pubs/Indian%20Snakes-Checklist.pdf Indian snake checklist]
* [http://www.sbs.utexas.edu/hisasia/ Herpetology in South Asia]
* [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ReptileIndia/ ReptileIndia Yahoo Group]


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