List of Dukes of Parma

List of Dukes of Parma

The Duchy of Parma was a small Italian state between 1545 and 1802, and again from 1814 to 1860.

The Duke of Parma was also Duke of Piacenza, except for the first years of the rule of Ottavio Farnese (1549–1556), and the time of the Napoleonic wars, when the two were established as separate positions held by two individuals. The Duke of Parma also usually held the title of Duke of Guastalla from 1735 (when Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor took it from Mantua) to 1847 (when the territory was ceded to Modena), again, except for the Napoleonic dukes, when Napoleon's sister Pauline was Duchess of Guastalla.

The position is currently held by a member of the Bourbon family, which also holds the Spanish throne. Therefore, the Duke of Parma is a legitimate (though not prime) claimant to the Kingdom of Spain; indeed, the current Duke of Parma, Carlos-Hugo, was a pretender to the Spanish throne in the 1970s (see Carlism).

Reigning Dukes of Parma (1545-1802)

House of Farnese 1545–1731

*Pier Luigi, 1545–1547
*Ottavio, 1547–1586
*Alessandro, 1586–1592
*Ranuccio I, 1592–1622
*Odoardo, 1622–1646
*Ranuccio II, 1646–1694
*Francesco, 1694–1727
*Antonio, 1727–1731

House of Bourbon 1731–1735

Nominal Dukes of Parma (since 1860)

House of Bourbon, since 1860

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