Market risk


Market risk
Categories of
financial risk
Credit risk
Concentration risk
Market risk
Interest rate risk
Currency risk
Equity risk
Commodity risk
Liquidity risk
Refinancing risk
Operational risk
Legal risk
Political risk
Reputational risk
Volatility risk
Settlement risk
Profit risk
Systemic risk
v · d · e

Basel II

Bank for International Settlements
Basel Accords - Basel I
Basel II

Background

Banking
Monetary policy - Central bank

Risk - Risk management

Regulatory capital
Tier 1 - Tier 2

Pillar 1: Regulatory Capital

Credit risk
Standardized - IRB Approach
F-IRB - A-IRB
PD - LGD - EAD

Operational risk
Basic - Standardized - AMA

Market risk
Duration - Value at risk

Pillar 2: Supervisory Review

Economic capital
Liquidity risk - Legal risk

Pillar 3: Market Disclosure

Disclosure

Business and Economics Portal

Market risk is the risk that the value of a portfolio, either an investment portfolio or a trading portfolio, will decrease due to the change in value of the market risk factors. The four standard market risk factors are stock prices, interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and commodity prices. The associated market risks are:

Contents

Measuring the potential loss amount due to market risk

As with other forms of risk, the potential loss amount due to market risk may be measured in a number of ways or conventions. Traditionally, one convention is to use Value at Risk. The conventions of using Value at risk is well established and accepted in the short-term risk management practice.

However, it contains a number of limiting assumptions that constrain its accuracy. The first assumption is that the composition of the portfolio measured remains unchanged over the specified period. Over short time horizons, this limiting assumption is often regarded as reasonable. However, over longer time horizons, many of the positions in the portfolio may have been changed. The Value at Risk of the unchanged portfolio is no longer relevant.

The Variance Covariance and Historical Simulation approach to calculating Value at Risk also assumes that historical correlations are stable and will not change in the future or breakdown under times of market stress.

In addition, care has to be taken regarding the intervening cash flow, embedded options, changes in floating rate interest rates of the financial positions in the portfolio. They cannot be ignored if their impact can be large.

Use in annual reports of U.S. corporations

In the United States, a section on market risk is mandated by the SEC[1] in all annual reports submitted on Form 10-K. The company must detail how its own results may depend directly on financial markets. This is designed to show, for example, an investor who believes he is investing in a normal milk company, that the company is in fact also carrying out non-dairy activities such as investing in complex derivatives or foreign exchange futures.

Risk management

All businesses take risks based on two factors: the probability an adverse circumstance will come about and the cost of such adverse circumstance.

References

  1. ^ FAQ on the United States SEC Market Disclosure Rules
  • Dorfman, Mark S. (1997). Introduction to Risk Management and Insurance (6th ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-752106-5. 

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Market risk — Risk that cannot be diversified away. Related: systematic risk * * * market risk market risk ➔ risk1 * * *    ► See Systematic Risk. * * * market risk UK US noun [C or U] FINANCE …   Financial and business terms

  • market risk — One of six risks defined by the Federal Reserve. The risk of an increase or decrease in the market value/price of a financial instrument. Market values for debt instruments are affected by actual and anticipated changes in prevailing interest… …   Financial and business terms

  • market risk — The risk inherent in dealing on a market where prices may change. The obvious market risks are buying on a market that subsequently falls and selling on a market that rises; these risks can be reduced by hedging (see hedge), especially by means… …   Accounting dictionary

  • market risk — The risk inherent in dealing on a market where prices may change. The obvious market risks are buying on a market that subsequently falls and selling on a market that rises; these risks can be reduced by hedging (see hedge), especially by means… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • Market Risk — The day to day potential for an investor to experience losses from fluctuations in securities prices. This risk cannot be diversified away. Also referred to as systematic risk . The beta of a stock is a measure of how much market risk a stock… …   Investment dictionary

  • market risk — rinkos rizika statusas Aprobuotas sritis kredito ir finansų įstaigos apibrėžtis Tikimybė, kad rinkos kintamieji – palūkanų norma, valiutos kursas, nuosavybės vertybinių popierių, biržos prekių kainos – pasikeis taip, kad elektroninių pinigų ir… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • market risk — rinkos rizika statusas Aprobuotas sritis draudimas apibrėžtis Nuostolių arba nepalankių finansinės padėties pokyčių rizika, atsirandanti tiesiogiai ar netiesiogiai dėl turto, įsipareigojimų ir finansinių priemonių rinkos kainų lygių svyravimo ir… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • market risk — rinkos rizika statusas T sritis turto vertinimas atitikmenys: angl. market risk ryšiai: žiūrėk – sistemos rizika šaltinis Tarptautiniai vertinimo standartai (2011) …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • market risk — noun a) The risk that the value of an investment will decrease due to moves in market factors. b) Systematic risk …   Wiktionary

  • market risk —   rischio di mercato   Quella parte di rischio relativa all investimento azionario che non dipende dalle caratteristiche proprie di una singola azione ma deriva dall evoluzione del mercato in generale …   Glossario di economia e finanza


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.