- West End, Vancouver
The West End of
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canadais on the downtown peninsula neighbouring Stanley Parkand the areas of Yaletown, Coal Harbourand the downtown financial and central business districts.
The definition of the "official neighbourhood" of the West End, according to the city, is the area west of Burrard Street, east of Denman Street, and south of West Georgia Street. [ [http://vancouver.ca/community_profiles/west_end/index.htm Vancouver - communityWEBpages - West End ] ] Historically the term originated and remains used by Vancouverites to refer to everything from Burrard Street to Stanley Park, including north of West Georgia (now officially "Coal Harbour Neighbourhood") and west of Denman Street ("Stanley Park Neighbourhood").
A unique inner-city community, Vancouver's West End is the continent's second most densely populated residential area next to New York's Manhattan Island.
Like all of Vancouver, the West End was originally a forested wilderness. The area was purchased in 1862 by John Morton, Samuel Brighouse, and William Hailstone, three men known as the "Three Greenhorn Englishmen," or just the "Three Greenhorns," owing to the belief that the naive men paid too much for the remote land. The men had plans to establish a brickworks on the shore of Coal Harbour, and their land claim was originally staked with the hopeful intent of mining for porcelain clays, but the grade of clay was not fine enough for that use. When those plans failed (a lack of transportation being a key factor) they sold a good portion of the area, by then known as the Brickmaker's Claim, to Victoria investors who in turn tried to promote its development as New Liverpool. The only thing that happened with that scheme was a subdivision plan registered with the Land Titles office in New Westminster. Another name used for the property was the Brighouse Estate (Brighouse as a name came to refer to a particular part of Richmond, where "Greenhorn" J. Morton also owned property). One of the partners , observant that brick was a valuable building commodity despite the abundance of timber in the region, moved the brick-clay operations to Sumas Mountain, establishing the community of Clayburn, now a neighbourhood of Abbotsford.
Later, with the arrival of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, with its terminus at nearby Coal Harbour, the West End became Vancouver's first upscale neighbourhood, home to the richest railroad families. Many of these families lived along Georgia Street, known at that time as "Blue Blood Alley" for all the posh mansions built there. [According to Allan Morley, this nickname was the "former title of Main Street," and included Richards and Georgia Streets and "the Bluff." Alan Morley, Vancouver: From Milltown to Metropolis. 3rd ed. Vancouver: Mitchell Press, 1974, 138.] Later mansions (including the Davie mansion) were built in then remoter areas of the West End as the financial district's land values displaced the high-toned residences. This role was ultimately dropped with the increasing vogue for the upscale Shaughnessyneighbourhood, and as middle-class housing of various kinds began to fill out the West End. As the city grew, the West End became a transitory place for new arrivals from elsewhere in Canada, the United Kingdom, and later for immigrants from other countries, establishing a tradition of diversity. Following World War II, a significant German commercial community emerged along Robson Street, giving birth to the nickname "Robsonstrasse", a name still occasionally used in marketing despite the loss of its original meaning.
The West End, which probably gets its name from the West End School, [Allan Morley, "Vancouver: From Milltown to Metropolis",3rd.ed. Vancouver: Mitchell Press, 1974, 135.] is bordered by the 1000 acre (4 km²) Stanley Park on one side and by water on two. The West End is home to a mixed population, old and young, of Canadians, immigrants and international transient residents. Like other downtown neighbourhoods, the West End is very densely populated. It is adjacent to the downtown core business and financial districts, with traffic calmed streets punctuated by concrete islands, sidewalk barricades, and mini-parks and many residential heritage buildings including The Manhattan, The Beaconsfield, The Beverly and The Queen Charlotte.
The West End is also home to the
gay villagecalled Davie Village, centred primarily on Davie Street between Burrard and Bute, with a substantial gay population living throughout the West End.
Home to 42,120 people in 2001 [http://www.city.vancouver.bc.ca/commsvcs/Census2001/WestEnd03.pdf] 31.5% of residents are between 40 and 65, with 51% being between 20 and 40. The share of single-parent families in the West End is about 12%, compared to 17% for the City of Vancouver. Statistics also show that the West End is home to many children — the downtown peninsula now has more children than traditional family neighbourhoods such as West Point Grey or Kerrisdale. The West End has two
elementary schools: Lord Roberts & Lord Roberts Annex. The neighbourhood is also served by one high school, King George Secondary.
West End residents have been very active in shaping their neighbourhood and maintaining its liveability. In the 1970s, residents banded together to calm traffic that was using the neighbourhood as a shortcut between downtown Vancouver and the suburbs of the North Shore, across the
Lions' Gate Bridge. They also staged a successful "Shame the Johns" campaign to rid the West End of the prostitution that was then prevalent in the neighbourhood. Today, groups such as the [http://wecan-vancouver.com/ West End Citizens Action Network] and the [http://www.wera.bc.ca West End Residents Association] continue to be actively involved in keeping the West End liveable, albeit from different political perspectives.
The West End is particularly famous among visitors for
Robson Street. It was historically known as the "Robsonstrasse", for the postwar period when it was hub for immigrants from Germany, and was home to owner operated boutiques, schnitzel houses and other bistro-style dining establishments until the 1980's when the transition to the current fashionable shopping and dining area stretching from Burrard Street to Jervis Street, began. Many restaurants and shops can also be found along Denman Street closer to Stanley Park, and Davie Street adjacent to the South Slope neighbourhood.
Numerous parks and beaches can be found throughout the West End including Alexandra Park, Cardero Park, Nelson Park,
Stanley Parkand Sunset Beach. These parks range in size from 0.22 hectares (Morton Park) to over 406 hectare (Stanley Park). A portion of the Stanley Park Seawall promenade runs along the waterfront from Burrard Bridge to Ceperly Park.
The area is also known for English Bay Beach, a large park on English Bay which is thronged during the annual
Celebration of Lightfireworks display each year mid-summer. St. Paul's Hospital, one of Vancouver's largest and oldest health facilities, sits at the neighbourhood's eastern edge on Burrard Street.
Community Centres in the West End include the Vancouver Aquatics Centre, West End Community Centre, Coal Harbour Community Centre and Barclay Manor. Depending on the centre, they offer swimming pools, gyms, fitness centres and an ice rink, as well as many meeting and all-purpose rooms for rent.
The West End is not to be confused with the West Side (which denotes the western half of the non-downtown part of Vancouver city to the south) or
West Vancouver("West Van"), a separate municipality. (Conversely, and to the confusion of some, "East Van," "the East End," and "the East Side" all denote East Vancouver.)
* [http://www.westendvancouverguide.com/ West End Vancouver Guide]
* [http://www.city.vancouver.bc.ca/commsvcs/Census2001/WestEnd03.pdf Census Data on the West End]
* [http://www.city.vancouver.bc.ca/community_profiles/west_end/history.htm Historical article at City Website]
* [http://www.discovervancouver.com/GVB/vancouver-west-end.asp Additional Historical article]
* [http://www.thewestend.ca/ Vancouver West End]
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