Bastia


Bastia

French commune
nomcommune=Bastia
native_name=Bastìa
[Bast'ia]


caption=The port


x = 268
y = 237
région=Corse
département=Haute-Corse
arrondissement=Bastia
canton=
insee=2B033
cp=20200
maire=Émile Zuccarelli
mandat=2001-2008
intercomm=Bastia
lat_long=coord|42|42|03|N|9|27|1|E
alt moy=30 m |alt mini=0 m |alt maxi=963 m
hectares=1,938
km²=19.38
sans=37,884
date-sans=1999
dens=1,955
date-dens=1999

Bastia (French & Corsican: "Bastia"), is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. It is the capital of the department. Bastia is also an important Corsican port and is famous for its wines.

Geography

Situated in the northeast of Corsica, at the base of Cap Corse, Bastia is the principal port of the island and its principal commercial town. The average annual temperature is about 15.3 °C, and there are usually five days of freezing weather per year. The wind in Bastia is frequent and violent, and the annual rainfall is copious (more than 700 mm). However, there are about 340 days of sunshine per year.Fact|date=February 2007

History

Before the occupation of Corsica by the Genoese, Cardo was a large city. Around the city were little villages where the fishermen of Cardo lived. This little port was called Porto Cardo, which means "the port of Cardo."

The Genoese felt the need for shelter from the sea storms and began to construct, in the time of governor Leonello Lomellini, in 1380, a "bastiglia", also known as a stronghold or citadel.

With time, the "bastiglia" (Bastia) became more prosperous and important than Cardo.

Bastia was the capital of Corsica until 1791.

Economy

The census of 1999 gives the figure of 39,016 inhabitants, an increase of .01% since 1990. Ten percent of the population consists of foreigners. The unemployment rate is very high, 20% in 2004.

Monuments and places of interest

*The Museum of Corsica

Miscellaneous

Famous people

Bastia was the birthplace of:
* Vincent de Moro Giafferi (1878–1956): lawyer, nicknamed the "Grand Moro"
* César Campinchi (1882–1941): lawyer and French politician
* César Vezzani (1888–1951): opera singer
* John Bernard (1893–1983): American politician, representing Minnesota in the House of Representatives
* Angelo Rinaldi (1940— ): French writer and member of the Académie française
* Yves Simonpaoli, a.k.a. Paoli (1928— ): painter and professor of dentistry
* Henry Padovani, original guitarist of The Police.

ister city

Bastia's sister city is Erding, in Bavaria, Germany

ee also

* Sporting Club de Bastia
* Bastia - Poretta Airport

External links

* [http://www.bastia.fr Official website]
* [http://wikitravel.org/en/Bastia Wikitravel]
* [http://ultrasbastiacci.online.fr/ Bastia Fansite] (in French)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • BASTIA — Préfecture du département de la Haute Corse, Bastia (38 700 hab. en 1994) jouit au nord est de l’île, à 55 kilomètres de l’île d’Elbe et à 110 kilomètres de Livourne, d’une position très avantageuse: au nord, le cap Corse avec ses vignobles… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bastia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bastia País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bastia — Bastia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bastia —   [italienisch; französisch bas tja], Hafenstadt auf Korsika, gegenüber der Insel Elba, Verwaltungssitz des Départements Haute Corse, Frankreich, 37 800 Einwohner;   Wirtschaft:   größte Handels und Industriestadt der Insel; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bastia — (Dutch, French, German), Bastìa (Corsican, Finnish, Italian), Bastija Бастија (Macedonian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Bastīa — Bastīa, 1) Bezirk im französischen Departement Corsica; 65,000 Ew.; 2) befestigte Hauptstadt desselben, am Meere; hat ein hochgelegenes festes Schloß, Hafen, Leuchtthurm u. seit 1854 unterseeischen Telegraphen nach Genua; Sitz des… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bastīa — Bastīa, Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Korsika, amphitheatralisch am Meer auf der Ostküste gelegen, Ausgangspunkt der Eisenbahn B. Ajaccio, von Wällen und Mauern umgeben und von einer starken Zitadelle überragt, hat einen alten und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bastia — Bastīa, Hafenstadt auf Korsika, (1901) 25.425 E., Zitadelle; 1794 hielt sie sich 2 Monate gegen Paoli …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bastia — Bastia, feste Stadt auf der Insel Corsika, früher Hauptstadt, 13200 E., Hafen; liefert Stahl und Leder, Seife, Liqueurs, Wachs …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • BASTIA — urbs Corsicae insul. caput, sita in parte insul. Boreali, ubi alias Mantinum et Mantinorum oppid. Gauder arce munitâ et portu capaci, in litrore Thusco, ibique degit Gubernator …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • bastia — v. basta2 …   Enciclopedia Italiana


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