Military supply chain management


Military supply chain management

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Military supply chain management is a cross-functional approach to procuring, producing and delivering products and services. The broad management scope includes sub-suppliers, suppliers, internal information and funds flow.[1]

Contents

Supply

A supply is the procurement, distribution, maintenance while in storage and salvage of supplies, including the determination of kind and quantity of supplies. The producer phase of a military supply extends from determination of procurement schedules to acceptance of finished supplies by the military services. The consumer phase of a military supply extends from receipt of finished supplies by the military services, through issue for use or consumption.[2]

Supply chain

The supply chain is the linked activities associated with providing material from a raw material stage to an end user as a finished good.[3] Supply control is the process by which an item of supply is controlled within the supply system, including requisitioning, receipt, storage, stock control, shipment, disposition, identification, and accounting.[4] The supply point is a location where supplies, services and materiels are located and issued. These locations are temporary and mobile, normally being occupied for up to 72 hours.[5]

Logistics

Military logistics is the science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of armed forces. In its most comprehensive sense, those aspects of military operations that deal with: a. design and development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation, and disposition of materiel; b. movement, evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel; c. acquisition or construction, maintenance, operation and disposition of facilities; and d. acquisition or furnishing of services.[6]

Logistics versus supply chain management

The major difference between the concept of logistic management and supply chain management is the level of information gathered, processes, analysed and used for decision making. An SCM-based organisation not only having concerns with its immediate clients but also handles and forecasts the factors affect directly or indirectly their supplier or suppliers or on their client or clients. If we exclude this information part out of supply chain model then we can see the logistic management part of the business.

The up / down stream flow of information, showing the flow of information in supply chain management vs. logistics management systems.

Limitations of Military Supply Chain

Unlike standard Supply chain management practices world-wide, some major concepts are not supported in the military domain. For example, the Just-in-time (business) or JIT model emphasizes holding less (or no) inventory, whereas Military supply chains, due to the high costs of a stock-out (potentially placing lives in danger), keeping huge inventory is a more acceptable practice. Some examples of these are the Ammunition dump and Oil depot.

Likewise Procurement process in military have much different criteria than the normal procurement process. Where focus is more in reliability of vendor during peace and war as compare to price and technology factor.

See also

Notes

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • supply chain management — A cross functional approach to procuring, producing, and delivering products and services to customers. The broad management scope includes sub suppliers, suppliers, internal information, and funds flow. See also supply; supply chain …   Military dictionary

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  • supply chain — The linked activities associated with providing materiel from a raw materiel stage to an end user as a finished product. See also supply; supply chain management …   Military dictionary

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  • Supply — may refer to:*Supply and demand theory *Government budget, in the Westminster System *Materiel, the goods and equipment that a military unit needs to fulfill its missionee also*Logistics *Military Supply Chain Management *Provider *Public finance …   Wikipedia

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  • Management — in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or… …   Wikipedia

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