Toasting


Toasting

Toasting, Chatting, or Deejaying is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. The lyrics can be either improvised or pre-written. Toasting has been used in various African traditions, such as griots chanting over a drum beat, Jamaican music forms, such as dancehall, reggae, ska, dub, and lovers rock. Toasting's mix of talking and chanting may have influenced the development of rapping in US hip hop music. The combination of singing and toasting is known as singjaying.

Traditional African American toasting

Toasting has been part of African American urban tradition since Reconstruction as part of a verbal art tradition, dating back to the griots of Africa. African American stories usually lauds the exploits of the clever and not entirely law-abiding trickster hero (not always human) who uses his wits to defeat his opponentsFact|date=May 2007.

Toasters continue the oral tradition by recounting the legends and myths of the community in venues ranging from street corner gatherings, bars, and community centers, to libraries and college campuses. As with oral traditions in general, and with other African American art forms as the blues, toasting uses a mixture of repetition and improvisationFact|date=May 2007.

There are many versions of the best-known toasts, often conflicting in detail. Historically, the toast is very male- oriented, and many toasts contain profane or sexual language, although more family-oriented versions also existFact|date=May 2007.

Well known toasts include "Shine and the Titanic", "Dolemite", "Stack O Lee", "Jo Jo Gun," and "Signifyin' Monkey."

:"See also: Signifying"

Jamaican toasting

In the late 1960s and early 1970s a strain of Jamaican music called deejay toasting was developed. Deejays working for producers would play the latest hits on traveling sound systems at parties and add their "toasts" or vocals to the music. These "toasts" consisted of boastful commentaries, chants, half-sung rhymes, rhythmic chants, squeals, screams, and rhymed storytelling. cite web
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Osbourne Ruddock (aka King Tubby) was a Jamaican sound recording engineer who created vocal-less rhythm backing tracks that were used by DJs doing "toasting" by creating one-off vinyl discs (also known as dub plates) of songs without the vocals and adding echo and sound effectsFact|date=May 2007.

Late 1960s toasting deejays included U-Roy and Dennis Alcapone, the latter known for mixing gangster talk with humor in his toasting. In the early 1970s, toasting deejays included I-Roy (his nickname is an homage to U-Roy) and Dillinger, the latter known for his humorous toasting style. In the late 1970s, Trinity became a popular toasting deejay.

The 1980s saw the first deejay Toasting duo, Michigan & Smiley, and the development of toasting outside of Jamaica. In England, Pato Banton explored his Caribbean roots humorous and political toasting and Ranking Roger of the "Second Wave" or Two-Tone ska revival band The Beat from the 1980s did Jamaican toasting over music that blended ska, pop, and some punk influences.

The rhythmic rhyming of vocals in Jamaican deejay toasting influenced the development of rapping in African-American hip-hop, [ BBC Guide to Reggae http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/bluessoulreggae/guides/reggae//.] and the development of the Dancehall style. (e.g., hip-hop pioneer and Jamaican ex-patriate DJ Kool Herc and Phife Dawg of A Tribe Called Quest). Jamaican deejay toasting also influenced various types of dance music, such as jungle music, and UK garage. Dancehall artists that have achieved pop hits with toasting-influenced vocals include Shabba Ranks, Shaggy and Sean Paul. Another up and coming Jamaican Toasting star is Damian Marley, son of reggae legend Bob Marley.

References

ee also

*Rapping
*Dancehall
*Signifying
*A cappella
*Beatbox
*Doo-wop
*onomatopoeia
*Scat singing
*Singjay
*Vocalese
*Voice instrumental music


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toasting — Toasting, chatting o deejaying es la acción de hablar o cantar, normalmente de modo monótono, sobre un ritmo. Las letras pueden ser tanto improvisadas como escritas previamente. El toasting puede encontrarse en diferentes tradiciones africanas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Toasting — Toast ing, a. & n. from {Toast}, v. [1913 Webster] {Toasting fork}, a long handled fork for toasting bread, cheese, or the like, by the fire. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toasting — (auch Chanting, Chatting oder Deejaying) ist ein insbesondere im Reggae und seinen nachfolgenden Formen, wie dem Dub und dem Dancehall verwendeter, mit dem Rap eng verwandter Sprechgesang. Er diente anfangs hauptsächlich dazu, den laufenden Song… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toasting —   [englisch, təʊstɪȖ], eine dem afroamerikanischen Rap vergleichbare Form des Sprechgesangs im jamaikanischen Reggae, den die Discjockeys zu eigens dafür produzierten instrumentalen Dubversionen von Reggae Songs ausführen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Toasting — Deejaying  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Disc jockey. Le Deejaying ou le toasting désigne un artiste vocal parlant ou chantant généralement de façon monotone sur un rythme ou un battement. Les texte peuvent être écrit ou improvisé et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toasting — Toast Toast, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Toasted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Toasting}.] [OF. toster to roast, toast, fr. L. torrere, tostum, to parch, roast. See {Torrid}.] 1. To dry and brown by the heat of a fire; as, to toast bread. [1913 Webster] 2. To warm …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • toasting — noun Toasting is used before these nouns: ↑fork …   Collocations dictionary

  • toasting — noun cooking to a brown crispiness over a fire or on a grill proper toasting should brown both sides of a piece of bread • Syn: ↑browning • Derivationally related forms: ↑toast • Hypernyms: ↑cooking, ↑cookery, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • toasting — noun The action of making a toast (celebratory call to drink) …   Wiktionary

  • Toasting — lyrical speech spoken over dub tracks, the Jamaican precursor to rap …   Dictionary of Australian slang


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