- Newton (UK Parliament constituency)
Newton Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire 15591832– Number of members Two 1885–1983 Number of members One Type of constituency County constituency Replaced by Makerfield, Warrington North, St Helens North
Newton was a parliamentary borough in the county of Lancashire, in England. It was represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1559 to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until its abolition in 1832.
In 1885 a county constituency with the same name was created and represented by one Member of Parliament. This seat was abolished in 1983.
The borough consisted of the parish of Newton-le-Willows in the Makerfield district of South Lancashire. It was first enfranchised in 1558 (though the Parliament so summoned did not meet until the following year), and was a rotten borough from its inception: Newton was barely more than a village even at this stage, and so entirely dominated by the local landowner that its first return of members described it bluntly as "the borough of Sir Thomas Langton, knight, baron of Newton within his Fee of Markerfylde". By 1831, just before its abolition, the population of the borough had reached only 2,139, and contained 285 houses.
The right to vote was exercised by all freeholders of property in the borough valued at forty shillings or more, or by one representative of joint tenants of any such freeholds; Newton was the only borough where the forty-shilling freehold franchise (which applied in the counties) was the sole qualification to vote. In 1797, the borough's last contested election, 76 electors cast their votes; by 1831 it was estimated that the electorate had fallen to about 52. (As elsewhere, each elector had as many votes as there were seats to be filled and votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings.)
In practice, however, the townsmen of Newton had no say in choosing their representatives: as the owners of the majority of the qualifying freeholds, the lords of the manor exercised total control. During most of the Elizabethan period, Langton seems to have allowed the Duchy of Lancaster to nominate many of the members, which may have been a quid pro quo for Newton's being enfranchised in the first place, but later patrons could regard its parliamentary seats as their personal property. Langton's heir sold the manor to the Fleetwood family in 1594, the sale explicitly including the right of "the nomination, election and appointment" of the two burgesses representing the borough in Parliament, one of the earliest recorded instances of the right to elect MPs being bought and sold. By the first half of the next century it had passed to the Leghs, who owned it for the rest of its existence.
By the time of the Great Reform Act of 1832, Newton was one of the most notorious of all England's pocket boroughs, mainly because the Legh control was more complete than that of the patrons in most other constituencies. It was one of the 56 boroughs to be totally disenfranchised by the Reform Act.
Boundaries 1885 - 1918
The constituency, officially designated as South-West Lancashire, Newton Division consisted of a number of townships and parishes around Newton le Willows namely:
Boundaries 1918 - 1950
The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised constituencies throughout the United Kingdom. Boundaries were adjusted and seats were defined in terms of the districts created by the Local Government Act 1894. According to the schedules of the Act, the Lancashire, Newton Division comprised:
- Golborne Urban District
- Haydock Urban District
- Newton in Makerfield Urban District
- Leigh Rural District (except the civil parish of Astley)
- Warrington Rural District
Boundaries 1950 - 1983
The Representation of the People Act 1948 redistributed parliamentary seats, with the constituencies first being used in the general election of 1950. The term "county constituency" was introduced in place of "division". Newton County Constituency was redefined as consisting of the following districts:
- Golborne Urban District
- Haydock Urban District
- Irlam Urban District
- Newton-le-Willows Urban District
- Warrington Rural District
The changes reflected the fact that Leigh Rural District had been abolished in 1933, Newton in Makerfield Urban district had been renamed Newton le Willows in 1939. Irlam was transferred from the neighbouring Stretford constituency.
The constituency was abolished by the Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983, which reorganised seats on the lines of the 1974 counties and districts. The bulk of the seat formed part of the new Makerfield County Constituency. Irlam was included in the Worsley County Constituency, while part of Golborne became part of Warrington North Borough Constituency. The town of Newton itself was incorporated into the St Helens North Borough Constituency.
Members of Parliament
Parliament First member Second member 1559 (Jan) Sir George Howard Richard Chetwode  1562/3 Francis Alford Ralph Browne  1571 Anthony Mildmay Richard Stoneley  1572 John Gresham John Savile  1584 Robert Langton Edward Savage  1586 (Oct) Robert Langton Edward Savage  1588 (Oct) Edmund Trafford Robert Langton  1593 Edmund Trafford Robert Langton  1597 William Cope Geoffrey Osbaldestone  1601 (Oct) Thomas Langton Richard Ashton  1603/4 (Mar) Richard Ashton  1610/11 (Feb) Sir John Luke Richard Ashton  1614 William Ashton Roger Charnock  1620/1 (Jan) Sir George Wright Richard Kippax  1624 Thomas Charnock Edmund Breres  1625 Miles Fleetwood Sir Henry Edmonds  1626 Miles Fleetwood Sir Henry Edmonds  1627/8 Sir Henry Holcroft Sir Francis Onslow  1629–1640 No parliaments summoned 1640 (Apr) Sir Richard Wynn, 2nd Baronet, sat for Andover William Sherman 1640 (Nov) William Ashurst Peter Legh, died after duel
and repl. by Sir Roger Palmer, disabled 1644
and repl. by Peter Brooke
1645 William Ashurst Peter Brooke 1653–1658 Newton not represented in Barebones and First and Second Protectorate Parliaments 1659 William Brereton Peter Legh
Year First member First party Second member Second party 1660 Richard Legh William Banks April 1661 John Vaughan June 1661 Sir Philip Mainwaring October 1661 The Lord Gorges of Dundalk 1679 Sir John Chicheley Andrew Fountaine 1685 Peter Legh 1689 Francis Cholmondeley 1690 George Cholmondeley 1691 John Bennet 1695 Legh Banks Thomas Brotherton 1698 Thomas Legh 1701 Thomas Legh, junior July 1702 John Grubham Howe December 1702 Thomas Legh 1703 John Ward 1713 Abraham Blackmore 1715 Sir Francis Leicester William Shippen 1727 Legh Master 1743 Peter Legh 1747 Sir Thomas Egerton 1754 Randle Wilbraham 1768 Anthony James Keck 1774 Robert Vernon Atherton Gwillym 1780 Thomas Peter Legh Thomas Davenport, KC  1786 Thomas Brooke September 1797 Thomas Langford Brooke  December 1797 Peter Patten 1806 Colonel Peter Heron 1807 John Ireland Blackburne 1814 Thomas Legh 1818 Thomas Claughton 1825 Sir Robert Townsend-Farquhar 1826 Thomas Alcock 1830 Thomas Houldsworth 1832 Constituency abolished
Election Member Party 1885 constituency re-established with one MP 1885 Richard Assheton Cross Conservative 1886 by-election Thomas Wodehouse Legh Conservative 1899 by-election Richard Pilkington Conservative 1906 James Andrew Seddon Labour 1910 Roundell Cecil Palmer Conservative 1918 Robert Young Labour 1931 Reginald Clare Essenhigh Conservative 1935 Robert Young Labour 1950 Fred Lee Labour Feb 1974 John Evans Labour 1983 constituency abolished
- ^ Seventh Schedule: Counties at Large: Number of Members and Names and Contents of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, (1885 c.23)
- ^ Ninth Schedule - Part II, Parliamentary Counties: England, excluding Monmouthshire, Representation of the People Act 1918 (1918 c.64)
- ^ First Schedule: Parliamentary Constituencies, Representation of The People Act 1948, (1948 c.65)
- ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London, 1991
- ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970 No. 1674)
- ^ Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No. 417)
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/constituencies/newton. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "The Parliamentary representation of Lancashire". http://www.archive.org/stream/cu31924030494987/cu31924030494987_djvu.txt. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
- ^ Knighted, June 1783
- ^ On petition, Brooke's election was declared void and Patten was declared to have been duly elected
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Edward Porritt and Annie G Porritt, The Unreformed House of Commons (Cambridge University Press, 1903)
- Frederic A Youngs, Jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
- Boundary Commissioners for England and Wales (1885). "South-West Lancashire, New Divisions of County (Boundary Map)". http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-lanc-sw.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Newton Abbot (UK Parliament constituency) — Coordinates: 50°32′46″N 3°29′49″W / 50.546°N 3.497°W / 50.546; 3.497 … Wikipedia
Newtown (UK Parliament constituency) — Not to be confused with Newton (UK Parliament constituency). Newtown Former Borough constituency for the House of Commons County Isle of Wight … Wikipedia
Cambridge (UK Parliament constituency) — Coordinates: 52°12′11″N 0°07′52″E / 52.203°N 0.131°E / 52.203; 0.131 … Wikipedia
Christchurch (UK Parliament constituency) — Christchurch County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Christchurch in Dorset … Wikipedia
Chippenham (UK Parliament constituency) — Chippenham County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Chippenham in Wiltshire for the 2010 general election … Wikipedia
Salisbury (UK Parliament constituency) — Salisbury County constituency for the House of Commons Boundary of Salisbury in Wiltshire … Wikipedia
Devizes (UK Parliament constituency) — Coordinates: 51°21′07″N 1°59′42″W / 51.352°N 1.995°W / 51.352; 1.995 … Wikipedia
Teignbridge (UK Parliament constituency) — UK constituency infobox Name = Teignbridge Map1 = Teignbridge Map2 = Devon Type = County Year = 1983 Entity = Devon County = Devon EP = South West England MP = Richard Younger Ross Party = Liberal DemocratTeignbridge is a county constituency… … Wikipedia
Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency) — Coordinates: 51°53′24″N 2°04′41″W / 51.890°N 2.078°W / 51.890; 2.078 … Wikipedia
Eastwood (UK Parliament constituency) — UK former constituency infobox Name = Eastwood Type = County Year = 1983 Abolition = 2005 members = OneEastwood was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1983 until 2005. It elected … Wikipedia