List of Formula One fatal accidents


List of Formula One fatal accidents
Five drivers have died while driving a Formula One car at the Nürburgring; only the Indianapolis Motor Speedway has had more casualties.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The F1 world championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held usually on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.

The list consists of all the drivers who have died during a FIA World Championship race weekend, or elsewhere while driving a Formula One car. It does not include track marshals and other race attendees, or F1 races held before the inauguration of the World Championship in 1950. Forty-five drivers have died in this fashion, twenty-four during a World Championship Grand Prix race weekend, seven during Indianapolis 500 races when it was part of the Formula One World Championship,[nb 1] nine during a test session and four during a non-championship Formula One event.

Fifteen drivers died in the 1950s; twelve in the 1960s; ten in the 1970s; four in the 1980s and two in the 1990s. No driver has suffered a fatal accident since 1994, making this the longest period in F1 history without a driver fatality. Drivers from the United Kingdom have suffered the most fatal accidents, 12 in all, the most recent being Tom Pryce in 1977. Only two Formula One Champions have died while racing or practicing in Formula One, Jochen Rindt in 1970, and Ayrton Senna in 1994.

Contents

Accidents

Driver Date of accident Race Circuit Car During Ref
 Earl, CameronCameron Earl (UK) 01952-06-18June 18, 1952 Test MIRA ERA Test [2]
 Miller, ChetChet Miller (USA) 01953-05-15May 15, 1953 1953 Indianapolis 500[nb 1] Indianapolis Motor Speedway Kurtis Kraft Practice [3][4]
 de Tornaco, CharlesCharles de Tornaco (BEL) 01953-09-18September 18, 1953 1953 Modena Grand Prix Modena Autodrome Ferrari Practice [5]
 Marimón, OnofreOnofre Marimón (ARG) 01954-07-31July 31, 1954 1954 German Grand Prix Nürburgring Maserati Practice [6]
 Alborghetti, MarioMario Alborghetti (ITA) 01955-04-11April 11, 1955 1955 Pau Grand Prix Circuit de Pau Maserati Race [7]
 Ayulo, MannyManny Ayulo (USA) 01955-05-16May 16, 1955 1955 Indianapolis 500[nb 1] Indianapolis Motor Speedway Kuzma Practice [8]
 Vukovich, BillBill Vukovich (USA) 01955-05-30May 30, 1955 1955 Indianapolis 500[nb 1] Indianapolis Motor Speedway Kurtis Kraft Race [9]
 Castellotti, EugenioEugenio Castellotti (ITA) 01957-03-14March 14, 1957 Test Modena Autodrome Ferrari Test [10]
 Andrews, KeithKeith Andrews (USA) 01957-05-15May 15, 1957 1957 Indianapolis 500[nb 1] Indianapolis Motor Speedway Kurtis Kraft Practice [11]
 O'Connor, PatPat O'Connor (USA) 01958-05-30May 30, 1958 1958 Indianapolis 500[nb 1] Indianapolis Motor Speedway Kurtis Kraft Race [12]
 Musso, LuigiLuigi Musso (ITA) 01958-07-06July 6, 1958 1958 French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Ferrari Race [13]
 Collins, PeterPeter Collins (UK) 01958-08-03August 3, 1958 1958 German Grand Prix Nürburgring Ferrari Race [14]
 Lewis-Evans, StuartStuart Lewis-Evans (UK) 01958-09-19September 19, 1958 1958 Moroccan Grand Prix Ain-Diab Circuit Vanwall Race [15]
 Unser, JerryJerry Unser (USA) 01959-05-17May 17, 1959 1959 Indianapolis 500[nb 1] Indianapolis Motor Speedway Kurtis Kraft Pre-race test [16]
 Cortner, BobBob Cortner (USA) 01959-05-19May 19, 1959 1959 Indianapolis 500[nb 1] Indianapolis Motor Speedway Cornis Pre-race test [17]
 Schell, HarryHarry Schell (USA) 01960-05-13May 13, 1960 1960 BRDC International Trophy[nb 2] Silverstone Cooper Practice [18]
 Bristow, ChrisChris Bristow (UK) 01960-06-19June 19, 1960 1960 Belgian Grand Prix[nb 3] Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps Cooper Race [19]
 Stacey, AlanAlan Stacey (UK) 01960-06-19June 19, 1960 1960 Belgian Grand Prix[nb 3] Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps Lotus Race [20]
 Summers, ShaneShane Summers (UK) 01961-06-01June 1, 1961 1961 Silver City Trophy Brands Hatch Cooper Practice [21]
 Cabianca, GiulioGiulio Cabianca (ITA)[nb 4] 01961-06-15June 15, 1961 Test Modena Autodrome Cooper Test [22]
 von Trips, WolfgangWolfgang von Trips (GER)[nb 5] 01961-09-10September 10, 1961 1961 Italian Grand Prix Autodromo Nazionale Monza Ferrari Race [23]
 Rodríguez, RicardoRicardo Rodríguez (MEX)[nb 6] 01962-11-01November 1, 1962 1962 Mexican Grand Prix Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez Lotus Practice [24]
 Hocking, GaryGary Hocking (Rhodesia and Nyasaland) 01962-12-21December 21, 1962[nb 7] 1962 Natal Grand Prix Westmead Circuit Lotus Practice [25]
 Godin, CarelCarel Godin (NED) 01964-08-03August 3, 1964 1964 German Grand Prix Nürburgring Porsche Practice [26]
 Taylor, JohnJohn Taylor (UK) 01966-08-07August 7, 1966[nb 8] 1966 German Grand Prix Nürburgring Brabham Race [27]
 Bandini, LorenzoLorenzo Bandini (ITA) 01967-05-07May 7, 1967[nb 9] 1967 Monaco Grand Prix Circuit de Monaco Ferrari Race [28]
 Anderson, BobBob Anderson (UK) 01967-08-14August 14, 1967 Test Silverstone Brabham Test [29]
 Schlesser, JoJo Schlesser (FRA) 01968-07-07July 7, 1968 1968 French Grand Prix Rouen-Les-Essarts Honda Race [30]
 Mitter, GerhardGerhard Mitter (GER) 01969-08-02August 2, 1969 1969 German Grand Prix Nürburgring BMW[nb 10] Practice [31]
 Brain, MartinMartin Brain (UK) 01970-05-25May 25, 1970 Nottingham Sports Car Club meeting Silverstone Cooper Race [32]
 Courage, PiersPiers Courage (UK) 01970-06-07June 7, 1970 1970 Dutch Grand Prix Circuit Zandvoort De Tomaso Race [33]
 Rindt, JochenJochen Rindt (AUT)[nb 11] 01970-09-05September 5, 1970 1970 Italian Grand Prix Autodromo Nazionale Monza Lotus Qualifying [34]
 Siffert, JoJo Siffert (SUI) 01971-10-24October 24, 1971 1971 World Championship Victory Race[nb 12] Brands Hatch BRM Race [24]
 Williamson, RogerRoger Williamson (UK) 01973-07-29July 29, 1973 1973 Dutch Grand Prix Circuit Zandvoort March Race [35]
 Cevert, FrançoisFrançois Cevert (FRA) 01973-10-06October 6, 1973 1973 United States Grand Prix Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course Tyrrell Qualifying [36]
 Revson, PeterPeter Revson (USA) 01974-03-30March 30, 1974 1974 South African Grand Prix Kyalami Shadow Pre-race test [24]
 Koinigg, HelmuthHelmuth Koinigg (AUT) 01974-10-06October 6, 1974 1974 United States Grand Prix Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course Surtees Race [37]
 Donohue, MarkMark Donohue (USA) 01975-08-19August 19, 1975 1975 Austrian Grand Prix Österreichring Penske Practice [38]
 Pryce, TomTom Pryce (UK)[nb 13] 01977-03-05March 5, 1977 1977 South African Grand Prix Kyalami Shadow Race [39]
 McGuire, BrianBrian McGuire (AUS)[nb 14] 01977-08-29August 29, 1977 1977 Shellsport Championship Round 11[nb 15] Brands Hatch Williams Practice [40]
 Peterson, RonnieRonnie Peterson (SWE) 01978-09-11September 11, 1978[nb 16] 1978 Italian Grand Prix Autodromo Nazionale Monza Lotus Race [39]
 Depailler, PatrickPatrick Depailler (FRA) 01980-08-01August 1, 1980 Test Hockenheimring Alfa Romeo Test [41]
 Villeneuve, GillesGilles Villeneuve (CAN) 01982-05-08May 8, 1982[nb 17] 1982 Belgian Grand Prix Zolder Ferrari Qualifying [23]
 Paletti, RiccardoRiccardo Paletti (ITA) 01982-06-13June 13, 1982 1982 Canadian Grand Prix Circuit Gilles Villeneuve Osella Race [42]
 de Angelis, ElioElio de Angelis (ITA) 01986-05-15May 15, 1986 Test Circuit Paul Ricard Brabham Test [43]
 Ratzenberger, RolandRoland Ratzenberger (AUT) 01994-04-30April 30, 1994 1994 San Marino Grand Prix Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari Simtek Qualifying [44]
 Senna, AyrtonAyrton Senna (BRA) 01994-05-01May 1, 1994 1994 San Marino Grand Prix Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari Williams Race [45]

By circuit

Circuit Total First Last
United States Indianapolis Motor Speedway 7 1953 1959
Germany Nürburgring 5 1954 1969
Italy Modena Autodrome 3 1953 1961
United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit 3 1960 1970
United Kingdom Brands Hatch 3 1961 1977
Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza 3 1961 1978
Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps 2 1960 1960
Netherlands Circuit Zandvoort 2 1970 1973
United States Watkins Glen International 2 1973 1974
South Africa Kyalami 2 1974 1977
Italy Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari 2 1994 1994
United Kingdom MIRA 1 1952 1952
France Circuit de Pau 1 1955 1955
France Reims-Gueux 1 1958 1958
Morocco Ain-Diab Circuit 1 1958 1958
France Charade Circuit 1 1959 1959
South Africa Westmead Circuit 1 1962 1962
Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez 1 1962 1962
Monaco Circuit de Monaco 1 1967 1967
France Rouen-Les-Essarts 1 1968 1968
Austria OsterreichringÖsterreichring 1 1975 1975
Germany Hockenheimring 1 1980 1980
Belgium Zolder 1 1982 1982
Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve 1 1982 1982
France Circuit Paul Ricard 1 1986 1986

By Constructor

Car Total
Ferrari 7
Kurtis Kraft 5
Cooper 5
Lotus 5
Brabham 3
Shadow 2
Williams 2
Maserati 2
Honda 1
Surtees 1
De Tomaso 1
BRM 1
Vanwall 1
Kuzma 1
Porsche 1
Alfa Romeo 1
Simtek 1
March 1
Tyrell 1
BMW 1
Cornis 1
Osella 1
Penske 1

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h The Indianapolis 500 was part of the World Championship from 1950 until 1960. In this context, an Indianapolis 500 "event" includes both the race itself and all the testing, practice and qualifying sessions in the so-called "month of May" leading up to the race.
  2. ^ International Trophy was not a part of the 1960 world championship.
  3. ^ a b Although both drivers died at the same Grand Prix, Alan Stacey and Chris Bristow were not involved in the same accident. Bristow died on the 19th lap after being thrown out of his car, a result of losing control of his car at Burnenville, while Stacey died on the 25th lap after a bird flew into his face and he lost control of his car.
  4. ^ Cabianca's car left the racetrack and went onto a public street, killing three other people.
  5. ^ Fifteen spectators were also killed in Von Trips' fatal accident.
  6. ^ At the age of 20 years, 8 months and 18 days, Ricardo Rodríguez is the youngest person to have suffered a fatal accident in Formula One.
  7. ^ Hocking was killed in a Formula One practice Session. He was killed one week prior to his first Formula One Grand Prix.
  8. ^ John Taylor died of serious burns a few weeks after the accident on September 8, 1966 in Koblenz, Germany.
  9. ^ Lorenzo Bandini died of serious burns three days after his accident .
  10. ^ Mitter was driving a Formula Two car. F2 cars were allowed to take part in the F1 race as part of a separate contest.
  11. ^ After his death, Jochen Rindt was declared champion after his rivals failed to overhaul his points tally four Grands Prix later.
  12. ^ The World Championship Victory Race was not a part of the 1971 world championship.
  13. ^ As well as Tom Pryce, Jansen Van Vuuren, a teenage volunteer safety marshal, died in the accident after Pryce collided with him at high speed.
  14. ^ As well as Brian McGuire, John Thorpe, a volunteer fire marshal, died in the accident after McGuire's car struck the marshals' post he was manning. Two other marshals were seriously injured.
  15. ^ McGuire was killed in a Shellsport International Series race, for a mixed field of Formula One and Formula 5000 cars, which was not part of the Formula One Championship.
  16. ^ Peterson died in hospital the following day.
  17. ^ Villeneuve died in hospital later that day.

Citations

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). http://www.fia.com/en-GB/the-fia/about-fia/Pages/AboutFIA.aspx. Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  2. ^ "Killed While Testing Racing Car". The Times (London): p. 4. June 19, 1952. 
  3. ^ Foust, Hal (1953-05-16). "Chet Miller, 50, Dean Of Racing Drivers, Killed". Chicago Daily Tribune. 
  4. ^ Yates, Brock W. "The Indianapolis 500: The Story of the Motor Speedway." Harper and Brothers: New York. 1956. Page 67.
  5. ^ "Gran Premio di Modena". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXIX (10): p. 526. October 1953. 
  6. ^ "XVII Grosser Preis von Deutschland". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXX (9): p. 496–497. September 1954. 
  7. ^ "XVI Grand Prix de Pau". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXI (5): p. 264–265. May 1955. 
  8. ^ "Driver Manny Ayulo Dies of Injuries From Crash". Los Angeles Times. 1955-05-18. 
  9. ^ Blunk, Frank (1955-05-31). "Auto Race Driver Killed Seeking Third Straight Victory at Indianapolis". The New York Times. 
  10. ^ "Continental Notes". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXIII (4): p. 158. April 1957. 
  11. ^ "Test Driver Fatally Injured in Accident at Indianapolis". Los Angeles Times. 1957-05-16. 
  12. ^ "15 Car Pileup Kills Vet Driver At Indianapolis". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press: p. 6. 1958-05-31. 
  13. ^ Tremayne. p. 64. 
  14. ^ Tremayne. p. 60. 
  15. ^ Tremayne. p. 63. 
  16. ^ "Driver Jerry Unser Dies of Crash Burns". Chicago Daily Tribune. 1959-05-18. 
  17. ^ "Cortner Dies of Injuries Received in Indianapolis Practice Run Crash". Los Angeles Times. 1959-05-20. 
  18. ^ "Innes Ireland drives brilliantly to win B.R.D.C. International Trophy race for Lotus. Lotus also win F.J. race. Salvadori (Jaguar) vanquishes Moss in saloon car contest.". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXVI (6): p. 425. June 1960. 
  19. ^ "The Grand Prix of Belgium". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXVI (7): p. 520–522. July 1960. 
  20. ^ "The Grand Prix of Belgium". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXVI (7): p. 522. July 1960. 
  21. ^ "Racing Driver Dies After Crash". The Times (London): p. 23. June 2, 1961. 
  22. ^ "Four die in Italian race car crash". The Times. Reuters: p. 13. 1961-06-16. 
  23. ^ a b Tremayne. p. 67. 
  24. ^ a b c Tremayne. p. 66. 
  25. ^ "The 9th South African Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XXXIX (2): p. 95. February 1963. 
  26. ^ "26th German Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XL (9): p. 724. September 1964. 
  27. ^ "Obituary:Mr. John Taylor". The Times: p. 10. 1966-09-10. 
  28. ^ "XXV Monaco Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLIII (6): p. 499. June 1967. 
  29. ^ "Bob Anderson". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLIII (9): p. 796. September 1967. 
  30. ^ "The French Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLIV (8): p. 685. August 1968. 
  31. ^ "German Grand Prix". Motor Sport (Teesdale Publishing) XLV (9): p. 983. September 1969. 
  32. ^ "Racing car death". The Times (London): p. 2. May 26, 1970. 
  33. ^ Mounter, Julian (1970-06-22). "Briton dies in race crash". The Times: p. 5. 
  34. ^ Tremayne. p. 29. 
  35. ^ Blunsden, John (1973-07-30). "Briton dies in Dutch Grand Prix". The Times: p. 1. 
  36. ^ Tremayne. p. 59. 
  37. ^ Blunsden, John (1974-10-08). "How Fittipaldi kept eye on title". The Times (Times Newspapers Ltd.): p. 12. 
  38. ^ "Obituary: Mark Donohue A versatile racing driver". The Times (Times Newspapers Ltd.): p. 14. 1975-08-21. 
  39. ^ a b Tremayne. p. 64. 
  40. ^ "News in Brief:Brands Hatch crash kills 2". The Times (Times Newspapers Ltd.): p. 1. 1977-08-30. 
  41. ^ "Depailler Dies In Accident". Washington Post. 1980-08-02. 
  42. ^ Visbeen, Marcel (2007-08-14). "Racing towards a fate he never even saw coming". Forix 8W. Autosport. http://www.forix.com/8w/paletti.html. 
  43. ^ Tremayne. p. 57. 
  44. ^ Benson, Andrew (21 April 2004). "A death that shocked the world". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/3605579.stm. Retrieved 9 September 2010. 
  45. ^ Tremayne. p. 47. 

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