Third dynasty of Egypt


Third dynasty of Egypt

Third Dynasty

The Third Dynasty of ancient Egypt is the first dynasty of the Old Kingdom. Other dynasties of the Old Kingdom include the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth. The capital during the period of the Old Kingdom was at Memphis.

Rulers

While Manetho names Necherophes, and the Turin King List names Nebka (a.k.a. Sanakhte), as the first pharaoh of the Third Dynasty, many contemporary Egyptologists believe Djoser was the first king of this dynasty, pointing out the order in which some predecessors of Khufu are mentioned in the Papyrus Westcar suggests that Nebka should be placed between Djoser and Huni, and not before Djoser. More importantly, seals naming Djoser were found at the entrance to Khasekhemwy's tomb at Abydos, which demonstrates that it was Djoser, rather than Sanakhte, who buried and succeeded this king. The Turin King List scribe wrote Djoser's name in red ink, which indicates the Ancient Egyptians recognition of this king's historical importance in their culture. In any case, Djoser is the best known king of this dynasty, for commissioning his vizier Imhotep to build the earliest surviving pyramids, the Step Pyramid.

Some authorities believe that Imhotep lived into the reign of the Pharaoh Huni. Little is known for certain of Sekhemkhet. However, it is believed that Khaba possibly built the Layer Pyramid at Zawyet el'Aryan.

Third Dynasty timeline

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DateFormat = yyyyPeriod = from:-2690 till:-2610TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:-2690ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:5 start:-2690

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from: -2686 till: -2668 color:PA text:"Sanakhte" from: -2668 till: -2649 color:PA text:"Djoser" from: -2649 till: -2643 color:PA text:"Sekhemkhet" from: -2643 till: -2637 color:PA text:"Khaba" from: -2637 till: -2613 color:PA text:"Huni"

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