- Barry Wellman
Barry Wellman, FRSC (born 1942) directs [http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman/netlab/index.html NetLab] as the S.D. Clark Professor of
Sociologyat the University of Toronto. His areas of research are community sociology, the Internet, human-computer interactionand social structure, as manifested in social networksin communitiesand organizations. His overarching interest is in the paradigm shift from group-centered relations to "networked individualism". He has written more than 300 articles, chapters, reports and books. Many have been co-authored, with students comprising about half of his nearly 100 co-authors. [ [http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman/vita/index.html Barry Wellman's Vitae ] ] .
Among the concepts Wellman has published are: "the network city" (with Paul Craven) [Paul Craven and Barry Wellman, "The Network City", "Sociological Inquiry" 43 (Winter, 1973): 57-88. ] , "the community question" [Barry Wellman, "The Community Question: The Intimate Networks of East Yorkers." "American Journal of Sociology" 84 (March, 1979): 1201-31] , "computer networks as social networks" [Barry Wellman, “Computer Networks as Social Networks.” "Science" 293 (September 14, 2001): 2031-34.] , "connected lives" (with Bernie Hogan) [Barry Wellman and Bernie Hogan, with Kristen Berg, Jeffrey Boase, Juan-Antonio Carrasco, Rochelle Côté, Jennifer Kayahara, Tracy L.M. Kennedy and Phouc Tran. “Connected Lives: The Project” Pp. 157-211 in "Networked Neighbourhoods: The Online Community in Context," edited by Patrick Purcell. Guildford, UK: Springer, 2006. ] , the "immanent Internet" (also with Bernie Hogan) [Barry Wellman and Bernie Hogan (2004). “The Immanent Internet.” Pp. 54-80 in "Netting Citizens: Exploring Citizenship in a Digital Age", edited by Johnston McKay. Edinburgh: St. Andrew Press.] , "media-multiplexity" (with Caroline Haythornthwaite) [, Caroline Haythornthwaite and Barry Wellman, “Work, Friendship and Media Use for Information Exchange in a Networked Organization.” "Journal of the American Society for Information Science" 49, 12 (Oct., 1998): 1101-1114] , "networked individualism" and "networked society" [Barry Wellman, “Physical Place and Cyber Place: The Rise of Networked Individualism.” "International Journal of Urban and Regional Research" 25,2 (June, 2001): 227-52] , "personal community" and "personal network" [Barry Wellman, "The Community Question: The Intimate Networks of East Yorkers." "American Journal of Sociology" 84 (March, 1979): 1201-31. ] and three with Anabel Quan-Haase: "hyperconnectivity", "local virtuality" and "virtual locality" [Anabel Quan-Haase and Barry Wellman, “Networks of Distance and Media: A Case Study of a High Tech Firm.” Trust and Communities conference, Bielefeld, Germany, July, 2003; Anabel Quan-Haase and Barry Wellman. 2004. “Local Virtuality in a High-Tech Networked Organization.” Anaylse & Kritik 26 (special issue 1): 241-57 SEQ CHAPTER h 1; Anabel Quan-Haase and Barry Wellman, “How Computer-Mediated Hyperconnectivity and Local Virtuality Foster Social Networks of Information and Coordination in a Community of Practice.” International Sunbelt Social Network Conference, Redondo Beach, California, February 2005.; Anabel Quan-Haase and Barry Wellman. “Hyperconnected Net Work: Computer-Mediated Community in a High-Tech Organization.” Pp. 281-333 in The Firm as a Collaborative Community: Reconstructing Trust in the Knowledge Economy, edited by Charles Heckscher and Paul Adler. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006] .
Wellman has received career achievement awards from the
Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, the International Network for Social Network Analysis, the International Communication Association, and two sections of the American Sociological Association: Community and Urban Sociology; Communication and Information Technologies.
Barry Wellman was born and raised in the
Grand Concourseand Fordham Roadarea of the Bronx, New York City. He attended P.S. 33 and Creston J.H.S. 79, and was a teenagemember of the Fordham Flames. [Barry Wellman, "I was a teenage network analyst," "Connections" 17(2):28-45 ] He gained his high school degree from the Bronx High School of Sciencein 1959. [Barry Wellman, "I was a teenage network analyst," "Connections" 17(2):28-45 ] He received his A.B. (Bachelor's) degree "magna cum laude" from Lafayette Collegein 1963, majoring in social history and winning prizes in both history and religious studies. At Lafayette, he was a member of the McKelvy Honors House and captained the undefeated 1962 College Bowlteam, whose final victory was over Berkeley. [Barry Wellman, "On from Lafayette," http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman/publications/index.html]
His graduate work was at
Harvard University, where he trained with Chad Gordon, Charles Tillyand Harrison White, and also studied with Roger Brown, George Homans, Alex Inkeles, Florence Kluckhohn, Talcott Parsonsand Phillip J. Stone. He received a M.A. in Social Relations in 1965 and a Ph.D. in Sociology in 1969. His focus was on community, computer applications, social networks and self-conception, and his dissertation showed that the social identities of African-Americanand White American Pittsburgh junior high schoolstudents were related to the extent of segregationof their schools.
He has been married since 1965 to Beverly Wellman, a researcher in
complementary and alternative medicine[Merrijoy Kelner and Beverly Wellman, eds., "Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Challenge and Change." London: Harwood/Taylor and Francis, 2000; http://www.utoronto.ca/CAMlab/bev/index.html] .
Wellman has been a faculty member of the Department of
Sociologyat the University of Torontosince 1967. Until 1990, he focused on communitysociology and social networkanalysis. During his first three years in Toronto, he also held a joint appointment with the Clarke Institute of Psychiatrywhere he working with D.B. Coates, M.D., co-directing the "Yorklea Study" in the Toronto borough of East York. This first East York study, with data collected in 1968, attempted to do a field study of a large population, linking interpersonal relations with psychiatric symptoms. This early study of " social support" documented the prevalence of non-local friendshipand kinshipties, demonstrating that community is no longer confined to neighborhoodand studying non-local communities as social networks. Wellman's "The Community Question" paper, reporting on this study, has been selected as one of the seven most important articles in English-Canadian sociology. [Claude Fischer, "To Dwell among Friends: Personal Networks in Town and City." Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1982.Robert Sampson, "Local Friendship Ties and Community Attachment in Mass Society: A Multilevel Systemic Model." "American Sociological Review", 1988. Barrett A. Lee. RS Oropesa. Barbara J. Metch. Avery M. Guest. "Testing the Decline-of-Community Thesis: Neighborhood Organizations in Seattle, 1929 and 1979." "American Journal of Sociology", 89, 5, 1161-1188. March, 1984. Barry Wellman, "The Community Question: The Intimate Networks of East Yorkers." "American Journal of Sociology" 84 (March, 1979): 1201-31.]
East Yorkstudy, conducted in 1978-1979 at the University of Toronto's Centre for Urban and Community Studies, used in-depth interviews with 33 East Yorkers (originally surveyed in the first study) to learn more information about their social networks. It provided evidence about which kinds of ties and networks supply which types of social support. It showed, for example, that sisters provide siblings with much emotional support, while parents provide financial aid. [Nan Lin, "Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure and Action." Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001; Barry Wellman and Scot Wortley. "Different Strokes from Different Folks: Community Ties and Social Support." 1990. "American Journal of Sociology" 96, 3 (Nov.): 558-88. Barry Wellman and Scot Wortley, "Brothers' Keepers: Situating Kinship Relations in Broader Networks of Social Support." "Sociological Perspectives" 32, 3 (1989): 273-306. Barry Wellman, Peter Carrington and Alan Hall "Networks as Personal Communities." Pp. 130-84 in "Social Structures: A Network Approach", edited by Barry Wellman and S.D. Berkowitz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Vicky Cattell. (2001). "Poor people, poor places, and poor health: the mediating role of social networks and social capital." "Social Science and Medicine", 52 (10): 1501-1516.] The support comes more from the characteristics of the ties than from the networks in which they are embedded. [
Barry Wellman and Kenneth Frank. “Network Capital in a Multi-Level World: Getting Support in Personal Communities.” Pp. 233-73 in "Social Capital: Theory and Research", edited by Nan Lin, Karen Cook and Ronald Burt. Chicago: Aldine DeGruyter, 2001.Talja Blokland, "Urban Bonds". Cambridge: Polity Press, 2003. Linton Freeman, "A History of Social Network Analysis". Vancouver: Empiric Press, 2004.] This research also demonstrated that wives maintain social networks for their husbands as well as for themselves. [Barry Wellman, "Men in Networks: Private Community, Domestic Friendships." Pp. 74-114 in "Men's Friendships", edited by Peter Nardi. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. (1992). Barry Wellman, "Domestic Work, Paid Work and Net Work." Pp. 159-91 in "Understanding Personal Relationships", edited by Steve Duck and Daniel Perlman. London: Sage, 1985.]
Although Wellman's work has shifted primarily to studies of the Internet (see section below), he has continued collaborative analyses of the first and second East York studies, showing that reciprocity (like social support) is much more of a tie phenomenon than a social network phenomenon [Gabriele Plickert, Rochelle Côté and Barry Wellman. 2007. " It's Not Who You Know, It's How You Know Them: Who Exchanges What With Whom?” "Social Networks" 29, 3:405-29. ] and that the frequency and supportiveness of interpersonal contact before the Internet was non-linearly associated with residential (and workplace)
distance. [Diana Mok and Barry Wellman. 2007. “How Much Did Distance Matter Before the Internet?” "Social Networks" 29: in press. ]
Wellman has edited "Networks in the Global Village" (1999), a book of original articles about personal networks around the world. In 2007, he edited a special issue, "The Network is Personal" of the journal, "Social Networks" (vol. 29, no. 3, July), containing analyses from
Canada, France, Germanyand Iran.
ocial Network Theory
Concomitant with his empirical work, Wellman has contributed to the theory of social network analysis. The most comprehensive statement is in his introductory article to "Social Structures", co-edited with the late
S.D. Berkowitz. This work reviews the history of social network thought, and suggests a number of basic principles of social network analysis. [Barry Wellman, "Structural Analysis: From Method and Metaphor to Theory and Substance." Pp. 19-61 in "Social Structures: A Network Approach", edited by Barry Wellman and S.D. Berkowitz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.]
More recent and more focused theoretical work has discussed the "glocalization" of contemporary communities (simultaneously "global" and "local") [ Barry Wellman, “Little Boxes, Glocalization, and Networked Individualism.” Pp. 11-25 in "Digital Cities II: Computational and Sociological Approaches", edited by Makoto Tanabe, Peter van den Besselaar, and Toru Ishida. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2002.] and the rise of "networked individualism" -- the transformation from group-based networks to individualized networks. [Barry Wellman, “Physical Place and Cyber Place: The Rise of Networked Individualism.” "International Journal of Urban and Regional Research" 25,2 (June, 2001): 227-52. ] [Donald Steiny and Harri Oinas-Kukkonen (2007). "Networks awareness: social network search, innovation and productivity in organisations." "International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations" 4(4): 413-430.]
American Sociological Associationcareer achievement award winner Harrison Whitenotes: ""Barry Wellman stands out as having devoted an entire career to exploring and documenting natural social worlds in network terms." ["Identity and Control", 2nd ed., Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. p. 27]
ocial Network Methods
Wellman's methodological contributions have been for the analysis of ego-centered or "personal" networks -- defined from the standpoint of an individual (usually a person). As batches of personal networks are often studied, this calls for somewhat different techniques than the more common
social networkpractice of analyzing a single large network.
A 2007 paper, co-authored by Wellman (with Bernie Hogan and Juan-Antonio Carrasco), has discussed alternatives in gathering personal network data. [Bernie Hogan, Juan-Antonio Carrasco and Barry Wellman. 2007. “Visualizing Personal Networks: Working with Participant-Aided Sociograms.” "Field Methods" 19 (2), May: 116-144. ] A paper with Kenneth Frank showed how to tackle the problem of simultaneously analyzing personal network data on the two distinct levels of ties and networks. [Barry Wellman and Kenneth Frank. “Network Capital in a Multi-Level World: Getting Support in Personal Communities.” Pp. 233-73 in "Social Capital: Theory and Research", edited by Nan Lin, Karen Cook and Ronald Burt. Chicago: Aldine DeGruyter, 2001.] "Neighboring in Netville" has been cited as the only published study of personal networks from a known roster of potential network members. [Keith Hampton and Barry Wellman. 2003. “Neighboring in Netville: How the Internet Supports Community and Social Capital in a Wired Suburb.” "City and Community" 2, 3 (Fall): 277-311; Barbara S. Lawrence. 2006. "Organizational reference groups: A missing perspective on social context. "Organization Science", 17(1), 80-100.] The most widely cited papers are the simplest: co-authored guides to analyzing personal network data while using the statistical software packages "SAS" and "
SPSS". [Christoph Müller, Barry Wellman and Alexandra Marin. “How to Use SPSS to Study Ego-Centered Networks.” "Bulletin de Methode Sociologique" 69 (Oct, 1999): 83-100. Caroline Haythornthwaite and Barry Wellman. "Using SAS to Convert Ego-Centered Networks to Whole Networks." "Bulletin de Methode Sociologique" No. 50 (March, 1996): 71-84. Barry Wellman, "How to Use SAS to Study Egocentric Networks". "Cultural Anthropology Methods Bulletin" 4 (June, 1992): 6-12.Barry Wellman, "Doing It Ourselves: The SPSS Manual as Sociology's Most Influential Recent Book." Pp. 71-78 in "Required Reading: Sociology's Most Influential Books", edited by Dan Clawson. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.]
Other work by Wellman with
Howard D. Whiteand associates has examined how to link social network analysis with the scientometric study of citation networks. This research has shown that scholarly friends do not necessarily cite each other, but that scholars cited in the same article are apt to seek each other out and become friends. [
Howard White, Barry Wellman and Nancy Nazer. 2004. “Does Citation Reflect Social Structure: Longitudinal Evidence from the `Globenet’ Interdisciplinary Research Group.” "Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology", 55, 2: 111-26. Dimitrina Dimitrova, Emmanuel Koku, Barry Wellman and Howard White. “Who Do Scientists Network With?" Final Report to the
Canadian Water Network, May 2007. ]
Internet, Technology and Society
Wellman has often worked in collaboration with computer scientists, communication scientists and information scientists.In 1990, he became involved in studying how ordinary people use the
Internetand other communication technologies to communicate and exchange information at work, at home and in the community. Thus his work has expanded his interest in non-local communities and social networks to encompass the Internet, mobile phones and other information and communication technologies.
Work Networks and ICTs
Wellman's initial project ("Cavecat" which morphed into "
Telepresence") was in collaboration with Ronald Baecker, Caroline Haythornthwaite, Marilyn Mantei, Gale Moore, and Janet Salaff. This effort in the early 1990s was done before the advent of the Internet, to use networked PCs for videoconferencingand computer supported collaborative work ( CSCW). [Marilyn Mantei, Ronald Baecker, William Buxton, Thomas Milligan, Abigail Sellen and Barry Wellman. "Experiences in the Use of a Media Space." 1992. Pp 372-78 in "Groupware: Software for Computer-Supported Cooperative Work", edited by David Marca and Geoffrey Bock. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1992, pp. 372-78. Caroline Haythornthwaite and Barry Wellman, “Work, Friendship and Media Use for Information Exchange in a Networked Organization.” "Journal of the American Society for Information Science" 49, 12 (Oct., 1998): 1101-1114.] Caroline Haythornthwaite (for her dissertation and other works) and Wellman analyzed why computer scientists connect with each other -- online and offline. They discovered that friendships as well as collaborative work were prime movers of connectivity at work. [ Caroline Haythornthwaite and Barry Wellman, “Work, Friendship and Media Use for Information Exchange in a Networked Organization.” "Journal of the American Society for Information Science" 49, 12 (Oct., 1998): 1101-1114. Caroline Haythornthwaite, Barry Wellman and Laura Garton, “Work and Community Via Computer-Mediated Communication.” Pp. 199-226 in "Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal, Interpersonal and Transpersonal Implications", edited by Jayne Gackenbach. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998. ] .
Wellman and Anabel Quan-Haase also studied whether such computer-supported work teams were supporting networked organizations, in which bureaucratic structure and physical proximity did not matter. Their research in one high-tech American organization -- heavily dependent on
Community Networks and ICTs
As a community sociologist, Wellman began arguing that too much analysis of life online was happening in isolation from other aspects of everyday life. He published several papers (alone and with associates) arguing the need to contextualize Internet research, and proposing that online relations -- like off-line -- would be best studied as ramified social networks rather than as bounded groups. [Barry Wellman and Milena Gulia. "Net Surfers Don't Ride Alone: Virtual Communities as Communities." Pp. 167-94 in "Communities in Cyberspace", edited by Marc Smith and Peter edited by Barry Wellman. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999. Barry Wellman, "An Electronic Group is Virtually a Social Network." Pp. 179-205 in "Culture of the Internet", edited by Sara Kiesler. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997. Barry Wellman, "The Rise of Networked Individualism." Pp. 17-42 in "Community Informatics", edited by Leigh Keeble and Brian Loader. London: Routledge, 2001. Barry Wellman and Bernie Hogan (2004). “The Immanent Internet.” Pp. 54-80 in "Netting Citizens", edited by Johnston McKay. Edinburgh: St. Andrew Press. Barry Wellman. 2004. “The Three Ages of Internet Studies: Ten, Five and Zero Years Ago.” "New Media and Society" 6 (1): 108-114; Howard Rheingold. (20). "The Virtual Community", 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.] This argument culminated in a 2002 book, "The Internet in Everyday Life" (co-edited with Caroline Haythornthwaite), providing exemplification from studies in a number of social milieus.
Wellman did empirical work in this area: he was part of a team (led by James Witte) that surveyed visitors to the
National Geographic Society's website in 1998 and used these data to counter the dystopian argument that Internet involvement was associated with social isolation. [Wenhong Chen, Jeffrey Boase and Barry Wellman. 2002. “The Global Villagers: Comparing the Users and Uses of the Internet Around the World.” Pp. 74-113 in "The Internet in Everyday Life", edited by Barry Wellman and Caroline Haythornthwaite. Oxford: Blackwell. Anabel Quan-Haase and Barry Wellman with James Witte and Keith Hampton. 2002. “Capitalizing on the Internet: Network Capital, Participatory Capital, and Sense of Community.” Pp. 291-324 in "The Internet in Everyday Life", edited by Barry Wellman and Caroline Haythornthwaite. Oxford: Blackwell. ]
The large U.S. national random-sample survey analyzed in the Pew Internet report, "The Strength of Weak Ties" (with Jeffrey Boase, John Hannigan and Lee Rainie) also showed a positive association between communication online and communication by telephone and face-to-face. The study showed that email is well-suited for maintaining regular contact with large networks, and especially with relationships that are only somewhat strong. The study also found that Internet users get more help than non-users from friends and relatives. [ [http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_Internet_ties.pdf untitled ] ]
Research into the "
glocalization" concept also fed into this intellectual stream. Keith Hamptonand Wellman studied the Torontosuburb of "Netville", a pseudonym. It showed the interplay between online and offline activity, and how the Internet -- aided by a list-serve -- is not just a means of long-distance communication but enhances neighboring and civic involvement. [ Keith Hampton and Barry Wellman. 2003. “Neighboring in Netville: How the Internet Supports Community and Social Capital in a Wired Suburb.” "City and Community" 2, 3 (Fall): 277-311. Keith Hampton and Barry Wellman. 2002. "The Not So Global Village of Netville." Pp. 345-71 in "The Internet in Everyday Life", edited by Barry Wellman and Caroline Haythornthwaite. Oxford: Blackwell. ]
Wellman's current work continues to focus on the interplay between information and communication technologies, especially the
Internet, social relationsand social structure. He is collaborating with Helen Hua Wang and Jeffrey Coleof the World Internet Project's Center for the Digital Future to investigate the first national U.S. survey of social relationships and Internet use. He is also collaborating with Ben Veenhof ( Statistics Canada), Carsten Quell ( Department of Canadian Heritage) and Bernie Hogan to relate time spent at home on the Internet to social relations and civic involvement. A different focus is his collaboration on Wenhong Chen's study of transnational immigrant entrepreneurs who link Chinaand North America. [Wenhong Chen and Barry Wellman, “Doing Business at Home and Away: Policy Implications of Chinese-Canadian Entrepreneurship.” Canada in Asia Series, Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada, Vancouver. April, 2007. Barry Wellman, Wenhong Chen and Dong Weizhen. “Networking Guanxi." Pp. 221-41 in "Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture and the Changing Nature of Guanxi", edited by Thomas Gold, Douglas Guthrie and David Wank. Cambridge University Press, 2002.]
Wellman's major current focus is as the head of the "Connected Lives" project studying the interplay between communication, community and domestic relationships in Toronto and in Chapleau in rural northern Ontario. Early findings of the interplay between online and offline life are summarized in "Connected Lives: The Project". [Barry Wellman and Bernie Hogan, with Kristen Berg, Jeffrey Boase, Juan-Antonio Carrasco, Rochelle Côté, Jennifer Kayahara, Tracy L.M. Kennedy and Phouc Tran. “Connected Lives: The Project” Pp. 157-211 in Networked Neighbourhoods: The Online Community in Context, edited by Patrick Purcell. Guildford, UK: Springer, 2006. ] More focused research (with Jennifer Kayahara) has shown how the onetime
two-step flow of communicationhas become more recursively multi-step as the result of the Internet's facilitation of information seeking and communication. [Jennifer Kayahara and Barry Wellman, 2007. “Searching for Culture – High and Low.” "Journal of Computer Mediated Communication" 12 (4): April: http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue3/kayahara.html ] . Recent research (with Tracy Kennedy) has argued that many households, like communities, have changed from local groups to become spatially-dispersed networks connected by frequent ICT and mobile phone communication. [Tracy Kennedy and Barry Wellman. 2007. “The Networked Household.” "Information, Communication and Society" 10: forthcoming. ] Other NetLab researchers, besides those noted in the text and the notes, include Dean Behrens and Barbara Neves.
Teaching and Mentoring
Wellman mentors graduate and undergraduate students in courses about community, social network analysis, and technology and society. He has co-authored with 51 students, including five undergraduates and one high school student. In 1998, he received the annual "Mentoring Award" from the International Network for Personal Relationships. [ [http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman/vita/index.html Barry Wellman's Vitae ] ]
* Founded the
International Network for Social Network Analysisin 1976-1977 and led it until 1988. Concomitantly, founded, edited and published INSNA's informal journal, "Connections". [Linton C. Freeman, "The Development of Social Network Analysis." Vancouver: Empiric Press, 2004.(]
* Founded and led the
University of Toronto's "Structural Analysis Programme" in the Department of Sociology, 1979-1982, which focused on studying social structureand relationships from a social networkperspective. The Department of Sociology subsequently established the "Barry Wellman Award" for excellence in undergraduate research. [ [http://know.soc.utoronto.ca/index.php University of Toronto Department of Sociology - Home ] ]
* Associate Director of the Centre for Urban and Community Studies,
University of Toronto(1980-1984), where his research was based, 1970-2007. [ [http://www.urbancentre.utoronto.ca/associates.html CUCS - Research Associates ] ]
* Council member and then President of two sections of the
American Sociological Association: : * Community and Urban Sociology (1998-2000): led the team that founded the journal, "City and Community"; [ [http://www.commurb.org/history.htm History of CUSS ] ] : * Communications and Information Technologies (2005-2006): membership increased from 95 to 303. [Ronald Anderson and Barry Wellman, eds., "Symposium on the History of CITASA, 1988 to 2005: From Microcomputers to Communication and Information Technologies.” "Social Science Computer" Review 24, 2 (Summer, 2006). ]
* Elected to the Council (2000) and then became President of the
Sociological Research Associationhonor society (2004-2005). [ [http://convention.allacademic.com/asa2004/session_info.html?c_session_id=1303&dtr_id=4835 American Sociological Association ] ]
* North American editor of "Information, Communication and Society" (2003-). [ [http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/journal.asp?issn=1369-118X&linktype=5 Taylor & Francis Journals: Welcome ] ]
Wellman is the editor of three books, and the author of more than 200 articles. His
Erdős numberis 3. [Harzing's Publish or Perish, Sept 4, 2007. www.harzing.com]
* [http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wellman/ Barry Wellman website.]
* Barry Wellman, “Through Life from the Bronx to Cyberspace.” "Aristeia", Fall, 2005: 24.
*“Connected Lives and Networked Individualism: The Internet in Everyday Life.” "Big Ideas", TV Ontario, March 10, 2007. [http://www.tvo.org/TVOsites/WebObjects/TvoMicrosite.woa?bigideas]
*Bryan Kirschner, “Interview with Barry Wellman, S.D. Clark Professor of Sociology, on Social Network Analysis and Community.”, "Port25" (Microsoft Open Source Podcast), December 15, 2006. [http://port25.technet.com/archive/2006/12/15/barry.aspx]
*Cara Donnelly, “Dr. Barry Wellman Comments on the Internet's Social Impact.” "Hot Topics", April 2006. [http://www.carleton.ca/hotlab/hottopics/Articles/April2006-Dr.BarryWellman.html]
*Annick Jesdanun, “Alone on the Internet? Hardly” "Associated Press". January 26, 2006. [http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/business/13746169.htm]
*Kenneth Kidd, “It’s All in Your Head.” "Toronto Star", October 9, 2005. pp. I1, I8. [http://www.thestar.com/NASApp/cs/ContentServer?pagename=thestar/Layout/Article_PrintFriendly&c=Article&cid=1128767196799&call_pageid=1105528093962]
*Howard Rheingold, “NetLab Probes the Glocal Village.” "TheFeature.com", December 16, 2004.
*Diana Kuprel, "The Glocal Village: Internet and Community", "Ide&as: Arts & Science Review", University of Toronto, Fall 2004.
*"Un McLuhan Con Datos." "La Vanguardia" [Barcelona] , November 18, 2001: 10-11.
*Elaine Carey, "In Netville, Good Nexus Makes Good Neighbours," "Toronto Star", September 14, 2000; , p. B2; [http://neighborplace.com/research_1.html]
*Carin Rubenstein, “The Folks Next Door Aren't Strangers After All,"New York Times", January 7, 1993.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Wellman — or Wellmann may refer to:Places*Wellman, Iowa, United States *Wellman, Texas, United States *Wellman, Inc. People*Barry Wellman, sociologist *Ellen Wellmann, German athlete who ran the 1500 m in the 1970s *Manly Wade Wellman, American writer of… … Wikipedia
Social network — For other uses, see Social network (disambiguation). Sociology … Wikipedia
Network society — The term Network Society describes several different phenomena related to the social, political, economic and cultural changes caused by the spread of networked, digital information and communications technologies. A number of academics (see… … Wikipedia
Hyperconnectivity — is a term invented by Canadian social scientists Anabel Quan Haase and Barry Wellman, arising from their studies of person to person and person to machine communication in networked organizations and networked societies. [Barry Wellman, “Physical … Wikipedia
Virtual community — For other uses, see Community (disambiguation). Sociology … Wikipedia
Glocalisation — (or glocalization) is a portmanteau word of globalization and localization. By definition, the term “glocal” refers to the individual, group, division, unit, organisation, and community which is willing and able to “think globally and act locally … Wikipedia
International Network for Social Network Analysis — The International Network for Social Network Analysis is the professional association of social network analysis. [ [http://www.intute.ac.uk/socialsciences/cgi bin/fullrecord.pl?handle=sosig1059997247 25098 Intute: Social Sciences] , Intute… … Wikipedia
Charles Tilly — Born 1929 Lombard, United States Died 2008 (age 78) Nationality … Wikipedia
Harrison White — Harrison Colyar White is the Giddings Professor of Sociology at Columbia University. White is a legend and inspirational figure in the modern study of social networks. He is credited with the development of a number of mathematical models of… … Wikipedia
New York dialect — The New York dialect of the English language is spoken by many European Americans, and some non European Americans who were raised in New York City and much of its metropolitan area. It is one of the most recognizable dialects within American… … Wikipedia