- Hafsid dynasty
Hafsid was a dynasty ruling
Ifriqiya(modern Tunisia) from 1229to 1574.
After the split of the Hafsids from the
Almohadsunder Abu Zakariya( 1229- 1249), Abu Zakariyaorganised the administration in Ifriqiya(the Roman provinceof Africain modern Maghreb; today's Tunisia, eastern Algeriaand western Libya) and built Tunisup as the economic and cultural centre of the empire. At the same time, many Muslims from Andaluciafleeing the Spanish " Reconquista" of Castile and Aragonwere absorbed. His successor Muhammad I al-Mustansir( 1249- 1277) took the title of " caliph".
In the 14th century the empire underwent a temporary decline. Although the Hafsids succeeded for a time in subjugating the empire of the
Abdalwids of Tlemcenfor a time, but between 1347and 1357it was twice conquered by the Merinids in Morocco. These however could not defeat the Bedouin, so that the Hafsids were able to regain their empire. As at the same time epidemics of plague caused a considerable fall in population, the rule of the Hafsids was weakened further.
Under the Hafsids,
piracyagainst Christian shipping grew stronger in the 14th century, particularly under Abd al-Aziz II( 1394- 1434). The profits were used for a great building programme and for the support of artand culture. However piracy also provoked retaliation from Aragon and Venice, which several times attacked Tunisian coastal cities. Under Utman ( 1435- 1488) the Hafsids reached their last zenith, as the caravan trade through the Saharaand with Egyptwas developed, as well as sea trade with Venice and Aragon. The Bedouins and the cities of the empire became largely independent, so that the Hafsids controlled only Tunis and Constantine.
In the 16th century the Hafsids increasingly became caught up in the power struggle between
Spainand the Ottoman Empire-supported Corsairs. The latter conquered Tunis in 1574and toppled the Hafsids, who had at times accepted Spanish sovereignty over them.
Muhammad I al-Mustansir(1249-1277)
Yahya II al-Watiq(1277-1279)
*Ibrahim I (1279-1283)
Ibn Abi Umara(1283-1284)
Abu Hafs Umar I(1284-1295)
*Muhammad I (1295-1309)
*Abu Bakr I (1309)
Aba al-Baqa Khalid an-Nasir(1309-1311)
Aba Yahya Zakariya al-Lihyani(1311-1317)
*Muhammad II (1317-1318)
*Abu Bakr II (1318-1346)
*Abu Hafs Umar II (1346-1349)
*Ahmad I (1349)
*Ishaq II (1350-1369)
Abu al-Baqa Khalid(1369-1371)
*Ahmad II (1371-1394)
Abd al-Aziz II(1394-1434)
*Muhammad III (1434-1436)
Abu Zakariya Yahya(1488-1489)
Abd al-Mu'min (Hafsid)(1489-1490)
Abu Yahya Zakariya(1490-1494)
*Muhammad IV (1494–1526)
*Muhammad V (1526-1543)
*Ahmad III (1543–1570)
*Muhammad VI (1574-1574)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ḥafṣid dynasty — (с 13th–16th century) Berber dynasty. It was founded by a governor of the Almohad dynasty, Abū Zakariyyāʾ Yaḥyā, in north central Africa с 1229. His son Mustanṣir (r. 1249–77) enlarged the empire to its peak of power and prestige. It had trade… … Universalium
dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium
Almohad dynasty — Infobox Former Country native name = الموَحدون (ar) conventional long name =Almohad Empire Full names common name = Almohad continent=Africa Europe region = North Africa South Europe country = Mauretania, Algeria, Spain, Portuagal, Morocco,… … Wikipedia
Marīnid dynasty — Berber dynasty that followed the Almohad dynasty in North Africa in the 13th–15th centuries. The Marīnids were a tribe of the Zanātah group, which was allied to the Umayyads in Córdoba. In 1248 a Marīnid leader, Abū Yaḥyā, captured Fès and made… … Universalium
Marinid dynasty — Imrinen /المرينيون (ar) ← … Wikipedia
Almohad dynasty — Arabic al Muwaḥḥidūn ( Unitarians ) (1130–1269) Berber confederation born out of religious opposition to the Islamic doctrines of the Almoravid dynasty. The Almohad leader Ibn Tūmart began his rebellion in the 1120s. Marrakech was captured in… … Universalium
Abd al-Wādid Dynastyʿ — ▪ Berber dynasty also called Zayyānid Dynasty , or Banū Zayyān dynasty of Zanātah Berbers (1236–1550), successors to the Almohad empire in northwestern Algeria. In 1236 the Zanātahs, loyal vassals to the Almohads, gained the support of… … Universalium
History of medieval Tunisia — The present day Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyyah at Tunisiyyah , has over ten million citizens, almost all of Arab Berber descent. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and east, Libya to the southeast, and Algeria to the west. Tunis is the… … Wikipedia
History of Ottoman-era Tunisia — Eyalet i Tunus Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire … Wikipedia
North Africa — North African. the northern part of Africa, esp. the region north of the tropical rain forest and comprised of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and that part of Egypt west of the Gulf of Suez. * * * Introduction region of Africa comprising … Universalium