Drypool shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 12,500 OS grid reference Unitary authority Kingston upon Hull Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire Region Yorkshire and the Humber Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town HULL Postcode district HU8 & HU9 Dialling code 01482 Police Humberside Fire Humberside Ambulance Yorkshire EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber UK Parliament Hull East List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire
Historically Drypool was a village, manor and later parish on the east bank River Hull at the confluence of the Humber Estuary and River Hull, it is now part of the greater urban area of Kingston upon Hull, and gives its name to a local government ward.
Drypool ward is a mixture of light industrial developments and housing, mainly terraced but including the Reckitt & Sons built model village development 'Garden Village', as well as the post 1980s housing development 'Victoria Dock Village' built on the infilled site of the former Victoria Dock. The area also includes The Deep aquarium, a secondary school, 7 primary schools, various hostels, a main shopping street, a swimming pool and leisure centre and two libraries.
The hamlet of Drypool lay on the east bank of the river Hull, roughly opposite the Old Town; it is mentioned in the Domesday Book, where it is said that the two manors of "Sotecote and Dridpol" were worth thirty shillings at the time of Edward the Confessor. Both manors were owned by Drogo de Bevrere, a relative by marriage of William I.
Drypool was a chapelry of the parish of Swine; the region consisted mostly of floodable low lying land or fen; Drypool, literally meaning "Dried up pool" was one of the areas (along with Southcoates) which was sufficiently raised to be habitable. To the north east of the hamlet was the area known as Summergangs, a region of Ings only usable in summer. During the early medieval period work was undertaken to improve the land by drainage; in the 13th century Saer de Sutton[note 2] created a drainage ditch (later known as Summergangs Dike),[note 3] and is though to have diverted the river Hull along a new more easterly route, along the stream known as 'Sayer's Creek'; these waterways, along with the river Wilflete[note 4] and the Humber later formed the boundaries of parish of Drypool.
In 1302 a road from Hull to Hedon was made into a King's highway; it which originated at the river Hull, passing though Drypool and then roughly northeastwards through 'Suttecotes Som'gang' (Summergangs) passing Southcoates at the west side before joining the old Sutton to Hedon road at Bilton; this was later to become Holderness Road (A165).
There were jetties on the river at Drypool, one was removed in 1470, possibly due to silting of the haven, or due to the threat of invasion. There was also a staith for the 'north ferry' across the Hull; it became obsolete after the North Bridge was built as part of Henry VIII's fortifications of Hull.
During the Pilgrimage of Grace Hull had been taken by the rebels, after the rebellion Henry VIII and ordered improvements to the fortifications of the town; these included the construction of a castle and blockhouses on the Drypool side of the river, as well as a bridge connecting the two banks at a cost of £23,155 17s 5d. After the restoration of Charles II of England the obsolete fortifications on the east bank of the river were extended and improved, at the same time incorporating a garrison into the city which had sided with the Parliamentarians during the Civil War; the new fortress, "The Citadel" was a moated triangular bastioned artillery fortification built in the south west corner of Drypool; approximately 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land was taken by the new fortification. The area of the citadel became known as Garrison Side, and was an extra-parochial area (1880s).
Drypool fell within the Parish of Swine until the seventeenth century, when a new parish of Drypool cum Southcoates was created.
By 1821 Drypool had a population of 1409, increased from ~800 in 1811, and ~400 in 1801; by the 1820s the urban growth was such that it had become part of the greater Hull conurbation. Drypool (with the parish of Drypool cum Southcoates) was formally incorporated into Kingston upon Hull in 1837.
The Domesday Book does not mention a church in Drypool, though one is shown on a drawing of 1350; some archaeological evidence suggests a date of as early as the 12th century for its construction. The original church of St. Peter[note 5] was demolished in 1822, being in ruinous condition; and with the intention of building a new larger vessel, with over a 1000 seats, increased from 200. The new church was designed by William Hutchinson and had a four bayed nave incorporating the former church's arches and windows, with a four story tower, and was entirely rendered in cement, it was completed in 1823.[map 1] The church's chancel was rebuilt in 1867. St. Peter's remained in used until 1941 when it was destroyed during the Second World War.
There was briefly a church in the former cemetery on Hedon Road, first called St. Nathaniel, later St. Bartholemew's;[map 2] it was used to service the growth of population due to the construction, and operation of Alexandra Dock. Initially a sacristy (the mortuary chapel) in the cemetery was used, in 1891 replaced by a iron church of the tin tabernacle type. The church closed and was demolished in 1929; the cemetery was later converted into park gardens by Hull City Corporation.
The church of St. Andrew was consecrated in 1878;[map 3] designed by architects 'Adams & Kelly' in Geometric Decorated Gothic style of brick with stone; it was built in response to the expansion of the east of the town due to the construction of Victoria Dock, and became the parish church in 1879. The parish church became St. Columba in 1961. St. Andrews has been demolished.
The church of St. Columba in the Garden Village area of Summergangs became the parish church for Drypool in 1961.
On Rosemead Street another temporary church was opened in 1919, but burnt to the ground in 1923. A permanent replacement 'St. John the Evangelist' was built 1925, but was bombed in 1941 during the Second World War, after repairs it was reopened in 1952.[map 4]
In The Groves in the parish of Sutton was St. Mark's, built in brick with stone facings 1844 in early medieval style. It was bomb damaged during the Second World War and demolished in the late 1950s.
- Other denominations
The Wesleyan Methodist Holderness Road Methodist Chapel was opened in 1962, replacing the 1877 Brunswick Chapel on the same site,[map 6] built to replace a temporary school and church built in 1873 nearby on Durham Street. The was also a church on Lime Street in The Groves built 1826.[map 7] It was later used as a Sunday School, then by the Methodists, then as a warehouse. Another building on Church Street/Raikes street corner (Drypool) was built in 1805, used first as Sunday school, and from 1877 (to 1930) as a chapel.[map 8] Both were superseded by Kingston Chapel,[map 9] built in a Greek architectural style with an Ionic portico. It opened in 1841, with ~2000 seats. The chapel was damaged in 1941 by bombing, and later demolished.
An independent church on Holborn Street (Witham) was built in 1830,[note 6][map 10] after 1860 it was used by the Primitive Methodists. It closed in 1954.[note 7] The primitive Methodists also had chapels at Hodgson Street (The Groves),[map 11] built 1884, closed 1940;[note 8] also at Bright Street (Holderness Road),[map 13] a Italianate style red and white brick building with over 1000 seats opened 1864, it was bomb damaged in 1941, and demolished 1964; and at the Bethesda Chapel, Holland Street (Holderness Road),[map 14] built 1902, closed 1962; and the Henry Hodge Memorial Chapel in Williamson Street, built 1873 and closed 1940.[map 15]
The Congregationalist Latimer Church in Williamson Street,[map 16] was built in 1875 in red and white brick in gothic style. In 1923 it was taken over by the Port of Hull Society for the Religious Instruction of Seamen.[note 9] The Salvation Army built a Citadel in Franklin Street in 1970, closed in 2006 and converted to housing.[map 17]
A Presbytarian church in the Gothic Revival style was built in 1874 on Holderness Road, it bomb damaged in 1941, and was demolised in 1972 (part of the adjacent Sunday School remains).[map 18] There is a modern Evangelical Presbyterian church on Holderness Road.
The East Hull Baths (Holderness Road) opened in 1898, and are adjacent to the James Reckitt Library,. The building is of red brick with ashlar banding and decoration, the interior includes Art Noveau tiled decorations.[map 19] As of 2011 the building remains in use as council run public baths.
The James Reckitt Public Library (Holderness Road) opened in 1889 adjacent to the East Hull Baths to serve the east of Hull. It was Hull's first free library and was established by James Reckitt with more than 8000 books. The library was donated to the borough of Hull in 1892 when the city adopted the Public Libraries Act. The building, designed by Albert Gelder was built of red brick with some ashlar window and banding features in a gothic revival style, a pyramidal tower roof was lost due to bomb damage during the Second World War, the remainder of the building is a listed structure. The library closed in 2006.
The local government ward of Drypool (2001) has its north east border formed by Labernum Avenue and Chamberlane Road, southwest of East Park, and its western border former by the river Hull, and its eastern border former by New Bridge Road, and the eastern limit of the Victoria Dock Village estate (Earle's Road). The population of the ward in 2001 was ~12,500.
The local government ward of Drypool includes the entirely industrial area known as The Groves on Stoneferry Road, a western part of the area of Summergangs including the Garden Village estate and the house and grounds of Holderness House. Also within the ward are the Victoria Dock Village, the area known as Garrison Side including Sammy's Point and The Deep aquarium.
The southwestern part of Holderness Road lies in the ward; including the Mount Retail Park (2002), East Hull Baths (1898) and listed James Reckitt Library (1889), and the area known as Witham.
The Drypool Ward includes four primary schools: Buckingham Primary School, Craven Primary School, Mersey Primary School and Victoria Dock Primary School. It also includes much of the catchment area for Westcott Primary School (formerly Archbishop William Temple CoE Primary). The current catchment secondary school is David Lister on Rustenburg Street, but this is due to change to Malet Lambert School on James Reckitt Avenue.
Drypool Ward is an electoral district returning three councillors to Hull City Council. Both Labour and Liberal Democrat party candidates have been elected since 2007 in a roughly two way split of votes.
The Anglican Parish of Drypool covers a larger area than the council ward, taking in parts of Southcoates West and Holderness Wards, with a catchment population of over 24,000; the parishes regular services take place in the churches of St Columba of Iona, St John the Evangelist, and Victoria Dock Church which (as of 2010) uses Victoria Dock Village Hall for public worship.
Famous people associated with Drypool
- John Venn (1834–1923), logician and inventor of the Venn Diagram, was born in Drypool, son of Rev. Henry Venn, Rector of Drypool
- William Wilberforce MP, the famous anti-slavery campaigner was patron of Drypool Parish
- J. Arthur Rank (1888–1972), of the Rank Organisation, was born at 371 Holderness Road in Drypool.
- Isaac Reckitt founded Reckitt & Sons in Dansom Lane, Drypool in 1840, selling starch. The factory has grown a bit since then, and is the location for Reckitt Benckiser's U.K. pharmaceuticals factory as well as its main U.K. office.
- ^ "Drypool CP/PA", www.visionofbritain.org.uk (University of Portsmouth et al), http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit_page.jsp?u_id=10418124
- ^ a b c d e f K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Outlying villages: Drypool, "Drypool"
- ^ a b M. Edward Ingram (1959), Drypool, p.11
- ^ M. Edward Ingram (1959), Drypool, p.9
- ^ a b c K.J. Allison, ed. (1969),Outlying villages: Sutton : Agriculture
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Medieval Hull : Wyke upon Hull
- ^ "Holderness Road (East) Conservation Area", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull City Council), September 2004, http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/HOME/PLANNING/CONSERVATION/CONSERVATION%20AREAS/HOLDERNESS%20ROAD%20(EAST)%20-%20CACA.PDF
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Medieval Hull : Origins
- ^ Thomas Blashill (1900), "Sutton-in-Holderness", p.79
- ^ Holderness Road (West), Hull City Council, section 6
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Medieval Hull : The Town
- ^ Edward Gillett; Kenneth A. MacMahon, "Houses, Walls and Water", A History of Hull, pp. 38–9
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Communications : Ferries
- ^ Samuel Lewis (1831), "Kingston upon Hull", A topographical Dictionary of England, 2, S. Lewis and Co., p. 512, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=MMc_AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA512#v=onepage&q&f=false
- ^ James Joseph Sheahan (1864), "General and concise history and description of the town and port of Kingston-upon-Hull", books.google.co.uk (Simpkin, Marshall & Co., London ; John Green, Beverley): pp. 74–76, 264–265, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=oSVTAAAAYAAJ
- ^ "Hull Castle, South Blockhouse and part of late 17th century Hull Citadel Fort at Garrison Side", list.english-heritage.org.uk (English Heritage), http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1020426
- ^ "Garrison Side Yorkshire", www.visionofbritian.org.uk (University of Portsmouth et al), http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/place_page.jsp?p_id=22641&st=GARRISON%20SIDE
- ^ M. Edward Ingram (1959), Drypool, p.9
- ^ Thomas Allen, IV. History and Topography of Kingston-upon-Hull without the Docks, including the parishes of Sculcoates and Drypool, "A new and complete history of the county of York", books.google.com (I.T. Hinton) 3: pp. 129–170, http://books.google.com/books?id=sIcOAAAAQAAJ&vq=drypool&pg=PA129#v=onepage&q&f=false
- ^ Holderness Road (West), Hull City Council, section 6.9
- ^ a b c d e f g "The parish churches: Drypool Church", A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1: The City of Kingston upon Hull, 1969, pp. 287–311, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66777#s6
- ^ M. Edward Ingram (1959), Drypool, "The First Church", pp.11-12
- ^ M. Edward Ingram (1959), Drypool, "The Rebuilding of the Parish Church", pp.43-48
- ^ M. Edward Ingram (1959), Drypool, "St. Bartholemew's Church", pp.57
- ^ M. Edward Ingram (1959), Drypool, "The building of St. Andrew's Church", pp.55-
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), The parish churches : Modern Parishes formed from Drypool
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), The parish churches : Modern Parishes formed from Sutton
- ^ a b Churches and Chapels, "Bulmer's History, Topography and Directory of East Yorkshire and Hull, 1892", www.genuki.org.uk (GENUKI (digitised reprint)), 1892, http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ERY/Hull/HullHistory/HullHistory9.html
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Roman Catholicism
- ^ "St Mary, Queen of Martyrs, Hull", middlesbrough-diocese.org.uk (The Roman Catholic Diocese of Middlesbrough), http://middlesbrough-diocese.org.uk/parishes/st-mary-queen-of-martyrs-hull, retrieved 17 August 2011
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Protestant Nonconformity : Places of Worship
- ^ Ordance Survey, 1856, 1:1056
- ^ "Help us honour city-born FA founder", www.thisishullandeastriding.co.uk, 1 August 2008, http://www.thisishullandeastriding.co.uk/Help-honour-city-born-FA-founder/story-11956178-detail/story.html
- ^ Steve Bulman (13 June 2011), "The Churches of Britain and Ireland : Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire", www.churches-uk-ireland.org, http://www.churches-uk-ireland.org/towns/h/hull.html, retrieved 19 August 2011
- ^ "THE PRIMS : Primitive Methodism in Hull", www.hullwebs.co.uk, http://www.hullwebs.co.uk/content/j-georgians/leisure/Prims.pdf
- ^ Peter Kessler (2011), "The Churches of Summergang", www.genuki.org.uk (GENUKI), http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/Misc/Transcriptions/ERY/HullChurchHistory11.html, retrieved 19 August 20111
- ^ Holderness Road (West), Hull City Council, see references to "60 Holderness Road"
- ^ "East Hull Presbyterian Church", www.ehpc.co.uk (East Hull Presbyterian Church), http://www.ehpc.co.uk/
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Public services : Baths
- ^ "Beverley Road Swimming Centre, Kingston Upon Hull", http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk, http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-387461-beverley-road-swimming-centre-kingston-u
- ^ K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Social Institutions : Libraries
- ^ "The James Reckitt Library Endowment Fund: Report and Financial Statements for the Year ended 31st March 2007", web5.hullcc.gov.uk, https://web5.hullcc.gov.uk/akshull/images/att7208.pdf
- ^ "James Reckitt Library, Kingston Upon Hull", www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk, http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-491348-james-reckitt-library-kingston-upon-hull
- ^ "What to do with old buildings", Library and Information History Newsletter (Library and Information History Group, Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals): 9–11, Spring 2010, http://www.cilip.org.uk/get-involved/special-interest-groups/history/publications/newsletter/Documents/Spring%202010%20A5%20booklet.pdf
- ^ Lead Key Figures (2001 Census) : Area: Drypool (Ward), Office for National Statistics, http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=6175358&c=Drypool&d=14&e=15&g=389828&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1313528908859&enc=1
- ^ a b "Drypool ward : Hull City Council", openlocally.com (Openly Local), http://openlylocal.com/wards/4536-Drypool, retrieved 17 August 2011
- ^ Sources:
- "Local Election Results 2007, Election results for Thursday 3 May 2007 election", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull City Council), http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/portal/page?_pageid=221,52587&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL, retrieved 20 August 2011
- "Local Election Results 2008", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull City Council), http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/portal/page?_pageid=221,588255&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL, retrieved 20 August 2011
- "Drypool by-election 2009 results", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull City Council), http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/portal/page?_pageid=221,601004&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL, retrieved 20 August 2011
- "Local Election Results 2010", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull City Council), http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/portal/page?_pageid=221,630024&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL, retrieved 20 August 2011
- "Local Election results for the ward of Drypool (Local election 2011)", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull City Council), https://web5.hullcc.gov.uk/akshullerps/election/2011/dry.html, retrieved 20 August 2011
- ^ "Drypool Parish Profile", www.drypoolparish.org.uk (The Church of England), 2010, http://www.drypoolparish.org.uk/DRYPOOLPARISH/documents/2010/2010Drypool_ParishProfileV2.pdf
- M. Edward Ingram (1959), "Drypool : Being the History of the Ancient Parish of Drypool cum Southcoates", (via) www.drypoolparish.org.uk (The British Publishing Company, Gloucester), http://www.drypoolparish.org.uk/DRYPOOLPARISH/HistoryBook/index.php?$left=4&$right=5
- K.J. Allison, ed. (1969), Outlying villages: Drypool, "A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1: The City of Kingston upon Hull", www.british-history.ac.uk: pp. 460–464, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66793
- "Holderness Road (West) : Conservation Area Character Appraisal", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull City Council), June 2004, http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/pls/portal/docs/PAGE/HOME/PLANNING/CONSERVATION/CONSERVATION%20AREAS/HOLDERNESS%20ROAD%20(WEST)%20-%20CACA.PDF
- Thomas Blashill (1900), "Sutton-in-Holderness: the manor, the berewic, and the village community", www.archive.org (Elliot Stock, London), http://www.archive.org/details/suttoninholderne00blasiala
- Thomas Blashill (1903), "Evidences Relating to the Eastern Part of the City of Kingston-upon-Hull", www.archive.org (A. Brown & Sons.), http://www.archive.org/details/evidencesrelati00clubgoog
Maps and locations
- ^ St. Peter's church, on Great Union Street, with Drypool basin of Victoria Dock to the south after the 1850s
- ^ St. Nathaniel's, later St. Bartholemew's, in the former Drypool and Southcoates Cemetery on Hedon Road cemetery.
- ^ St. Andrew's church, corner of Abbey Street and Holderness Road
- ^ St. John the Evangelist, Rosemead Street
- ^ St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, Wilton Street, Southwest end of Hoderness Road, Drypool.
- ^ Holderness Road Methodist church.
- ^ Lime Street chapel
- ^ Raikes Street / Church Street Wesleyan chapel
- ^ Kingston Chapel, Witham (Holderness Road)
- ^ Holborn Street Chapel, Witham
- ^ Hodgson Street chapel.
- ^ "View Hodgson Street chapel (Streetview Google Inc.)", maps.google.co.uk (Google), http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?q=hodgson+street+&hl=en&ll=53.749873,-0.328718&spn=0.000002,0.003433&sll=53.800651,-4.064941&sspn=21.856753,39.506836&vpsrc=6&t=h&z=19&layer=c&cbll=53.749882,-0.327537&panoid=2uSUnpJHNi7zQEbJ4bDDLQ&cbp=12,135.45,,0,-6.65, retrieved 19 August 2011
- ^ Bright Street / Holderness Road chapel
- ^ Bethesda Chapel, Holland Street (Holderness Road)
- ^ Henry Hodge Memorial Chapel, Williamson Street, demolished after 1990s for housing development
- ^ Latimer Church, Williamson Street
- ^ Franklin Street Citadel, Salvation Army
- ^ Presbytarian Sunday School and church.
- ^ East Hull Baths, James Reckitt Library immediately adjacent to the southwest
- ^ Also Dritpole, Dritpol, Dripold, Dripol, Dridpol
- ^ Saer de Sutton, was lord of Drypool and Sutton, and had been made custodian of the port of Hull by Henry III.
- ^ Summergangs Dike, later also known as the Lambwath Stream.
- ^ The Wilflete separated Drypool from Marfleet, its successor is the Holderness Drain.
- ^ Earlier (15th century) known as St. Peter and St. Paul.
- ^ Football Association founder Ebenezer Cobb Morley was baptised at Holborn Street in 1831.
- ^ The structure is still extant, the building is in commercial use (2011).
- ^ The chapel suffered bomb damage during World War 2, and was sold in the 1940s, it was part of a factory in 1964. The structure still exists in the first decade 2000.[map 12]
- ^ Image Frederick Schultz Smith, "Latimer church, Williamson Street 1889", www.hullcc.gov.uk (Hull Maritime Museum, Hull City Museums Collections), http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/museumcollections/collections/search-results/resultsoverview.php?keywordsorig=&titleorig=&personorig=&placeorig=&dateorig=&materialorig=&accessionnumberorig=KINCM%3A1929.241&collectionorig=&museumorig=&keywords=Latimer+Church%2C+Williamson+Street%2C+1889&SearchSubmit.x=0&SearchSubmit.y=0&SearchSubmit=Search&newsearch=new&title=&person=&place=&date=&material=&accessionnumber=&collectionall=all&museumall=all&location=any
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