List of Olympic records in athletics


List of Olympic records in athletics
Athletics records in the Summer Olympic Games have been recorded since 1896.

The modern Summer Olympic Games have been held every four years since the first Games in 1896 and Olympic records are recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in each event. The athletics events, which take place at each Games, are divided into four groups: track events (including sprints, middle- and long-distance running, hurdling and relays), field events (including javelin, discus, hammer, pole vault, long and triple jumps), road events (such as walks and the marathon) and combined events (the heptathlon and the decathlon).[1] Women compete in 23 athletics events during the Games,[2] and men compete in 24; while 21 of the events are the same for both men and women, men exclusively compete in the 50 km walk, the women's combined event is the heptathlon while the men compete in the decathlon, and the short distance hurdles for women is contested over 100 m, ten metres shorter than the men's event.[1]

Some Olympic records have been broken but later rescinded by the IOC. In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson broke the Olympic and World record in the 100 metres, but was subsequently disqualified after it was discovered that he had used anabolic steroids to enhance his performance. His record was expunged and the gold medal was instead awarded to American Carl Lewis.[3] Hungarian athlete Robert Fazekas broke the Olympic record in the men's discus in 2004 but was later stripped of both his gold medal and the record after it was deemed that he had "committed an anti-doping rule violation".[4][5]

The longest standing modern Olympic athletics record is Bob Beamon's achievement in the men's long jump at the 1968 Summer Olympics.[6] The jump, at 8.90 m (29 ft 2 in), also broke the existing world record by 55 cm (22 in), and stood for 23 years until Beamon's compatriot, Mike Powell, jumped further in the 1991 World Championships in Athletics in Tokyo.[7] During the 2008 Games, ten men's and seven women's records were broken.

Contents

Men's records

Black athlete Usain Bolt in a yellow running vest and green shorts just completing a race
Usain Bolt currently holds three Olympics records, two individually and one with the Jamaican 4 x 100m relay team, all set in the 2008 Summer Olympics.
Roman Sebrie headshot with him wearing a black tracksuit top with red trim
Roman Šebrle, current decathlon record holder

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of the end of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.

Event Record Name Nation Games Date Ref(s)
100 metres 9.69  Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-16 August 16, 2008 [8]
200 metres 19.30  Bolt, UsainUsain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-20 August 20, 2008 [8]
400 metres 43.49  Johnson, MichaelMichael Johnson  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta 01996-07-29 July 29, 1996 [9]
800 metres 1:42.58  Rodal, VebjørnVebjørn Rodal  Norway (NOR) 1996 Atlanta 01996-07-31 July 31, 1996 [10]
1,500 metres 3:32.07  Ngeny, NoahNoah Ngeny  Kenya (KEN) 2000 Sydney 02000-09-29 September 29, 2000 [11]
5,000 metres 12:57.82  Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-23 August 23, 2008 [12]
10,000 metres 27:01.17  Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-17 August 17, 2008 [13]
Marathon 2:06:32  Wanjiru, SamuelSamuel Wanjiru  Kenya (KEN) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-24 August 24, 2008 [14]
110 metre hurdles 12.91  Xiang, LiuLiu Xiang  China (CHN) 2004 Athens 02004-08-27 August 27, 2004 [15]
400 metre hurdles ♦46.78  Young, KevinKevin Young  United States (USA) 1992 Barcelona 01992-08-06 August 6, 1992 [16][17]
3,000 m steeplechase 8:05.51  Kariuki, JuliusJulius Kariuki  Kenya (KEN) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-30 September 30, 1988 [18]
4×100 m relay 37.10  Carter, NestaNesta Carter
Michael Frater
Usain Bolt
Asafa Powell
 Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-22 August 22, 2008 [8]
4×400 m relay 2:55.39  Merritt, LaShawnLaShawn Merritt
Angelo Taylor
David Neville
Jeremy Wariner
 United States (USA) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-23 August 23, 2008 [19]
20 km walk 1:18:59  Korzeniowski, RobertRobert Korzeniowski  Poland (POL) 2000 Sydney 02000-09-22 September 22, 2000 [20]
50 km walk 3:37:09  Schwazer, AlexAlex Schwazer  Italy (ITA) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-22 August 22, 2008 [21]
High jump 2.39 m  Austin, CharlesCharles Austin  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta 01996-07-28 July 28, 1996 [22]
Long jump 8.90 m  Beamon, BobBob Beamon  United States (USA) 1968 Mexico City 01968-10-18 October 18, 1968 [6]
Pole vault 5.96 m  Hooker, StevenSteven Hooker  Australia (AUS) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-22 August 22, 2008 [23]
Triple jump 18.09 m  Harrison, KennyKenny Harrison  United States (USA) 1996 Atlanta 01996-07-27 July 27, 1996 [24]
Shot put 22.47 m  Timmermann, UlfUlf Timmermann  East Germany (GDR) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-23 September 23, 1988 [25]
Discus throw 69.89 m  Alekna, VirgilijusVirgilijus Alekna  Lithuania (LTU) 2004 Athens 02004-08-23 August 23, 2004 [26]
Hammer throw 84.80 m  Litvinov, SergeySergey Litvinov  Soviet Union (URS) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-26 September 26, 1988 [27]
Javelin throw 90.57 m  Thorkildsen, AndreasAndreas Thorkildsen  Norway (NOR) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-23 August 23, 2008 [28]
Decathlon 8893 pts  Šebrle, RomanRoman Šebrle  Czech Republic (CZE) 2004 Athens 02004-08-24 August 24, 2004 [29]

Women's records

Tirunesh Dibaba in a green running vest covered in a flag, holding a bouquet of flowers
Tirunesh Dibaba is the current Olympic 10,000 m record holder.
Yelena Slesarenko with her hands on her head, wearing a yellow and blue top and blue running briefs
Yelena Slesarenko, Olympic record holder in the high jump

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of the end of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.

Event Record Name Nation Games Date Ref(s)
100 metres 10.62  Griffith-Joyner, FlorenceFlorence Griffith-Joyner  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-24 September 24, 1988 [30]
200 metres ♦21.34  Griffith-Joyner, FlorenceFlorence Griffith-Joyner  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-29 September 29, 1988 [31][32]
400 metres 48.25  Pérec, Marie-JoséMarie-José Pérec  France (FRA) 1996 Atlanta 01996-07-29 July 29, 1996 [33]
800 metres 1:53.43  Olizarenko, NadezhdaNadezhda Olizarenko  Soviet Union (URS) 1980 Moscow 01980-07-27 July 27, 1980 [33]
1,500 metres 3:53.96  Ivan, PaulaPaula Ivan  Romania (ROU) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-26 September 26, 1988 [33]
5,000 metres 14:40.79  Szabo, GabrielaGabriela Szabo  Romania (ROU) 2000 Sydney 02000-09-25 September 25, 2000 [33]
10,000 metres 29:54.66  Dibaba, TiruneshTirunesh Dibaba  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-15 August 15, 2008 [34]
Marathon 2:23:14  Takahashi, NaokoNaoko Takahashi  Japan (JPN) 2000 Sydney 02000-09-24 September 24, 2000 [33]
100 metre hurdles 12.37  Hayes, JoannaJoanna Hayes  United States (USA) 2004 Athens 02004-08-24 August 24, 2004 [33]
400 metre hurdles 52.64  Walker, MelaineMelaine Walker  Jamaica (JAM) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-20 August 20, 2008 [35]
3,000 m steeplechase ♦8:58.81  Galkina-Samitova, GulnaraGulnara Galkina-Samitova  Russia (RUS) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-17 August 17, 2008 [36]
4×100 m relay 41.60  Müller, RomyRomy Müller
Bärbel Wöckel
Ingrid Auerswald
Marlies Göhr
 East Germany (GDR) 1980 Moscow 01980-08-01 August 1, 1980 [33]
4×400 m relay ♦3:15.27  Ledovskaya, TatyanaTatyana Ledovskaya
Olga Nazarova
Mariya Pinigina
Olga Bryzgina
 Soviet Union (URS) 1988 Seoul 01988-10-01 October 1, 1988 [37]
20 km walk 1:26:31  Kaniskina, OlgaOlga Kaniskina  Russia (RUS) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-21 August 21, 2008 [20]
High jump 2.06 m  Slesarenko, YelenaYelena Slesarenko  Russia (RUS) 2004 Athens 02004-08-28 August 28, 2004 [22]
Long jump 7.40 m  Joyner-Kersee, JackieJackie Joyner-Kersee  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-29 September 29, 1988 [38]
Pole vault 5.05 m  Isinbayeva, YelenaYelena Isinbayeva  Russia (RUS) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-18 August 18, 2008 [36][39]
Triple jump 15.39 m  Mbango Etone, FrançoiseFrançoise Mbango Etone  Cameroon (CMR) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-17 August 17, 2008 [40]
Shot put 22.41 m  Slupianek, IlonaIlona Slupianek  East Germany (GDR) 1980 Moscow 01980-07-24 July 24, 1980 [25]
Discus throw 72.30 m  Hellmann, MartinaMartina Hellmann  East Germany (GDR) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-29 September 29, 1988 [26]
Hammer throw 76.34 m  Miankova, AksanaAksana Miankova  Belarus (BLR) 2008 Beijing 02008-08-20 August 20, 2008 [41]
Javelin throw 71.53 m  Menéndez, OsleidysOsleidys Menéndez  Cuba (CUB) 2004 Athens 02004-08-27 August 27, 2004 [33]
Heptathlon ♦7291 pts  Joyner-Kersee, JackieJackie Joyner-Kersee  United States (USA) 1988 Seoul 01988-09-24 September 24, 1988 [33]

See also

References

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