- Congresses of the Communist Party of Brazil
The Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil, PC do B) has held twelve Congresses since it was founded on March 1922 as the Communist Party – Brazilian Section of the Communist International (Partido Comunista – Seção Brasileira da Internacional Comunista, PC-SBIC).
- 1 Congresses of the Communist Party – Brazilian Section of the Communist International
- 2 Congresses of the Communist Party of Brazil
Congresses of the Communist Party – Brazilian Section of the Communist International
The First Congress of the Communist Party – Brazilian Section of the Communist International (PC-SBIC) took place on March 25, 26 and 27, 1922 in the city of Niterói, then capital of Rio de Janeiro. It was attended by delegates of Communist groups in Porto Alegre, Recife, São Paulo, Cruzeiro, Niterói and Rio de Janeiro, then capital of Brazil. Delegates of groups from Santos and Juiz de Fora were absent. A total of 73 Communist groups were represented in the Congress.
The Congress, which was attended by representatives of the South American Bureau of the Communist International adopted the 21 conditions for admission to the International Communist Party, a Statute of the Party and elected a Central Executive Committee. This was composed of ten members (five permanent and five alternate members). The effective members were Abilio de Nequete (Secretary General), Astrojildo Pereira (Press and Publicity Secretary), Antonio Canellas (International Secretary), Luis Peres (Union Factions Secretary) and Cruz Júnior (Treasury Secretary). The alternate members were Cristiano Cordeiro, Rodolfo Coutinho, Antonio de Carvalho, Joaquim Barbosa, and Manuel Cendon.
It was also decided in the First Congress of the PC-SBIC that the party would send help to people affected by the Russian Civil War in the Volga Region, in order to demonstrate the good spirit of Brazilian Communists towards the international cause of Communism. The conference ended with the delegates singing The Internationale, recognized as the international anthem of the Communist movement.
The magazine Communist Movement, in its edition of June 1922 published the resolutions of the First Congress of the PC-SBIC. It was also published in the Official Gazette of Brazil on April 7, 1922, when it was recognized as an official political party by the federal government.
On February 22, 1925, the 1st Conference of the Communist Party of Brazil was held. There were present, besides party leaders, delegates from Rio and Niterói. It discussed the organization of cells and criteria for the recruitment of militants. At the Conference, it was decided to launch the newspaper Working Class as the central body of the party. On May 1, 1925, the first issue of the Working Class circulated. Five thousand copies, a significant amount for that time, were received by workers.
The Second Congress of the Communist Party – Brazilian Section of the Communist International was held on May 16–18, 1925. In addition to members of the Central Executive Committee, it was also attended by delegates of organizations from Rio, Niterói, Pernambuco, São Paulo, Santos and Cubatão. The delegates from Rio Grande do Sul were absent.
At this Congress, party members discussed the reports of regional organizations, the situation of international and national politics, changes in the Statute of the Party, the propaganda focused around the party's central body (the Working Class), the work of the party on trade unions, and the creation of the Communist Youth. Although many correct decisions were taken at the Congress, it has also committed serious errors, such as considering that the fundamental contradiction in Brazil was the opposition between the feudal agrarian and the industrial capitalistic societies, underestimating the penetration of American imperialism in the country.
The Third Congress of PCdoB - It began on December 29, 1928 and lasted until the 4th of January 1929. Participating in this Congress thirty-one (31) persons, being thirteen (13) delegates from six (6) regional organizations and two (2) of the Communist Youth, in addition to members of the leadership. The order-of-day Congress was quite extensive, emphasizing the examination of the political situation and issues related to the work of the Party in the unions, among the peasants, the Communist Youth, and also the state party in São Paulo. In this Congress still prevailed erroneous positions, including confusion between the stages of the revolution. The most positive aspect of the congress was the adoption of the Statute of the Party, according to the model of the Communist International adapted to conditions in Brazil. Congress took steps to recruit new militants and link them to the masses in an attempt to make the Party of the condition of the sect and take it an organization alive and active in political life.
7th to November 11, 1954 was the fourth Congress of the Communist Party of Brazil. Bringing together many delegates from various regions of the country, Congress discussed and approved the new Party Program, introduced changes in the Constitution and elected a new Central Committee. Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin were the Presidium of Honor from Congress. The program was approved in an effort to integrate the Communists the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete practice of the Brazilian revolution. Determined the concentration of fire against American imperialism, the struggle for the realization of a radical agrarian reform, the formation of a broad democratic front for national liberation aimed at achieving a democratic government of national liberation. In its essentials, the program, despite some flaws, was concrete and was widespread throughout the country. Indicated the path of armed struggle. For all this, the Program as soon as they began the ideological struggle against revisionism after the XX Congress of the CPSU, was attacked by right-wing opportunists and repealed in practice.
The Fifth Congress of the Communist Party of Brazil took place in September 1960 Under the influence of revisionist tide adopted at the Twentieth World Congress of the CPSU in Moscow in 1960 and supported the famous statement published in March 1958 by the Central Committee, under the command of Luis Carlos about. Where deep ideological struggle was waged between the Marxist-Leninists and revisionists followers Prestes, before and during the Congress. Despite the stubborn resistance offered by the Marxist-Leninists, Congress passed a resolution endorsing the policy right opportunist line expressed in the Declaration of March 1958. Have been removed from leadership positions almost all proletarian revolutionaries and elected a new Central Committee composed, overwhelmingly, by notorious revisionists.
Congresses of the Communist Party of Brazil
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