Congenital rubella syndrome


Congenital rubella syndrome
Congenital rubella syndrome
Classification and external resources

Congenital Cataracts (white pupils) due to congenital rubella syndrome
ICD-10 P35.0
ICD-9 771.0
DiseasesDB 11729
MedlinePlus 001658
eMedicine emerg/388
MeSH D012410

Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) can occur in a developing fetus of a pregnant woman who has contracted rubella during her first trimester. If infection occurs 0–28 days before conception, there is a 43% chance the infant will be affected. If the infection occurs 0–12 weeks after conception, there is a 51% chance the infant will be affected. If the infection occurs 13–26 weeks after conception there is a 23% chance the infant will be affected by the disease. Infants are not generally affected if rubella is contracted during the third trimester, or 26–40 weeks after conception. Problems rarely occur when rubella is contracted by the mother after 20 weeks of gestation and continues to disseminate the virus after birth.

It was discovered in 1941 by Australian Norman McAllister Gregg.

Contents

Presentation

Congenital rubella serology time-line

The classic triad for congenital rubella syndrome is:

"Salt-and-pepper" retinopathy of the retina is the most common ocular manifestation of congenital rubella.

Other manifestations of CRS may include:

Children who have been exposed to rubella in the womb should also be watched closely as they age for any indication of the following:

Prevention

Vaccination of girls of childbearing age against rubella can prevent congenital rubella syndrome.

References

External links


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