Descendants of James II of England


Descendants of James II of England
James II and VII.

The descendants of James II of England, Stuart monarch of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland and Kingdom of Ireland, are numerous. His last descendant in the legitimate line, Henry Benedict Stuart, died in 1807, but there are descendants in illegitimate lines to this day.

James was married twice; his first wife was Anne Hyde, the daughter of the first Earl of Clarendon. After her death, he married Mary of Modena. Many of his legitimate children from both marriages died in infancy, but four survived. Two of James's mistresses also bore him illegitimate children; these are the only lines of his descendants that are known for certain to exist to this day. This article deals with the most senior figures who were descended from James' children.

James's genealogy is of interest in part because a political movement, Jacobitism, arose from the claim his legitimate descendants were considered by some to have to the thrones of England, Ireland, and Scotland (and, later on, the United Kingdom). Also, several of James's descendants with his mistresses have been notable in the history of Great Britain and Ireland, some specifically because they were James's descendants.

Contents

Legitimate issue

by Anne Hyde

James II and Anne Hyde also had six other children, though none of them survived infancy. Their names were Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (22 October 1660 – 5 May 1661), James Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (12 July 1663 – 20 June 1667), Charles Stuart, Duke of Kendal (4 July 1666 – 22 May 1667), Edgar Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (14 September 1667 – 15 November 1669), Henrietta (13 January 1669 – 15 November 1669) and Catherine (9 February 1671 – 5 December 1671).

Mary II of England

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Mary II of England
1662–1694
Queen Mary II.jpg 30 April 1662
St James's Palace
daughter of James II and Anne Hyde
William III of England
St James's Palace
4 November 1677
3 children (none survived infancy)
28 December 1694
Kensington Palace
aged 32

Anne of Great Britain

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Anne of Great Britain
1665–1714[1]
Anniex.jpg 6 February 1665
St James's Palace
daughter of James II and Anne Hyde[2]
George of Denmark
St James's Palace
28 July 1683
17 children
None survived childhood[2]
1 August 1714
Kensington Palace
aged 49[2]

by Mary of Modena

James II and Mary of Modena also had five other children, though none survived childhood. Their names were Catherine Laura (10 January 1675–3 October 1676), Isabel (28 August 1676–2 March 1681), Charles, Duke of Cambridge (7 November 1677–12 December 1677), Elizabeth (1678–c. 1678) and Charlotte Maria (16 August 1682–16 October 1682).

James, Prince of Wales

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
James Francis Edward Stuart
1688–1766
James 10 June 1688[3]
St. James's Palace
son of James II of England and Mary of Modena
Clementina Sobieski
3 September 1719
2 children
1 January 1766
Palazzo Muti
aged 77
Charles Edward Stuart
("Bonnie Prince Charlie")
1766–1788
Charles 31 December 1720[4]
Palazzo Muti
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
Married Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (no issue)
(1 illegitimate child)
31 January 1788
Palazzo Muti
aged 67
Henry Benedict Stuart
1788–1807
Henry 11 March 1725[5]
Rome
son of James Francis Edward Stuart and Clementina Sobieski
never married 13 July 1807
Frascati
aged 82

The question of James, Prince of Wales's legitimate descendants is a controversial issue due to its connection to Jacobitism, the 1689 Bill of Rights, and the 1701 Act of Settlement. Their exclusion from the line of succession was seen by some as biased and unfair, while others felt it was necessary in order to protect the supremacy of the Church of England.

The last completely accepted descendant of James's legitimate children was Charles Edward, Count Roehenstart who died without issue in 1854. He was the illegitimate son of Charlotte Stuart, Duchess of Albany, who was the illegitimate child of Charles Edward Stuart. The Duchess of Albany was known to have had three illegitimate children; Count Roehenstart and two daughters named Charlotte and Marie-Victoire.

It was presumed by scholarly historians such as James Lees-Milne in The Last Stuarts (published 1983) that the Duchess of Albany's two daughters died childless. However, in 2002 writer Peter Pininski released a book entitled The Stuarts' Last Secret, presenting evidence that Marie-Victoire married Polish nobleman the Chevalier de Nikorowicz in 1779 and had a son named Antime. Antime's daughter Julie, married Count Leonard Pininski, who was the author Peter Pininski's Great Grandfather, thus making him one of the surviving descendants of Charles Edward Stuart.

Louisa Maria Teresa

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart
1692–1712
Princess Louisa Maria Teresa Stuart by Alexis Simon Belle 1704.jpg 30 April 1692
St James's Palace
daughter of James II and Mary of Modena
never married 18 April 1712
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
aged 19

Illegitimate issue

by Arabella Churchill

The two also had one additional child, Arabella FitzJames (1674 - 7 November 1704) who became a nun.

Henrietta FitzJames

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Henrietta FitzJames
1677–1730
1667
daughter of James II and Arabella Churchill
Henry Waldegrave, 1st Baron Waldegrave
29 November 1683
2 children

Piers Butler, 3rd Viscount of Galmoye
3 April 1695
1 child
3 April 1730
aged 63
James Waldegrave, 1st Earl Waldegrave
1730–1741
James Waldegrave.jpg 1684
son of Henrietta FitzJames and Henry Waldegrave, 1st Baron Waldegrave
Mary Webb
1714
3 children
11 April 1741
Navestock
aged 57
James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave
1741–1763
James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave.JPG 4 March 1714
son of James Waldegrave, 1st Earl Waldegrave and Mary Webb
Maria Walpole
15 May 1759
3 children
13 April 1763
London
aged 49
John Waldegrave, 3rd Earl Waldegrave
1763–1784
28 April 1718
son of James Waldegrave, 1st Earl Waldegrave and Mary Webb
Lady Elizabeth Leveson-Gower
7 May 1751
4 children
22 October 1784
aged 66
George Waldegrave, 4th Earl Waldegrave
1784–1789
George Waldegrave, 4th Earl Waldegrave.jpg 23 November 1751
son of John Waldegrave, 3rd Earl Waldegrave and Elizabeth Leveson-Gower
Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave
5 May 1782
5 children
22 October 1789
aged 38
George Waldegrave, 5th Earl Waldegrave
1789–1794
13 July 1784
son of George Waldegrave, 4th Earl Waldegrave and Elizabeth Waldegrave
never married 29 June 1794
River Thames
aged 9
John James Waldegrave, 6th Earl Waldegrave
1794–1835
31 July 1785
son of George Waldegrave, 4th Earl Waldegrave and Elizabeth Waldegrave
Anne King
30 October 1815
Paris
4 children
31 July 1835
Strawberry Hill, London
aged 50
George Edward Waldegrave, 7th Earl Waldegrave
1835–1846
8 February 1816
son of John James Waldegrave, 6th Earl Waldegrave and Anne King
Frances Elizabeth Anne Braham
28 September 1840
Edinburgh
No children
28 September 1846
Harptree Court
aged 30
William Waldegrave, 8th Earl Waldegrave
1846–1859
27 October 1788
Navestock
son of George Waldegrave, 4th Earl Waldegrave and Elizabeth Waldegrave
Elizabeth Whitbread
10 August 1812
5 children

Sarah Whitear
8 December 1846
No children
24 October 1859
Hastings
aged 71
William Frederick Waldegrave, 9th Earl Waldegrave
1859–1930
9th Earl Waldegrave.png 2 March 1851
son of William Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton and Frances Bastard
Mary Dorothea Palmer
1876
2 children
12 August 1930
aged 79
William Waldegrave, 10th Earl Waldegrave
1930–1933
2 October 1882
son of William Frederick Waldegrave, 9th Earl Waldegrave and Mary Dorothea Palmer
never married 30 January 1933
aged 50
Henry Noel Waldegrave, 11th Earl Waldegrave
1933–1936
14 October 1854
son of William Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton and Frances Bastard
Anne Katharine Bastard
27 October 1892
5 children
30 December 1936
aged 82
Geoffrey Noel Waldegrave, 12th Earl Waldegrave
1936–1995
21 November 1905
son of Henry Noel Waldegrave, 11th Earl Waldegrave and Anne Katharine Bastard
Mary Hermione Grenfell
2 October 1930
7 children
23 May 1995
aged 89
James Waldegrave, 13th Earl Waldegrave
1995–present
8 December 1940
son of Geoffrey Noel Waldegrave, 12th Earl Waldegrave and Mary Hermione Grenfell
Mary Alison Furness
1986
2 children

James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
1670–1734
James FitzStuart, Duke of Berwick.png 21 August 1670
Moulins, Allier
son of James II of England and Arabella Churchill
Honora de Burgh, Countess de Lucan
26 March 1695
1 child

Anne Bulkeley
18 April 1700
10 children
12 June 1734
Philippsburg
aged 63
James Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick
1734–1738
James Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick.jpg 21 October 1696
son of James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick and Honora de Burgh, Countess de Lucan
Catalina Colón de Portugal y Ayala, 9th condesa de Gelves
31 December 1716
6 children
2 June 1738
Naples
aged 41
James Fitz-James Stuart, 3rd Duke of Berwick
1738–1785
James Fitz-James Stuart, 3rd Duke of Berwick.jpg 28 December 1718
Madrid
son of James Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick and Catalina Colón de Portugal y Ayala, 9th condesa de Gelves
María Teresa de Silva y Alvarez de Toledo
26 June 1738
1 child
30 September 1785
Valencia
aged 66
Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 4th Duke of Berwick
1785–1787
25 March 1752
Liria
son of James Fitz-James Stuart, 3rd Duke of Berwick and María Teresa de Silva y Alvarez de Toledo
Carolina Augusta, Prinzessin zu Stolberg-Gedern
15 September 1771
2 children
7 September 1787
Madrid
aged 35
Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 5th Duke of Berwick
1787–1794
25 February 1773
Paris
son of Carlos FitzJames Stuart, 4th Duke of Berwick and Carolina Augusta, Prinzessin zu Stolberg-Gedern
María Teresa de Silva Fernandez de Hijar y Palafox
24 January 1790
2 children
3 April 1794
died
aged 21
Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 6th Duke of Berwick
1794–1795
3 January 1792
son of Jacobo FitzJames Stuart, 5th Duke of Berwick and María Teresa de Silva Fernandez de Hijar y Palafox
never married 5 January 1795
aged 3
Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 7th Duke of Berwick
1795–1835
19 May 1794
Madrid
son of Jacobo FitzJames Stuart, 5th Duke of Berwick and María Teresa de Silva Fernandez de Hijar y Palafox
Rosalia de Ventimiglia
15 February 1817
3 children
7 October 1835
Sion
aged 41
Jacobo FitzJames Stuart, 8th Duke of Berwick
1835–1881
3 June 1821
Palermo
son of Carlos FitzJames Stuart, 7th Duke of Berwick and Rosalia de Ventimiglia
María Francisca Portocarrero Palafox y Kirck Patrick, 12th duquesa de Peñaranda
14 February 1848
3 children
10 July 1881
Madrid
aged 60
Carlos FitzJames Stuart, 9th Duke of Berwick
1881–1901
4 December 1849
Madrid
son of Jacobo FitzJames Stuart, 8th Duke of Berwick and María Francisca Portocarrero Palafox y Kirck Patrick, 12th duquesa de Peñaranda
María del Rosário Falcó y Osório, 12th condesa de Siruela
10 December 1877
3 children
15 October 1901
New York City
aged 51
Jacobo FitzJames Stuart, 10th Duke of Berwick
1901–1953
17 October 1878
Madrid
son of Carlos FitzJames Stuart, 9th Duke of Berwick and María del Rosário Falcó y Osório, 12th condesa de Siruela
María del Rosario de Silva y Gurtubay, 9th marquesa de San Vicente del Barco
7 October 1920
1 child
24 September 1953
Lausanne
aged 74
Fernando FitzJames Stuart, 11th Duke of Berwick
1953–1970
24 January 1922
El Guadalperal
son of Carlos Fernando Fitz-James Stuart y Falcó, 14th duque de Peñaranda and María del Carmen de Saavedra y Collado, 13th marquesa de Villaviciosa
María Isabel Gómez y Ruíz
1944
4 children
20 July 1970
El Guadalperal
aged 48
Jacobo FitzJames Stuart, 12th Duke of Berwick
1970–present
15 November 1947
son of Fernando FitzJames Stuart, 11th Duke of Berwick and María Isabel Gómez y Ruíz
not married

Henry FitzJames, 1st Duke of Albemarle

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Henry FitzJames, 1st Duke of Albemarle
1673–1702
6 August 1673
son of James II and Arabella Churchill
Marie Gabrielle d' Audibert
20 July 1700
1 child
16 December 1702
Bagnols
aged 29

by Catherine Sedley

Catherine Darnley

who married James, 3rd earl of Anglesey (biological father now known to be Colonel Graham)[citation needed]

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Constantine Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave
1767–1775
22 August 1722
son of William Phipps and Lady Catherine Annesley
Hon. Lepell Hervey
26 February 1743
6 children
13 September 1775
aged 53
Constantine Phipps, 2nd Baron Mulgrave
1775–1792
Constantine John Phipps.jpg 30 May 1744
son of Constantine Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave and Lepell Hervey
Anne Elizabeth Cholmley
20 June 1787
1 child
10 October 1792
Liège
aged 48
Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave
1792–1831
Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave.jpg 14 February 1755
son of Constantine Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave and Lepell Hervey
Martha Sophia Maling
20 October 1795
5 children
7 April 1831
Mulgrave Castle
aged 76
Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby
1831–1863
1stMarquessOfNormanby.jpg 15 May 1797
Mulgrave Castle
son of Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave and Martha Sophia Maling
Maria Liddell
21 August 1818
1 child
28 July 1863
London
aged 66
George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby
1863–1890
GeorgePhipps2ndMarquessOfNormanby.jpg 23 July 1819
son of Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby and Maria Liddell
Laura Russell
17 August 1844
7 children
3 April 1890
Brighton
aged 70
Constantine Phipps, 3rd Marquess of Normanby
1890–1932
29 August 1846
Mulgrave Castle
son of George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby and Laura Russell
Gertrude Stansfeld Foster
30 December 1903
3 children
25 August 1932
London
aged 85
Oswald Phipps, 4th Marquess of Normanby
1932–1994
29 July 1912
son of Constantine Phipps, 3rd Marquess of Normanby and Gertrude Stansfeld Foster
Grania Méve Rosaura Guinness
10 February 1951
7 children
30 January 1994
aged 81
Constantine Phipps, 5th Marquess of Normanby
1994–present
24 February 1954
son of Oswald Phipps, 4th Marquess of Normanby and Grania Méve Rosaura Guinness
Nicola Shulman
1990
3 children

Descent to the Mitford Sisters

References


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