- List of traditional territories of the indigenous peoples of North America
The following is a list of names of the territories of indigenous peoples of the North American continent. Autonymic names in native North American languages are in bold, translations of the Native names are in parentheses and quotes. The Native language or dialect of that form of the country's name is in brackets; for example, [Plains Cree]. Names for that Native country in other languages, such as conventional English names, are in a normal font and indented with a bullet unless only exonyms are yet known to the authors, in which case the exonym (in parentheses) is used as the main entry—such as where only the Abenaki name for "Mahican Country" is yet known.
- Anishinaabe Country, Ojibwe Country
Atrakwae [Huron]; the Kahkwa language is unattested
- Kakouagoga Country, Kahkwa Country
Báxoje Máyan ("Ioway Land") [Ioway, Otoe-Missouria Language]
- Ioway Country
Benteh ("Among the Lakes") [Tanaina]
- Dena'ina Country, Tanaina Country
Bodéwadmiakiwen, Bodewadmi kik ("Potawatomi land") [Potawatomi]
- Potawatomi Country
- Choctaw Country
- Chickasaw Country
(Chontalpa ("The Land of the Chontal") [Nahuatl])
- Yokot'an, Chontal
(Cuextlan  [Nahuatl])
- Teenek, Huaxtec
Denendeh ("Land of the People") 
- East Cree, Quebec Cree y
Gawi Wachi ("The Place of Nurturing") [Tarahumara]
- Rarámuri Country, Tarahumara Country
- Cayuga Country
- "Land of the Haida". Original Haida name was Xhaaidlagha Gwaayaai meaning "Islanda at the Edge of the World". Haida Gwaii is of modern invention.
- Iroquoia, Iroquois Country
- Yaqui Country
- Illinois Country
- Inuit Country
- Otoe Country
Kalaallit Nunaat ("Land of the Kalaallit (Greenlanders)") [Greenlandic]
- Mohawk Country
- Gä-neă-ga-o-noˊ-ga  [an Iroquois language]
- Annien̈ę (with an n-diaeresis), Agné, Agnée, Agnié, Anié [Huron]
- Meqewihkuk ("Among the Mohawks") [Maliseet-Passamaquoddy]
- Karuk Country
Kitaskino ("Our [inclusive] Land; Our [inclusive] Territory"), Nitaskinan ("Our [exclusive] land; Our [exclusive] Territory"), Nehirowisi aski ("Autonomous Earth") The earth (aski) where Atikamekw can be autonomous (nehirowisiw).  [Atikamekw]
- Kuna Country
- Cupeño Country
- Lakota Country
Lingít Aaní ("Land of the Tlingit") [Tlingit]
- Tlingit Country
- Mahican Country
Manahatta ("Hilly Island" or "The Small Island") [Munsee Lenape]
- Manates Country
Mánu: Yį Įsuwą ("Land of the River (Esaw) People") [Catawba]
- Catawba Country
- Wawenoc Country
Môhikaniks, Monheganick, Mohegan ("Country of Wolves") [Mohegan]
- Mohegan Country
- Massachusett Country
- Miami Country
- Nanticoke Country
- Hupa Country
Nayantik, Nayantaquit, Nehantic, Nehântick ("At a point of land on a tidal river, or estuary", "Of long-necked waters") [Niantic]
- Niantic Country
- Abenaki Country
- Aponahkik ("In Abenaki Territory") [Maliseet-Passamaquoddy]
- Cree Country
- Western Shoshone Country
- Blackfoot Country
Nishnawbe Aki ("Nishnawbe Land") The territory of the Ojibway-, Cree-, and Ojicree-speaking peoples of northern Ontario.
- Innu Country, Montagnais Country
- Muhtaniyewihkuk ("In Montagnais Territory")  [Maliseet-Passamaquoddy]
- Jemez Country
Nunavik ("Place to Live") [Inuttitut]
- Nunavummuit Country, Eastern Canadian Arctic Inuit Country
- Seneca Country
- Cup'it Country, Nuniwarmiut Country
- Missouria Country
- Naskapi Country
- Menominee Country
- Onondaga Country
- O'odham Country, Tohono O'odham Country+Akimel O'odham Country
- Algonquin Country
- Penobscot Country 
- Panȣbskaik, Panaȣbskaiiak ("Land of the Penobscots")  [Western Abenaki]
- Panuwapskewihkuk ("Among the Penobscots")  [Maliseet-Passamaquoddy]
- Plains Cree Country
Peskotomuhkatik ("In the Land of the Passamaquoddies (Pollock-spearers)") [Maliseet-Passamaquoddy]
Pokanoket ("Land of the Bitter Water Bays and Coves") [Wampanoag]
- Wampanoag Country
- Yuchi Country
- Shawnee Country
- Ashiwi Country, Zuni Country
Sḵwx̱wú7mesh-ulh ("referring to/related to Skwxwú7mesh, the People of the Sacred Water")  [Sḵwx̱wú7mesh]
Solh Temexw ("our land") 
- Sto:lo (from Halqemeylem≤ the Upriver Dialect pf Halkomelem
Sq'ʷayáiɬaqtmš [Upper Chehalis]
- Upper Chehalis Country
- Upper Ahtna Country
- Totonac Country
Továngar, "the world"
- Tongva Country
- Powhatan Country
- Cheyenne Country
- Timbisha Country, Panamint Country
Wa She Shu E Deh ("Washo Land") [Washo]
- Washo Country
- Wea Country
Wolastokuk ("Land of the Beautiful River ( St. John River )") [Maliseet-Passamaquody]
- Maliseet Country
- Wendat Country, Wyandot Country, Huronia, Huron Country
- Ksitegwiiak ("Land of the Hurons")  [Abenaki]
- Winnemem Country
- Wintu Country
Yagaocanahagary ("“land between the two points")
- Piscataway Country
(Yurúk Veezívzaaneen ("Yurok (Downriver) Country") [Karuk])
- Yurok Country
- ^ Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary
- ^ "Apsáalooke Issawua": Email correspondence with Tim McCleary, Project Coordinator, Crow Place Name Project, December 31, 2006. The element "Issawua" should probably have an accent mark showing stress.
- ^ a b 
- ^ A Dictionary of the Choctaw Language by Cyrus Byington, 1909. Also
- ^ Bibliography of the Muskogean Languages by James Pilling (reference to Chikasha Yakni on p.51, in entry for Indian Missionary from 1889) and A Chickasaw Dictionary by Jesse Humes, 1973
- ^ Handbook of Middle American Indians, Volume 7, Robert Wauchope editor.
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ a b c d e f League of the Ho-deˊ-no-sau-nee or Iroquois by Lewis H. Morgan, 1904.
- ^ "Hopitutskwa": Hopi Dictionary compiled by the Hopi Dictionary Project, 1997.
- ^ a b c Email correspondence with Daryl Baldwin of the Myaamia Project of Miami University, October 30, 2007.
- ^ a b Email correspondence with Jimm GoodTracks of the Ioway, Otoe-Missouria Language Project, July 11, 2008.
- ^ "Kanién:ke": Email correspondence with Kiotenhariyo of Ganienkeh Territory, February 4, 2007. The Ganienkeh Community was apparently spelled that way intentionally to distinguish it as the community, within the greater territory of Kanienkeh.
- ^ "Originally referring to the Mohawk country on the Mohawk River and now used for any Mohawk reservation": p.478, Handbook of North American Indians by William Sturtevant, 1978.
- ^ "Annien̈ę (and related forms): p.479 of Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15, 1978.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Freelang Maliseet Dictionary
- ^ http://www.theses.ulaval.ca/2004/21721/apb.html Kit...no is the inclusive "our", thus used when Atikamekw are speaking among themselves while Ni...nan is the exclusive "our", thus used when Atikamekw are speaking to non-Atikamekw
- ^ [kulhulmcilh Nuxalk Nation website history page]
- ^ From email correspondence with Nuxálk Nation, May 23, 2008: Nuxalk territory is divided in to four main groups: Nuxalk -Bella Coola Valley; Ats'aaxlh - South Bentick Arm; Kwalhna - Kwatna Inlet and Burke Channel and Suts'lhm -the Dean Channel. If we have to use one word it would be Kulhulmcilh which means "Our Land".
- ^ Message from Siouan List  by Clive Bloomfield, January 23, 2008.
- ^ Lenape Lenapehoking is apparently cognate with Ojibwe Ininaabewakiing "in the People's Land", according to Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary.
- ^ The Historical Atlas of New York City by Eric Homberger, 2005.
- ^ "Mánu: Yį Įsuwą": Suggested by Blair Rudes of the University of North Carolina-Charlotte, via email correspondence, February 7, 2007.
- ^ An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl by Frances Karttunen, 1992
- ^ Mi'kmaq Mi'kma'ki is apparently cognate with Ojibwe Miigimaaki and Maliseet Mihkomahkik "Allies' Land", according to Freelang Ojibwe and Freelang Maliseet Dictionaries.
- ^ a b Mohegan Place Names in Connecticut, from the Mohegan Language Project 
- ^ Email correspondence with Sterling Street of the Nanticoke Indian Language Class, July 29, 2008: "The correct word for land is 'ahkee'. You can use 'Nanticoke Ahkee' , or 'Nantaquak Ahkee' , or 'Nentego Ahkee' . There were three main towns along the Nanticoke River, that our people lived at one time, so if you wanted to say 'Nanticoke River' , it would be 'Nanticoke Pamtuckquah'. At one time we were also called 'Kuskarawaok'."
- ^ Now You're Speaking Hupa by Victor Golla, p.92, 1994. Free PDF download: 
- ^ a b c nēhiýawēwin by Arok Wolvengrey, 2001.
- ^ Nee Hemish: A History of Jemez Pueblo by Joe S. Sando, 1982.
- ^ "N
um un u uSookobit u": Email correspondence with The Comanche Language and Cultural Preservation Committee, February 5, 2007.
- ^ Cup'ig Eskimo Dictionary by Muriel and Howard Amos, 2003.
- ^ From email correspondence with Annie Nattawappio, Secretary-Receptionist of Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach, April 24, 2008 and February 10, 2009.
- ^ Email correspondence with Karen Washinawatok, Director of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin Language & Culture Commission
- ^ Onyota’a:ka’: Email correspondence with Kandice Watson, Education and Cultural Relations Director of the Oneida Indian Nation's Shako:wi Cultural Center. Ms. Watson stated: "This means “People of the Standing Stone”. Every Iroquois Nation has some way of describing their people, for example, the Onondaga are known as “The People of the Great Hills”. So when people say Onyota’a:ka’, they are referring to us or our homelands." (February 20, 2007). Onʌyoteʼa·ka·': Email correspondence with the Oneidan Language Revitalization Program, February 12, 2007.
- ^ "The general term for any Oneida settlement", p.489, Handbook of North American Indians: Northeast, William Sturtevant, 1978.
- ^ a b c Tohono O'odham names from Ofelia Zepeda, linguist from the University of Arizona and native Tohono O'odham speaker, from email correspondence via her colleague Mizuki Miyashita, February 12, 2007.
- ^ Freelang Abenaki-Penobscot Dictionary
- ^ The Wampanoag Indian Federation by Milton A. Travers, 1961.
- ^ Email correspondence with Woktela, October 31, 2007: "The Yuchi did not really use a specific name for their country, as they dwelled throughout the Southeast, and considered the whole to be their homeland. They also shared this region with a number of other peoples (as the Indigenous Americans did not own/possess land in the sense that Western Culture views it). Therefore strictly speaking, there was no name for Yuchiland or Yuchi country. It simply would not be a concept that they would have used. The Yuchi saw the whole of this great island as one land which belonged to them and everyone else as well — it seemed at that time more than big enough to share in its bounty. The Yuchi, having arrived here by way of island hopping according to some oral traditions, were aware of the surrounding oceans and considered this land to be a giant island. It was generally referred to by the many peoples here as "Turtle Island." In Yuchi that would be S’atsetaha dap’a (Turtle Island) literally: land-water-on-turtle. More often the Yuchi would refer to the Squareground around which their village wrapped as S’a sa he (squareground) and that would have a specific name appended to it, such as Mouse (chixa) for Mouse Squareground. Very likely if they were referring to the region they would have used the generic S’a tso (land-sacred), pronounced s’a cho where there is a pause (glottal stop) between the s and ah sounds. You will note that all these terms begin with the "s’a" which means land or earth in Yuchi. According to other oral traditions, the Yuchi people were created from droplets of the Sun’s blood that fell to earth here in the Southeast, and still colors the clays of the area. The Yuchi word for Sun is tso, and also has the meaning of sacred — hence this would be the sacred-earth-land or the land of the Sun. Lastly the name by which the Yuchi know themselves is "Tsoyaha" which literally means Sun-fire-people. Therefore, a Yuchi today would coin the name "S’atsoyaha" for their land, if they still had any to so name. I know this is not the short and sweet answer you probably expected, but it is the only genuine answer for me to give. I hope this helps your project. Please feel free to post any or all of this. Please note: The Yuchi here is spelled in rough phonetics as there is no orthography for the Yuchi language to be written. ------Best wishes, Woktela"
- ^ Email correspondence with Eagle/Sub-Chief Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band, October 29, 2007: "Shawandasse means Southwind, we are the people of the Southwind as our migration story tells. Tula means earth or for translation purposes would mean land depending on how you use the word. Another way to look at it would be Mother Earth, Geah Tula."
- ^ From OldManRivers of the Skwxwú7mesh people: "As for names of bodies of land related to the people who lived on it from their languages, it kind of didn't happen around the West Coast. For Skwxwu7mesh territories, I've only heard and seen of Skwxwu7mesh-ulh, but that not specially talking about just the land. The -ulh ending just means "referring to" or "related to". So when a person is talking, they are talking about all of what it is to be Skwxwu7mesh, thus referring to the land, history, language, protocols, etc. It's neat how it refers to so much for something so little."
- ^ A Journey Into Time Immemorial, glossary page, Simon Fraser University Museum website
- ^ "Sq'ʷayáiɬaqtmš": Upper Chehalis Dictionary by M. Dale Kincaid, 1991.
- ^ Papagos and Politics by Blaine and Adams, 1981.
- ^ McCawley, William. The First Angelinos: The Gabrielino Indians of Los Angeles. Malki Museum Press, 1996
- ^ Powhatan Tenakomakah is apparently cognate with Ojibwe Danakamigaa: "activity-grounds", i.e. "land of much events", according to Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary.
- ^ The Timbisha Shoshone Tribe and Their Living Valley by the Timbisha Shoshone Tribe.
- ^ "Wa She Shu E Deh": Wa She Shu: A Washo Tribal History by Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada, 1976
- ^ a b Email correspondence with Marc Franko, Headman of the Winnemem Wintu Tribe, November 11, 2007: "You are correct to say "Winthu· Po·m" as Wintu land (or more correctly land of the people), however, each Wintu band utilizes the place we are from as the location designator. In our case we are the Winnemem (middle water) Wintu (people). The other 8 bands went by the name of their location (nomte pom; dau pom, nom sus, nor el muk, etc.). When we introduce ourselves we say "ni wenem memen bos" [long "o" sound in bos like hose ] meaning "I am from the middle water place (country)"."
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