Edgware Road, London


Edgware Road, London

Edgware Road is a major street [Edgware Road is a "street" in the urban planning sense of the term.] which passes through the west of central London, England, in the City of Westminster.The southern part of the road, noted for its distinct Arab flavour and many late-night bars and shisha cafes, is known to Londoners by nicknames such as "Little Cairo," [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article850463.ece Times Online: London high life hit as rich Arabs decamp] , retrieved 29/03/07] [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/fashion/main.jhtml?xml=/fashion/2007/08/29/efdylan129.xml&page=2 Telegraph: Never talk about what you wear...] ] "Little Beirut," [ [http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-359595-details/article.do This Is London: Little Beirut] ] etc.

The road

As a road, it runs north-west from Marble Arch, and as the A5 road, passes underneath Marylebone Road, through Maida Vale, Kilburn and Cricklewood (as Cricklewood Broadway). It is joined by the North Circular Road before West Hendon at Staples Corner. After this, the road continues even further north, through The Hyde, Colindale, Burnt Oak, and finally, to Edgware.

The southernmost part of the road forms part of the London Inner Ring Road and as such is part of the boundary of the London congestion charge zone. However, when the zone was extended in February 2007, the road became part of one of the "free through routes" which allows vehicles to cross the zone during its hours of operation without paying the charge.

Certain stretches of the road are named separately. 'Edgware Road' is used for three such stretches; the other six are known as Maida Vale, Kilburn High Road, Shoot up Hill, Cricklewood Broadway, West Hendon Broadway, and The Hyde.

The area

As an informal district of London, its southern boundary is Cumberland Gate, just south of Marble Arch and at the north-east corner of Hyde Park. [http://www3.westminster.gov.uk/docstores/publications_store/Edgware_Road_Action_Plan.pdf Working for the future of Edgware Road] , a 2006 planning document (in PDF format) from the City of Westminster website] . The district's northern boundary is the Marylebone flyover.

The postal codes of the area are W1, W2 and NW1.

The portion of the road stretching between Marble Arch and the Marylebone Flyover also separates the areas of Marylebone and Bayswater.

History

Before the Romans, today's Edgware Road began as an ancient trackway within the Great Middlesex Forest. The Romans later incorporated the track into Watling Street.

Centuries later, the road was improved by the Edgware-Kilburn turnpike trust in 1711, and a number of the local inns functioned as a stop for coaches, some of which still exist.

During the 18th century, it was a destination for Huguenot migrants. By 1811, Thomas Telford produced a re-design for what was then known as a section of the London to Holyhead road, a redesign considered one of the most important feats of pre-Victorian engineering.; Telford's redesign emerged only a year after the area saw the establishment of Great Britain's first Indian restaurant.

The area began to attract Arab migrants in the late 19th century during a period of increased trade with the Ottoman Empire. The trend continued with the arrival of Egyptians in the 1950s, and greatly expanded beginning in the 1970s and continuing to the present when events including the Lebanese Civil War, the overthrow of the Shah of Iran, and unrest in Algeria brought more Arabs to the area.. They established the present-day mix of bars and shisha cafes, which make the area known to Londoners by nicknames such as "Little Cairo" [ [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article850463.ece Times Online: London high life hit as rich Arabs decamp] , retrieved 29 March 2007] [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/fashion/main.jhtml?xml=/fashion/2007/08/29/efdylan129.xml&page=2 Telegraph: Never talk about what you wear...] ] and "Little Beirut." [ [http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-359595-details/article.do This Is London: Little Beirut] ] These shisha cafés have been hard hit by the enforcement of the England-wide smoking ban in 2007.

One of the two Edgware Road tube stations was one of the sites of the July 7th bombings. A bomb was detonated on a train leaving the tube station serving the Circle, District and Hammersmith & City lines) and heading for Paddington tube station.

Culture

The southernmost part of the road, south of the junction with Marylebone Road, is noted for its distinct Arab flavour. Many Lebanese restaurants and shisha cafes line the street. The Odeon cinema, once the location of the biggest screen in London, often shows films in Arabic.

Edgware Road is unique as a district, rich in ethnic culture, and is known for its high levels of Arab, African, and communities yet also in a very central area of London. [ Indeed, Iranian comedian Omid djalili described Edgware Road as being "after Mecca, damina and Damascus, the most islamic place ON EARTH!". [http://www.bbc.co.uk/london/content/articles/2005/05/27/arabic_london_feature.shtml BBC: Arabic London] , retrieved 7 October 2007] [ [http://www.museumoflondon.org.uk/English/Collections/Onlineresources/RWWC/themes/1301/1293 Museum of London: Arab London] , retrieved 7 October 2007]

In addition to branches of the typical Starbucks, Pret a Manger, Subway and Costa Coffee chains, Edgware Road is home to several Maroush restaurants, a whisky bar named Salt and a large variety of kebab and shawarma restaurants that remain open through the night.Fact|date=February 2007 Edgware Road is noted for containing within it the famous Church Street Market.

Institutions of note

*A Wetherspoons tavern, The Tyburn, is named after the 'Tyburn tree', once the principal site of execution in London. Today, three golden triangles indicate the location of the tree, at the southernmost end of Edgware Road.
*A Marriott Hotel is situated to the east of the road on George Street, between Marble Arch and the Marylebone flyover.
*The Seymour Leisure Centre lies on Seymour Place.
*The University of London has residences on Brown Street, east of Edgware Road, and in Sussex Gardens and Talbot Square, to its west.
*The York Building is currently under construction. It will house luxury apartments, office space as well as retail area on its ground level.

Nearby stations

Mainline rail stations:
*Marylebone station
*Paddington station

London Underground stations:
*Edgware Road tube station (Bakerloo Line)
*Edgware Road tube station (Circle, District and Hammersmith & City Lines)
*Marble Arch tube station
*Marylebone tube station
*Paddington tube station

References

External links

* [http://www.thelondonpaper.com/cs/Satellite/london/food/article/1157140549763?packedargs=suffix%3DSubSectionArticle Go west for a taste of Arabia – while it lasts] from thelondonpaper


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