Senate of Mexico


Senate of Mexico
Senate of the United Mexican States
Senado de los
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
LXI Legislature
Seal of the Senate
Type
Founded October 4, 1824 (1824-10-04)
Type Upper house
Leadership
President of the Senate José González Morfín, (PAN)
since September 1, 2011 (2011-09-01)
Structure
Members 128
LXI LegislaturaSenadoMexico.png
Political groups      PAN (Mexico).svg      PRI Party (Mexico).svg
     PRD logo (Mexico).svg      Mexican Green Party.png
     Convergencia (Mexico) logo.PNG      Logo PT.JPG
     Independent
Length of term 6 years (no reelection)
Authority Chapter II of the Constitution of the United Mexican States
Elections
Voting system Direct election
Last election July 2, 2006
Motto
La Patria Es Primero
(The Country Is First)
Meeting place
Salon de Sesiones Palacio del Senado.jpg
Senate Tribune
Senate Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Mexican Senate

The Senate of the Republic, (Spanish: Senado de la República) constitutionally Chamber of Senators of the Honorable Congress of the Union (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores del H. Congreso de la Unión, is the upper house of Mexico's bicameral Congress.

After a series of reforms during the 1990s, it is now made up of 128 senators:

  • Two for each of the 31 states and two for the Federal District elected under the principle of relative majority;
  • One for each of the 31 states and one for the Federal District, assigned under the principle of first minority (i.e. awarded to the party who had won the second highest number of votes within the state or Federal District);
  • Thirty-two national senators-at-large, divided among the parties in proportion to their share of the national vote.

In a senatorial race, each party nominates two candidates who run and are elected together by direct vote. The party of the two candidates that won the second highest vote within the state or the Federal District then assigns a senator to occupy the third seat (first minority seat), according to the list of candidates that the party registered with the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE).

Senators serve six-year terms, running concurrently with the President of Mexico. Special elections are rare, as substitutes are chosen at every election.

The Senate is completely renewed every six years, since senators are barred from immediate reelection.

Contents

Term and current composition

See main article: LXI Legislature of the Mexican Congress

In Spanish, it is conventional to refer to each Legislature of the Senate by the Roman numeral of its term.

The current session (whose term lasts from 2009 to 2012) is known as the LXI Legislatura (61st Legislature).

Senators are elected to serve during two legislatures of the Mexican Chamber of Deputies. Thus, current Senators (who were elected in the general election of July 2, 2006) will serve during the 60th and 61st Legislatures of the Chamber of Deputies.

Gallery

Last election

e • d Summary of the 2 July 2006 Mexican Senate election results
Parties and/or coalitions Votes % FPP FM PR Total seats
National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional) 14,035,503 33.63 32 9 11 52
Coalition for the Good of All
(Coalición por el Bien de Todos)
Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolución Democrática) 12,397,008 29.70 22 4 5 31
Labour Party (Partido del Trabajo) 0 0 3 3
Convergence (Convergencia) 0 0 2 2
Alliance for Mexico
(Alianza por México)
Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) 11,681,395 27.99 10 19 6 35
Ecologist Green Party of Mexico (Partido Verde Ecologista de México) 0 0 4 4
New Alliance Party (Partido Nuevo Alianza) 1,688,198 4.04 0 0 1 1
Social Democratic and Peasant Alternative Party {Partido Alternativa Socialdemócrata y Campesina) 795,730 1.91 0 0 0 0
Total 41,739,188 100.00 64 32 32 128
Source: Senate

External links

Coordinates: 19°26′11.57″N 99°8′19.37″W / 19.4365472°N 99.1387139°W / 19.4365472; -99.1387139


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