Douala


Douala
Douala
Douala
Douala is located in Cameroon
Douala
Map of Cameroon showing the location of Douala.
Coordinates: 04°03′N 009°41′E / 4.05°N 9.683°E / 4.05; 9.683
Country Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon
Province Littoral
Department Wouri
Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (2005 estimate)
 – City >2,000,000
 – Urban >2,000,000
  estimated
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) WAT (UTC+1)

Douala is the largest city in Cameroon and the capital of Cameroon's Littoral Province. Home to Cameroon's largest port and its major international airport, Douala International Airport, it is the commercial capital of the country. Consequently, it handles most of the country's major exports, such as oil, cocoa and coffee, timber, metals and fruits.

Douala is the richest city in the whole CEMAC region of 11 countries.

Contents

Overview

The city is located on the banks of the Wouri River, the two sides linked by Bonaberi Bridge. Its population in 2008 was recorded at close to 3,000,000. The climate is tropical.

The first Europeans to visit the area were the Portuguese in about 1472. By 1650, it had become the site of a town formed by immigrants from the interior who spoke the Douala language and during the eighteenth century it was center of the transatlantic slave trade. Before coming under German rule in 1884, the town was also known as Cameroons Town; thereafter it became Kamerunstadt ("Camaroon City"), the capital of German Kamerun. It was renamed Douala in 1907 and became part of the French Cameroons in 1919. From 1940 to 1946, it was the capital of Cameroon.

The city is divided into quarters with Akwa and Bonanjo being the most important with Akwa being Douala's nightlife center and Bonanjo its center of commerce and administration. Along the city's main thoroughfare lie some of Cameroon's best restaurants, coffee houses and French-style patisseries; along the waterfront, many bars and bistros may be found, commanding views of the Gulf of Guinea and nearby mangrove swamps. Many of these are frequented by the city's large expatriate population, mainly French or Lebanese, most of whom work in the petroleum industry.

Douala is the 27th most expensive city in the world and the most expensive in Africa, overtaking Lagos, Nigeria at 32nd. It is ranked 27th for 2009, up from 34th in 2008.[1] In 2007 it was ranked 24th in the world and 1st in Africa.[2]

Douala is the hometown of Arsenal FC midfielder Alex Song, and Wrexham FC goalkeeper Joslain Mayebi.[citation needed]

Climate

Douala contains a tropical monsoon climate, with relatively constant temperatures throughout the course of the year. The city typically features warm and humid conditions. Douala sees plentiful rainfall during the course of the year, experiencing on average roughly 3850 mm of precipitation of rainfall per year. Its driest month is December where on average 33 mm of precipitation falls while its wettest month is August when on average nearly 800 mm of rain falls.

Transport

Douala is linked by rail to Yaoundé, Ngaoundéré, Kumba and Nkongsamba. The Douala Airport is located nearby. The seaport has 8.5m of draft.

Points of interest

  • Hotel Akwa Palace
  • Place du Gouvernement
  • La Pagode
  • Doual'art
  • Joseph-Francis Sumegné, La Nouvelle Liberté, 1996

Sister cities

City Region Country
Akhisar Turkey Manisa Province  Turkey
Dakar Logo council region dakar.png Dakar Region  Senegal
Newark  New Jersey  United States
Philadelphia  Pennsylvania  United States
Windhoek Namibia Khomas Region  Namibia

Bibliography

  • Brooke, James (1987). "Informal Capitalism Grows in Cameroon." New York Times. November 30.
  • Derrick, Jonathan (1977). "Review of Douala: ville et histoire by René Gouellain." Africa: Journal of the International African Institute. 47:4.
  • Elate, Som Simon (2004). "African Urban History in the Future." Globalization and Urbanization in Africa. Steven Salm and Toyin Falola, eds. Trenton: Africa World Press.
  • Hance, William (1964). The Geography of Modern Africa. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Lambi, C. M. and Hombe, L. F. (2002). "Environmental Hazards and Landuse Planning for Sustainable Development: the Douala Unstable Coastal Region." Instability: Planning and Management. R. G. Macinnes and Jenny Jakeways, eds. London: Thomas Telford.
  • Levine, Victor (1971). The Cameroon Federal Republic. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Njoh, Ambe (2003). Planning in Contemporary Africa. Aldershot: Ashgate.
  • Simone, A. M. (2004). For the City Yet to Come: Changing African Life in Four Cities. Durham: Duke University Press.

References

External links

Coordinates: 4°03′N 9°42′E / 4.05°N 9.7°E / 4.05; 9.7


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Douala — Douala …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DOUALA — Ville du Cameroun, capitale de la province du Littoral, Douala connut, à partir de 1884, un essor rapide lorsque l’Allemagne obtint des rois Bell et Akwa la souveraineté sur leurs domaines. Capitale du Cameroun de 1885 à 1909, elle dut sa fortune …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Douala — (izg. Duȁla) ž grad i riječna luka u Z Kamerunu …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Douala — (izg. duȁla) ž DEFINICIJA grad i riječna luka u Z Kamerunu, 1.116.900 stan …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Douala — [do͞o ä′lə] seaport in Cameroon, on the Bight of Biafra: pop. 810,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Douala — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Douala (homonymie). Erreur avec l appel de {{coord}}. Douala Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Douala — I Douala   [du ], Duala,Bantuvolk an der Küste von Kamerun, in und um die Hafenstadt Douala, etwa 100 000 Menschen. Die Douala waren einst Fischer und Bauern; sie stellten, vermutlich nur bis zum Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts, kunstvolle… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Douala — /doo ah lah/, n. a seaport in W Cameroon. 340,000. Also, Duala. * * * City (pop., 1992 est.: 1,200,000), chief port of Cameroon, on the Bight of Biafra. It was the capital of German Kamerun and later of French Cameroun and was taken from the… …   Universalium

  • Douala — Original name in latin Douala Name in other language DLA, Douala, Doula, Duala, Dualao, Dala, Gorad Duala, Ntouala, dau ala, doDoualauara, du a la, du xa la, dualla, dwala, Горад Дуала, Дуала State code CM Continent/City Africa/Douala longitude 4 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Douala — geographical name city & port SW Cameroon on Bight of Biafra population 810,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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