List of heraldic charges


List of heraldic charges

This article does not cover those charges which derive their shape in part from that of the field; see Ordinary (heraldry).

"Subordinary" charges

A few simple charges are traditionally, and arbitrarily, classified among the subordinaries. (All other mobile charges are called "common charges".)

A lozenge is a rhombus, similar to the diamond of playing-cards (though its sides are never concave). A narrower lozenge may be called a fusil. A mascle is a lozenge "voided", i.e. with a lozenge-shaped hole; a rustre is a lozenge "pierced", i.e. with a round hole.

A billet is a rectangle, sometimes representing a sheet of paper or a piece of firewood. Its long side is normally vertical.
* a "billet with ends splayed in three points" appears in the arms of Khienburg [http://www.heraldica.si/arms/k/khienburg.htm]
* It is important to distinguish the billet from the delf, a square charge that when occurring singly, in one of the stainard colours and when not itself charged, in supposed to be an abatement. Sometimes the delf is euphemised as a "square billet." [http://whitelionsociety.org.uk/WLS%20Armorial%20Ppt%20GIF/Slide%20164.gif]
* The delf is distinguished in terminology if not in form from the square, which rarely occurs, the arms of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada including "a square... joined at each corner with a smaller square Vert". But the more usual use of the term square in heraldry is for the carpenter's square. The gad must be distinguished from all of these. [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossg.htm#Goose]

A circular ring is called an annulet; a solid circle is called a roundel.

upernatural or Divine beings

Though the taboo is not invariably respected, British heraldry in particular, and to a greater or lesser extent the heraldry of other countries, frowns on depictions of God or Christ, though an exception may be in the not-uncommon Continental depictions of Madonna and Child, including the Black Madonna in the arms of Marija Bistrica, Croatia. [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/hr-kr2.html#hr-kr-mb]

Christianity

* Christ, in a 1753 vision ("Jesús de la Piedra"), appears in the arms of Sopo, Cundinama, Colombia [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/plantillastandar.asp?seccion=SEC_DESCOTRSECCMUNI&condicion=752]
* St. Mary:
** Ascension of St. Mary: on the arms of Breil, Graubünden, Switzerland [http://www.ngw.nl/int/zwi/b/breil.htm] .
** an image of "Our Lady of Aparecida": the arms of Sertãozinho, Brazil [http://www.sertaozinho.sp.gov.br/brasao.htm]
** Nuestra Señora del Puerto Claro de Valparaíso: the arms of Valparaiso, Chile [http://www.ngw.nl/int/chi/valparai.htm]
** "the Virgin, St. John the Apostle and St. Mary Magdalene lamenting the body of Christ taken down from the Cross": the arms of Pinggau, Steiermark, Austria] [http://www.ngw.nl/int/oos/p/pinggau.htm]
** Our Lady of Begoña: the arms of Naguanagua, Carabobo, Venezuela [http://www.fotw.net/flags/ve-g-nag.html]
* The Devil being defeated by an archangel (probably St. Michael)
* The Devil (or a demon), freestanding (depicted differently than the devil in the foregoing). This form is far from popular.
* Satan's face: on the arms of the 5th Communications Group of the United States Air Force.
* The "devil of Chateau-de-Diable": in the arms of the 305th Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Regt/305th%20Regiment.htm]
* Angels very frequently appear, but angelic beings of higher rank, such as cherubim and seraphim, are extremely rare.
* An archangel: in the arms of Arkhangelsk
** Archangel Michael: in the arms of Vikno, Ukraine [http://www.heraldry.com.ua/index.php3?lang=E&context=info&id=3081#verh]
* An imp: in the arms of the 720th Military Police Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MP/720th%20Military%20Police%20Battalion.htm]
* Outside Britain, particular saints are the named individuals most often appearing. It may be necessary to know the attributes of saints to be able to accurately blazon the coat.
* John the Baptist, often shown as a head on a plate, though he does appear baptising Christ in the arms of Villa San Giovanni in Tuscia and in other positions.
* Many saints and their attributes are used, see here [http://www.ngw.nl/themes/saints.htm] for a list of over 50 saints.

Other religions

* Avanyu: the arms of the 515th Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/515rti.htm]
* the head of Argus: the arms of de Santeul [http://www.gaso.fr/lecture_fiche_famille.php3?page=fs0079] [http://www.heraldikasrbija.com/galerija/main.php?g2_itemId=4908]
* The goddess Ceres: in the arms of the South-African town of that name. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/zaf/c/ceres.htm]
* The goddess Runcina: in the arms of Roncone, Italy
* The god Mercury: in the arms of Idrija, Slovenia [http://www.heraldica.si/arms/i/idrija.htm]
* The head of Minerva: in the arms of the South African Council for Natural Scientific Professions.
* Venus: in the arms of Zianno di Fiemme, Italy. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/ita/z/zianof.htm]
* Taras: in the arms of Taranto.
* Hercules: in a number of Continental coats of arms
* The head of Geryon: in the arms of Trivulzi.
* The god Mithras appears on the arms of Hajdina, Slovenia. [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc05.html#si-ha]
* a bust of Oden appears in the arms of the Swedish icebreaker of that name [http://americanheraldry.org/forums/showthread.php?t=3113]

Humans

Humans may be used as charges, usually as heads rather than as whole individuals. (Particularly in Europe, the "default" human is almost always depicted as one of European ancestry, though contrary examples can very occasionally be seen. [http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/communarmsgal/gallery.asp?ID=115] [http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/communarmsgal/gallery.asp?ID=163] ) "Humans" so blazoned are rare, though there are some examples, such as a group of people [http://www.doisirmaos.rs.gov.br/hino.asp?pagina=historia&subpagina=hino] (a human figure made of honeycomb-like cells appears in the arms of Machetá, Colombia.) [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=656]
* A two-headed figure with one head a man's and one head a woman's: the arms of di Petris-Fragianni.
* There are also some examples of "a man", not more fully described.

However, there are a number of frequently-occurring types of men, usually just as heads.
* The Moor or "blackamoor" is accurately shown as being African, although James Parker states that an "African" appears in the arms of Roupell of Chartham Park. [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossm.htm#Man]
* Englishman
* A "négre" (= Negro): in the arms of Braunjohan.
* Saracen
* Saxon
* Turk
* Welshman
* The head of a Greek warrior: in the arms of the 642d Military Intelligence Battalion [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MI/642MilitaryIntelligenceBattalion.htm] .
* A "conquistador's head": in the arms of the 202d Field Artillery Regiment [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/202FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm] , of the United States Army.
* An Aboriginal head: in the arms of the city of Blacktown, New South Wales, Australia. [http://www.blacktown.nsw.gov.au/our-city/history/the-city/coat-of-arms/coat-of-arms_home.cfm]
* The "bust of a Jew": in the arms of Jud de Bruckberg.

Generally speaking, there is only one type of woman (young, beautiful and blonde, with "disheveled" hair, but there are occasional instances of her hair being braided), and appearing more often as a "bust" than head.
* A brunette [with an eagle's beak in place of a nose] : Elzanowski et Elzanowski-Sepiathere
* A Moorish woman: Apfaltrer d'Apfaltrera.
* "The upper body of a Xhosa woman": in the arms of Lingelethu.The "maiden" or "virgin" overlaps with the woman to a large degree. A "maiden in her modesty" is one who is covering her breasts with one arm and her groin with the other hand.
* The , Prime Minister of Canada. [http://www.heraldry.ca/arms/c/campbell_k.htm]

There are rare occurrences of the child, both the head and entire, and while almost without exception and by default a child is defined as a boy, the arms of Frans Bernhard Staal specify a "male child" (but in the arms of Maravilha, Brazil the children are specified to be male and female). [http://www.maravilha.sc.gov.br/brasao.htm]
* A young girl appears in the arms of Boul.

There are a number of appearances of the "infant"
* Three newborns' heads: the arms of Auvity.
* An African mother and baby: the arms of the Order of Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Episcopal Church. [http://www.geocities.com/arma_za/GG21587.html]

" [Y] outh's heads": in the arms of Davidson [http://www.heraldic-arts.com/Downloads/ArmorialZimRhodesia.pdf]

Races and nationalities of humans

The American Indian occasionally appears in heraldry though far more often as a supporter than a charge.
** "Sapphire an Indian dressed in his shirt and moccasins, belted proper. In his right hand a bow topaz; in his left, an arrow, its point towards the base. On the dexter side of the Indian's head a star, pearl, for one of the United States of America": the arms of Massachusetts.
** Irregularly, in caricatured form in the arms of the 8th Flying Training Squadron of the United States Air Force. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/usaf/8fts.htm]
** A similar figure is described as an "American": in the arms of Leonhardi)
** An "Algonquin warrior's head couped proper wearing two feathers gules": in the arms of the 306th Military Police Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MP/306MilitaryPoliceBattalion.htm]
** A Chacao Indian: the arms of Chacao, Venezuela [http://www.chacao.gov.ve/guiadetail.asp?Id=4]
** A Taino Indian: the arms of Aguas Buenas, Puerto Rico.
** A Tarahumara woman's head: the arms of the city of Chihuahua. [http://www.fotw.net/flags/mx-chh.html]
* The new arms of South Africa are blazoned "Or, representations of two San human figures of red ochre, statant respectant, the hands of the innermost arms clasped, with upper arm, inner wrist, waist and knee bands Argent, and a narrow border of red ochre". [http://library.thinkquest.org/C008243F/bureau_of_heraldry.htm]
**Similar might be said to be the figures in the arms of Bishop Edward Gabriel Risi of the Suffragan Diocese of the Province of Bloemfontein - Republic of South Africa [http://www.catholic-keimoes.org.za/general/bishop.htm
* Giants: in the arms of Agrigento, Italy.

Human occupations

* cyclist on a cycle car: arms of Western Province Cycle-Car Association [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/c-sport.htm]
* A naked man: in the arms of Dalyell
* There are a number of examples of naked women.
* Men and women of various types and professions are rare other than as knights (described as Templars in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/m/merleven.htm the arms of Merlevenez, Morbihan, France] ), monks, nuns and the like.
** the arms of the Province of Prato show a miniature of a knight from the Convenevole da Prato [http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convenevole_da_Prato]
* a Birkebeiner: the arms of the 5th Brigade (BRIG 5), the FDI 5 War Unit of the Norwegian Army
* mariners (though so called apparently only as they are men rowing an "open boat"): the arms of Kilrenny, Anstruther and District Community Council, Fife, Scotland [http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/communarmsgal/gallery.asp?ID=163]
* A falconer: the arms of Cloete [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/1-famg2.htm]
* A hunter: the arms of San Martino di Lupari [http://www.araldicacivica.it/comuni/indexc.php?mainc=ps&id_comune=921]
* A minuteman: the arms of the 437th Airlift Wing of the United States Air Force. [http://public.charleston.amc.af.mil/]
* A "stylized figure in the form of a parachutist": in the arms of the 509th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/509th%20Infantry%20Regiment.htm]
* A blacksmith: in [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/fal.htm the arms of the Portuguese Município] of Ferreira do Alentejo.
* A coal miner: [http://www.ngw.nl/int/pol/j/jaworzno.htm the arms] of Jaworzno, Poland.
* A zinc miner: [http://www.ngw.nl/int/dld/a/altenber.htm the arms] of Altenberg, Saxony, Germany.
* A farmer: in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/bel/b/baardege.htm the arms] of Baardegem, Oost Vlaanderen, Belgium (now incorporated into Aalst).
* A labourer: in the arms of Saint Arnaud, Algeria.
* A cowboy mounted on a horse appears on the arms of Thomas Gordon Towers. [http://www.heraldry.ca/arms/t/towers.htm]
* A scuba diver: in the arms of Kenneth Angus Munn: in [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=181&ProjectElementID=662 this image] he seems to be using a rebreather.
* A woman scattering corn into 13 furrows on the arms of Juana Diaz, Puerto Rico
* A naked athlete: the arms of Manessy.
* A discus thrower: the arms of Alexander Road High School. [http://www.geocities.com/wapenskild/Alex.html]
* A man wearing judo apparel: the arms of the South African Judo Union.
* Two "judo wrestlers": the arms of M.L. Sultan Technical College.
* "two nude wrestlers with arms entwined and legs locked in a greco-roman hold": the arms of Count Fabrizio Ferri di San Michele
* A bowler: the arms of the Claremont Bowling Club, Cape Town.
* A Roman praetor: the canting arms of Pretoria, South Africa.
*Soldiers include
** " [A] Hawaiian warrior": the arms of the 487th Field Artillery Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/487FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm]
** "a Beloochee soldier": the arms of Wiltshire [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossm.htm#Man]
** a hussar [http://uh.ms.km.ua/index.php3?lang=E&context=info&id=2829#verh]
** a horserider: Coat of Arms of Lithuania
* Frequently, allegorical figures, such as "Hope" in the former arms of South Africa.

Named individuals

In British heraldry it is highly unusual to depict a particular named individual on the shield.
* The head of Charlemagne: in profile in the arms of the Münstertal District in the Grisons, Switzerland.
* Atahuallpa: on the arms of Francisco Pizarro. [http://pages.infinite.net/cerame/heraldicamerica/etudes/conquistadores.htm]
* Padre Pedro Chien: on the arms of Padre Pedro Chien, Bolivar, Venezula [http://www.fotw.net/flags/ve-f-ppc.html]
* Dmitriy Ivanovich: arms of Uglich, Russia [http://heraldry.hobby.ru/eng/e.yarosl.html]
* Balto Puente: the arms of Yumbo, Valle de Cauca, Colombia. [http://web.archive.org/web/20040408061054/http://www.yumbo.gov.co/emblemas.htm] [http://www.ngw.nl/int/col/yumbo.htm]
* Martin Krpan (a character created by Slovenian writer Fran Levstik): on the arms of Pivka. [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc12.html#si-pk]
* Dr. Juan Germán Roscio: the arms of Roscio, Bolivar, Venezuela [http://www.fotw.net/flags/ve-f-ro.html]
* A " [representation] in the Australian Aboriginal manner of an Arnhem Land rock painting of a woman with stylised internal anatomy": is the central charge in the arms of the Northern Territory of Australia. [http://www.hagsoc.org.au/index.php?page=state_arms#Northern%20Territory]
* A dead woman: the arms of Moura, Portugal. [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/mra.htm]

Attitudes of humans

Humans are standing and "affronty" unless otherwise stated (sometimes this is specified though it is not necessary); there is at least one example of a "statant affronty" with the description going into more precise detail. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=598&ProjectElementID=2110] There are occasional examples of people "kneeling". Walking people are sometimes described as "ambulant".

There are occasional instances of people sitting in chairs, and the arms of the Diocese of Clogher provides an example of sitting and "leaning toward the sinister his right hand upraised in benediction". [http://www.nli.ie/pics/Z%20076%20Diocese%20of%20Clogher.jpg]

A Yaqui performing the Deer Dance appears in the arms of Sonora, Mexico. [http://www.fotw.net/flags/mx-son.html]

The arms of Lenguazaque, Cundinamarca, Colombia contain a miner in the midst of work, [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=653&codigo=54] and there are other similar (though sometimes anomalous or arguably not in strict accordance with the rules) examples of men whose attitude is determined by their occupation.

Parts of human bodies

Parts of human bodies, in addition to the head, that occur include the arm, leg and skull. If possible to determine the difference, the "default" is supposed to be a man's, though a woman's arm occurs in the arms of Beyer de Boppard.
* the eye is rarely accompanied by eyebrows, and on at least one occasion the eyelid and surrounding skin is included with it. Generally blazoned as "proper", there is one example in which the sclera, iris and pupil are blazoned separately. [http://www.araldicacivica.it/comuni/indexc.php?extrac=s&id_comune=6948]
* The hand, as in the blood-soaked severed hand on the flag of Ulster.
**"a dexter hand appaumé and a maple leaf conjoined": the arms of Brian Mulroney. [http://heraldry.ca/arms/m/mulroney.htm]
**a probably unique example of "a woman's dexter hand": the arms of Mary McAleese [http://web.archive.org/web/20001017100257/www.nli.ie/fr_offi.htm]
* Feet: the arms of Millares [http://www.blasoneshispanos.com/] and footprints in the arms of Nayarit, Mexico [http://www.fotw.net/flags/mx-nay.html]
* The cochlea: in the arms of Daniel Ling. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=256&ProjectElementID=920]
* Shin bones: appeared in the arms of Sir Isaac Newton.
* Rib bones: canting, in the arms of Mendes da Costa [http://www.mendesdacosta.com/] .
* A vertebra: as a difference in the arms of Krista Lynn, granddaughter of Walter William Roy Bradford. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=286&ProjectElementID=985]
* Teeth: canting, in the arms of Zahn.
* Tongue [http://www.ngw.nl/int/oos/w/w-zwisch.htm]
* The heart, even when blazoned "a human heart", always appears like the heart in a deck of cards rather than a natural human heart.
* A "dug" or woman's breast "distilling drops of milk", famously appears in the arms of the Dodge family, and appeared for a time on the badge of cars made by the Dodge Automotive company. [http://cheshire-heraldry.org.uk/dodge.html] [http://www.users.qwest.net/~hrellis/Dodge.htm]
* There are some Continental appearances of the beard.
* Moustaches: the arms of Barban, Istria County, Croatia. [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/hr-pn2.html#hr-pn-bb]
* Kidneys with their ducts: the Urological Association of South Africa's arms.
* Testicles: the Neapolitan family of Coglione bore "per fess argent and gules, three pairs of testicles counterchanged". [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/sex.htm]

Animals

Heraldic depictions of "real" animals need not, and usually do not, exactly resemble the actual creatures. Mythical creatures used in heraldry are sometimes called "monsters".

Except the griffin, beasts in heraldry are male unless otherwise specified.

Carnivores

* The beast most seen in armory, and indeed one of the most frequent charges of all, is the lion.
* The heraldic "tyger" is an imaginary monster; where natural beast appears (typically in arms associated with India), it is blazoned as a "Bengal tiger."
** A "tiger of Ussouri" occurs in the arms of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/rus/district/jewregion.htm]
* leopard (which may be used to describe the lion "passant guardant" [see "attitudes" below] rather than the natural leopard; if an attitude is described it will be the natural leopard though technically it should not be shown as spotted unless this is mentioned in the blazon)
* ounce (snow leopard)
* bobcat: the arms of the Special Troops Battalion, 1st Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/STB/Stb1Brigade3InfantryDivision.htm]
* cheetah: "the head, upper body and forepaws of a cheetah proper winged Or" appear in the arms of the 2d Squadron of the South African Air Force [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/m-saaf.htm]
* The cat has two forms: the "cat-a-mount", and the domestic cat, the latter called just a "cat". Only rarely is the breed described; Himalayan cats are known. A female cat appears in a handful of coats of arms.
* wolf
* She-wolf: [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/c/cormaran.htm the arms of Cormaranche en Bugey Ain, France] ),
* fox (occasionally including the arctic fox)
* dog; in addition to the generically-blazoned type, the
** "Boxer dog's head" appears in the arms of the Federation of Boxer Clubs of South Africa
* bear (including, rarely, the polar bear) frequently appears
** Two young bears: [http://www.ngw.nl/int/oos/p/perlsdorf.htm the arms of Perlsdorf, Steiermark, Austria]
** teddy bear: the arms of Avril Elizabeth Home for the Mentally Handicapped, Cleveland, Johannesburg.
* "brock" (badger) (occasional)
** the badger's [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=45&ProjectElementID=140 pawprints]
* ermine (occasional)
* cougar (rare)
** "winged cougar": arms of the Anglican Parish of St. Mark, Qualicum Beach, British Columbia [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=484&ProjectElementID=1624]
* raccoon (rare)

Hoofed animals

* antelope (shown in heraldic form rather than as the natural beast)
** oribi
* bison
* The boar occurs very frequently
* bull
* calf
* camel (occasional)
* caribou heads: in the arms of Lt-Col. Cluny MacPherson [http://www.heraldry.ca/arms/m/macpherson_c.htm]
* cow
* deer: both hart and doe (usually blazoned as a "hind")
** stag
** fawn, borne by the [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=525&ProjectElementID=1833 Kamloops Indian Band of the Shuswap Nation]
* ass (occasional)
* The eland figures in a few coats of South African origin.
* elk (occasional)
* goat
* a she-goat is distinguished in the arms of Campegine, Italy
* The hippopotamus is mentioned by very early writers on heraldry.
* horse
** sometimes of a specified breed, e.g. Avelignese for [http://www.araldicacivica.it/comuni/indexc.php?extrac=s&id_comune=6748 Avelegno]
**a human skeleton rides on the skeleton of a horse in the arms of Hupperts [http://www.heraldiek-ngv.nl/Wapenkaarten/wp-ngv-wapenkaart-nr-26.htm]
* moose (occasional)
* "moose-deer": the arms of State of Maine, USA
* pig: Wilnis, Utrecht, the Netherlands [http://www.ngw.nl/w/wilnis.htm]
* ram
* reindeer
* rhinoceros: the arms of Tapps-Gervis. [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossr.htm#Rhinoceros]
* roebuck
* sheep
** lamb
** The "fat-tailed sheep" is distinguished in [http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/essex_ob.html#canvey%20island%20udc the arms of Canvey Island Urban District Council]
* vicuña: in the coat of arms of Peru.

Other mammals

* ape
* armadillo: the arms of Tatuí, Brazil [http://www.tatui.sp.gov.br/?sessao=cidade&id=brasao]
* bat (sometimes called "reremouse"),
* beaver (often depicted as quite unlike the natural animal)
** beaver pelts: the arms of Ernest Michael Rhodes Skutezky [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=897&ProjectElementID=3221]
* The elephant appears fairly frequently: the arms of Marija Gorica, Croatia, give an apparently unique example of a "paleo-elephant". [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/hr-zg2.html#hr-zg-mg]
** African elephant: in the arms of Carl A. Larsen [http://heraldry.ca/arms/l/larsen.htm]
* gopher: the arms of the 136th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/136InfantryRegiment.htm]
* "two guenons' heads combattant, winged palewise": the arms of Baltzar von Platen [http://home.att.net/~numericana/arms/more.htm#platen]
* "koala faces": in the arms of Peter James Dickinson-Starkey [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=917&ProjectElementID=3307]
* kangaroo: rarely, in arms with an Australian connexion, although quite frequently as a supporter.
* manatee: the Kingdom of Haiti; the arms of Manati, Puerto Rico. [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/pr-mt.html#coa]
* marmot (occasional)
* "moldiwarp" (mole) (occasional)
* monkey (much less often than ape)
** the vervet monkey is distinguished on one occasion [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/1-famg4.htm]
* numbat (rare)
* pangolin: the arms of Mazoe, in Zimbabwe.
* porcupine (occasional)
* squirrel.
* thylacine: the arms of the Australian state of Tasmania.
* walrus: the arms of Van Walree
* wolverine (rare)

Reptiles and amphibians

* The serpent (the almost invariably used word for "snake", though in Canadian heraldry the snake is sometimes called a snake, [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=336&ProjectElementID=1153] .
* In French heraldry the "couleuvre" or Grass Snake is distinguished.
* The arms of the 6th Field Artillery Regiment of the United States Army contain a rattlesnake [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/6FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm] ;
* There are instances of winged serpents,
* The lizard is almost without exception shown in generic form, but the crocodile also appears.
* The salamander is typically shown as a generic lizard, sometimes with a head of unusual shape often described as "dog-shaped", and always surrounded by flames. In the arms of Le Clei shown as "vomissant des flammes" ("vomiting flames") as well.
* There are quite rare appearances of the chameleon.
* An iguana appears in the arms of Terre-de-Haut, Guadeloupe. [http://emblemes.free.fr/domtom/97137.php]
* A "dinosaur (Tyrannosaurus)": in the arms of the 40th Armored Regiment of the United States Army [http://americanheraldry.org/forums/showthread.php?t=2146#post36406]
* The arms of the 92nd Bombardment Group of the United States Air Force contain a pterodactyl. [http://www.purpleheartaustin.org/Stavast.htm]

Fish and other sea animals

"Fish" are sometimes only described as "a fish", but the species is often named:
* burt
* catfish: in the arms of Karl Freiherr Auer von Welsbach. [http://home.att.net/~numericana/arms/welsbach.htm]
* cod [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=520&ProjectElementID=1812]
* Conger eel: distinguished in the arms of the Congleton Borough Council)
* The coelacanth appears in the arms of Arcadia School in East London, South Africa.
* dolphin (though it is not, in scientific terms, a fish)
* eel
* "garvine fishes," in canting contexts [cite book|first=James|last=Balfour Paul|title=An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland|publisher=William Green and Sons|year=1893|page=108-109]
* ged (= pike)
* lucy (= perch)
* octopus: in the arms of the 304th Chemical Regiment of the United States Army
* roach
* salmon (there is at least one occurrence of an "Atlantic salmon")
* herring
* The "seahorse" is depicted as one of those pulling Neptune's chariot, but if the natural seahorse is to be depicted it is blazoned as a "seahorse (hippocampus)".
* The shark is rare in the extreme.
* The swordfish appears in the arms of Snyders.
* There are occasional appearances of the trout.
* The "tigerfish" appears in the arms of Angling Club.
* The whale (again, classified as a fish though in science it is a mammal) rarely appears
* The ichthus symbol appears in the arms of the Ecclesiastical Province of Canada. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=150&ProjectElementID=555]
* Fishbones appear in the arms of Bordes (des) de Chalendray.
* The "escallop" (scallop shell) is one of the most frequent charges
** the sea scallop ("Placopecten magellanicus") is distinguished on at least one occasion [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=520&ProjectElementID=1812]
* Mussels appear in the arms of Musselburgh in Scotland.
* The proteus appears in a 1909 grant to Postojna, now Slovenia.
* The sand dollar appears in the arms of Michaëlle Jean.
* oyster shell, in which a pearl sometimes appears.
* whelk shell
* A trilobite appears in the Dudley coat of arms.

Birds

There are rare examples of a "bird", not more specifically named. [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]

Oft-used birds include the eagle (sometimes having two heads, and there is at least one example of a three-headed eagle [http://www.ngw.nl/int/dld/kreis/waibling.htm] ); the bateleur is distinguished in at least one blazon.
* The allerion is an eagle with expanded wings, the points turned downwards, and without beak or feet.
* auk [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossa.htm#Auk]
* canary (apparently one use only): [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=22&ProjectElementID=57]
* cardinal: was a later immigrant from the New World
* cock: with two heads on the arms of Versailles
* cormorant
* crane
* crow: see raven
* dodo: in the arms of Les Avirons, Réunion [http://emblemes.free.fr/domtom/97425.php]
* dove,
* duck: sometimes appears
** the duck without beak or legs is called the merlette
** ducklings: the arms of Steynsrus, South Africa.
* emu: the arms of Toowoomba, Australia.
* falcon
** the Icelandic falcon: in the arms of George Johnson [http://heraldry.ca/arms/j/johnson_g.htm]
* flamingo appears, rarely, in South-African heraldry.
* finch: more rarely.
* The generic goose
** The "Magellan-goose": in the arms of Ashfield, [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossg.htm#Goose]
** Canada goose: almost invariably in Canada
* grebe: in the arms of Ig, Slovenia [http://www.heraldica.si/arms/i/ig.htm]
* gull or seagull
* heron
* kiwi: sometimes in coats where the grantee has some connection to New Zealand;
* Knysna Lourie (apparently one use only)
* kookaburra: Australia.
* magpie: Otton de Cazeneuve bore "Or, three magpies sable" at Falkirk.
* martlet (French "merlette"): a small bird without beak or legs; a symbol of restless movement, and a very frequent charge.
**"martlets, the wings and tail of each forming a maple leaf": in the arms of Nicholas Jane Pepino [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=103&ProjectElementID=405]
* North American Kingfisher: was a later immigrant from the New World
* osprey: almost invariably depicted simply as an eagle "argent"
* ostrich,
* owl
* peacock,
* popinjay (parrot).
* ptarmigan: the arms of the 588th Engineering Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Eng/588EngineerBattalion.htm]
* puffin (apparently one use only)
* raven (also known as "crow" or "rook"): (appearing as the Naden Raven, a symbol of the Naden River people of the Haida Indians in the arms of Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada),
* three heads of a Redhead (Aythya americana) drake: the arms of Thomas A. Hickey. [http://www.heraldry.ca/arms/h/hickey.htm]
* secretary bird.
* sheldrake [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=614&ProjectElementID=2173]
* stork; a double-headed stork appears in the arms of [http://www.ngw.nl/int/dld/b/bessenbach.htm Bessenbach (Germany)]
* swallow
* swan
* white-tailed tropic bird: the arms of Colin Fleming
* turkey cock: was a later immigrant from the New World
* egg: rare.
** See below for an example of "duck eggs".
** One example of "a vertical section of an egg".

Invertebrates

Insects include:
* bee (beehives also sometimes occur, usually in the natural form, though that in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/m/marquion.htm the arms of Marquion, Pas de Calais, France was at least once depicted as of a man-made type] ).
* dragonfly
* grasshopper
* butterfly
** with at least one example of cocoons
** the "California dog-face butterfly" is distinguished on at least one occasion [http://www.armorial-register.com/arms-es/blevens-rs-arms.html]
* ant (rather rarely)
* fly (rather rarely)
* anthill: in the arms of Bertrand.
* Stag beetles, appropriately, appear in the arms of Sir George Martin. [http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/Martin.htm]
* In heraldry the spider is considered an insect, and there are a few examples.
* A "caricatured" mosquito: in the arms of the 6147th Tactical Control Group. [http://www.ranger95.com/airforce/af_groups/control_gps/6147th_tcg.htm]
* boll weevil: in the arms of the 81st Training Wing of the United States Air Force. [http://www.keesler.af.mil/about/crest.asp]
* snail (rarely called "house snail", supposedly to disntinguish from slug)
* worm: very rare

Mythical

Several mythical creatures are also used as charges; however, it should be noted that this distinction has no real significance, as many mythical creatures were believed to be real when they were inducted into heraldry, and as a whole they are not treated differently than any other beasts.
* dragon: another common charge, depicted as large and reptilian, with a forked tongue, an eagle's eyes, and a bat's wings. (The number of "membranes" in the wings may be specified. [http://college-of-arms.gov.uk/Newsletter/005.htm] )
* wyvern: similar to a dragon, but with only two legs.
* These pre-date the appearance of several types of Oriental dragons including:-
* The generally-described "Chinese dragon"
** The three-clawed dragon, granted in Europe and Canada for those with some connexion to China,
** The imperial Chinese dragon. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/3d%20Field%20Artillery%20Regiment.htm]
* Another Chinese monster, the qilin: in the arms of Captain Benjamin Lee. [http://www.heraldry.ca/arms/l/lee.htm]
* mermaid: not infrequently.
* Phoenix: including in a Chinese type in the arms of Adrienne Clarkson)
* unicorn
* sphinx: not depicted in the familiar way, but with the head and breasts of a woman.

Many other monsters are compound creatures.
* A simple example is the griffin, combining the head (but with ears), chest, wings and forelegs of the eagle with the hindquarters and legs of a lion (the "male griffin" lacks wings and his body is scattered with spikes); there is at least one example of the double-headed griffin.
** [http://www.ngw.nl/int/oos/m/magdalensberg.htm The arms of Magdalensberg, Kärnten, Austria] show a specific ancient statue of a griffin.
* The hippogriff is like the griffin except that the lion parts of the griffin are replaced by those of a horse.
* The pegasus is a winged horse.
* The sea-lion is a combination of a lion and a fish.
* A half-eagle, half-tiger (an eagle "dimidiated" with a tiger) creature figured in the arms granted to Fernando de Tapia. [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]
* In Canada compound creatures such as the raven-bear and raven-wolf appear.
* a winged chimera with the feet of an eagle figured in the arms of Fada of Verona [http://books.google.com/books?id=QwMNAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:LCCN02020806#PRA1-PA309,M1]

Parts of Animals

Parts of creatures may also be used as charges.The most frequent parts used as charges are the head, the "gamb" (or limb) and the paw.
* If the part is "erased", then it is depicted with ragged edges, as if it had been ripped from the animal's body.
* If the part is "couped", then it is depicted with a straight edge, as if it were neatly severed.
* "demi" (as in, for instance, "demi-lion") means that the upper half of an animal alone is to be shown.
* If an animal is shown in its entirety, but with the head, tail and limbs separated from the body, it is said to be "dismembered".
* The terms applied to the head vary; if shown full-faced and without the neck showing, the heads of deer-like animals, and the bull, are termed "caboshed", and the arms of Alexander L. Purves show an application of this term to the head of the Chinese dragon. [http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/scotsarmsgal/gallery.asp?ID=119]
* Elephant tusks frequently appear
* A "boar's tooth" ["sic"] appears in the arms of the Orange Free State Amateur Athletic Association.
* Wolves' teeth in the arms of Zemby.

Attitude of animals

The position, or "attitude", of the creature's body is also described; the vague description of the three herons in the arms of Ibinu, Brazil, as being "em posição diferentes" (in different positions) [http://www.camaraibiuna.sp.gov.br/brasao.htm] being something of an exception.
* An animal shown with one hind paw on the ground and three paws in the air) is called "rampant" (except the griffin, for whom the term "segreant" must be used);
* one that is walking (shown with one forepaw in the air and three paws on the ground) is "passant".
*A rare example of "passant" applied to the bird is to the flamingo in the arms of the Kuisebmond Second School, Walvis Bay.
* The flamingo and kiwi [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/resources/jmichaelphillips.htm] have also been blazoned statant.
* There is even an example in the heraldry of the United States Air Force of "two boots passant" [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/korean_war/usaf_organizations_korea/troop_carrier.html] ; this is strictly incorrect as "passant" can be applied only to beasts and, rarely, some types of birds, and not inanimate objects.
* Animals with all four paws on the ground are "statant" (standing).
* Beasts of prey, and horses, running are "courant" (they are shown with both forelimbs and both hind limbs together), though the arms of Iberia show a horse "in full gallop".
* The bear, apparently uniquely, can walk on its hind legs.
* If the animal is sitting, the term "sejant" is employed, and if sitting with the front paws raised in the air, "sejant erect"
** a cat "sejant in a watching posture with her dexter paw extended" appears in the arms of Smith of Canmo [http://books.google.com/books?id=Oc4rAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=%22An+Ordinary+of+Arms+Contained+in+the+Public+Register+of+All+Arms+and+Bearings+in+Scotland%22&ei=1WhESIXwKZL-jgGOit2vBg#PPA26,M1]
* Animals with the two hind paws on the ground and the two forepaws in the air are "salient" (jumping).
* (There is at least one case of "leaping" being distinguished.) [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/STB/Stb1Brigade3InfantryDivision.htm]
* An animal is "couchant" if it is laying down, and "dormant" if it is sleeping (with its head lowered).
* The term "clymant" is almost exclusively applied to the goat, but there are instances of its application to the unicorn and pegasus.
* A very rare term, "pascuant", is applied to a quadruped when grazing.
* The ox in the arms of Delaware is "statant, ruminating".] [http://usheraldicregistry.com/pmwiki.php?n=Registrations.20060825C]
* A bull "storming": in the arms of the Erasmus Family Association.
* "a crouching panther, tail elevated": in the arms of the 31st Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Cav/31CavalryRegiment.htm]
* If the tongue of the animal is of a different tincture, it is said to be "langued" of such-and-such a tincture, though it is not necessary to specify that a lion is "langued gules" as this is the default unless it is charged on gules, in which case the default is azure.
** The arms of the 345th Quartermaster Battalion of the United States Army provide a unique example in which a cottonmouth is "langued with a thunderbird Gules". [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/QM/345QuartermasterBattalion.htm]
* There may be examples of the teeth of an animal being of a different tincture ("dented") [http://emblemes.free.fr/alsace/6821U.php]
* If the eyes of the animal are of a different tincture, it is said to be "eyed" of such-and-such a tincture, and the arms of the 83d Chemical Battalion of the U.S. Army show a rare example in which the tincture of the pupil is specified.
* If the penis of the animal is of a different tincture than the rest, it is said to be "pizzled" of such-and-such a tincture. [http://www.geocities.com/arma_za/GG22518.html]

By default, the charge faces the left, as seen by the viewer.
* The head of an animal "guardant" faces the viewer,
* The head of an animal or bird [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/publications/gazette/2007-Dec.pdf] "reguardant" faces the right, as seen by the viewer.
* It is extremely unusual for the head to be described as "in trian aspect" (or three-quarters profile). [http://www.chaumont.com/CVPNarms.html]
* There are several positional descriptions unique to the lion, which appears to be the only creature that can be "stantant with tail extended", though other animals have been known to have their tails "erect".
* A "lion with a dragon's tail" [http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/interarmsgal/gallery.asp?ID=84] can be seen in the arms of Christopher Sterling Tod Mackie.
* The Chinese dragon in the arms of Dr. Richard Gordon Num is "torqued". [http://www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk/scotsarmsgal/gallery.asp?ID=109]

Entirely different terms are used for stags and other deer-like creatures."Trippant" is used instead of "passant", "at bay" instead of "statant", "at gaze" instead of "statant guardant", "springing" instead of "salient" and "lodged" instead of "couchant".
* The serpent is said to be "nowed" if tied in a knot.
* The snake is sometimes found in a circle with its tail in its mouth, which position in French heraldry sometimes makes it an "ouroboros".
* If gliding along, the serpent is "glissant". The arms of the 37th Armor of the United States Army give an example of a wyvern (sans legs) glissant. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Armored/37th%20Armor.htm]
* The rattlesnake, uniquely, can be described as "coiled to strike".

Fish also use a different terminology.
* A straight horizontal fish is "naiant",
* and an arched horizontal fish is "embowed" (though this can sometimes be applied to other animals, such as the crocodile). [http://fotw.fivestarflags.com/ls).html]
* If the fish is vertical, and its head faces upwards, it is "hauriant";
* if its head faces downwards, the fish is "urinant". (The example of a "dragon urinant" in the arms of the USS Tornado is certainly open to criticism.)

The terminology for birds is based on the position of the wings.
* If a bird faces the viewer, with the head turned to one side, and the wings spread apart on either side, the bird is "displayed".
* If the bird is not shown facing the viewer, and the wings are shown spread apart, the bird is "volant" (flying);
* If the wings are shown folded, the bird is "trussed", "close" or "perched".
* (The attitude "volant" is also sometimes applied to aircraft.)
* (Owls "volant affronty" appear in the arms of Sir Christopher Frayling [http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/Frayling.htm] )
* {An owl "affronty hovering" appears in the arms of Jules Léger.)
* If the bird's head faces upward, the bird is "rising" or "rousant" (about to take flight).
* Swans and ducks are very occasionally found "naiant" (= swimming). [http://www.hagsoc.org.au/index.php?page=state_arms#Western%20Australia]
* There are several examples of crowing cocks.

Plants

Plants are extremely common in heraldry and figure among the earliest charges.(The colonial-era arms of Tlemcen, Algeria are unusual in that they contain generic "plants".) The turnip, for instance, makes an early appearance, as does wheat.

When the fruit of a tree, branch, or the like is mentioned, as it generally will only be if it is of a different tincture, it is said to be "fructed" of the tincture.The arms of the French family of Fenoyer provide a perhaps unique example in which the number of "pieces" of the "fructed" is stated.

Grain crops

* Wheat constantly occurs in the form of "garbs" or sheaves (and in fields in the arms of the province of Alberta and elsewhere), though less often as ears), though most often they are shown in stylised form.
** bearded wheat ears are distinguished in the arms of the 469th Support Battalion of the United States Army
* Ears of rye are depicted exactly as wheat, except the ears droop down.
* "Ginny wheat" or "guinea wheat" (like wheat but with a fatter ear) also exists [http://books.google.com/books?id=dTABAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA312&dq=raguly&ei=0nNVSLywIISgiwHyyJWJDA#PRA2-PA885-IA4,M1]
* There are very few examples of barley, maize and oats.

Flowers

The most famous heraldic flower is the "fleur-de-lis", which is often stated to be a stylised lily, though despite the name there is considerable debate on this (the "natural" lily -- also somewhat stylised in its depiction -- also occurs, as (together with the fleur-de-lys) on the arms of Eton College; the Joseph's lily in some Irish grants, [http://www.nli.ie/Arms4.htm] the Calla lily [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=930&ProjectElementID=3368] and the lily of the valley are also distinguished from these).
** The head of an Orange River Lily: the arms of Free State Province, South Africa.
**The arms of Laško, Slovenia are blazoned "Azure, three Bourbonic Fleurs-de-lys Argent". [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc08.html#si-la]
** a fleur de lys "bourgeonée" is distinguished.

* Heraldic roses are also (most commonly, and unless otherwise specified) shown in a stylised form similar to the wild rose
** though there are several unusual different types blazoned, such as the Luther rose. [http://www.armorial-register.com/arms-es/moore-sr-arms.html]
** the white rose is a common feature in Yorkshire related heraldry, while the red rose is in Lancashire related heraldry
* The lotus flower is also shown in a stylised form
* The thistle occurs constantly, as it is the symbol of Scotland.Other commonly used flower-like charges (called "foils") include:-
* "trefoil" (with three petals),
* "quatrefoil" (with four petals),
* "cinquefoil" (with five petals),
* "sexfoil" (with six petals);
* The "septfoil" (with seven petals) appears in the arms of the 63rd Armor of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Armored/63d%20Armor.htm]
* The "double quatrefoil" (with eight petals) is in England the seldom if ever seen cadency mark of the ninth son.

Less frequently used flowers include the flower of the almond tree, the anemone, the carnation, the columbine, [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=606&ProjectElementID=2131] the daisy, the lilac, the dogwood flower, marjoram, [http://www.armorial-register.com/arms-es/mazuranic-ib-arms.html] the marigold [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=335&ProjectElementID=1144] and pot marigold, [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/publications/gazette/2005-Mar.pdf] the peony, the poppy, [http://www.blasoneshispanos.com/] the sunflower, the tulip [http://www.heraldrysociety.us/MemberArmPages/membersarms.php?page=Valarezo-Duenas] and the hydrangea (as in the arms of Rueil Malmaison).
* The flower-gentle appears in the arms of John Caius (Keys), as borne by Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.
* The "althaea blossom" appears in the arms of the 228th Support Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Spt/228SupportBattalion.htm]
* Sprigs of lavender occur in the arms of the Mitcham Borough Council; cranberry flowers in the arms of Besenbüren, Aargau, Switzerland.
* Tulip bulbs appear in the arms of Fressal.
* The trillium flower occurs occasionally in a Canadian context, and the protea flower constantly appears in South Africa.
* "A floral pattern" of "a water nut": the arms of Rybnik, Poland [http://www.rybnik.pl/english/herb_flaga.php]
* Bermudiana flower,
* The heliotrope: in the arms of Ennery, in the department of Val d'Oise. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/e/ennery.htm]
* Giant Red Paintbrush all make at least one appearance.
* Parnassus flowers appear in the arms of Cumberland. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/gbr/c/cumberland.htm]
* The peach blossom.
* "saffron" flowers
* "flowers of Cytisus" make at least one appearance [http://www.armorial-register.com/arms-sco/harden-bg-arms.html]
* "a flower-head and slip of the Wild Dagga shrub (Leonotis leonurus)"

Fruits and nuts

* There is at least one appearance of the almond. [http://cheshire-heraldry.org.uk/visitations/CV1.html]
* apples occur very frequently,
* cantaloupe (infrequent)
* cherries,
* gourds (infrequent)
* grapevines (with their grapes) occur very frequently,
* lemon: in the arms of Limojon
* Lime (fruit): in the arms of Durand
* Nuts are sometimes blazoned simply as "nuts" (depicted like the walnut) though the most frequently occurring nut is the acorn, often cracked by a squirrel, and constantly in conjunction with the oak.
* oranges (infrequent)
* The "orange sanguine": in the arms of Perregaux, Oran, Algeria
* peaches
* pears (with peartrees)
** the "warden pear" is rarely distinguished, in arms for people with the surname "Warden" [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossp.htm]
* "pineapples" refer anciently and much more often to the cone rather than the tropical fruit.
** the "Korean pine cone" is distinguished on at least one occasion. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=375&ProjectElementID=1292]
* raspberry: in the arms of Abernethy, Scotland
* strawberries.
* A slice of watermelon: in the arms of General Bravo, in Mexico.

Vegetables

* The artichoke appears in a very few European coats, and there is at least one example of its leaves. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=100&ProjectElementID=393]
* Cabbage appears in the arms of the French Antarctic Territory and lettuce in the arms of Lechuga.
* carrot (rare)
* There is an apparently unique example of celery in the arms of Boussu.
* cucumbers (rare): the family of Favier de Bains
* garlic (occasional)
* leek [http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/Newsletter/009.pdf]
* sugar beets (rare) appears in the arms of Burlöv Municipality

Trees

Dead trees are occasionally used as a charge. [http://books.google.com/books?id=QwMNAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:LCCN26017525#PRA1-PA335,M1] Trees are sometimes merely blazoned as "a tree" but specific trees are mentioned in blazon.
* Far and away the most frequently occurring is the oak.
* A close second is the pine.

Members of the pine family such as:-
* The cedar [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=593&ProjectElementID=2088] , the cedar of Lebanon being distinguished [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=595&ProjectElementID=2099]
* The fir,
* redwood (in the form of a "triple frond"): in the arms of the Stanford University School of Medicine
* The beech, birch, the elm, the poplar, willow, alder, box tree, coconut tree and the palm also appear.
** the royal palm (actually a genus of a number of different species) is distinguished in the arms of Cuba.
** "a Sabal Palm Tree with a crooked stem" [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/resources/craxfordalan.htm] : in the arms of Alan David Craxford
* The chestnut, sometimes on branches, also appears (the burr of the chestnut tree appears in [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/alj.htm the arms] of the Município of Alijó in Portugal) as does the hazel.
* The crabapple tree, in a canting context [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=9&ProjectElementID=21]
* dragon tree: in the arms of Porto Santo in Portugal. [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/pst.htm]
* eucalyptus tree: in the arms of Campo Limpo Paulista, Brazil [http://www.campolimpopaulista.sp.gov.br/brasao.php]
* gum tree: in the arms of Woodville, [http://www.ngw.nl/int/aus/woodvill.htm] Australia, since incorporated into Charles Sturt City.
* Juniper appears at least once.
* Laurel trees occur, as do olive, but in both cases less frequently than their branches.
* Lemon tree: more frequent than its fruit.
* A milkwood tree appears in the arms of the former Republic of Ciskei. [http://www.geocities.com/haigariep/CkeiE.html]
* Palm branches very frequently occur but are blazoned as appearing in a "stylized" form in the arms of Éragny-sur-Oise in Val d'Oise.
* In addition to the much more frequent appearance of its fruit, the pomegranate tree appears in a stylized form in the arms of the Chesterfield Borough Council.
* quinine tree: in the arms of Peru
* The tree of paradise: in the arms of Vale do Paraíso, Azambuja, Lisboa, Portugal.
* A monstrous tree ending in two hands cradling a town: the arms of Fosses, in Val d'Oise
* The china cokar tree is another kind of "monster tree".
* "A palmetto tree issuant from an oak tree eradicated": in the arms of the 118th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/118InfantryRegiment.htm]
* A small group of trees is blazoned as a "hurst", which is distinguished from a forest.
* "A grove of eight coconut trees": was in the arms of the Crown Colony of Ceylon
* The Ceiba Macho of the Parque Principal: in the arms of San Antonio del Tequendama, Cundinamarca, Colombia. [http://www.fotw.net/flags/co-cunsa.html#coa]
* In Portuguese heraldry but rarely in the heraldry of other countries trees are sometimes found decorticated.

Other plants

* The aloe plant: in the arms of the North-Eastern Transvaal Tennis Association.
* Bobactitli: in the arms of Gonzalo Tecpanecate, Francisco de Mendoza. [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]
* Bushes: in the arms of Lionel Camps Perezfarras
* The burning bush: in the arms of the Session of Knox Presbyterian Church of Stratford in Ontario, Canada.
*Coffee, including branches [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=782&codigo=97] and beans [http://bluesunset.skyblog.com/6.html] [http://sanantonio-tolima.gov.co/nuestromunicipio.shtml?apc=m-f1--&m=f#simbolos]
* A cotton ball: in the arms of New Germany in South Africa.
* The maple usually occurs only in the form of the maple leaf (and occasionally seeds) [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=382&ProjectElementID=1333]
* There are a few occurrences of the tobacco leaf and plant. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/bel/g/grimming.htm]
* Marjoram: in the arms of Noble Ivan B. Mazuranic-Jankovic of the Counts Mazuranic [http://www.armorial-register.com/arms-es/mazuranic-ib-arms.html]
* mimosa [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/1-famg1.htm]
* Taro: in the arms of the 24th Finance Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Fin/24FinanceBattalion.htm]
* "rooibos tea twigs"
* The prickly pear cactus: in the arms of the 113th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Cav/113CavalryRegiment.htm]
* Vanilla: in the arms of Antalaha, in Madagascar.
* Yucca: in the arms of the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Cav/7CavalryRegiment.htm]
* the magüey or century plant: in the arms of Don Diego de Mendoza [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]
* Mushrooms (usually blazoned and depicted as the morel)
* Sugarcane
* a sugarcane plantation: the arms of Valera, Trujillo, Venezuela [http://www.fotw.net/flags/ve-t-vl.html]
* The bordure on the arms of Hart Bei Graz, Steiermark, Austria, is charged with an orle of lichen. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/oos/h/hart.htm]
* Grass is sometimes specified to occur on the "mounts vert" (green hillocks) on which charges on the shield, or crest, sit or are placed.
* A "meadow" appears in the arms of Aprato [http://www.whitelionsociety.org.uk/WLS%20Armorial%20Ppt%20GIF/Slide%20145.gif]
* a field of flowers: the arms of Blumenau, Brazil [http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.viablumenau.com.br/cidade/historia/bandeira.asp]
* The elderberry is shown not as a shrub, but a flower growing from the ground.
* The broom plant, symbol of the Plantagenets, occurs occasionally.
* The cattail makes its appearance in the arms of the town of Arronville in France.
* The fern is usually found as part of the "fern-brake" or group of ferns. Almost invariably ferns are "generic" and mature but the arms of John Leighton Williamson give an example of fiddleheads (Matteuccia struthiopteris).
* hemp: in the arms of Chennevières-lès-Louvres, in the department of Val d'Oise
* holly
* hops occur occasionally
* ivy
* Thorns (usually in the form of a crown of thorns)

Inanimate charges

Astronomical

Celestial objects also feature as charges.A sun with rays is called a "sun in splendour"; there is at least one example of the rays being blazoned as differently tinctured. [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=475]
* (A "Philippine sun" can be seen in the arms of the 387th Replacement Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Pers_Replacement/387ReplacementBattalion.htm] .
* A "Namibian sun" in the arms of Klaazen [http://www.excurs.ru/gerb/Klaazen.htm] )
* Moons come in many varieties, including the "full moon" and the "crescent".

* Although "mullets" appear to be stars, in English heraldry they are actually supposed to be spur rowels; in modern times they are shown with five points, unless another number is specified (as in "mullet of six")
** "ridged mullets" appear in the arms of Gareth Zundel [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/resources/garethzundel.htm]
* "Estoiles" are stars with wavy rays; pole stars are occasionally differentiated.
* "the Star of Acadia" (which has the same appeance as a mullet): in the arms of Roméo LeBlanc
* An example of stars grouped in a constellation is in the arms of the Australian state of Victoria, which show the Southern Cross.
* "Magen David": in the of Camilo Agasim-Pereira of Fulwood & Dirleton, The Baron of Fulwood & Dirleton. [http://www.armorial-register.com/arms-za/arms-agasim-pereira.html]
* The arms of Pierre-Simon Laplace showed the planets Jupiter and Saturn and their moons.
* The aurora borealis appears in the arms of Murmansk Oblast in Russia.
* There are also comets and shooting stars. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/usaf/6arw.htm]
* The globe appears frequently in later times, and the arms of the last Swedish knight Sven Anders Hedin are "Argent, a globe Azure centered on Asia, on a chief Sable three escallops of the first." [http://home.att.net/~numericana/arms/hedin.htm]
** "an arc of the globe showing Newfoundland": the arms of Arthur Maxwell House [http://heraldry.ca/arms/h/house.htm]

Weather

* Thunderbolts and lightning bolts -- also called "lightning flashes" -- are shown in a stylized way.
* There is at least one example of a "fork of lightning".
* Clouds often occur, though more frequently for people or animals to stand on or issue from than as isolated charges. There are rare examples of unspecified numbers of clouds in an "atmosphere." [http://www.doisirmaos.rs.gov.br/hino.asp?pagina=historia&subpagina=hino]
* A "cloud formation": in the arms of the 23rd Air Division of the United States Air Force [http://www.ranger95.com/airforce/af_divisions/23rd_ad.html]
* "clouds forming a genie":in the arms of the 3rd Chemical Battalion of the United States Army.
* In terms of clouds' precipitation, the raindrop as such is unknown,
* and the snowflake (blazoned as "snow crystal" [http://www.excurs.ru/gerb/Romanenkov.htm] ) is only known in more recent times,
* though the snowball predates this by some centuries.
* There is a perhaps unique example of "sound waves", which can apparently be distinguished only contextually.

Geology and geography

Geological and geographic charges include the mountain (sometimes blazoned as a "rocky mountain," [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/resources/garethzundel.htm] though the distinction is not significant), which must be distinguished from the oft-occurring "mount in base vert". This mount is in turn similar to the "terrace" (though this is usually depicted as flatter) or "champagne"; the last is sometimes charged or modified in some way, including being crossed by a road. Very unusually, something about the road is blazoned. Landscapes, in addition to their unusual use as fields, are very occasionally used as charges, typically in a Latin-American context. [http://www.fotw.net/flags/ve-t-mo.html] Sand dunes occur in the arms of the former AFS Rooikop. [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/1-milg2.htm]
* volcano
** a specific volcanos, including the Nevado del Ruiz [http://web.archive.org/web/20040224114847/http://www.geocities.com/caldas_cultura/mvillamaria.htm]
** and Xinantécatl in the arms of the State of Mexico [http://www.fotw.net/flags/mx-mex.html]
* "range of mountains", such as appear in the arms of the Canadian province of Alberta and the U.S. State of Colorado (the form is somewhat different than a mere group of mountains)
** specific mountain ranges
***include the Serra do Pedro in the arms of Patos, Paraiba, Brazil, [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/br-pb-pt.html]
***the Itapetinga in the arms of Atibaia, Brazil, [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-sp-at.html]
***the Curral D`el Rei in the arms of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-mg-bh.html] and
***the Serra de Luminárias in the arms of Luminárias, Minas Gerais, Brazil [http://www.citybrazil.com.br/mg/luminarias/geral.htm]
***a mountain from the Buerán range: the arms of Cantón Azogues, Canar, Ecuador [http://www.hcpcanar.gov.ec/hcpc_cazogues.asp#simbolos]
* A mount in base with "chalk outcrops" occurs in the arms of the Chiltern District Council.
* A mountain or mountains, a mount in base or a cliff can be covered with snow.
* Examples of specific mountain are:-
** "a representation of Diamond Head" [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/487FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm]
** Mt. Ararat
** Mount Rainier [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MedVet/56th%20Medical%20Battalion.htm]
** Mt. Warning
** Sentinel Peak
** Mount Triglav, in the coat of arms of Slovenia
** Fitz Roy, in the arms of the Argentinian Province of Santa Cruz [http://www.tyhturismo.com/data/destinos/argentina/provincias/santa_cruz/escudo.html]
** "a stylized mountain bearing the profile of the “Old Man of the Mountain”" is in the arms of the 167th Support Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Spt/167SupportBattalion.htm]

Underneath the ground are rare occurrences of mines, including the
* entrance to a coal mine in the arms of Biblian, Ecuador [http://www.hcpcanar.gov.ec/hcpc_cbiblian.asp#simbolos]

* The black wildebeests in the arms of Natal ran on a "plain".
* The woman in the arms of Francke de Rückersdorf stands in a field of wheat.
* Charges are also sometimes, if rarely, stated to be on a "promontory" or "peninsula".
* "Land masses" appear in the arms of some United States Air Force units. [http://www.ranger95.com/airforce/af_divisions/20th_ad.html]
* The island: in the arms of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island.
* Stones are usually distinguished from rocks, and are to be distinguished from pebbles
** "heart-shaped stones": in the arms of Šoštanj, Slovenia
* A rock in the form of a lion: in the former colonial arms of Bône, Algeria.
* Cut diamonds occasionally appear, one described in some detail in the arms of Asprey Holdings, Ltd. [http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/Newsletter/014.htm]
* Crystals of gypsum form a sort of border in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/oos/g/gams.htm the arms of Gams Bei Hieflau, Steiermark, Austria] .
* A chipped flint implement: in the arms of Crouttes sur Marne, Aisne, France.
* Charges relating to water include:
** the stylised loch (the lake is shown more naturalistically).
** The arms of Westhoek, in Friesland, show a "gulf". [http://www.ngw.nl/w/westhoek.htm]
** The arms of the USS Cardinal show "whitecaps" [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Navy/USSCardinal.htm]
** a lagoon or small lake or pond ("laguna"): in the arms of Don Diego [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]
** the horse in the arms of Gesturi, Italy, gallops over a swamp
** The arms of Tolmin, Slovenia, show a "curving creek". [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc17.html#si-to]
** A river of water and blood: in the arms of Geronimo del Aguila [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]
*** Specific rivers, the São Francisco and Pará, in the arms of Martinho Campos, Minha Gervais, Brazil, [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-mg-mr.html]
*** the Rio Burgay in the arms of Biblián, Ecuador [http://www.hcpcanar.gov.ec/hcpc_cbiblian.asp#simbolos]
*** the Rio Iguaçu in the arms of Araucária, Paraná, Brazil [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-pr-au.html]
*** and the "confluence of the Rio Negro and the Rio Solimões to form the Amazon" [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-am.html]
** waterfalls include
*** the Salto del Tequendama in the arms of El Colegio, Colombia
** the rocky shore in the arms of the state of Alagoas, Brazil, [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-al.html] may also be reduced to this heading

Geometrical shapes

Geometrical shapes, other than the ordinaries and subordinaries, are very rare in heraldry.
* An "acute angular pattern" (very exceptionally): in the arms of the 313th Air Division of the United States Air Force. [http://www.ranger95.com/airforce/af_divisions/313th_ad.html]
* There are occurrences of the triangle [http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k36107q/f100.chemindefer] (sometimes specified to be equilateral though this is the default).
** A "triangle with concave sides": in the arms of the 10th Psychological Operations Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/PsyOps/10th%20Psychological%20Operations%20Battalion.htm]
** "Voided" isosceles triangle: in the arms of the 304th Military Intelligence Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MI/304MilitaryIntelligenceBattalion.htm] )
** An isosceles triangle treated as a mountain in that it is "capped argent": in the arms of the Special Troops Battalion, 4th Brigade, 10th Mountain Division of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/STB/STB4Brigade10MountainDivision.htm]
**See also the Chrstian Trinity emblem used in heraldry.
* 45° drafting triangle (engineering drawing implement): in the arms of the 30th Engineering Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Eng/30EngineerBattalion.htm]
* There are very occasional appearances of the pentagon and hexagon. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/STB/STB173AirborneBrigade.htm]
* octagon: in the arms of the 8th Psychological Operations Battalion of the United States Army.
* demi-triangle: in the arms of Badon-Ghyben
* "triangle in relief": in the arms of Belon-Lapisse.
* Pythagorean theorem: the arms of Seissenegger
* The oval: in the arms of Carolus Linnæus. [http://home.att.net/~numericana/arms/linne.htm]
* There are a handful of examples of the cone and the cube.
* Lines: in the arms of Allanridege, South Africa.

Tools

Tools include:-
* axes of various types (including
** ice-axe
** pickaxe
** "pioneer's axe"s: in the arms of William Wallace McCuaig [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=187&ShowAll=1]
* fire tongs: in the arms of Stepney Metropolitan Borough Council [http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/lcc.html#stepney%20bc]
* hammers, blazoned either as "a hammer" and of various other types including:-
** "blacksmith's hammers": in the arms of Dr. Raymond Ernest Smith [http://whitelionsociety.org.uk/WLS%20Armorial%20Ppt%20GIF/Slide%20162.gif]
** "paver's hammer": in the arms of Fanhões, Ajuda, Lisboa, Portugal
** "martels-de-fer": in the arms of the 192nd Ordnance Battalion of the United States Army.
** maul
* shovel
* sickle
* hoe.
* ladders typically take the form of scaling ladders.
* scales (weighing)
* scissors
* surgeons' scalpels
* trowel

Aircraft and flying

* Generic aircraft, [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/korean_war/usaf_organizations_korea/tactical_control.html]
* The Wright Flyer fact|date=March 2008
* "Bi-wing aircraft," [http://afhra.maxwell.af.mil/wwwroot/rso/wings_groups_pages/0006arw.php]
* "Flight symbols" (sometimes described as "aircraft symbols") with "vapor trails". [http://www.ascho.wpafb.af.mil/88th%20ABW%20Emblem.htm]
* "Futuramic aircraft". [http://afhra.maxwell.af.mil/wwwroot/rso/airdivision_pages/0043ad.php]
* A DHC-2 appears in the arms of John Munroe Bogie. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=227&ProjectElementID=812]
* "Hannibal Aircraft": the arms of Beddington and Wallington
* Impala Aircraft: the arms of the Flying Training School of the South African Air Force [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/1-milg2.htm]
* The wind sock: in the arms of Amadora, Lisboa, Portugal.
* a witch's broom: in the arms of De Doorns, South Africa.

pacecraft

* A space capsule: in the arms of Vicomte F. de Winne [http://www.fbrose.be/lpatentes.htm]

Ground vehicles

The wheel is a carriage wheel unless otherwise specified, of which there are very few instances.
* A winged wheel: in the arms of Barrie, Ontario.
** Parker states that a wagon appears in the arms of Binning. [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossw.htm#Wagon]
** "The front wheel of an ox-wagon": appears in the arms of Cicero Rautenbach.
** A "covered wagon": in the arms of the 734th Transportation Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Trans/734th%20Transportation%20Battalion.htm]
*** "a stylized image of an oxen drawn covered wagon": the arms of the Special Troops Battalion of the 41st Infantry Brigade Combat Team of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/STB/STB41InfantryBrigadeCombatTeam.htm]
** A mine wagon: in the arms of Mont-Dore
** A "Voortrekker wagon": in the arms of the Transvaal Provincial Administration.
* A "mechanized track": in the arms of the 121st Support Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Spt/121SupportBattalion.htm]
* An "army truck": in the arms of the 49th. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Trans/49th%20Transportation%20Battalion.htm]
* Truck wheels are said to be "tired" if the tires are of a different tincture: as at this link [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Trans/39TransportationBattalion.htm]
* A "stage coach": in the arms of Ville de Stanstead. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=217&ProjectElementID=770]
* A "road roller": in the arms of Phillipstown Divisional Council, South Africa.
* A "tractor": in the arms of Nova Mutum, Brazil [http://www.novamutum.mt.gov.br/paginas/brasao.php] ; a man riding one can be seen in the arms of Sulina, Brazil [http://www.sulina.pr.gov.br/brasao.php]

hips and boats and water transport

Ships take a variety of forms:-
* Most often the lymphad (a type of ancient ship).
* but also the "sinagot" (fishing boat) of Séné, Morbihan, France
* a Roman ship [http://www.araldicacivica.it/comuni/indexc.php?extrac=s&id_comune=2627]
* Viking ships
* sailboats [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/a/arradon.htm] including:-
** The Cape Breton Sloop in the arms of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada
* Three-masted sailing ships
* A barque
* A steamer.
* The arms of San Francisco show "a device of a steamship passing the Golden Gate".
* "a Mississippi River steamboat": the arms of the 442nd Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/442d%20Infantry%20Regiment.htm]
* The arms of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham includes a "Barking Well Smack".
* The colonial arms of Dakar show pirogues.
* [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/lnh-atalaia.htm The arms of Atalaia Freguesia, Lourinhã, Portugal] , feature a galley wrecked by crashing into a rock.
* A barge appears in the arms of Bruyères sur Oise, Val d'Oise, France
* There rare occurrences of Noah's ark.
* The arms of Zaandam, Noord Holland, the Netherlands, contain an "unfinished ship".
* canoes and canoe paddles: in the arms of John Turner
** "Ojibwe canoes" figure in the arms of James Karl Bartleman [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=41&ProjectElementID=119]
** A "Kootenai canoe" is in the arms of the College of the Rockies. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=116&ProjectElementID=457]
* "a 15th century Portuguese caravelle"
* "the silhouette of the PG 101" [http://americanheraldry.org/forums/showthread.php?t=2045#post35573]

Parts of ships include the rudder
* "topsail, crow’s nest and pennant": in the arms of the USS Preble [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Navy/USSPreble.htm]

* A canal lock: in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/bel/i/idegem.htm the arms of Idegem, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium] .
* anchor

Bridges

Bridges, variously and usually more fully described, often occur.
* A suspension bridge occurs in the arms of Plouhinec, Morbihan, France; [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/p/plouhine.htm] .
* A railway bridge in the arms of Hadsund, Denmark. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/den/h/hadsund.htm]
* A specific bridge, the Staines Bridge can be seen in the arms of the Staines Urban District Council.
* An .

Buildings

Religious buildings

* Various forms of religious buildings including:-
* An "ecclesiastical building": in the arms of the town of Eccles in England
* A belfry
* A steeple
** a specific steeple, that of "San Agustin Cathedral in Laredo, Texas" [http://www.dioceseoflaredo.org/html/coat_of_arms.html]
* churches of various types including a romanic church
** rural church "domed onion-shaped": in the arms of Kirchberg, Germany [http://www.botanik.biologie.tu-muenchen.de/~mevs/erding/kirch-en.html]
** and church with campanile in the gothic style: in the arms of Berceto, Italy; the campanile appears separately in the arms of the Port Elizabeth Hospital Board.
* Specific churches such as:
** The basilica at She-Shan: in the arms of Cardinal Kung
** The cupola of St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow: in the arms of Juan Antonio Samaranch i Torelló, Marquis of Samaranch [http://grandesp.org.uk/heraldica/herald_en1.htm]
** the Cathedral of Chihuahua: in the arms of that city [http://www.fotw.net/flags/mx-cha.html]
** The Church of Ormskirk: in the arms of the West Lancashire District Council
** Chiesa Di Santa Vittoria: in the arms of Telti, Sardinia, Italy [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/it-ot-tl.html]
* chapels
** including an "octagon chapel in romanic style" [http://www.botanik.biologie.tu-muenchen.de/~mevs/erding/taufk-en.html]
** and a specific chapel, the chapel of Siecha [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=600]
* the Convento da Penha: in the arms of Vila Velha, Brazil [http://www.vilavelha.es.gov.br/cidade/historia/template_historia.php?id=3cff8646aa381]
* missions:
** a specific mission, "Mission San Francisco de la Espada": the arms of the County of Bexar, Texas [http://www.co.bexar.tx.us/bcsheriff/patchhistory.htm]
** "the silhouette of a mission colonnade": the arms of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange, California [http://www.rcbo.org/bishop/bishopcoat.htm]
* A monk's cell [shown as a separate building]
* James Parker states that (in addition to regular appearances of the building) "the ruins of an old abbey" appear in arms quartered by Maitland. [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossr.htm#Ruins]
* Various types of temples, including:-
** "the three columned temple of Georgia": the arms of the 325th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/325InfantryRegiment.htm]
** A "Korean temple": in the arms of the 321st Army Security Agency of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Numeric_Misc/321ArmySecurityAgencyBattalion.htm] )
** The minaret of a mosque: in the arms of Tlemcen

Industrial buildings

* A cooling tower: in the arms of Hendrina, South Africa.
* Other buildings and related structures include:-
* The baking furnace: [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/amd-alfornelos.htm]
* The blast furnace: in the arms of Barnaul, Altai Krai, Russia);
* dolmens
* chimneyss: in the arms of Trail, British Columbia, [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=195&ProjectElementID=704]
* there are a few Brazilian examples of electrical towers, otherwise described as electrical transmission towers [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/br-ba-pa.html] [http://www.camaraibiuna.sp.gov.br/brasao.htm]
* The factory: in the arms of São João da Madeira, Portugal
** A factory chimney (with ladder railing): the arms of Fakkel Volkskool, Sasolburg, South Africa
** Silhouettes of factory roofs: in the arms of Ruše, Slovenia [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc14.html] )
* A cement mill (in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/oos/r/retznei.htm the arms] of Retznei, Steiermark, Austria) and a particular cement factory (in the arms of Apulo, Colombia [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=480]
* kilns (for firing ceramics and lime) [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/a/arthon.htm]
* A converter: in the arms of Homécourt, Meurthe et Moselle, France.

Fortified buildings

* castle
** This is distinguished from the tower in that a castle of the "generic" type (in British and allied heraldry, at any rate) consists of two joined towers at either end of a wall (also a charge in heraldry).
** There are a number of other types of castles including the quadrangular castle.
** Castles may be "domed" [http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/herts.html#berkhamstead%20tc] or may have conical roofs.
** A "turreted castle of three storeys" appears in the arms of Benoni, South Africa.
** A castle of an unusual type: in the arms of Lauerz, in the canton of Schwyz, Switzerland.
** the Fontanellato castle: in the arms of Fontanellato, Italy.
** The Nordborg castle: in the arms of Nordborg, Denmark. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/den/n/nordborg.htm]
** the castle of Ehrenbreitstein: in the arms of the 17th Field Artillery Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/17FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm]
** Rocca di Minozzo [http://emiliaromagnaturismo-photo.net/gallery/dett2.php?id=407] : the arms of Villa Minozzo, Italy
** ruined castles sometimes appear
** "a mount Vert debruising all but the embattlements of a castle and tower": the arms of the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/3InfantryRegt.htm]
** A castle gateway: in the arms of Heidelberg, South Africa.
* The castle is distinguished from the "tower triple-towered", i.e. with three smaller towers or turrets rising out of the top, as in the .
** An "octagonal tower of Caernarvon Castle with two turrets": Institute of Quarrying, South Africa.
** A "martello tower": in the arms of the 41st Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/41%20Infantry%20Regiment.htm]
** in addition, there are a great number of specific types of towers, often very extensively described.
* the Palazzo della “Torraccia”: in the arms of Terzolas, Italy.
* A city wall with the letter "A" formed out of the masonry) with another tower rising from, or behind, the wall): [http://www.ngw.nl/int/pol/a/alexando.htm the arms of Alexandow Kujawski]
* The "rampart in ruins": in the arms of Mennetou sur Cher, Loir et Cher, France.
* An oak fortress figures in the arms of Arsk, Russia
* A "four-bastioned fort" (in plan): in the arms of the 729th Support Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Spt/729SupportBattalion.htm] and
** "a four bastioned fort of the outline of old Fort Stanwix": in the arms of the 390th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Regt/390Regiment.htm]
* The city is also a frequently occurring charge, though almost exclusively in civic heraldry.
* The "Chaussée Gate of Verdun": in the arms of the 108th Medical Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MedVet/108MedicalBattalion.htm]
* The "the stone block house of El Caney, Cuba": in the arms of the 25th Armored Infantry Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Armored/25ArmoredInfantryBattalion.htm]

Groups of buildings

* city: the arms of Diego de Mendoza, Austria y Moctezuma [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]
* [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/r/rocheyon.htm The arms of La Roche sur Yon, in the Vendée] , show a town.
* [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/m/masevaux.htm The arms of Masevaux, Haut Rhin, France] , a fortified town.
* [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/pr-vl.html#coa The coat of arms of Villalba, Puerto Rico show "a village of the XIX century"]
* The arms of Santiago de Cali, Colombia, show a seaport. [http://www.caliescali.com/simbolos.php3#escudo]
* industrial center: the arms of Motatan, Trujillo, Venezuela [http://www.fotw.net/flags/ve-t-mo.html]
* " [T] he silhouette of the Twin Towers" (of New York City's World Trade Center, though this is not stated, and it has been pointed out that this could lead to confusion in future [http://www.heraldrysociety.us/forum/viewtopic.php?p=9884#9651] ): arms of the 104th Military Police Battalion of the New York Army National Guard [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MP/104MilitaryPoliceBattalion.htm]
* Plaza de Bolivar, Herveo en Tolima, Colombia, in the arms of that town [http://www.herveo-tolima.gov.co/nuestromunicipio.shtml?apc=m-m1--&m=f]

Other buildings

A vaguely-described "stylized building" appears in the arms of the 26th Air Division of the United States Air Force, [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/rso/airdivision_pages/0026ad.php] .
* an arcade: in the arms of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce [http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/Newsletter/011.htm#Recent%20Grants%20of%20Arms]
* "a stylized representation of the Cliff Palace dwellings of the Ancestral Puebloans": in the arms of the USS Mesa Verde [http://www.mesa-verde.navy.mil/site%20pages/faq.aspx]
* "a Montreal dwelling under construction (tempore 1680)": in the arms of Pierre Trudeau
* The domes of the Taj Mahal: in the arms of the 160th Miliary Police Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MP/160MilitaryPoliceBattalion.htm] .
* The tower in the regular sense is distinguished from:-
* The "modern tower", which appears as a sort of pallet-like, couped in chief, charge (compare the "immeubles" as shown in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/a/avion.htm this depiction of the arms of Avion, Pas de Calais, France] .
** The skyscraper: in the arms of Velenje, Slovenia [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc18.html#si-ve] .
* Brick towers: in the arms of the Office of Historic Properties of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Alpha/Office%20of%20Historic%20Properties.htm] .
* a specific tower that appears is Franke Tower in the arms of Omaruru, South Africa.
* a colonial-style or colonial houses [http://www.fotw.net/flags/ve-t-vl.html] [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/br-rj-pt.html]
* A farmhouse: in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/can/stoneycr.htm the arms of] Stoney Creek, Ontario, Canada
* A sod house: in the arms of Katherina Fahlman Selinger Schaaf [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=569&ProjectElementID=2003]
* garage: in the arms of Bálsamo, Brazil
* hut: in the arms of Monnakato Urban Council, South Africa
* hermitage
* lighthouse
** a specific lighthouse, a ("silhouette of the") Point Bonita Light: in the arms of the USCGC George Cobb [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/CoastGuard/USCGCGeorgeCobb.htm]
* The pavilion
* tents
* the "mairie" or town hall: in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/l/locmique.htm the arms of Locmiquélic, Morbihan, France] )
* windmills (including various components)
* pigeon coops
* pillories
* The Moscow Kremlin: in the arms of Le Kremlin Bicêtre, Val de Marne, France). (The appearance of the Kremlin brings up the point that difficulties can sometimes arise when it comes to depicting specific buildings, rather than specific types of buildings, from the blazon; for instance, if one is not familiar with the château de la Malmaison [in the arms of Rueil Malmaison in Hauts de Seine, France] or the hôpital Saint Louis à Paris in the arms of Richerand, one can be in trouble.)
* The "Façade of the House of the Royal Society of Arts": in the arms of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce [http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/Newsletter/011.htm#Recent%20Grants%20of%20Arms]
* The Royal Exchange: in the arms of the Royal Exchange Assurance Company. [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossr.htm#Royal%20Exchange]
* In France, the aqueduct sometimes appears; and there is an appearance of its vent in Portugal [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/snt-massama.htm] .
* Weathervanes occur not only atop buildings but as independent charges.
* An example of an autochthonic charge along these lines appearing in heraldry is the inuksuk in the arms of Nunavut
* wigwam: in the arms of the 9th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/09th%20Infantry%20Regiment.htm]
* The keystone: in the arms of the 104th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Cav/104CavalryRegiment.htm]
* A kiosk and fountain: in the arms of the Mexican city of General Bravo.
* "the entrance portal of the former Scarborough High School": in the arms of R.H. King Academy [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=297&ProjectElementID=1022]
* the Osono Giants' Tomb: in the arms of Triei, Sardinia, Italy [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/it-og-tr.html]
* "a three-columned Doric portico": the arms of University College of the North, South Africa

Hats and other headgear

Hats include:-
* The "ecclesiastical hat" in the arms of Freguesia do Prior Velho in Portugal [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/lrs-priorvelho.htm]
* the ecclesiastical hat of a bishop: in the arms of São João Nepomuceno, Minas Gerais, Brazil [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-mg-sj.html]
* The shako
* The "wide-brimmed hat" in the arms of Marco Foppoli
* Constantly appearing are crowns (sometimes stated to be encrusted with jewels such as emeralds) [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/plantillastandar.asp?seccion=SEC_DESCOTRSECCMUNI&condicion=567] and coronets of various kinds:
** two circlets of the crown of a King of Arms: in the arms of Sir Albert William Woods [http://books.google.com/books?id=w_wqAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA102&dq=%22chevron+dovetailed%22&lr=#PPA148,M1]
** The "Gothick crown" [http://www.nli.ie/Arms7.htm]
** The crest coronet: in the arms of Steven B. Madewell
** Coronets érablé: in the arms of Brian Mulroney
** The "liberty tiara": in the arms of the 389th Support Battalion of the United States Army
** The "naval crown": in the arms of the USCGC Decisive [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/CoastGuard/USCGCDecisive.htm]
* The mortarboard. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=130&ProjectElementID=482]
* Basotho hats: in the arms of the Molefe Tribal Authority.
* Confucian hats: in the arms of John Chiu. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=71&ProjectElementID=252]
*Helmets include
** A miner's helmet: in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/r/rocsandr.htm the arms of Le Roc Saint André, Morbihan, France] .
** A Roman helmet: appeared in the colonial arms of Aïn Témouchent, Algeria.
** A "horned Viking's helmet" appears in the arms of Ronald Norman Schlemmer.
** A "winged conical helmet": in the arms of Thornley Todd Wehling [http://www.amateurheralds.org/armorial/wehling.html]
* the Papal tiara [http://emblemes.free.fr/rhonealpes/73250.php]
* Phrygian caps very occasionally appear.
* There are occasional appearances of the turban.

Industrial

* Charges related to industry include the cogwheel.
* Keys (taking a form similar to a "skeleton key") frequently appear.
* Ladles: in the arms of Stellenbosch Technical College.
* mine (as in mineral): in the arms of Biysk, Altai Krai region, Russia.
* a pipeline in the form of two hands shaking: in the arms of Puerto Salgar, Colombia [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=701]
* a "flat bed printing press" in the arms of Joe Clark.
* spanner: tihe arms of the 749th Maintenance Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Maint/749th%20Maintenance%20Battalion.htm]

cientific

* benzene ring: the arms of the 476th Chemical Battalion of the United States Army
* infinity symbol: in arms of those with some connexion to the Metis.
* micrometer: in the arms of the 194th Maintenance Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Maint/194th%20Maintenance%20Battalion.htm]
* microscope: in the arms of Fitzpatricks Limited. [http://heraldrysociety.us/forum/viewtopic.php?p=4374#4374]
* chemical symbol for phosphorus: in the arms of Nauru. [http://mitglied.lycos.de/chsiemer/wappen/australien/nauru.htm]

Atomic

Atomic heraldry is heraldry characterised by the appearance of charges including the atom or showing the motion of parts of the atom; more loosely, it may describe heraldry in which atoms or the component parts thereof are represented through a combination of other charges. This is a late development in heraldry.
* "a nucleus encircled by electrons": the arms of Clarington, Ontario, Canada. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=24&ProjectElementID=64]
* "Two nuclei enclosed within a representation of three electron paths": the arms of Fedoruk [http://www.heraldry.ca/arms/f/fedoruk.htm]
* A "sign of" the atom": [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/s/s-vulbas.htm the arms of Saint-Vulbas, Ain, France]
* "A representation of an atom with four electrons Sable in orbits Gules": the arms of George Georgiou.
* A methane molecule: in the arms of Hoerskool Secunda.

Letters and numbers

Letters of the (Latin) alphabet rarely appear, and then almost invariably in either one of two "fonts", Latin or "text" letters ("black letter", which it has been blazoned as at least once." [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/resources/Buchanan-Boardman.htm]
* There are rare instances of uncial, as the "M" in the arms of Meaux, Seine et Marne, France.
* A "block letter" M: in the arms of Pope John Paul II.
* A monogram, "MK", appears in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/pol/k/konskie.htm the arms of Konskie, Poland]
** The most common monogram is the chi rho.
** "the monogrammed "OT" of the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 90th Division": the arms of the 357th Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Regt/357th%20Regiment.htm]
* Letters are almost invariably capital, but the arms of Brétigny-sur-Orge, Essonne, France, provide perhaps a unique example of a "lower-case" letter.
** A capital "L" "enjolivée" or "embellished": in the arms of Lagny sur Marne, Seine et Marne, France.
** the capital "K" in the arms of Casacalenda, Italy, has its arms ending in triangles [http://www.araldicacivica.it/comuni/indexc.php?extrac=s&id_comune=3209]
* Letters of the Hebrew alphabet also appear, as in the arms of Brandeis University.
* Greek letters: in the arms of Alexio, Italy and Clark [http://books.google.com/books?id=dTABAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA312&dq=raguly&ei=0nNVSLywIISgiwHyyJWJDA#PRA4-PA965,M1]
* Runes appear in the arms of Nollert. [http://www.heraldik-heraldry.org/waro2/polz.gif]
* Very rarely, typically in North-African contexts, Arabic writing appears.
* An Assyrian ideogramme: in Baron Leon de Meyer's arms. [http://groups.google.com/group/rec.heraldry/msg/da4c1f4a11211a2e]
* Egyptian hieroglyphics: in the arms of Hosni Mubarak [http://americanheraldry.org/forums/showthread.php?t=2588]
* Entire words and phrases, while all but unknown in British heraldry, frequently appear in Spanish and Portuguese.
* Arabic numerals sometimes appear [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/19th%20Infantry%20Regiment.htm] , in addition to the occasional later (and often criticised) appearance of dates.
* A [n] (underlined) Roman numeral: in the arms of Štore, Slovenia. [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc17.html#si-te]

Music

Musical instruments include:-
* harp (as in the Coat of arms of Ireland)
* bagpipes
* bells
**the Liberty Bell: in the arms of the 5th Field Artillery Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/5FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm]
* "an Infantry bugle of 1861": the arms of the 19th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/19th%20Infantry%20Regiment.htm]
* drum (shown as a "field drum") but
** an "ethnic drum": distinguished in the arms of Lyndhurst Primary School in South Africa
* guitar (only occurring as acoustic)
* lyres
* organ pipes
* violin (along with its bow)
** the violin bridge: in the arms of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
* clarinet: in the arms of Chevalier Walter Boekens [http://groups-beta.google.com/group/rec.heraldry/msg/da4c1f4a11211a2e?as_umsgid=ea734afc.0210290528.757eb869@posting.google.com]
* panpipe: in the arms of Hilary Mary Weston
* tuning fork: in the arms of Franklin W. Darroch of Mulmorich might be placed under the same heading.
* treble clef: in the arms of the Hamilton Children's Choir [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=258&ProjectElementID=926]
* Musical notes include
** Minims (half-notes) (in the arms of Iain Millington) [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=63&ProjectElementID=219] and
** Croches (quarter-notes) (in the arms of Baron Toots Thielemans) [http://www.fbrose.be/lpatentes.htm]
* A sharp, flat, and natural: in the arms of Orlando di Lasso. [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/famous/music.htm]
* A specific musical score ("Intermezzo", by Luis A. Calvo): in the arms of Agua de Dios, Colombia. [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_otrassecciones.asp?codigo=1]

ports equipment

Sports equipment includes:
* a bowling jack and bowling woods: the arms of the Cape County Bowling Association, South Africa
* a cycle car: in the arms of the Western Province Cycle-Car Association [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/c-sport.htm]
* golf clubs, as found in the arms of the Hoylake Urban District Council
* a rubber ball: in the arms of Altamira, Brazil [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/br-pa-al.html]
*skis, in the arms of Križevci, Slovenia [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc08.html#si-kz] ;
* and a number of examples of skates.
* Tennis racquets appear in the arms of the South African Railways Recreation Club, Coligny.
* A football ("soccer ball") appears in the arms of Baron M. D'Hooghe. [http://www.fbrose.be/images/dooghe_03.jpg]
* Rugby balls occasionally occur in the arms of South African rugby clubs.
* Rugby goal posts are in the arms of the Collegians Rugby Club, Kroonstad.

Weapons and militaria

There are quite a variety of weapons as charges, including:
* a contact mine: in the arms of the USS Cardinal [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Navy/USSCardinal.htm]
* The trophy is a collection of armor and weapons.
* Bows include the longbow and crossbow and arrows include the birdbolt
**"an arrow tipped with a “Reed” stone head": the arms of Joe Lyn Casey [http://www.geocities.com/arma_za/GG21587.html]
* The cannon (and its balls, including:
** An "ancient cannon": in the arms of Robert B. Mitchell. [http://www.heraldry.ca/arms/m/mitchell.htm]
** A "projectile": in the arms of the 131st Signal Battalion, [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Sig/131st%20Signal%20Battalion.htm]
** A "75 mm projectile": in the arms of the 26th Field Artillery Regiment, of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/26FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm] ) make some later appearances.
* A "broken howitzer": in the arms of the 13th Field Artillery Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/13FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm]
* The Polynesian war club: in the arms of the 131st Armor Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Armored/131ArmorRegiment.htm]
* A tomahawk: in the arms of the Special Troops Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/STB/Stb2InfantryDivision.htm]
* The dirk makes frequent appearances in Scottish heraldry.
* The grenade has an appearance similar to a cannonball with flames coming out of a flattened end.
* lance
** and the "Polish lance" born by Davout [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/napoleon.htm#victory_princes]
* The mace appears as a weapon in addition to its appearance as a symbol of authority.
* the sword constantly appears, though it should be noted that the description of the tincture applies to its blade, the hilt and pommel sometimes differing.
** suriks: in the arms of East Timor
** "an infantry officer's sword": the arms of William Livesay Beverley Heath [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=414&ProjectElementID=1463]
* Weapons of later times (or the effects of such weapons) also appear, such as:-
** the musket: in the arms of Hocklin [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossm.htm]
** A field gun: in the arms of John Ballingal Wilkes [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=101&ProjectElementID=396]
*** A "Mexican field gun" is distinguished in the arms of the 2d Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Cav/2CavalryRegiment.htm]
** A machine gun on a Vavasseur mounting: in the arms of Josiah Vavasseur, Esq..
* A "stand of grape" : in the arms of the 1st Field Artillery Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/1FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm]
* Atomic cloud: in the arms of the 509th Bomb Wing of the United States Air Force, which dropped the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki .
* intercontinental ballistic missile: the arms of Randal Carr.
* The slingshot, appropriately, figures in the arms of the French family of David.
* Military medals and decorations sometimes occur as charges:
** The croix de la Légion d’honneur: on the arms of Belfort, in Territoire de Belfort, France.
** The medallion in the arms of Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso, Brazil showing the head of Marshal Cándido Rondón, [http://www.rondonopolis.mt.gov.br/view_conteudo.php?id=864] may be reduced to this heading.
* The helmet of Athene Promachos: in the arms of George Francis Gilman Stanley.

Clothing and other personal items

* Buckles occur not infrequently, including the stylized "boucle d'Oise". The arms of Peter Greenhill are an example of buckles with double tongues
**a buckle "in the form of a heart" appears in the arms of Forbes of Pitsligo [Balfour Paul, p.41]
* A piece of calico: in the arms of the Accrington Borough Council. [http://www.civicheraldry.co.uk/lancs_ob.html#accrington%20bc]
* A cane: in the arms of Odouze.
* Combs
* A bobbin features in the arms of Romilly sur Seine, Aube, France.
* Spectacles rarely occur.
* The "maunch" is a lady's sleeve; it is shown in a highly stylized form.
* A bishop's mitre also not infrequently occurs as a charge; the "simple mitre" has been distinguished on at least one occasion. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=44&ProjectElementID=132]
* shoes
** including a kind of native Mexican shoe called "esdaques". [http://home.pacbell.net/nelsnfam/mexico.htm]
* spurs.

Furniture

* The bearded man in the arms of the Red Baron sat in an armchair.
* In 1696 a French edict compelled anyone with arms to register those arms and pay a tax to do so; those who did not cooperate had unflattering charges, such as chamber pots forced upon them. [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/frherald.htm]
* a scamnum: in the arms of the British Orthopaedic Association

Dishes

* A "Grecian bowl": in the arms of the South African Ceramic Society.
* Olympic bowl [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/1-offg2.htm]
* A "bowl of Hygeia": in the arms of the South African Pharmacy Council.
* The coffeepot appears in the arms of Caffin de Mérouville.
* There is at least one instance of a "Khoi clay pot"
* an "iron-age pot" appears in the arms of the Natal Museum
* From ancient times, we have the amphora, and it is joined by the more nondescript vase, and particular types of vases, such as the "jar" and perfume vase.
** The "japanned vase": in the arms of the Torfaen County Borough Council.
** The vaška situla [http://www.narmuz-lj.si/ang/trg/sle/situla.htm] : in the arms of Litije, Slovenia [http://www.heraldica.si/arms/l/litija.htm]
** A specific vase is Kolyvan's "Queen of Vases": in the arms of Altai Krai.
** An oil jar: the arms of Daniel N. DiNardo, Archbishop of Galveston-Houston [http://www.diogh.org/bishops_dinardo_coat.htm]

Games

* Chess rooks, as a charge, have a very different appearance from the rooks with which one might be familiar, ending in two outward-splayed "horns".
** "Double chess rooks" appear in the arms of de Zuylen van Nyevelt.
** The arms of the 3rd Military Intelligence Battalion of the United States Army contain "a chess-piece with a griffin's head". [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MI/3MilitaryIntelligenceBattalion.htm]
** pawns: in the arms of Petrus Frederik Bouwer

Food and its preparation

* Cheeses appear in the arms of Ainkäs and of Kässpair.
* There are numerous instances of the cornucopia.
* Four "culinary whisks" appear in the arms of Linda Mary Alice Thom. [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=178&ProjectElementID=650]
* grape press: in the arms of Zavrč, Slovenia. [http://zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr/descr/si-obc19.html#si-za]
* The barrel almost invariably occurs in the form of, and is described as, a "tun".
* There are baskets of several types, including the "egg basket, three quarters filled with duck eggs" in the arms of Pieter Goede.
* A salt bucket: the arms of Sulz, Aargau, Switzerland
* A mound of salt: the arms of Araruama, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-rj-ar.html]
* salt cellar or "sprinkling salt": in the arms of the Salters' Company. [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglosss.htm#Salt%20cellar]
* "a representation of a Charles Fawcett Manufacturing Company Charm Oak stove": the arms of the Fawcett Family Foundation [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=143&ProjectElementID=520]

Architecture

* The column sometimes appears, and there is at least one example of a Corinthian column.
** A "broken classic column" appears in the arms of the 501st Support Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Spt/501stSupportBattalion.htm]
* The arch of Trajan at Batna [http://www.chez.com/batna/] , Algeria, blazoned as "l'arc de triomphe du lieu," appears in the colonial arms of Batna.
* Roofing tiles appear in the arms of the Freguesia de Meirinhas in Pombas, Portugal. [http://www.fisicohomepage.hpg.ig.com.br/pbl-meirinhas.htm]
* The stairs in the arms of Kandersteg, Bern canton, Switzerland, are depicted in a way that is perhaps counterintuitive. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/zwi/k/kanderst.htm]
* monuments include
**"the USS Arizona Memorial in Pearl Harbor", of which there is a "stylized rendition" in the arms of the USS Pearl Harbor [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Navy/USSPearlHarbor.htm]
** The Battle of Baltimore monument: the arms of the 229th Support Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Spt/229SupportBattalion.htm]
** The "Airlift Monument": the arms of the 759th Military Police Battalion [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MP/759th%20Military%20Police%20Battalion.htm]
** "a silhouette of the Voortrekker Monument": the arms of Laerskool Monument
** the "Paardekraal Monument": the arms of Krugersdorp
** the "Monumento di Mentana": the arms of Mentana, Italy
** the United States Marine Corps War Memorial: the arms of the USS Iwo Jima [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Navy/USSIwoJima.htm]
* the ruins of Great Zimbabwe, in the arms of Zimbabwe.

Relics and religious objects

* altar
* The Holy Ark [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=559&ProjectElementID=1963]
* There are occasional appearances of the Catherine wheel.
* A reliquary: in the arms of La Vraie Croix, Morbihan, France. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/v/vraiecro.htm]
* A rosary: in the arms of Rio Pardo, Rio Grande, Brazil [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-rs-rp.html]

Others

* "balls of twine": the arms of the Divisional Council of Dias, South Africa [http://www.geocities.com/heraldrysa/1-mung2.htm]
* The Bowen knot, a continuous loop of rope
* The chief of the arms of Longhi is charged with the "marque du maison": <||
* The candle occurs as a charge
* candle-holder: the arms of Josh R.M. Kyle show a candle-holder with three branches.
* A coin appears in the arms of Quarteira, in Portugal.
* There is an interlacing in the arms of Ploerdut, Morbihan, France. [http://www.ngw.nl/int/fra/p/ploerdut.htm]
* A stick of dynamite: in the arms of the Special Troops Battalion, 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/STB/STB2Brigade10MountainDivision.htm]
* fishhook: in the arms of the 5th Air Defense Artillery Regiment of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/ADA/5AirDefenseArtilleryRegiment.htm]
* Flags of various kinds occasionally appear as charges.
** The arms of the 12th Field Artillery Regiment of the United States Army show an Aztec banner. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/12FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm]
* "the Green Bay city logo": the arms of the USS Green Bay [http://americanheraldry.org/forums/showthread.php?t=2045#post35573]
* In addition to inanimate objects (as well as plants and animals) being "inflamed", the flame itself is used as a charge, and there are some examples of
**the fire or
**"logfire"
* A "splice of three wires": in the arms of the 58th Signal Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Sig/58SignalBattalion.htm]
* An "X-frame": in the arms of the 29th Signal Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Sig/29th%20Signal%20Battalion.htm]
* The "badge of the VIII Corps (2d Division, 2d Brigade...) in the War with Spain" appears in the arms of the U.S. 18th Infantry Regiment.
* Books constantly occur, most frequently in the arms of colleges and universities, though the Gospel and Bible are sometimes distinguished.
** the book in the arms of Gregory John McGroarty is stated to represent the psalter of St. Columbkille [http://www.nli.ie/Arms26.htm]
** A "bookcase replenished with books": appeared in the arms of the Haitian nobleman the Baron de Sévelinge. [http://college-of-arms.gov.uk/Newsletter/001.htm]
* a "stylized representation of the Rosetta stone": the arms of the 341st Military Intelligence Battalion of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MI/341MilitaryIntelligenceBattalion.htm]
* The arms of Loé show a box.
** A "winged packing box" appears in the arms of the 315th Troop Carrier Group. [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/korean_war/usaf_organizations_korea/troop_carrier.html]
* " [T] he insignia of the Siberian American Expeditionary Force": the arms of the 27th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Inf/27th%20Infantry%20Regiment.htm]
* "the insignia of branch": the arms of the Finance Corps of the United States Army [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Branches/Finance.htm]
* Instances of statuary is the bust of Pedro IV in the arms of Municipal de Horta in Portugal, and the "Statue of Liberty" ("Liberty Enlightening the World") in the arms of the 48th Fighter Wing of the United States Air Force, [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/rso/wings_groups_pages/0048fw.php] and the torch from the statue in the arms of the USS Porter [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Navy/USSPorter.htm]
* " [T] wo strakes of the Pewterer's Company" appear in the arms of Clive Alexander. [http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/resources/clivealexander.htm]
* The arms of the 421st Medical Battalion of the United States Army contain a "stretcher". [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MedVet/421st%20Medical%20Battalion.htm]
* Niels Bohr bore "Argent a t'ai chi gules and azure." [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/famous/science.htm]
* The telegraph at Chappe features in the arms of Saint Martin du Tertre, Val d'Oise, France.
* the Vergina Sun in the arms of Alexander John Roman [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?ProjectID=225&ProjectElementID=804]
* Nails occur in several forms, but are the type without modern heads.
* A painter's palette and paintbrushes: in the arms of Barbizon, France.
* The pen is shown as a quill pen;
** ink bottles [http://www.cundinamarca.gov.co/cundinamarca/municipios/frm_municipios.asp?opcion=detalle_seccion&codseccion=731]
*** with ink occur in the arms of Velike Lašče, Slovenia
* The "perron": in [http://www.ngw.nl/int/bel/d/dilsenst.htm the arms of Dilsen-Stokkem, Limburg, Belgium] .
* The porca de Murça: in the arms of the Murça, Portugal.
* Pyrotechnic projectors: in the arms of the 305th Military Intelligence Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/MI/305MilitaryIntelligenceBattalion.htm]
* A radio tower: in the arms of the 17th Signal Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Sig/17thSignalBattalion.htm]
* A radome: in the arms of the 20th Air Division of the United States Air Force. [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/rso/airdivision_pages/0020ad.php]
* The bundle of rods is occasionally termed a "faggot".
* the seal of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate: in the arms of the Bishop Edward Gabriel Risi of the Suffragan Diocese of the Province of Bloemfontein - Republic of South Africa [http://www.catholic-keimoes.org.za/general/bishop.htm]
* A smoke ring appears in the arms of the 485th Chemical Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Chem/485ChemicalBattalion.htm]
* Maps or outlines of a particular municipality, country or continent have shown Africa, [http://www.ngw.nl/int/afr/cf-nat.htm] China, Cameroun, the town of Ecoporanga, Espírito Santo, Brazil [http://www.fotw.net/flags/br-es-ec.html] , the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso [http://www.aparecidadotaboado.ms.gov.br/?page=Simbolos] and the country itself (as originally divided by the Pope between Spain and Portugal) and Korea. [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/korean_war/usaf_organizations_korea/other_organizations.html]
* The Trojan horse figures as a charge in the arms of the 18th Psychological Operations Battalion of the United States Army. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/PsyOps/18th%20Psychological%20Operations%20Battalion.htm]
* the "yard-measure" [http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossy.htm#Yard%20measure]
* Aboriginal artifacts are common in North American, especially Canadian, heraldry.
** The arms of Nunavut territory feature a "qulliq" (stone lamp), an inukshuk, and an igloo.
** There is a band of wampum in the arms of New Brunswick and in those of M. L. Jocelyn Jobin-Holmes.
* ermine spots.
* crosier
* lamps;
** the oil lamp is distinguished on at least one occasion [http://www.armorial-register.com/arms-es/blevens-rs-arms.html]
* portcullis
* speaking trumpets [http://www.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=68&ProjectElementID=237]

Miscellaneous details of blazon

The charges are either in one or more of the tinctures, or "umbrated", supposedly represented as a shadow, though the representation is closest to an outline alone (an example of similar terminology applied to the "shadows" of a charge are the arms of Risoul, Hautes Alpes, France). Even though it can be argued that it is not strictly accurate, charges consisting of an outline of a particular tincture (where a blazon as "voided" would not be appropriate) have been blazoned as "umbreated" of such-and-such a tincture. This is to be distinguished from "a silhouette of [a charge then named] " (see examples above). [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Fin/15FinanceBattalion.htm] [http://www.governo.rj.gov.br/novoportal/brasaohinos.asp#05]

When a charge is said to be "sans" something, that part is missing; this is most commonly used in the case of animals missing some body part. [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Armored/37th%20Armor.htm]

A charge is said to be "throughout" when it is shown as touching the edges of the shield when this is not its default position.

Some charges can be "diminished"; that is, shown smaller than their default size.

The many examples of charges blazoned as "stylized" are practically [http://emblemes.free.fr/provencealpescotedazur/13127.php] confined to the heraldry of the United States Army, but this can be open to criticism because it does not necessarily make their appearance clear. Similarly, there are examples in the heraldry of the United States Air Force of a "caricatured" [http://www.au.af.mil/au/afhra/wwwroot/korean_war/usaf_organizations_korea/tactical_control.html] and "conventionalized" [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/FA/17FieldArtilleryRegiment.htm] charges.

In later times there are rare instances of charges "in perspective" [http://www.afhra.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=10152] : normally perspective is ignored in the treatment of charges.

A charge of rectangular form is said to be "arraswise" when a corner is in front and two sides are visible. [http://onlinedictionary.datasegment.com/word/Arraswise]

Notes

External links

* [http://www.ngw.nl/themas.htm List of heraldic charges (with images)]


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