David Johnston

David Johnston
His Excellency the Right Honourable
David Johnston
Johnston in front of Brubacher House
Crest of the Governor-General of Canada.svg
28th Governor General of Canada
Assumed office
October 1, 2010
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
Preceded by Michaëlle Jean
Personal details
Born June 28, 1941 (1941-06-28) (age 70)
Greater Sudbury, Ontario
Spouse(s) Sharon Johnston
Alma mater Harvard University
University of Cambridge
Queen's University
Profession Academic
Religion Anglicanism

David Lloyd Johnston CC CMM COM CD FRSC(hon) (born June 28, 1941)[1][2] is a Canadian academic, author and statesman who is the current Governor General of Canada, the 28th since Canadian Confederation.

Johnston was born and raised in Ontario, studying there before enrolling at Harvard University and later Cambridge and Queen's Universities. He then went on to work as a professor at various post-secondary institutions in Canada, eventually serving administrative roles as dean of law at the University of Western Ontario, principal of McGill University, and president of the University of Waterloo. At the same time, Johnston involved himself with politics and public service, moderating political debates and chairing commissions in both the federal and provincial spheres, his most renowned position in that field being the chairmanship of the inquiry into the Airbus affair. He was in 2010 appointed as governor general by Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, on the recommendation of Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper, to replace Michaëlle Jean as viceroy.[3] At the time, Johnston was predominantly praised as a worthy choice for the Queen's representative, though his appointment was denounced by some Quebec sovereigntists.

As governor general, Johnston is entitled to be styled His Excellency while in office and The Right Honourable for the duration of his viceregal tenure and life beyond. Given current practice, he will be sworn into the Queen's Privy Council for Canada when his term as the Queen's representative ends.


Early life and education

Johnston was born in Sudbury, Ontario, to Lloyd Johnston, the owner of a hardware store,[4] and Dorothy Stonehouse. He attended Sault Collegiate Institute in nearby Sault Ste. Marie before moving on to Harvard University in 1959,[5][6] earning his Bachelor of Arts degree, magna cum laude, from there in 1963.[1] While at Harvard, under the coaching of Cooney Weiland, Johnston captained the varsity ice hockey team, was twice selected to the All-America team,[7] and met and befriended Erich Segal,[8] the two becoming jogging partners.[5] In 1970, Segal wrote the best-selling novel Love Story, basing a character in the book — Davey, a captain of the hockey team — on Johnston.[4][7]

Johnston later attended the University of Cambridge, obtaining a Bachelor of Laws with honours in 1965, and another with first class honours from Queen's University in 1966.[1] During that period, Johnston married his high school sweetheart,[9] Sharon,[4][10] with whom he has five daughters.[1][4]

Academic career

Johnston has had a long academic career, during which he came to specialise in securities regulation, corporation law, public policy and information technology law.[1] After 1966, he worked for two years as an assistant professor at the Queen's University Faculty of Law and then joined the University of Toronto's law faculty, where he taught until 1974, eventually being promoted to the rank of full professor. Johnston was then appointed as dean of the University of Western Ontario Law School, serving between 1974 and 1979, at which time he was elevated to become the fourteenth Principal and Vice-Chancellor of McGill University. It was during his time in that role that he became acquainted with Pierre and Margaret Trudeau, as the Johnston children played with the Trudeau children when the families were at their respective, adjacent cottages in the Laurentians.[5]

Johnston, then President of the University of Waterloo, introducing Justin Trudeau as a speaker at the university, March, 2006

Johnston stepped down in 1994 as principal of McGill to remain at the university only as a law professor until he was in 1999 installed as the fifth President of the University of Waterloo. At that time, the couple acquired a home in Heidelberg, Ontario,[11] and began operating an adjacent horse training ranch, Chatterbox Farm.[12]

Boards, commissions, and media

Johnston has moderated several televised leaders' debates,[13] the first being between Pierre Trudeau, Joe Clark, and Ed Broadbent, prior to the 1979 federal election, and he returned five years later to play the same role before the election of 1984, in a debate featuring Brian Mulroney, John Turner, and Broadbent. He also moderated the provincial leaders' debate featuring David Peterson, Bob Rae, and Larry Grossman, in the run up to the Ontario general election in 1987.[14] Johnston has also acted as moderator of two public affairs panel discussion programmes, The Editors and The World in Review, which aired in the 1990s on both CBC Newsworld in Canada and PBS in the United States.[13]

Investigations commissioned by both federal and provincial Crowns-in-Council have been chaired by Johnston, starting with the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy in the late 1980s,[15] followed by the National Task Force on High Speed Broadband Access, the Committee on Information Systems for the Environment, the Advisory Committee on Online Learning, Ontario's Infertility and Adoption Review Panel between 2008 and 2009, and other scientific or public policy panels.[16] He also sat on the Ontario government's Task Force on Management of Large Scale Information and Information Technology Projects and an Ontario Ministry of Health panel investigating "smart systems." Johnston further served on various corporate boards of directors, including those of Fairfax Financial Holdings, CGI Group, Dominion Textiles, Southam Incorporated, SPAR Aerospace, Seagram's, and Canada Trust, among others,[16] and on March 22, 2010, was named to the Board of Governors of the Stratford Shakespeare Festival.[17] He is the only non-American citizen to chair the Harvard Board of Overseers.[11]

On November 14, 2007, Johnston was appointed by Governor General Michaëlle Jean, on the advice of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, as an independent adviser and charged with drafting for the Cabinet the terms of reference for the public inquiry, known as the Oliphant Commission, into the Airbus affair.[15] This appointment itself, however, was criticized by the independent citizens' group Democracy Watch as a conflict of interest, given that Johnston had once reported directly to Mulroney during the latter's time as prime minister.[18] Johnston completed his report on January 11, 2008, listing seventeen questions of interest for further investigation.[19] He did not, however, include as a subject the awarding of the Airbus contract, on the basis that this aspect had already been investigated by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, prompting criticism from opposition Members of Parliament and accusations that Johnston had acted as the Prime Minister's man.[20] This intensified after it was later revealed that Mulroney had accepted $300,000 in cash from Karlheinz Schreiber, but Oliphant could not examine any possible link between that payment and Airbus due to the narrow scope of the commission's mandate.[21] Others, though, such as Peter George, then-president of McMaster University,[22] and subsequently the editorial board of The Globe and Mail,[23] as well as Andrew Coyne in Maclean's,[24] defended Johnston, detailing his integrity and independence. Johnston's role as special adviser was parodied by Roger Abbott on the January 11, 2008, airing of Air Farce Live.[25]

For this corporate, government, charitable, and academic work, Johnston was in 1994 appointed to the Order of Canada as an Officer; he was promoted within the order to the rank of Companion in 1997.[26] Johnston also gained a reputation as a non-partisan individual,[4][27] but has expressed explicit support for Canadian federalism, having written a book opposing Quebec separatism, If Quebec Goes: The Real Cost of Separation,[28] He has also published numerous books on law, chapters in other volumes, magazine articles, and aided in writing legislation.[29] and sat as the co-chair of the Montreal No Committee during the 1995 Quebec referendum on independence.[27][28]

Governorship general

Johnston at the University of Waterloo, 2010
Balmoral Castle, where Johnston met with Queen Elizabeth II prior to his installation as governor general

As governor general-designate

On July 8, 2010 the Office of the Prime Minister of Canada announced that Queen Elizabeth II had approved Prime Minister Stephen Harper's recommendation of Johnston to succeed Michaëlle Jean as the Queen's representative. At the time, Harper said of Johnston that he represents "the best of Canada, he represents hard work, dedication, public service and humility. I am confident he will continue to embody these traits in his new role as the Crown representative in Canada."[30][31] Johnston himself said in a press conference that he and his wife had always been dedicated to service and vowed to, while in office, defend Canadian heritage and institutions.[7][32]

A special search committee convened by the Prime Minister recommended Johnston for the viceregal position; the group was headed by Sheila-Marie Cook, secretary to the Governor General,[33] and further consisted of Kevin MacLeod,[7] the Canadian Secretary to the Queen, Usher of the Black Rod of the Senate of Canada, and parliament's top protocol officer; Christopher Manfredi, dean of the Faculty of Arts at McGill University; Rainer Knopff, a political scientist at the University of Calgary; Father Jacques Monet, of the Canadian Institute of Jesuit Studies; and Christopher McCreery, historian and private secretary to the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia.[23][34] The committee conducted extensive national consultations with over 200 people including academics, sitting and retired political leaders of all political persuasions including provincial premiers, current and former political party leaders, former prime ministers and others in order to develop a short list of candidates for the position.[31][33][35] Also on the short list were other distinguished Canadians, including John de Chastelain and John Fraser.[35]

The appointment was widely praised, its announcement garnering positive words from individuals like former University of Toronto president Robert Prichard and columnist Andrew Coyne.[24][36] Opposition Leader Michael Ignatieff stated, "David Johnston’s dedication to learning and innovation... combined with his legal expertise and constitutional knowledge makes him an ideal choice for Governor General."[37] Johnston's university colleagues also noted his conciliatory abilities.[38] Columnists stated that Johnston would be suited to face difficult constitutional choices, given the probability that the Canadian parliament's minority status would continue well after the start of his tenure as viceroy.[39]

The press in Quebec generally focused on Johnston's ties to McGill University and his prominent role during the 1995 Quebec referendum. The president of Quebec's Conseil de la souveraineté, Gérald Larose, declared Johnston to be an "adversary" of Quebec independence and Mario Beaulieu, head of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society, called the nomination of Johnston "partisan" and the governor general-designate himself a "federalist extremist",[28] statements that columnist Richard Martineau, a declared supporter of the Quebec independence movement, criticized for creating a "fake scandal", since any Governor General of Canada would be expected to oppose Quebec independence.[28] In addition, Johnston's low profile was expected to be result in less criticism directed at the governor general's office, compared to his two predecessors.[40]

The Queen issued on September 3, 2010, under the royal sign-manual and Great Seal of Canada, her commission naming Johnston as her next Canadian representative and,[41] three days later, Johnston attended an audience with the Queen during a two day stay at Balmoral Castle. At that time he was invested by the monarch as a Commander of both the Order of Military Merit and Order of Merit of the Police Forces.[42] Johnston then announced to the media that there would be a theme to his installation ceremony: A call to service; he elaborated: "This theme of service echoes that of Her Majesty the Queen's 2010 visit 'Honouring the Canadian Record of Service — Past, Present and Future,' and illustrates how the governor general exemplifies the Canadian value of service to community and country."[39]

As governor general

Johnston's swearing-in took place on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, on October 1, 2010.[43] At his request, the ceremony included Johnston and his wife meeting 143 Canadians (one for each year passed since Confederation), especially from the Canadian Forces and young people,[44] and collecting 26 red and white roses from 13 individuals, one from each of Canada's 10 provinces and 3 territories. On the return coach ride from Parliament Hill to Rideau Hall, the viceregal couple stopped to lay the bouquet at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.[45]

The first weeks of Johnston's tenure focused on the Canadian military: One of the Governor General's first duties was to perform the rare task of revoking the commissioning scrolls of an officer of Her Majesty's Canadian Forces,[46] on October 22, 2010, at the direction of the Chief of the Defence Staff, stripping the recently convicted murderer and rapist Russell Williams of his rank of colonel and releasing him from duty under "service misconduct".[47] Three days later, Johnston launched the Royal Canadian Legion's annual National Poppy Campaign,[48] presented 39 military decorations on November 2,[49] and on November 4 made his first visit to Afghanistan to visit Canadian troops serving there and the Afghan forces they are training.[50]

Johnston undertook his first state visits in February and March, 2011, journeying to Kuwait (to attend its 50th Independence Day) and Qatar (to take part in the celebrations of the fifth anniversary of the accession of Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah).[51] He then, in April of the same year, attended the wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and the reception at Buckingham Palace that followed.[52] In late June, he hosted the couple at various events during their tour of the country.

In keeping with his focus on education, the Governor General visited a number of universities, attending conferences, delivering lectures, and speaking at convocations.[53][54][55] Johnston attracted media attention for his speech to the Canadian Bar Association, at its annual meeting in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on August 14, 2011.[56] His remarks were interpreted as being highly critical of the legal profession and were noted for being unusually controversial for a viceroy; he lamented unnecessary and deliberate legal delays across Canada, the role of unscrupulous American lawyers in the beginning of the global financial crisis, and said the profession was losing the public's trust.[56][57] Colleagues and the editorial board of The Globe and Mail found the Governor General's words to be both unsurprising and welcome.[57][58]

Titles, styles, honours, and arms


Viceregal styles of
David Lloyd Johnston
Crest of the Governor-General of Canada.svg
Reference style His Excellency the Right Honourable
Son Excellence le très honorable
Spoken style Your Excellency
Votre Excellence
Alternative style Sir
  • June 28, 1941 – October 1, 2010: Mister David Lloyd Johnston
  • October 1, 2010 – : His Excellency the Right Honourable David Lloyd Johnston, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Canada

The Governor General's style and title in full is, in English: His Excellency The Right Honourable David Lloyd Johnston, Chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order of Canada, Chancellor and Commander of the Order of Military Merit, Chancellor and Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief in and over Canada, and in French: Son Excellence le très honorable David Lloyd Johnston, chancelier et compagnon principal de l'ordre du Canada, chancelier et commandant de l'ordre du mérite militaire, chancelier et commandant de l'ordre du mérite des forces de police, gouverneur général et commandant en chef du Canada.


Ribbon bars of David Lloyd Johnston
  • Prince Edward Island November 8, 2010: Confederation Centre of the Arts Symons Medal[63]
Foreign honours
  • United States 1988: Member of the Harvard Sports Hall of Fame[64]

Honorary military appointments

Honorary degrees

Honorific eponyms

  • Ontario: David Johnston International Experience Awards[5]
Geographic locations


List of principal works

  • Cases and Materials on Corporate Finance and Securities Law (1967).
  • Computers and Law (1968).
  • Cases and Materials on Company Law (1969).
  • Cases and Materials on Securities Law (1971).
  • Business Associations (1979).
  • Canadian Companies and the Stock Exchange (1980).
  • Canadian Securities Regulation (1982, 2003, 2006).
  • Partnerships and Canadian Business Corporations, Vols. 1 and 2 (1983, 1989, 1992).
  • If Quebec Goes ... The Real Cost of Separation (1995).
  • Getting Canada On-line: Understanding the Information Highway (1995).
  • Cyberlaw (1997).
  • Communications in Law in Canada (2000).
  • Halsbury's Law of Canada (2007).


  1. ^ a b c d e Johnston, David (December 2008), Curriculum Vitae, University of Waterloo, p. 1 
  2. ^ Redmond, Chris, ed (June 28, 2006). "The first day of the rest of your life". Daily Bulletin (Waterloo: University of Waterloo). http://www.bulletin.uwaterloo.ca/2006/jun/28we.html. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
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  6. ^ The International Who's Who 2004. Europa Publications. p. 826. ISBN 9781857435108. 
  7. ^ a b c d Galloway, Gloria; Ibbitson, John (July 8, 2010), "Next governor-general unveiled", The Globe and Mail, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/ottawa-notebook/next-governor-general-unveiled/article1632781/, retrieved July 10, 2010 
  8. ^ Brennan, Richard J. (July 8, 2010), "Academic, athletic David Johnston next Gov. Gen.", Toronto Star, http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/833556--academic-athletic-david-johnston-next-gov-gen, retrieved July 9, 2010 
  9. ^ a b "David Johnston: Lawyer, academic, Canada's next GG". CBC. July 8, 2010. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2010/07/08/f-governor-general-david-johnston-profile.html. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  10. ^ "David Johnston named UW president" (Press release). University of Waterloo. October 7, 1998. http://newsrelease.uwaterloo.ca/news.php?id=1068. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Lee Myers assumes Chair of Festival's Board of Governors, Stratford Shakespeare Festival, March 22, 2010, p. 2, http://www.stratfordfestival.ca/uploadedfiles/stratford/media/2010_press_releases/pressreleaseboardchair2010.pdf?n=1408, retrieved August 6, 2010 
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  17. ^ Stratford Shakespeare Festival 2010, p. 1
  18. ^ "Harper's relationship with Mulroney to be reviewed - again". CanWest. July 27, 2008. http://www.canada.com/topics/news/story.html?id=96feaae8-bdb9-4690-860d-c68565f2cf0d. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Mulroney-Schreiber report won’t show us the money, critics say". Globe & Mail. May 3, 2010. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/mulroney-schreiber-report-wont-show-us-the-money-critics-say/article1586065/. Retrieved July 9, 2010. 
  20. ^ Whittington, Les; Brennan, Richard (January 12, 2008), "Vague Mulroney probe angers MPs", Toronto Star, http://www.thestar.com/News/Canada/article/293377, retrieved July 9, 2010 
  21. ^ Travers, James (June 3, 2010), "Mulroney inquiry link could hinder GG contender David Johnston's hopes", Toronto Star, http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/818273--travers-mulroney-inquiry-link-could-hinder-gg-contender-david-johnston-s-hopes, retrieved July 9, 2010 
  22. ^ Ibbitson, John (June 29, 2010), "University of Waterloo president may have the viceregal touch", The Globe and Mail, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/john-ibbitson/university-of-waterloo-president-may-have-the-viceregal-touch/article1623663/, retrieved July 9, 2010 
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  24. ^ a b Coyne, Andrew (July 8, 2010). "The Best of Canada Indeed". Maclean's (Toronto: Rogers Communications) (July 2010). ISSN 0024-9262. http://www2.macleans.ca/2010/07/08/the-best-of-canada-indeed/. Retrieved August 3, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Episode 15-10". Royal Canadian Air Farce. CBC, Toronto. January 11, 2008. No. 10, season 15.
  26. ^ a b Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Canadian Honours Search Page". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved June 25, 2010
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  28. ^ a b c d Anderson, Kalli (July 15, 2010), "'Federalist extremist' heads for Rideau Hall", The Globe and Mail, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/federalist-extremist-heads-for-rideau-hall/article1640968/, retrieved August 3, 2010 
  29. ^ Johnston 2008, pp. 2–6
  30. ^ Brennan, Richard J. (July 8, 2010), "Academic David Johnston Canada's next Gov. Gen.", Toronto Star, http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/833556--academic-david-johnston-canada-s-next-gov-gen?bn=1, retrieved July 11, 2010 
  31. ^ a b Office of the Prime Minister of Canada (July 8, 2010). "PM welcomes appointment of David Johnston as Governor General Designate (Media Release)". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?category=1&id=3536&featureId=6&pageId=26. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Incoming governor general proud to serve Canadians". CTV. July 8, 2010. http://www.ctvbc.ctv.ca/servlet/an/local/CTVNews/20100708/new-gg-david-johnston-100708/20100708?hub=BritishColumbiaHome. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  33. ^ a b Office of the Prime Minister of Canada (12 July 2010). "Governor General Consultation Committee". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://news.gc.ca/web/article-eng.do?m=/index&nid=546739. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  34. ^ Curry, Bill (11 July 2010), "Selection panel ordered to find non-partisan governor-general: PMO", The Globe and Mail, http://m.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/selection-panel-ordered-to-find-non-partisan-governor-general-pmo/article1636004/?service=mobile, retrieved 11 July 2010 
  35. ^ a b "David Johnston: a worthy viceroy". Globe and Mail. July 9, 2010. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/opinions/editorials/david-johnston-a-worthy-viceroy/article1633550/. 
  36. ^ Ibbitson, John; Curry, Bill; Taber, Jane; Church, Elizabeth (July 8, 2010), "Legal scholar, creative administrator – and he's good in the corners", The Globe and Mail, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/legal-scholar-creative-administrator-and-hes-good-in-the-corners/article1633695/, retrieved August 3, 2010 
  37. ^ "Statement from Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff on Governor General Designate David Johnston" (Press release). Liberal Party of Canada. July 8, 2010. http://www.liberal.ca/en/newsroom/media-releases/18478_statement-from-liberal-leader-michael-ignatieff-on-governor-general-designate-david-johnston. Retrieved August 3, 2010. 
  38. ^ Wattie, Chris (September 30, 2010). "Incoming GG David Johnston 'brings people together'". CTV. http://ottawa.ctv.ca/servlet/an/local/CTVNews/20100930/gg-profile-100930/20100930/?hub=OttawaHome. Retrieved October 3, 2010. 
  39. ^ a b Kennedy, Mark (September 28, 2010), "A constitutional crisis likely looms for Canada's next governor general", Vancouver Sun, http://www.vancouversun.com/news/constitutional+crisis+likely+looms+Canada+next+governor+general/3592493/story.html, retrieved September 30, 2010 
  40. ^ Kastner, John (July 10, 2010). "While not popularly known, Johnston has what it takes". IFP. http://www.lfpress.com/comment/editorial/2010/07/09/14664331.html. Retrieved July 7, 2011. 
  41. ^ Elizabeth II (September 3, 2010), Proclamation Announcing the Appointment of the Governor General, , Canada Gazette (Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada) 144 (1), http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p1/2010/2010-10-01-x1/html/extra1-eng.html, retrieved October 1, 2010 
  42. ^ a b c "GG-designate visits Queen". CBC. September 5, 2010. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2010/09/05/gg-designate-meets-queen.html. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  43. ^ "GG David Johnston officially sworn in". CBC. October 1, 2010. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2010/10/01/governor-general-david-johnston-ceremony.html. Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  44. ^ Mercer, Greg (September 28, 2010), "David Johnston plans symbolic swearing in as Governor General", The Record, http://news.therecord.com/article/783398, retrieved November 4, 2010 
  45. ^ Mercer, Greg (October 2, 2010), "Let the barn-raising begin: Johnston begins new role as Governor General", The Record, http://news.therecord.com/article/785716, retrieved November 4, 2010 
  46. ^ Chase, Steven (October 22, 2010), "Gov.-Gen. strips convicted murderer Russell Williams of his rank", The Globe and Mail, http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/ottawa-notebook/gov-gen-strips-convicted-murderer-russell-williams-of-his-rank/article1769185/, retrieved November 5, 2010 
  47. ^ Publiese, David (October 22, 2010), "Governor General revokes Russell Williams' military commission and approves his release from the Canadian Forces", Ottawa Citizen, http://communities.canada.com/ottawacitizen/blogs/defencewatch/archive/2010/10/22/governor-general-revokes-russell-williams-military-commission-and-approves-his-release-from-the-canadian-forces.aspx, retrieved November 4, 2010 
  48. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (October 22, 2010). "Governor General to receive symbolic first poppy of the 2010 National Poppy Campaign". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=13906. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  49. ^ Office of the Governor General (October 29, 2010). "Governor General to Present 39 Military Decorations". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=13917. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  50. ^ Office of the Governor General (November 4, 2010). "Visit to Afghanistan". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=13924. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  51. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Visit to Kuwait and Qatar". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14041. Retrieved March 25, 2011. 
  52. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (April 26, 2011). "Governor General to Attend the Wedding of His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales and Miss Catherine Middleton". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14088. Retrieved April 27, 2011. 
  53. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (September 2, 2011). "Governor General to Address New Students at Carleton University". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14207. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  54. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (September 13, 2011). "Address to the University of Saskatchewan". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14226. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  55. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (March 24, 2011). "McGill Institute for the Study of Canada's 2011 Conference, Canada and the United States: Conversations & Relations". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14063. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  56. ^ a b Office of the Governor General of Canada (August 14, 2011). "Canadian Bar Association's Canadian Legal Conference—The Legal Profession in a Smart and Caring Nation: A Vision for 2017". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14195. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  57. ^ a b Taber, Jane (August 15, 2011). "Governor-General David Johnston takes legal profession to task". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/governor-general-david-johnston-takes-legal-profession-to-task/article2130633/. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  58. ^ "David Johnston's welcome words to lawyers". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). August 17, 2011. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/opinions/editorials/david-johnstons-welcome-words-to-lawyers/article2132725/. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
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  60. ^ Teahen, Kelley (October 25, 2010). "Johnston renews his Waterloo ties". Daily Bulletin. University of Waterloo. http://www.bulletin.uwaterloo.ca/2010/oct/25mo.html. Retrieved October 28, 2010. 
  61. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (November 25, 2010). "Governor General to be Inducted as Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=13950. Retrieved November 28, 2010. 
  62. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Role and Responsibilities > Commander-in-Chief". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=45. Retrieved November 2, 2010. 
  63. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Governor General to Undertake Official Visits to Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=13925. Retrieved November 9, 2010. 
  64. ^ a b Johnston 2008, p. 6
  65. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (October 20, 2010). "Honorary Degree from University of Waterloo". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=13904. Retrieved October 23, 2010. 
  66. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (June 9, 2011). "Governor General to Receive Honorary Doctorate from the University of Ottawa". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14139. Retrieved June 10, 2011. 
  67. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (August 29, 2011). "The Governor General of Canada to Receive Honorary Doctorate from Mount Allison University". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14205. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  68. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada (October 18, 2011). "Governor General to Attend Events at University of Manitoba". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=14274. Retrieved October 26, 2011. 
  69. ^ "David Lloyd Johnston, Ottawa, Ontario: Grant of Arms and Supporters". The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada. Canadian Heraldic Authority. 2010. http://archive.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=2033&ProjectElementID=7104. Retrieved October 1, 2010. 
  70. ^ Office of the Governor General. "The Governor General > Governor General David Johnston > Coat of Arms". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/document.aspx?id=13889&lan=eng. Retrieved October 1, 2010. 

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Academic offices
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Robert Edward Bell
Principal and Vice Chancellor of McGill University
Succeeded by
Bernard Shapiro
Preceded by
James Downey
President of the University of Waterloo
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Feridun Hamdullahpur
Government offices
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Michaëlle Jean
Governor General of Canada
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