Patriarch Meletius I Pegas


Patriarch Meletius I Pegas
Meletius I Pegas
Greek Patriarch of Alexandria
Church Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria
Enthroned August 1590
Reign ended 12 September 1601
Predecessor Silvester
Successor Cyril III
Other posts locum tenens (1597–1598) of the Ecumenical Patriarchate
Personal details
Born 1549
Candia, Crete
Died 12 September 1601
Alexandria
Sainthood
Venerated in Eastern Orthodox Church

Meletius I Pegas (Greek: Μελέτιος Πηγάς) served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1590 and 1601. Simultaneously from 1597 to 1598 he served also as locum tenens of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. He is honoured as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church.[1]

Life

Meletius was born in Candia (Heraklion) in the island of Crete, at the time capital of the Venetian Kingdom of Candia in 1549,[2] and he studied classical philology, philosophy and medicine in Padua. He became protosyncellus of the Patriarch of Alexandria Silvester, at whose death he succeeded on 5 August 1590.[3]

Even if he supported the doctrine of transubstantiation, he was a fierce opponent of the Catholic Church, and worked for the reunion of the Greek Church with the Coptic Church. In 1593 he participated in a synod in Constantinople which confirmed the establishment of the Patriarchate of Moscow.[1]

Without resigning as Patriarch of Alexandria, he served as locum tenens of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople between December 1596 and February 1597, and from end March 1597 to March or April 1598, when he resigned to go on dealing only with his Egyptian see.[2]

He died in Alexandria on 12 September 1601.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b "Meletios Pigas (1590–1601)". Official web site of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. http://www.patriarchateofalexandria.com/index.php?module=content&cid=001003&id=172&lang=en. Retrieved 07 Sept 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. p. 38,46. ISBN 9781434458766. 
  3. ^ "Μελέτιος Α´ ὁ Πηγᾶς". Ecumenical Patriarchate. http://www.ec-patr.org/list/index.php?lang=gr&id=196. Retrieved 07 Sept 2011. (Greek)

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