- National Council for the Defense of Democracy
The National Council for the Defense of Democracy–Forces for the Defense of Democracy (French: Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie–Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie, NCDD–FDD) was the most significant rebel group active in the Burundi Civil War and became a major political party in Burundi. The NCDD was the political wing of the organization, while the FDD was the military wing. It was founded in 1994, a year after the assassination of Hutu President Melchior Ndadaye. The political wing was dominated by Hutu intellectuals from the southern region of Bururi led by Leonard Nyangoma, while the fighting wing was composed of troops drawn from throughout the country, which led to a split in the group in 2001.
The rebel group was often referred to simply as Forces for the Defense of Democracy (FDD). In 2001, the CNDD–FDD consisted of about 15,000 rebels led by Jean-Bosco Ndayikengurukiye. However a schism in October 2001 led to the overthrow of Ndayikengurukiye by Pierre Nkurunziza. The Nkurunziza-led faction, consisting of 10,000 to 12,000 troops signed a ceasefire with the government in December 2002, but continued fighting. The faction led by Ndayikengurukiye became the lesser of the two with about 5,000 fighters. It also signed a ceasefire with the government in October 2002 to which it has roughly held.
At an official ceremony in January 2005, the group registered as a legal political party. In largely peaceful parliamentary elections on 4 July 2005, the CNDD won an estimated 60 to 80 percent of the vote, making it likely that a CNDD representative would be chosen president in August. Pierre Nkurunziza indeed was elected President of Burundi unopposed on August 19. At the legislative elections, the party won 57.8 % and 64 out of 118 seats.
Armed groups in the First and Second Congo Wars National armiesPro-governmentAnti-government Militias and
rebel groupsRwanda-alignedAlliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (AFDL, Rwanda-Uganda backed alliance) • Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD) • RCD–Goma • Banyamulenge (ethnic Tutsis in South Kivu) • RCD-Congo (faction of RCD-Goma created in 2002)Uganda-alignedMovement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC, created in 1998) • RCD-Kisangani/Mouvement de Libération (RCD-K/ML or "RCD-Wamba", created 1999) • RCD-National (RCD-N, split from RCD-K/ML) • Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC) • Front de Libération du Congo (FLC, formed from the MLC, RCD-N and RCD-ML from 2000 to 2001)Anti-government,
otherAnti-RwandaAnti-UgandaAnti-BurundiNational Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD) • National Liberation Front (FLN/FROLINA)Government-aligned,
United NationsAlliances sometimes changed dramatically over the course of the wars. Some groups may be associated with multiple, ostensibly opposed factions. Political parties in Burundi National Council for the Defense of Democracy - National Council for the Defense of Democracy–Forces for the Defense of Democracy - Front for Democracy in Burundi - Movement for the Rehabilitation of Citizens–Rurenzangemero - Party for National Recovery - Union for National Progress
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy — The National Council for the Defense of Democracy ndash;Forces for the Defense of Democracy (French: Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie ndash;Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie , NCDD ndash;FDD) was the most significant rebel… … Wikipedia
National Movement for the Development of Society — National Movement for the Society of Development Nassara Mouvement National pour la Société du Développement Nassara Seyni Oumarou (President) Albadé Abouba (Secretary General) … Wikipedia
National Council — may refer to: Contents 1 Conservation 2 Economics 3 Education 4 Politics 4.1 Legislative … Wikipedia
National Movement for Stability and Progress — Национално движение за стабилност и възход Leader Hristina Hristova Founded April 2001 … Wikipedia
National Front for Salvation of Bulgaria — Национален фронт за спасение на България Leader Valeri Simeonov, Valentin Kasabov, Dancho Hadzhiev Founded May 17, 2011 Headquarters Burgas, Bulgaria … Wikipedia
National Council of Resistance of Iran — National Council of Resistance شورای ملی مقاومت ایران (Shoraye Melli e Moghavemat e Iran) Type Type Unicameral Leadership … Wikipedia
National Organization for Women — Founder(s) 28 men and women, including Betty Friedan, Pauli Murray, and Shirley Chisholm Type 501(c)(3) Founded 1 … Wikipedia
Council for National Security — This article is about the military overthrow of the elected civilian government of Thailand in the 2006 Thai coup d état. For information on the civilian government appointed by the junta, see Thailand 2006 interim civilian government. The… … Wikipedia
Movement for the Rehabilitation of Citizens — The Movement for the Rehabilitation of Citizens–Rurenzangemero (French: Mouvement pour la Réhabilitation du Citoyen–Rurenzangemero, MRC–Rurenzangemero) is a political party in Burundi. Formed in 2002, the party is led by Epitace Bayaganakandi and … Wikipedia
Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda — Hutu militants Rwandan Genocide (1994) Impuzamugambi Interahamwe Rwandan Armed Forces Refugee crisis RDR (1995–1996) 1st and 2nd Congo War … Wikipedia