- Richard Lugar
Richard Lugar United States Senator
Incumbent Assumed office
January 3, 1977
Serving with Dan Coats
Preceded by Vance Hartke Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations In office
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by Charles Percy Succeeded by Claiborne Pell In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Joseph Biden Succeeded by Joseph Biden Chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture In office
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Patrick Leahy Succeeded by Tom Harkin In office
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Preceded by Tom Harkin Succeeded by Tom Harkin 44th Mayor of Indianapolis In office
January 1, 1968 – January 1, 1976
Preceded by John J. Barton Succeeded by William H. Hudnut III Personal details Born April 4, 1932
Political party Republican Spouse(s) Charlene Smeltzer Lugar Residence Indianapolis, Indiana Alma mater Denison University (B.A.)
Profession manufacturing executive Religion Methodist Signature Website Senator Richard Lugar Military service Service/branch United States Navy Years of service 1957–1960
Richard Green "Dick" Lugar (born April 4, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Indiana and a member of the Republican Party. First elected to the Senate in 1977, he is the ranking member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations and was its chairman from 1985 to 1987 and 2003 to 2007. Much of Lugar's work in the Senate is toward the dismantling of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons around the world. Before his election to the United States Senate, Lugar served as mayor of Indianapolis, Indiana.
Lugar is currently the third most senior senator and the most senior Republican member of the Senate, putting him in place to be elected President pro tempore of the Senate should Republicans gain control of the body. However, Orrin Hatch disputes this claim based on a different interpretation of the Republican Conference's seniority rules.
- 1 Early life, education, and early career
- 2 Early political career
- 3 U.S. Senate
- 4 Political positions and votes
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 Personal life
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early life, education, and early career
Lugar was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, to Bertha Green and Marvin Lugar. He attended the public schools of Indianapolis. During this time he attained the Boy Scouts' highest rank: Eagle Scout. Later, he became a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America. He graduated first in his class at Shortridge High School in 1950 and from Denison University in 1954 where he was a member of Beta Theta Pi. He went on to attend Pembroke College, Oxford, England, as a Rhodes Scholar, and received a degree in 1956. He served in the United States Navy from 1957 to 1960; one of his assignments was as an intelligence briefer for Admiral Arleigh Burke.
Lugar manages his family's 604-acre (2.4 km²) Marion County corn, soybean and tree farm. Before entering public life, he helped his brother Tom manage the family's food machinery manufacturing business in Indianapolis.
Early political career
Lugar served on the Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners from 1964 to 1967. At the age of 35, he was elected mayor of Indianapolis in 1967 and began serving the first of two mayoral terms in 1968. A political cartoon of the time questioned how an Eagle Scout could survive in the world of politics. He is closely associated with the adoption of Unigov in 1970, which unified the governments of Indianapolis and Marion County. The Unigov plan helped trigger Indianapolis' economic growth and earned Lugar the post of president of the National League of Cities in 1971. In 1972, Lugar was the keynote speaker at the Republican National Convention. During this time he became known as "Richard Nixon's favorite mayor" due to his support for devolving federal powers to local communities.
Lugar unsuccessfully sought election to the U.S. Senate as the Republican nominee in the 1974 U.S. Senate election, losing to incumbent Democrat Birch Bayh. Two years later, he ran again, unseating incumbent Senator Vance Hartke in the 1976 election. Future Governor of Indiana Mitch Daniels served as his chief of staff from 1977 to 1982. During the 1980 Republican National Convention, Lugar was rumored as a potential Vice Presidential nominee for Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan.
Lugar was reelected in 1982, 1988, 1994, in 2000, and in 2006. Lugar served as chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee during the 1984 Senate elections. In 2006, he ran without a Democratic Party challenger and earned over 87% of the vote, and won over three fourths of the votes in every county. In 1994, Lugar became the first Indiana senator to be re-elected to a fourth term. He is currently the third most senior senator.
Lugar ran for the Republican nomination for President in 1996, but his campaign failed to gain traction. His announcement of candidacy speech was made on April 19, 1995, in Indianapolis. He finished fifth in the Republican primaries, with 127,111 votes or 0.83%.
During the August recess of 2005, Lugar and freshman Senator Barack Obama visited Russia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine to inspect nuclear facilities there. He was detained for three hours at an airport in the city of Perm, near the Ural Mountains, where they were scheduled to depart for a meeting with the President and the Speaker of the House of Ukraine. He was released after a brief dialogue between U.S. and Russian officials, and the Russians later apologized for this incident. In January 2007, President Bush signed into law the Lugar-Obama Proliferation and Threat Reduction Initiative which was furthering Lugar's work with Senator Nunn in deactivating weapons in the former Soviet Union. The Lugar-Obama program focuses on terrorists and their use of multiple types of weapons.
In April 2006, Time magazine selected Lugar as one of America's 10 Best Senators.
In the 2006 election, Lugar was opposed by Steve Osborn, the Libertarian candidate. The Democratic Party did not field a candidate – in part because of Lugar's popularity in Indiana – deciding instead to focus on key state and national races. Lugar won the election with 87% of the vote, the highest percentage of the 2006 senate elections despite a Democratic take-over of Washington.
Although Lugar's party is in the minority in the Senate, he has good relationships with President Obama and Vice President Joe Biden. Lugar was named an honorary co-chairman of their inauguration. On the day of the final 2008 presidential debate, Lugar gave a speech at the National Defense University praising Obama's foreign policy approach, and warning against the isolationist, reactive policies espoused by Senator McCain. At that debate, Obama also listed Lugar as among the individuals "who have shaped my ideas and who will be surrounding me in the White House." There were rumors that either Obama or McCain would select Lugar to be Secretary of State, but that he preferred to keep his Senate seat.
On March 18, 2009, Lugar cast his 12,000th Senate vote, putting him in 13th place for all-time most votes. In 32 years in the Senate, he has a better than 98% attendance record. Senator Lugar has announced that he will run for reelection in 2012, and has an official campaign site.
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- Subcommittee on Energy, Science and Technology
- Subcommittee on Domestic and Foreign Marketing, Inspection, and Plant and Animal Health
- Subcommittee on Hunger, Nutrition and Family Farms (Ranking Member)
- Committee on Foreign Relations (Ranking Member)
- As Ranking Member of the full committee, Sen. Lugar is an ex officio member of all subcommittees
Political positions and votes
As Chairman of the Agriculture Committee, Lugar built bipartisan support for 1996 federal farm program reforms, ending 1930s-era federal production controls. He worked to initiate a biofuels research program to help increase U.S. dependency on ethanol and combustion fuels, and led initiatives to streamline the U.S. Department of Agriculture, reform the food stamp program, and preserve the federal school lunch program.
Lugar believes that the U.S. sanctions on Cuba have failed and wrote to President Obama that "additional measures are needed...to recast a policy that has not only failed to promote human rights and democracy, but also undermines our broader security and political interests." He supports the Freedom to Travel to Cuba Act (S.428), which would lift the travel restrictions that have prevented U.S. citizens from visiting Cuba since the early 1960s.
Lugar holds a conservative view on economy. He voted for Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001. He voted against the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
Health care reform
Lugar opposed President Barack Obama's health reform legislation; he voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009, and he voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.
Senator Lugar has a generally positive stance on amnesty for illegal aliens, supporting the DREAM Act and the McCain-Kennedy Comprehensive Immigration Reform bill which died in Congress.
On June 25, 2007, Senator Lugar, who had been "a reliable vote for President Bush on the war," said that "Bush's Iraq strategy [is] not working and... the U.S. should downsize the military's role."
Lugar's blunt assessment has been viewed as significant because it showed the growing impatience and dissatisfaction with President Bush's strategy in Iraq. Lugar's speech had particular resonance given his stature as one of the party's elder statesmen on foreign policy. After Lugar finished his remarks, Senate Majority Whip Richard Durbin (D-IL), a sharp critic of the war, praised Lugar's "thoughtful, sincere and honest" speech, which Durbin said was in "finest tradition of the U.S. Senate." Senator Durbin urged his Senate colleagues to take a copy of Lugar's speech home over the Fourth of July break and study it before returning to work. +Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said, in reaction to Lugar's speech: "When this war comes to an end, and it will come to an end, and the history books are written, and they will be written, I believe that Sen. Lugar's words yesterday could be remembered as a turning point in this intractable civil war in Iraq."
Two days later, on June 27, 2007, Lugar said that Congressional measures aimed at curtailing U.S. military involvement in Iraq – including "so-called timetables, benchmarks" – have "no particular legal consequence," are "very partisan," and "will not work."
Senator Lugar believes that judicial confirmation decisions should not be purely partisan. His view is if an appointee is properly qualified for the position by their education, integrity, and other similar factors, that they should be confirmed by the Senate. Senator Lugar introduced President George W. Bush's appointee, now Chief Justice John Roberts, to the Senate at the beginning of Roberts' confirmation process and was instrumental in securing votes to confirm Roberts for the Supreme Court. Senator Lugar was the first Republican senator to announce his support for President Barack Obama's first Supreme Court nominee United States Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Sonia Sotomayor and also voted in favor of his second Supreme Court nominee Solicitor General Elena Kagan.
Senator Lugar voted for the Federal Marriage Amendment, limiting the definition of marriage to one man and one woman. However, he has also voted in favor of the Matthew Shepard Act, which expanded the federal hate crime statutes to include sexual orientation and gender identity. In October 2010, Senator Lugar voted against repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy—which prevents gays and lesbians from serving openly in the armed forces. However, on November 18, 2010, Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut announced that Senator Lugar promised to vote to repeal the policy the next time it comes up for a vote. On December 18, 2010, Lugar voted against DADT repeal in both the cloture and final votes.
Lugar has been influential in gaining Senate ratification of treaties to reduce the world's use, production and stockpiling of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. In 1991, he initiated a partnership with then-Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Sam Nunn – a fellow Eagle Scout – aiming to eliminate latent weapons of mass destruction in the former Soviet Union. To date, the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program has deactivated more than 7,500 nuclear warheads. In 2004, Senators Lugar and Nunn were jointly awarded the Heinz Awards Chairman's Medal for their efforts.
In October 2008 Lugar and Joe Biden, his partner in the Committee on Foreign Relations, received the Hilal-i-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan) Award from the government of Pakistan for their continued support of the country. In July 2008 Lugar and Biden introduced a plan that would give $1.5 billion in aid per year to support economic development in Pakistan.
Indianapolis mayoral election, 1967 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar 72,278 53.3% Democratic John J. Barton (incumbent) 63,284 46.7% Indianapolis mayoral election, 1971 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar 155,164 60.5% Democratic John Neff 101,367 39.5% U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 3), 1974 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Democratic Birch Bayh (incumbent) 889,269 50.7% Republican Richard Lugar 814,117 46.4% American Don L Lee 49,592 2.8% U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1976 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar 1,273,833 59.0% Democratic Vance Hartke (incumbent) 868,522 40.2% Independent Don L Lee 14,321 0.7% U.S. Labor David Lee Hoagland 2,511 0.1% U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1982 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 978,301 53.8% Democratic Floyd Fithian 828,400 45.6% American Raymond James 10,586 0.6% U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1988 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,430,525 68.1% Democratic Jack Wickes 668,778 31.9% U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1994 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,039,625 67.4% Democratic Jim Jontz 470,799 30.5% Libertarian Barbara Bourland 17,343 1.1% New Alliance Mary Catherine Barton 15,801 1.0% U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 2000 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,427,944 66.6% Democratic David L. Johnson 683,273 31.9% Libertarian Paul Hager 33,992 1.6% U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 2006 Party Candidate Votes Percentage Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,171,553 87.4% Libertarian Steve Osborn 168,820 12.6% Independent Mark Pool (write in) 444 0.0% Independent John H. Baldwin (write in) 294 0.0%
Senator Lugar is member of the United Methodist Church and the Indiana Society Sons of the American Revolution. He married Charlene Smeltzer on September 8, 1956, and the couple has four sons and thirteen grandchildren.
Lugar is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, an organization involved in international elections.
Senator Lugar is a member of the board of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI).
Lugar has received numerous awards, including Guardian of Small Business, the Spirit of Enterprise, Watchdog of the Treasury, and 42 honorary doctorate degrees. In 2001 Lugar received the Democracy Service Medal of the National Endowment for Democracy.
- ^ Al Kamen (September 14, 2009). "GOP Dilemma: Who's on First?". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/09/13/AR2009091302371.html. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- ^ Ancestry of Dick Lugar
- ^ a b c Townley, Alvin (2007) [December 26, 2006]. Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 123–132, 237. ISBN 0-312-36653-1. http://www.thomasdunnebooks.com/TD_TitleDetail.aspx?ISBN=0312366531. Retrieved December 29, 2006.
- ^ "Distinguished Eagle Scouts". Scouting.org. http://www.scouting.org/filestore/pdf/02-529.pdf. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- ^ a b c "Biography of Senator Dick Lugar". United States Senate: Richard G. Lugar. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080730212241/http://lugar.senate.gov/bio/index.cfm. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
- ^ Witherbee, Amy. 2008. "Richard Lugar". Our States: Indiana.
- ^ Hallow, Ralph Z. (April 3, 1995). "Lugar takes a walk on the wild side". News World Communications, Inc.. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1571/is_n14_v11/ai_16746190. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
- ^ "Mitch Daniels". IndyStar. November 1, 2005. http://www2.indystar.com/library/factfiles/people/d/daniels_mitch/daniels.html. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- ^ Richard V. Allen (2000), How the Bush Dynasty Almost Wasn't, Hoover Digest, 2000 no 4.
- ^ Zelany, Jeff (September 23, 2005). "A foreign classroom for junior senator". http://obama.senate.gov/news/050923-a_foreign_class/. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
- ^ a b Schnitzler, Peter (November 1, 2008). "Could Obama call on Lugar?: Presidential hopeful frequently praises foreign policy guru". Indianapolis Business Journal. http://www.ibj.com/html/detail_page_Full.asp?content=22807. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
- ^ "Richard Lugar: The Wise Man". Time. April 14, 2006. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1183958,00.html. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
- ^ "Indiana Senator hits unexpected Milesone". http://www.thestarpress.com/article/20090105/NEWS01/901050321&referrer=FRONTPAGECAROUSEL. Retrieved January 5, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ Graham-Silverman, Adam (October 15, 2008). "Obama's 'Diplomacy' Wins a Republican Endorsement". http://news.yahoo.com/s/cq/20081015/pl_cq_politics/politics2975236_4. Retrieved November 2, 2008. [dead link]
- ^ Transcript of Final Presidential Debate
- ^ "Lugar Addresses Rumors Of Possible Obama Appointment". TheIndyChannel.com. November 12, 2008. http://www.theindychannel.com/politics/17967032/detail.html?rss=ind&psp=news. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
- ^ "Lugar Boosts Senate Clout With History-Making Vote". TheIndyChannel.com. March 18, 2009. http://www.theindychannel.com/politics/18962096/detail.html. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- ^ "Senator covers range of issues in session with Star editorial board". Indianapolis Star. http://www.indystar.com/article/20100918/NEWS05/9180341/Lugar-laments-partisan-climate/. Retrieved September 19, 2010. [dead link]
- ^ "Lugar 2012". Friends of Dick Lugar. http://www.lugar2012.com/. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
- ^ "Indiana". NARAL Pro-Choice America. http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/choice-action-center/in-congress/congressional-record-on-choice/indiana.html. Retrieved January 20, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ "Federal NRLC Scorecard – 110th Congress, Combined Sessions". National Right to Life Committee. http://www.capwiz.com/nrlc/scorecard.xc?chamber=S&state=US&session=110&x=12&y=11. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- ^ Langan, Michael (April 2, 2009). "Key US senator urges Obama to reach out to Cuba". Yahoo!. http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20090402/pl_afp/uscubadiplomacysanctionslead. Retrieved April 4, 2009. [dead link]
- ^ Brice, Arthur (March 31, 2009). "Bill to allow travel to Cuba has a better shot". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/03/31/cuba.travel/. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
- ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 107th Congress – 1st Session". http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=107&session=1&vote=00170.
- ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 1st Session". http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=1&vote=00064.
- ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=1&vote=00396. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
- ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=2&vote=00105. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- ^ Flaherty, Anne (June 26, 2007). "GOP senator says Iraq plan not working". Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 29, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070629100431/http://www.seattlepi.com/national/1153AP_Lugar_Iraq.html. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
- ^ a b "Lugar urges Bush to change course soon in Iraq". CNN. June 26, 2007. http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/06/25/iraq.lugar/index.html. Retrieved June 27, 2007.
- ^ The Swamp: Sen. Harry Reid: Lugar Iraq speech a 'turning point'
- ^ "Lugar: Plans To End The War Are ‘Very Partisan,’ ‘Will Not Work’", ThinkProgress.com, June 27, 2007
- ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 109th Congress – 2nd Session". http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=2&vote=00163.
- ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 1st Session". http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=1&vote=00326.
- ^ "Lieberman confident about 60 votes for ‘Don’t Ask’ repeal". https://www.washingtonblade.com/2010/11/18/lieberman-confident-about-60-votes-for-dont-ask-repeal/.
- ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 2nd Session". http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=2&vote=00279.
- ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 2nd Session". http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=2&vote=00281.
- ^ The Heinz Awards, Richard Lugar and Sam Nunn profile
- ^ Zeeshan, Haider (October 28, 2008). "Pakistan gives awards to Biden, Lugar for support". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/politicsNews/idUSTRE49R5I120081028. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
- ^ a b Bodenhamer, David J.; Barrows, Robert Graham (1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Vanderstel, David Gordon. Indiana University Press. p. 1356. ISBN 0253312221. http://books.google.com/?id=bg13QcMSsq8C&pg=PA1356. Retrieved November 23, 2008.
- ^ "Clarence A Cook SAR Newsletter". Winter 2007. http://cook.inssar.org/cooknews2006v2.pdf. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- ^ National Endowment for Democracy, November 6, 2003, Official Commemoration of the Twentieth Anniversary of the National Endowment for Democracy, Retrieved August 5, 2010
- ^ "Board". IFES. 2009. http://www.ifes.org/board.html. Retrieved Oct. 16, 2009.
- ^ National Endowment for Democracy, Democracy Service Medal
- United States Senator Richard G. Lugar U.S. Senate site
- Dick Lugar for U.S. Senate official campaign site
- Biography at WhoRunsGov.com at The Washington Post
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Voting record maintained by The Washington Post
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues
- Financial information at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance at LegiStorm.com
- Campaign finance reports and data at the Federal Election Commission
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Bills sponsored by Senator Lugar in the 110th Congress from the Library of Congress
- Larson, Christina (September 2006). "Hoosier Daddy". Washington Monthly. http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2006/0609.larson.html. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
Indiana's current delegation to the United States Congress Senators Representatives Other states'
delegationsAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming
Non‑voting: American Samoa • District of Columbia • Guam • Northern Mariana Islands • Puerto Rico • U.S. Virgin Islands
U.S. SenatorsRichard Lugar · Dan Coats State government Senate House Supreme CourtRandall Shepard, Chief Justice · Brent Dickson · Frank Sullivan, Jr. · Steven H. David · Robert Rucker AL • AK • AZ • AR • CA • CO • CT • DE • FL • GA • HI • ID • IL • IN • IA • KS • KY • LA • ME • MD • MA • MI • MN • MS • MO • MT • NE • NV • NH • NJ • NM • NY • NC • ND • OH • OK • OR • PA • RI • SC • SD • TN • TX • UT • VT • VA • WA • WV • WI • WY Chairmen of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign RelationsBuchanan • Rives • Archer • Allen • Sevier • Hannegan • Benton • King • Foote • Mason • Sumner • Cameron • Hamlin • Eaton • Burnside • Edmunds • Windom • Miller • Sherman • Frye • Davis • Cullom • Bacon • Stone • Hitchcock • Lodge • Borah • Pittman • George • Green • Fulbright • Sparkman • Church • Percy • Lugar • Pell • Helms • Biden • Helms • Biden • Lugar • Biden • Kerry Current members of the United States Senate
AL: Shelby (R), Sessions (R)
AK: Murkowski (R), Begich (D)
AZ: McCain (R), Kyl (R)
AR: Pryor (D), Boozman (R)
CA: Feinstein (D), Boxer (D)
CO: M. Udall (D), Bennet (D)
CT: Lieberman (I), Blumenthal (D)
DE: Carper (D), Coons (D)
FL: C.W. Nelson (D), Rubio (R)
GA: Chambliss (R), Isakson (R)
HI: Inouye (D), Akaka (D)
ID: Crapo (R), Risch (R)
IL: Durbin (D), Kirk (R)
IN: Lugar (R), Coats (R)
IA: Grassley (R), Harkin (D)
KS: Roberts (R), Moran (R)
KY: McConnell (R), Paul (R)
LA: Landrieu (D), Vitter (R)
ME: Snowe (R), Collins (R)
MD: Mikulski (D), Cardin (D)
MA: Kerry (D), S.P. Brown (R)
MI: Levin (D), Stabenow (D)
MN: Klobuchar (D), Franken (D)
MS: Cochran (R), Wicker (R)
MO: McCaskill (D), Blunt (R)
MT: Baucus (D), Tester (D)
NE: E.B. Nelson (D), Johanns (R)
NV: Reid (D), Heller (R)
NH: Shaheen (D), Ayotte (R)
NJ: Lautenberg (D), Menendez (D)
NM: Bingaman (D), T. Udall (D)
NY: Schumer (D), Gillibrand (D)
NC: Burr (R), Hagan (D)
ND: Conrad (D), Hoeven (R)
OH: S.C. Brown (D), Portman (R)
OK: Inhofe (R), Coburn (R)
OR: Wyden (D), Merkley (D)
PA: Casey (D), Toomey (R)
RI: Reed (D), Whitehouse (D)
SC: Graham (R), DeMint (R)
SD: T. Johnson (D), Thune (R)
TN: Alexander (R), Corker (R)
TX: Hutchison (R), Cornyn (R)
UT: Hatch (R), Lee (R)
VT: Leahy (D), Sanders (I)
VA: Webb (D), Warner (D)
WA: Murray (D), Cantwell (D)
WV: Rockefeller (D), Manchin (D)
WI: Kohl (D), R. Johnson (R)
WY: Enzi (R), Barrasso (R)
Democratic (51) • Republican (47) • Independent (2) United States Senators from Indiana Class 1 Class 3 Mayors of IndianapolisHenderson · Newcomb · Scudder · McCready · West · Coulon · Wallace (William J.) · Maxwell · Caven · McCauley · Mitchell · Caven · Grubbs · McMaster · Denny · Sullivan (Thomas L.) · Denny · Taggart · Bookwalter · Holtzman · Bookwalter · Shank · Wallace (Henry R.) · Bell · Jewett · Shank · Duvall · Negley · Slack · Sullivan (Reginald H.) · Kern, Jr. · Boetcher · Sullivan (Reginald H.) · Tyndall · Denny · Feeney · Bayt, Jr. · Emhardt · Clark · Bayt, Jr. · Boswell · Losche · Barton · Lugar · Hudnut III · Goldsmith · Peterson · Ballard United States presidential election, 1996 Democratic Party
Convention • Primaries
Convention • PrimariesNominee: Bob Dole
VP nominee: Jack Kemp
Candidates: Lamar Alexander • Pat Buchanan • Charles E. Collins • Bob Dornan • Jack Fellure • Arthur Fletcher • Steve Forbes • Phil Gramm • Alan Keyes • Richard Lugar • Isabell Masters • Jimmy McMillan • Tennie Rogers • Arlen Specter • Morry Taylor • Pete Wilson
Reform Party Other Third party and independent candidates Green Party
Natural Law Party Prohibition Party Socialist Party USA Socialist Workers PartyNominee: James Harris U.S. Taxpayers PartyNominee: Howard Phillips
VP Nominee: Herb Titus
Workers World Party Independents and other candidates Other 1996 elections: House • Senate • Gubernatorial
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Richard Lamm — 38th Governor of Colorado In office January 14, 1975 – January 13, 1987 Lieutenant George L. Brown (1975–1979) Nancy E. Dick … Wikipedia
Richard Cantillon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Cantillon fue un economista nacido probablemente el año 1680 en Irlanda y fallecido en 1734. Contenido 1 Introducción: Vida y obra 2 Ensayo sobre la naturaleza del comercio en general 2.1 … Wikipedia Español
Richard Quine — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Quine (12 de noviembre de 1920, Detroit, (Míchigan) 10 de junio de 1989), fue un director de cine, guionista, productor, actor y compositor estadounidense. Contenido 1 Carrera profesional … Wikipedia Español
Richard Sorge — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Sorge Sello de correos con la imagen de Richard Sorge … Wikipedia Español
Richard Proenneke — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Louis Dick Proenneke (4 de mayo de 1916 28 de abril de 2003) fue un naturalista norteamericano que vivió en soledad en las altas montañas de Alaska, en un lugar denominado Twin Lakes. Viviendo en una cabaña… … Wikipedia Español
Richard Amerike — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Richard Amerike (o Ameryk) pronunciadaAmérica(c. 1445 1503) fue un rico Inglés comerciante, Real funcionario de aduanas y de Sheriff galés ascendencia. Él era el principal propietario de John Cabot s… … Wikipedia Español