- List of monarchs of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was a state formed in the Middle Ages by Armenian refugees, who were fleeing the Seljuk invasion of Armenia. It was initially founded by the Rubenian dynasty, an offshoot of the larger Bagratid family that at various times held the thrones of Armenia and Georgia. While the Rubenian rulers were initially regional princes, their close ties with the Western world after the First Crusade saw the principality recognised as a kingdom under Leo I by the Holy Roman Empire in 1198. The Rubenid dynasty fell in 1252 after the death of the last Rubenid monarch Queen Isabella, and her husband Hethum I became sole ruler, beginning the Hethumid dynasty. After the death of Leo IV in 1341 his cousin Guy du Lusignan was elected to replace him as Constantine II, the first king of the Lusignan dynasty. The kingdom fell at the beginning of Leo V's reign to the Mamluks, and henceforth rulers were only claimants to the throne. After Charlotte of Cyprus ceded the throne to the House of Savoy in 1485, the title fell out of use until after 1861.
Name Period of rule Status Dynasty Ruben I 1080–1095 Prince Rubenids Constantine I 1095–1102 Prince Rubenids Thoros I 1102–1129 Prince Rubenids Constantine II 1129 Prince Rubenids Leo I 1129–1140 Prince Rubenids Thoros II 1140–1169 Prince Rubenids Ruben II 1169–1170 Prince Rubenids Mleh 1170–1175 Prince Rubenids Ruben III 1175–1187 Prince Rubenids Leo I 1187–1219 Prince, then King Rubenids Isabella 1219–1252 Queen and co-ruler Rubenids Hethum I 1226–1270 King and co-ruler Hethumids Leo II 1270–1289 King Hethumids Hethum II 1289 - 1293
1294 - 1297
1299 - 1307
King, then co-ruler Hethumids Thoros III 1293–1298 King, then co-ruler Hethumids Sempad 1297–1299 King Hethumids Constantine I 1299 King Hethumids Leo III 1301–1307 King, then co-ruler Hethumids Oshin 1307–1320 King Hethumids Oshin of Korikos 1320–1329 Regent Hethumids Leo IV 1320–1341 King Hethumids Constantine II 1342–1344 King Lusignan Constantine III 1344–1362 King Lusignan Constantine IV 1362–1373 King Lusignan Leo V 1374–1396 King, then claimant Lusignan James I 1396–1398 Claimant Lusignan Janus 1398–1432 Claimant Lusignan John 1432–1458 Claimant Lusignan Charlotte 1458–1467 Claimant Lusignan Title passes to the House of Savoy
- Boase, T. S. R. (1978). The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7073-0145-9.
- Mutafian, Claude (2001). Le Royaume Arménien de Cilicie. Paris: CNRS Editions. ISBN 2271051053.
- ^ (Armenian) Poghosyan, S.; Katvalyan, M.; Grigoryan, G. et al. Cilician Armenia (Կիլիկյան Հայաստան). Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia. vol. v. Yerevan, Armenian SSR: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1979, pp. 406–428
- ^ (Armenian) Kurdoghlian, Mihran (1996). Badmoutioun Hayots, Volume II. Athens, Greece: Hradaragoutioun Azkayin Oussoumnagan Khorhourti. pp. 29–56.
- ^ Mutafian, p.90
- ^ Lang, Robert Hamilton (1878), Cyprus, London: Macmillan and Co., pp. 179, http://books.google.com/books?id=Qs0NAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA179, retrieved 2008-01-15
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia — This article is about the Kingdom of Cilicia under Armenian rule. For a list of other Armenian Kingdoms, see Kingdom of Armenia (disambiguation). Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Կիլիկիոյ Հայկական Թագաւորութիւն ← … Wikipedia
List of Armenia-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Armenia include:#1268 Cilicia earthquake · 1896 Ottoman Bank Takeover · 1965 Yerevan demonstrations · 1988 Spitak earthquake · 1992 in Armenian football · 1993 in Armenian football · 1993 Summer… … Wikipedia
Cilicia — Not to be confused with Sicilia. See also: Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Cilicia (Կիլիկիա) Cilicia (Κιλικία) Ancient Region of Anatolia Location Southeastern Anatolia State existed: 16 14th c. BC (as Kizzuwatna) 12 8th c. BC (as Khilikku, Tabal … Wikipedia
List of Armenian kings — This is a list of the kings and queens of Armenia, an ancient kingdom in Anatolia and Caucasus as well as other Armenian Kingdoms. For more information on ancient Armenia, please see History of Armenia. For information on the medieval Armenian… … Wikipedia
Armenian nobility — has a long history with many interruptions, most notable of which was the Russian occupation. After Armenia regained her independence in 1991 efforts have been made to revive the influence of the traditional noble houses. TerminologyMembers of… … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Hungary in the Middle Ages — Kingdom of Hungary Magyar Királyság (hu) Regnum Hungariae (la) ← … Wikipedia
List of state leaders in 1392 — 1391 state leaders Events of 1392 1393 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Ethiopia (Solomonic dynasty) Dawit I, IPA|nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia (1382 1413) *Kongo Ntinu Nimi a Lukeni, Manikongo of Kongo (circa 1380 circa 1420) *Mali Mahmud … Wikipedia
List of state leaders in 1391 — 1390 state leaders Events of 1391 1392 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Ethiopia (Solomonic dynasty) Dawit I, IPA|Nəgusä Nägäst of Ethiopia (1382 1413) *Kongo Ntinu Nimi a Lukeni, Manikongo of Kongo ( 1380 1420) *Mali Mahmud, King of… … Wikipedia
List of state leaders in 1390 — 1389 state leaders Events of 1390 1391 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Ethiopia (Solomonic dynasty) Dawit I, IPA|Nəgusä Nägäst of Ethiopia (1382 1413) *Kano *# Bugaya, Emir of Kano (1385 1390) *# Kanajeji, Emir of Kano (1385 1390)… … Wikipedia
List of state leaders in 1389 — 1388 state leaders Events of 1389 1390 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Ethiopia (Solomonic dynasty) Dawit I, IPA|Nəgusä Nägäst of Ethiopia (1382 1413) *Kongo Ntinu Nimi a Lukeni, Manikongo of Kongo ( 1380 1420) *Kano Bugaya, Emir of… … Wikipedia