Chesterton (UK Parliament constituency)


Chesterton (UK Parliament constituency)
Chesterton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885 (1885)1918 (1918)
Number of members one
Replaced by Cambridgeshire
Isle of Ely
Created from Cambridgeshire

Chesterton is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was created upon the splitting up of the three member Cambridgeshire constituency into three single member divisions in 1885. The seat was abolished in 1918 when Cambridgeshire was recreated as a single-member constituency.

Contents

Boundaries

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 split the former three-member Cambridgeshire parliamentary county into three single-member divisions. One of these was the Western or Chesterton Division, and the other two were Newmarket and Wisbech. The seat was named after the town of Chesterton, the only urban area in the area, and a suburb of the University town of Cambridge. The built-up area of Chesterton was included within the municipal boundaries of Cambridge in 1912, but this did not effect the constituency.[1]

The remainder of the constituency consisted of rural parishes: Abington Pigotts, Arrington, Barrington, Bartlow, Barton, Bassingbourn, Bourn, Boxworth, Caldecote, Caxton, Childerley, Comberton, Conington, Coton, Cottenham, Croxton, Croydon, Dry Drayton, East Hatley, Elsworth, Eltisley, Fowlmere, Foxton, Gamlingay, Girton, Grantchester, Graveley, Great Eversden, Great Shelford, Grunty Fen, Guilden Morden, Haddenham, Hardwick, Harlton, Harston, Haslingfield, Hatley St George, Hauxton, Histon, Impington, Kingston, Knapwell, Kneesworth, Landbeach, Litlington, Little Eversden, Little Gransden, Little Shelford, Lolworth, Long Stanton All Saints, Long Stanton St Michael, Longstowe, Madingley, Melbourn, Meldreth, Mepal, Milton, Newton, Oakington, Orwell, Over, Papworth Everard, the part of Papworth St Agnes in Cambridgeshire, Rampton, the part of Royston in Cambridgeshire, Shepreth, Shingay, Stapleford, Steeple Morden, Stretham, Sutton, Swavesey, Tadlow, Thetford, Thriplow, Toft, Trumpington, Waterbeach, Wendy, Wentworth, Westwick, Whaddon, Wilburton, Willingham, Wimpole, Witcham and Witchford.[1]

Members of Parliament

Election Member Party
part of Cambridgeshire prior to 1885
1885 Sir Charles Hall Conservative
1892 Hugh Edward Hoare Liberal
1895 Walter Raymond Greene Conservative
1906 Edwin Samuel Montagu Liberal
1918 constituency abolished, Cambridgeshire and part of Isle of Ely from 1918

Election results

General Election 1910 (December): Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edwin Samuel Montagu[3] 5,011 51.9 −0.6
Conservative George Douglas Cochrane Newton 4,640 48.1 +0.6
Majority 371 3.8
Turnout 9,651 88.9 −3.0
Liberal hold Swing −0.6
General Election 1910 (January): Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edwin Samuel Montagu 5,240 52.5 −0.3
Conservative E W Morrison-Bell 4,735 47.5 +0.3
Majority 505 5.0
Turnout 9,975 91.9 +3.8
Liberal hold Swing −0.3
General Election 1906: Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edwin Samuel Montagu 4,829 52.8 +4.2
Conservative Walter Raymond Greene 4,316 47.2 −4.2
Majority 513 5.6
Turnout 9,145 88.1 +10.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.2
General Election 1900: Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Raymond Greene 4,190 51.4 −1.1
Liberal Hugh Edward Hoare 3,961 48.6 +1.1
Majority 229 2.8
Turnout 8,151 77.2 −2.1
Conservative hold Swing −1.1
General Election 1895: Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Raymond Greene 4,432 52.5 +4.9
Liberal Hugh Edward Hoare 4,012 47.5 −4.9
Majority 420 5.0
Turnout 8,444 79.3 +3.0
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.9
General Election 1892: Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hugh Edward Hoare 4,350 52.4 +8.9
Conservative Sir Charles Hall 3,952 47.6 −8.9
Majority 398 4.8
Turnout 8,302 76.3 +4.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +8.9
General Election 1886: Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Charles Hall 4,248 56.5 +6.0
Liberal Clarence Smith[4] 3,272 43.5 −6.0
Majority 976 13.0
Turnout 7,520 71.9 −8.4
Conservative hold Swing +6.0
General Election 1885: Chesterton[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Charles Hall 4,246 50.5 N/A
Liberal Neville Goodman[5] 4,161 49.5 N/A
Majority 85 1.0
Turnout 8,407 80.3
Conservative win (new seat)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 716. ISBN 0901050679. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h F. W. S. Craig (1989), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1885-1918. Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 227
  3. ^ Montagu was subsequently returned unopposed in three by-elections: in 1915 and 1916 upon his appointment as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and in 1917 when he was appointed Secretary of State for India
  4. ^ "Election Intelligence". The Times: p. 6. 17 June 1886. 
  5. ^ "Biographies of Candidates". The Times: p. 3. 26 November 1885. 



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