- Charles III, Duke of Parma
Charles III Duke of Parma and Piacenza Duke of Parma and Piacenza Reign 17 May 1849–27 March 1854 Predecessor Charles II Successor Robert I Spouse Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France Issue Margherita, Duchess of Madrid
Robert I, Duke of Parma
Alice, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Henry, Count of Bardi
Full name Italian: Ferdinando Carlo Giuseppe Maria Vittorio Baldassare Father Charles II, Duke of Parma Mother Princess Maria Teresa of Savoy Born 14 January 1823
Villa delle Pianore, Lucca, Duchy of Parma
Died 27 March 1854(aged 31)
Parma, Duchy of Parma
Burial Cappella della Macchia, near Viareggio
Charles III was born at the Villa delle Pianore near Lucca, the only son of Charles Louis, Prince of Lucca (later Duke of Lucca, and Duke of Parma) and his wife Princess Maria-Theresa of Savoy (daughter of King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia). He was given the baptismal names Ferdinando Carlo Vittorio Giuseppe Maria Baldassarre. Until his accession as Duke of Parma in 1849 he was called Ferdinando Carlo or Ferdinando. His family called him Danduccio. From 13 March 1824, he bore the title Hereditary Prince of Lucca.
Ferdinando Carlo spent much of the first ten years of his life in Germany and in Vienna. When he was four, the responsibility for his education was entrusted to a Hungarian priest Zsigmond Deáki. He was taught Italian history and language by Lazzaro Papi, Director of the Library of Lucca. He learnt French, Hungarian, German, English, and Spanish.
In 1841 Ferdinando Carlo was sent to Turin to be instructed in the military arts. He received a commission in the Piedmontese army with the rank of Captain in the Novara Cavalry.
Marriage and issue
On 10 November 1845, Ferdinando Carlo married Louise Marie Thérèse of France (1819–1864), the older sister of the Legitimist pretender to the throne of France, the Comte de Chambord. The ceremony took place at Schloss Frohsdorf near Lanzenkirchen in Austria. The couple spent their honeymoon at Üchendorff and then in England.
Ferdinando Carlo and Louise Marie Thérèse had four children:
- Roberto Carlo Luigi Maria, Duke of Parma (1848–1907)
- ∞ Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Maria Theresa of Austria), had issue.
- ∞ Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal (daughter of King Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg), had issue.
- ∞ Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, had issue.
- Enrico Carlo Luigi Giorgio, Count of Bardi (1851–1905)
- ∞ Princess Maria Immacolata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Maria Theresa of Austria).
- ∞ Infanta Adelgundes of Portugal, Duchess of Guimarães (daughter of King Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg).
Ferdinando Carlo travelled a great deal. Outside Italy he often used the title Marchese di Castiglione; in Italy he often used the title Conte di Mulazzo.
Acquisition of Parma
On 17 December 1847 Empress Marie Louise died and Ferdinando Carlo's father succeeded as Duke Charles II of Parma. The Duchy of Lucca was incorporated in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and Ferdinando Carlo ceased being Hereditary Prince of Lucca becoming instead Hereditary Prince of Parma.
Restoration and reign
Charles II only reigned for a few months in Parma. In March 1848 revolution broke out in Parma supported by King Charles Albert of Sardinia. Ferdinando Carlo escaped from Parma, but was taken prisoner at Cremona. He remained a prisoner at Milan for several months until the British government negotiated his release. After a brief sojourn on the island of Malta, he travelled to Naples and then Livorno where he was joined by his wife Louise Marie who had just given birth to their first son. Then the family sought refuge in England and Scotland.
In August 1848 the Austrian army entered Parma, and officially restored Charles II. Ferdinando Carlo and his family, however, remained in England, since hostilities continued between the Austrian and Piedmontese armies. For several years Charles II had considered abdicating in favour of Ferdinando Carlo, but he delayed in the hope that when he did so things would be more secure for his son.
On 24 March 1849 the abdication of Charles II was announced. Ferdinando Carlo, still living in England, succeeded to the title of Duke of Parma, Piacenza, and the Annexed States taking the name Charles III. On 18 May 1849 he re-entered Parma, but left again two days later. He did not take over the administration of the duchy until 25 August.
On the evening of 26 March 1854 Charles was taking a walk in the streets of Parma. He was stabbed by an assailant who escaped. He was taken to the Palazzo di Riserva where he died the following evening.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 13 March 1824 - 17 December 1847 His Royal Highness the Hereditary Prince of Lucca
- 17 December 1847 - 17 May 1849 His Royal Highness the Hereditary Prince of Parma
- 24 March 1849 His Royal Highness the Duke of Parma, Piacenza, and the Annexed States
- Cecchini, Bianca Maria. La danza delle ombre: Carlo III di Borbone Parma, un regicidio nell'Italia del Risorgimento. Lucca: Istituto storico lucchese, 2001.
- Franzè, Giuseppe. L'ultimo duca di Parma: potere, amministrazione e società dell'Ottocento. Modena: Artioli, 1984.
- Myers, Jesse. Baron Ward and the Dukes of Parma. London: Longmans, Green, 1938.
Charles III, Duke of ParmaCadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 14 January 1823 Died: 27 March 1854
- Nettement, Alfred François. Madame la duchesse de Parme. Paris: J. Lecoffre, 1864.
Regnal titles Preceded by
Duke of Parma and Piacenza
2nd GenerationPrince Carlo · Alexander, Duke of Parma 3rd Generation 4th GenerationOdoardo, Duke of Parma · Cardinal-Prince Francesco Maria 5th GenerationRanuccio II, Duke of Parma · Prince Alessandro · Prince Orazio · Prince Pietro 6th Generation 7th Generationnone 8th Generationnone 9th Generation 10th GenerationLouis I of Etruria · Prince Philip 11th Generation 12th GenerationCharles III, Duke of Parma 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th GenerationPrince Michael · Prince Henry · Prince Amaury *also prince of Luxembourg
^also prince of Nassau
Infantes of Spain The generations indicate descent from Charles I, under whom the crowns of Castile and Aragon were united, forming the Kingdom of Spain. Previously, the title Infante had been largely used in the different realms. 1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generationnone 6th Generationnone 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generationnone *title granted by Royal Decree
**consort to an Infanta who was naturalized as a Spanish InfantePier Luigi (1545-1547) · Ottavio (1556-1586) · Alexander (1586–1592) · Ranuccio I (1592–1622) · Odoardo (1622–1646) · Ranuccio II (1646–1694) · Francesco (1694–1727) · Antonio (1727–1731) · Charles I (1731-1734) · Charles II (1735-1740) · Maria Theresa (1740–1748) · Philip (1748-1765) · Ferdinand (1765–1802) · Marie Louise (1814–1847) · Charles Louis (1847–1849) · Charles III (1849–1854) · Robert I* (1854–1907) · Henry* (1907-1939) · Joseph* (1939-1950) · Elias* (1950-1959) · Robert II* (1959-1974) · Xavier* (1974-1977) · Carlos Hugo* (1977-2010) · Carlos* (2010-)
*denotes titular Duke
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charles II, Duke of Parma — Charles II / Charles Louis King of Etruria Reign 27 May 1803 10 December 1807 ( 100000000000000040000004 years, 10000000000000197000000197 days) … Wikipedia
Charles III — may refer to: Charles the Fat, Charles III of East Francia, (832–888) Charles the Simple, Charles III of West Francia, (879–929) Charles of Valois, duke Charles III of Anjou 1290–1325 Charles III of Alençon (1337–1375) Charles III of Naples (died … Wikipedia
Charles III of Spain — Not to be confused with Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, who briefly ruled parts of Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession as Charles III. Charles III King of Spain Reign 1 … Wikipedia
Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry — Charles Ferdinand Duke of Berry Charles Ferdinand d Artois, miniature of Jean Baptiste Jacques Augustin Spouse Princess Carolina of Naples and Sicily … Wikipedia
Charles III — 1. See Charles II (def. 2). 2. ( Charles the Simple ) A.D. 879 929, king of France 898 923. 3. See Charles VI (def. 2). 4. 1716 1788, king of Spain 1759 88; as Charles IV, king of Naples 1734 59. * * * I Spanish Carlos … Universalium
Charles III d'Espagne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles. Charles III Charles III d Espagne … Wikipédia en Français
Robert I, Duke of Parma — Robert I Duke of Parma Reign 27 March 1854 9 June 1859 Predecessor Charles III Successor Duchy disbanded … Wikipedia
Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma — Ottavio Farnese Predecessor Pier Luigi Farnese Successor Alexander Farnese Duke of Parma and Piacenza Reign … Wikipedia
Odoardo Farnese, Duke of Parma — See also, Odoardo Farnese (cardinal). Odoardo Farnese Duke of Parma Reign 5 March 1622 11 September 1646 Predecessor … Wikipedia
Robert II, Duke of Parma — and Piacenza (Italian: Roberto II, Duca di Parma e Piacenza ; 1909 ndash; 1974) was the head of the House of Bourbon Parma and the titular duke of Parma from 1959 till 1974. BiographyRobert II was born the second but eldest surviving son of Elias … Wikipedia