- Constance of Peñafiel
Constance of Peñafiel Queen consort of Castile Tenure 1325–1328 Spouse Alfonso XI of Castile
Peter I of Portugal
Infanta Maria, Marchioness of Tortosa
Ferdinand I of Portugal
House House of Burgundy Father Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena Mother Constance of Aragon Born 1315–1323
Castillo de Garcimuñoz
Died 13 November 1345
Burial Santarém, Portugal Religion Roman Catholicism
Constance of Peñafiel or Constance Manuel of Castile (1315/1323 – 13 November 1345) was the daughter of Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena (1282–1348), called "el escritor" (the writer), Duke of Peñafiel, and his second wife Constance of Aragon, a daughter of James II of Aragon. She was Crown Princess of Portugal.
Early Life and First Marriage
Constance was a Castilian noblewoman, whose exact date of birth is unknown, occurring sometime between 1315 and 1323. Constance was a paternal great-granddaughter of King Ferdinand I of Castile. Her maternal grandparents were James II of Aragon and his second wife Blanche of Anjou.
In Valladolid on 28 November 1325, the young Constance married Alfonso XI of Castile, they were married for only two years when Alfonso had the marriage dissolved and remarried to Maria of Portugal, who gave him a son, Peter of Castile.
Constance was imprisoned in a castle in Toro while her father waged war against Alfonso XI until 1329. Eventually, the two reached a peaceful accord after mediation by Juan del Campo, Bishop of Oviedo; this secured Constance's release from prison.
Afonso IV quickly learned that his daughter Maria was being mistreated by her husband King Alfonso (Constance's ex-husband). Constance's father, had been rebuffed by the king when she was rejected in favor of the Portuguese princess. Feeling as though his daughter was being dishonored, Afonso was glad to enter into an alliance with Juan Manuel and married his son and heir, Peter, to Constance. They married on 24 August 1339 in Lisbon.
When Constance arrived in Portugal, Inês de Castro, the daughter of an aristocratic Castilian land-owner, accompanied her as her lady-in-waiting. Peter fell in love with Inês very quickly, and the two conducted an affair that lasted until Constance's death in 1345. The scandal of this affair caused Afonso to banish Inês from court, but this did not end the relationship, and the two began living together in secret.
Constance died on the 13 November 1345, weeks after giving birth to her son and future King of Portugal, Fernando. She was buried four years later in Santarém, Portugal. Her husband presumably married Inês after Constance's death, however Inês was later murdered on the orders of King Afonso. Peter became King twelve years after Constance's death in 1357.
They had three children:
- Louis (27 February 1340 - 6 March 1340).
- Maria (6 April 1343 - app. 1367), Married to Infante Ferdinand of Aragon.
- Ferdinand I of Portugal (31 October 1345 - 29 October 1383), 9th King of Portugal.
Ancestors of Constance of Peñafiel 16. Alfonso IX of León 8. Ferdinand III of Castile 17. Berengaria of Castile 4. Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena 18. Philip of Swabia 9. Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen 19. Irene Angelina 2. Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena 20. Thomas I of Savoy 10. Amadeus IV, Count of Savoy 21. Margaret of Geneva 5. Beatrice of Savoy 22. Barral of Baux 11. Cecilia of Baux 23. Sibylle d'Anduze 1. ' 24. James I of Aragon 12. Peter III of Aragon 25. Violant of Hungary 6. James II of Aragon 26. Manfred of Sicily 13. Constance of Sicily 27. Beatrice of Savoy 3. Constance of Aragon 28. Charles I of Naples 14. Charles II of Naples 29. Beatrice of Provence 7. Blanche of Anjou 30. Stephen V of Hungary 15. Mary of Hungary 31. Elizabeth the Cuman
ReferencesConstance of PeñafielBorn: circa 1315/1323 Died: 13 November 1345
Royal titles VacantTitle last held byConstance of Portugal Queen consort of Castile
VacantTitle next held byMaria of Portugal Queen consort of León
Queen consort of Galicia
Queen consort of Toledo
1st Generation 2nd GenerationInfanta Urraca of Castile • Aurembiaix, Countess of Urgell • Jeanne, Countess of Flanders 3rd GenerationMatilda II, Countess of Boulogne • Sancha Fernández de Lara 4th GenerationInfanta Violante Manuel of Castile 5th GenerationInfanta Beatrice of Castile 6th GenerationInfanta Blanca of Castile • Infanta Constance of Castile • Inês Pérez de Castro 7th GenerationMaria Teles de Menezes • Constance de Trastámara, Lady of Alba de Tormes • Juana de Trastámara, Lady of Cifuentes 8th GenerationInfanta Eleanor of Aragon • Infanta Isabella of Aragon • Isabella of Braganza 9th GenerationCharlotte, Queen of Cyprus • Infanta Beatriz of Portugal* 10th GenerationInfanta Leonor of Portugal* • Isabella, Princess of Asturias 11th GenerationIsabella, Princess of Asturias • Guiomar de Coutinho • Isabella of Braganza 12th Generation 13th GenerationCountess Emilia of Nassau^ • Luísa Osório^ 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th Generationnone 17th Generation 18th Generationnone 19th Generation 20th Generation 21st GenerationPrincess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis • Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg • Princess Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies** • Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain** 22nd GenerationAnita Stewart Morris • Princess Francisca of Orléans and Braganza 23rd Generation 24th GenerationPrincess Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern*also an Infanta of Portugal by birth, **also an infanta of Spain, ^position as infanta not accepted House of Burgundy-Portugal Henry, Count of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenAfonso Henriques · Urraca Henriques, Countess of Trastámara · Sancha Henriques, Lady of Braganza de Langroiva and Noman · Teresa Henriques · Henrique HenriquesGrandchildren Afonso I of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren Sancho I of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenGrandchildren Afonso II of PortugalSpouse(s)Urraca of CastileChildrenGrandchildren Sancho II of PortugalSpouse(s)NotesSancho had no children; he was desposed in 1247 and died the following year. Afonso III of PortugalSpouse(s)Matilda II of Boulogne · Beatrice of CastileChildrenGrandchildren Denis of PortugalSpouse(s)Saint Elizabeth of AragonChildrenGrandchildren Afonso IV of PortugalSpouse(s)Beatrice of CastileChildrenGrandchildren Peter I of PortugalSpouse(s)Blanche of Castile · Constance of Peñafiel · Inês de CastroChildrenIllegitimate
Beatrice, titular Queen of Portugal · Infante Pedro · Infante Afonso · Infante Fernando, Lord of Eça* · Infanta Maria Brites, Countess of Valencia de Campos* · Infanta Isabel Brites, Countess of Cigales and Buelna* · Infanta Joana, Lady of Buendía* · Infante Fernando, Lord of Cifuentes* · Infante Pedro, Lord of Colmenarejo* · Infanta Beatrice*
Ferdinand I of PortugalSpouse(s)ChildrenBeatrice, titular Queen of Portugal · Infante Pedro · Infante AfonsoGrandchildrenMiguel, Crown Prince of Portugal**Notes: *the descendants of King Peter I and Ines de Castro's children
were recognized as legitimate and were Infantes and Infantas
**also an Infante of Castile
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