Daredevil (Marvel Comics)


Daredevil (Marvel Comics)
Daredevil

Promotional art for Daredevil vol. 2, #65 (Sept. 2004), by Greg Land.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Daredevil #1 (April 1964)
Created by Stan Lee
Bill Everett
In-story information
Alter ego Matthew Michael "Matt" Murdock
Team affiliations S.H.I.E.L.D.
The Chaste
Nelson & Murdock
Defenders
"Marvel Knights"
The Hand
New Avengers
Partnerships Black Widow
Elektra
Abilities Superhuman senses; excellent athlete, gymnast, master martial artist and a master acrobat
Daredevil
The first issue of Daredevil (April 1964) features the hero in his original costume. Splash-page art by Jack Kirby (penciler) and Bill Everett (inker).[1]
Series publication information
Format Ongoing series
Genre Superhero
Publication date (vol. 1)
April 1964 – October 1998
(vol. 2)
November 1998 – August 2009
(vol. 3)
September 2011 – Present
Number of issues (vol. 1): 381
(vol. 2): 119
(vol. 1 cont.): 13
(vol. 3): 1
Creative team
Writer(s) (vol. 1)
Stan Lee, Roy Thomas, Steve Gerber, Marv Wolfman, Roger McKenzie, Frank Miller
(vol. 2)
Kevin Smith, Ed Brubaker
(vol. 1 cont.)
Andy Diggle
(vol. 3)
Mark Waid
Penciller(s) (vol. 1)
Bill Everett, John Romita, Sr., Gene Colan, Bob Brown, Frank Miller, David Mazzucchelli, Lee Weeks
(vol. 2)
Joe Quesada, Alex Maleev, Michael Lark
(vol. 1 cont.)
Roberto De la Torre, Marco Checchetto
(vol. 3)
Paolo Rivera
Inker(s) (vol. 1)
Vince Colletta, Syd Shores, Klaus Janson
(vol. 2)
Jimmy Palmiotti, Danny Miki, Stefano Gaudiano
Colorist(s) (vol. 2)
Brian Haberlin, Matt Hollingsworth
(vol. 3)
Javier Rodriguez

Daredevil (Matthew Michael "Matt" Murdock) is a fictional character, a superhero in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist Bill Everett, with an unspecified amount of input from Jack Kirby,[1] and first appeared in Daredevil #1 (April 1964).

Living in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of New York City, Matt Murdock is blinded by a radioactive substance that falls from an oncoming vehicle. While he no longer can see, the radioactive exposure heightens his remaining senses beyond normal human ability. His father, a boxer named Jack Murdock, supports him as he grows up, though Jack is later killed by gangsters after refusing to throw a fight. After donning a yellow and black, and later a dark red, costume, Matt seeks out revenge against his father's killers as the superhero Daredevil, fighting against his many enemies including Bullseye and the Kingpin.[2] Daredevil's nickname is "the Man Without Fear".[3]

Although Daredevil had been home to the work of many legendary comic-book artists — Everett, Kirby, Wally Wood, John Romita, Sr., and Gene Colan, among others — Frank Miller's influential tenure on the title in the late 1970s and early 1980s is particularly remembered, having cemented the character as a popular and influential part of the Marvel Universe. Daredevil has since appeared in many various forms of media including several animated series, video games, merchandise, and a 2003 feature-length film.

Contents

Publication history

1960s

The character debuted in Marvel Comics' Daredevil #1 (cover date April 1964),[4] created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist Bill Everett, with character design input from Jack Kirby, who devised Daredevil's billy club.[1] When Everett turned in his first-issue pencils extremely late, Marvel production manager Sol Brodsky and Spider-Man co-creator Steve Ditko inked a large variety of different backgrounds, a "lot of backgrounds and secondary figures on the fly and cobbled the cover and the splash page together from Kirby's original concept drawing".[5]

Writer and comics historian Mark Evanier has concluded (but cannot confirm) that Kirby designed the basic image of Daredevil's costume, though Everett modified it.[1] The character's original costume design was a combination of black, yellow, and red, reminiscent of acrobat tights.[2] Wally Wood, a highly regarded artist known for his 1950s EC Comics stories, penciled issues #5-8, introducing Daredevil's modern red costume in issue #7.[6]

Issue #12 began a brief run by Jack Kirby (layouts) and John Romita, Sr. The issue marked Romita's return to superhero penciling after a decade of working exclusively as a romance-comic artist for DC. Romita had felt he no longer wanted to pencil, in favor of being solely an inker. He recalled in 1999,

I had inked an Avengers job for Stan, and I told him I just wanted to ink. I felt like I was burned out as a penciller after eight years of romance work. I didn't want to pencil any more; in fact, I couldn't work at home any more — I couldn't discipline myself to do it. He said, 'Okay,' but the first chance he had he shows me this Daredevil story somebody had started and he didn't like it, and he wanted somebody else to do it.[7]

Romita later elaborated that "Stan showed me Dick Ayers' splash page for a Daredevil. He asked me, "What would you do with this page?" I showed him on a tracing paper what I would do, and then he asked me to do a drawing of Daredevil the way I would do it. I did a big drawing of Daredevil ... just a big, tracing-paper drawing of Daredevil swinging. And Stan loved it".[8]

When Romita left to take over The Amazing Spider-Man, Lee gave Daredevil to what would be the character's first signature artist, Gene Colan, who began with issue #20 (Sept. 1966).[4][9] Colan pencilled all but three issues through #100 (June 1973), plus the 1967 annual, followed by ten issues sprinkled from 1974–1979. (He would return again, an established legend, for an eight-issue run in 1997).[9]

The first issue covered both the character's origins and his desire for revenge on the man who had killed his father, boxer "Battling Jack" Murdock, who raised young Matthew Murdock in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. Jack instills in Matt the importance of education and nonviolence with the aim of seeing his son become a better man than himself. In the course of saving a blind man from the path of an oncoming truck, Matt is blinded by a radioactive substance that falls from the vehicle. The radioactive exposure heightens his remaining senses beyond normal human thresholds, enabling him to detect the shape and location of objects around him. In order to support his son, Jack Murdock returns to boxing and when he refuses to throw a fight, because his son is in the audience, is killed by gangsters. Adorned in a yellow and black costume made from his father's boxing robes and using his superhuman abilities, Matt confronts the killers as the superhero Daredevil, causing the Fixer to have a fatal heart attack.[2] Daredevil would embark on a series of adventures involving such villains as the Owl, Stilt-Man, Gladiator, and the Enforcers. Several sub-plots involved romantic triangles and cases of mistaken identity. Matt reveals his secret identity to his girlfriend Karen Page in issue #57, although she leaves the series after the revelation proves too much for her.[10] During this period, he meets Spider-Man, a character who would later be one of his greatest hero friends.[11]

1970s

In 1970s comics, Daredevil moves to San Francisco for a time to live with the spy and superheroine the Black Widow and enters into a romantic relationship with her.[12] The front cover of the comic is even retitled to Daredevil and the Black Widow, but she soon ends the relationship, fearing that playing "sidekick" to Daredevil is sublimating her identity.[13] Murdock returns to Hell's Kitchen. During this time, the series' writers included Gerry Conway, Steve Gerber, and Chris Claremont. Artists included Bob Brown and Don Heck.

Comics artist legend Wally Wood, following kidney failure and the loss of vision in one eye, returned to the character he helped define, inking Miller's cover of Daredevil #164 (May 1980). It was one of Wood's final assignments before his death in 1981.

1980s

The modern definition of Daredevil began in May 1979 with Frank Miller's entrance on the title (he had previously drawn Daredevil in the February 1979 installment of Spectacular Spider-Man #27). Miller's first contributions were as an artist, where he imbued a new dynamism and a dramatically different visual style. The series' tone became that of noir with Hell's Kitchen itself playing a more prominent role. Miller first appeared as artist in Daredevil #158.

With issue #168, Miller additionally became the series' writer, and the comic underwent a drastic metamorphosis. The most significant change was the introduction of Spider-Man villain Kingpin as Daredevil's new arch-nemesis. Until that point, Daredevil's enemies were primarily, though not exclusively, costumed villains. The Kingpin was a departure in that although he possessed extraordinary size, strength, and fighting ability, his villainy came from his ruthless brilliance in running a criminal empire rather than superpowers. The title still retained costumed antagonists — notably Bullseye and Elektra — but found its central theme to be one more grounded in reality: organized crime.

Miller also introduced ninjas into the Daredevil canon, bringing a greater focus on the martial arts aspect of Daredevil's fighting skills, and introducing previously unseen characters who had played a major part in his youth: Stick, leader of the ninja clan The Chaste, who had been Murdock's sensei after he was blinded; a rival clan called The Hand; and Elektra, a former girlfriend turned lethal ninja assassin. This was a drastic change for a character once considered a swashbuckler. The focus of a ninja's control of the inner self served as a counterbalance to the emerging themes of anger and torment.

Daredevil encounters the assassin Bullseye for the first time, and the two battle each other.[14] Eventually, Daredevil's secret identity is deduced by the reporter Ben Urich.[15]

Daredevil encounters the Kingpin, who has hired his old flame Elektra and they fight it out.[16] He returns to his former mentor Stick for aid.[17] Bullseye then murders Elektra in a fight to determine the better killer. Taking revenge, Daredevil drops Bullseye from a clothesline high above a street,[18] and then forms an alliance with the Punisher against drug pushers.[19] Daredevil even battles the Hand, and Elektra is briefly resurrected.[20]

Miller's noir take on the character continued, even after he left (in 1983, after issue #191). However, successor Dennis O'Neil did not find the commercial success of his predecessor. In late 1985, Miller returned to the series, co-writing #226 with O'Neil, then writing the acclaimed "Daredevil: Born Again" storyline in #227-233 (Feb.-Aug. 1986), with artist David Mazzucchelli. Karen Page eventually returns as a heroin-addicted star of adult films, who sells Daredevil's secret identity for drug money. The Kingpin uses this information to destroy Murdock piece by piece: blowing up his house, ruining his reputation as a lawyer, getting him disbarred, menacing his personal life, and nearly driving him insane.[21] Matt suffers a nervous breakdown.[22] Miller ends the story on a positive note, with Murdock reuniting with both Karen Page, as his sometime lover,[23] and Maggie, the mother he thought dead, now a nun, and resuming a less complicated life in Hell's Kitchen.[24]

A round-robin of creators contributed in the year that followed Born Again: writers Mark Gruenwald, Danny Fingeroth, Steve Englehart (under the pseudonym "John Harkness"), and Ann Nocenti, and pencilers Steve Ditko, Barry Windsor-Smith, Louis Williams, Sal Buscema, Todd McFarlane, Keith Pollard, and Chuck Patton. Nocenti, who'd written #236, became the regular writer for a four-and-a-quarter year run of all but two issues from #238-291 (Jan. 1987 - April 1991). John Romita, Jr. joined as penciller from #250-282 (Jan. 1988 - Jul. 1990), and was generally inked by Al Williamson. The team specifically addressed societal issues, with Murdock, now running a non-profit urban legal center, confronting sexism, racism, and nuclear proliferation while fighting supervillains. Nocenti introduced the popular antagonist Typhoid Mary in issue #254.

1990s

To celebrate the character's 30th Anniversary, the creative team of DG Chichester, Scott McDaniel, and Hector Collazo changed the book's status quo with the "Fall From Grace" storyline, which ran from issue #319-325 (Aug. 1993 - Feb. 1994). Daredevil is beaten up once again and decides to create a more protective costume from biometric materials. It is red and grey with white armor on the shoulders and knee pads. His billy clubs can be attached together to form nunchucks or a bo staff. His secret identity becomes public knowledge, leading to him faking his own death and assuming the new identity of "Jack". This new identity and costume lasts for several story arcs ("Tree of Knowledge", "Humanity's Fathom", and "Wages of Sin") before Daredevil returned to his traditional red costume, while Murdock finds a way to convince the world that he is not, in fact, secretly Daredevil (courtesy of a double).

Under writers Karl Kesel and later Joe Kelly, the book gained a lighter tone, with Daredevil returning to the lighthearted, wisecracking hero depicted by earlier writers. Matt and Foggy (who now knows of Matt's dual identities) join a law firm run by Foggy's mother, Rosalind Sharpe.

Frank Miller returned to the character and his origins with the 1993 five issue Daredevil: The Man Without Fear miniseries. With artist John Romita Jr, Miller expanded upon the character's beginnings and provided additional detail about the life and death of "Battling Jack" Murdock and Matt's first encounters with the Kingpin and Foggy Nelson.[25] The role of Stick in the genesis of Daredevil was expanded, as was Murdock's doomed love affair with Elektra Natchios, the daughter of a Greek diplomat.

In 1998, Daredevil's numbering was rebooted, with the title "canceled" with issue #380 and revived a month later as part of the "Marvel Knights" imprint. Joe Quesada drew the new series, written by filmmaker Kevin Smith. Its first eight-issue story arc, "Guardian Devil", depicts Daredevil struggling to protect a child whom he is told could either be the Messiah or the Anti-Christ. Murdock experiences a crisis of faith exacerbated by the discovery that Karen Page has AIDS (later revealed to be a hoax), and her subsequent death at Bullseye's hands.[26]

After "Guardian Devil", Smith was succeeded by writer-artist David Mack, who contributed the seven-issue "Parts of a Hole" (#9-15). The arc introduced Maya Lopez, also known as Echo, a deaf martial artist. Mack brought independent-comics colleague Brian Michael Bendis to Marvel to co-write the following arc, "Wake Up" (#16-19), which follows reporter Ben Urich as he investigates the aftereffects of a fight between Daredevil and an obscure old villain called Leap-Frog. Following Mack and Bendis were Back to the Future screenwriter Bob Gale and artists Phil Winslade and David Ross for the story "Playing to the Camera". Mack continued to contribute covers.

2000s

The 2001 Daredevil: Yellow miniseries presented another take on Daredevil's origins using letters written to Karen Page after her death as a narrative device. Here Page believes she is in love with both Daredevil and Murdock, and Nelson with Karen Page, resulting in a silent rivalry between the two men. The supervillains the Owl and the Purple Man are the antagonists. In this story, Daredevil credits Page with coining the phrase "The Man without Fear", and she also suggests to Daredevil he wear red instead of black and yellow.

Issue #26 (Dec. 2001) brought back Brian Michael Bendis, working this time with artist Alex Maleev, for a four-year-run that became one of the series' most acclaimed. Maleev's harsh and grainy look contrasted to Quesada's more cartoony lines. Developments in this run included the introduction of romantic interest and future wife Milla Donovan, the outing of Murdock's secret identity to the press, the reemergence of the Kingpin, and Daredevil's surrender to the FBI.

The impact of his exposure as Daredevil continued to be used as a plot point by both Bendis and writer Ed Brubaker and artist Michael Lark, who became the new creative team with Daredevil #82 (Feb. 2006), no longer under the "Marvel Knights" imprint.

Danny Rand as Daredevil. Art by Michael Lark.

Ed Brubaker's first story arc had a new character masquerading as Daredevil in Hell's Kitchen.[27] Murdock later discovered the ersatz Daredevil is his friend Danny Rand, the superhero Iron Fist.[28] Brubaker said,

Yes, I'm relieved, but at the same time, it was always the plan to reveal it this issue, and it was never meant to be as big a deal as it ended up being. It was just one part of a much larger story, one that the next arc follows up on. This whole 'who's the other DD' mystery that cropped up the last few weeks and ran around the Internet was unplanned, and I thought it was really amusing to watch, though a little nerve-wracking at the same time. I'm just glad it wasn't the only secret we were sitting on."[28]

Over the next couple of story arcs, Brubaker would make use of older characters such as Mister Fear and the Enforcers and newer ones such as the Hood[29] and Lady Bullseye. During the Secret Invasion storyline, Daredevil takes part in the fight against the Skrulls in New York,[30] ultimately surviving it into the Dark Reign event. The series returns to its original numbering in September with issue #500 after #119 in July 2009. #500 saw a major revision of the status quo under new writer Andy Diggle,[31][32] with Daredevil assuming leadership of the Hand. Daredevil later appeared in Dark Reign: The List - Daredevil.[33]

2010s

Following this came the crossover story arc Shadowland,[34] in which Daredevil was possessed by a demon. Murdock then left New York, leaving his territory in the hands of the Black Panther. T'Challa, having recently abdicated his Wakandan throne, accepts the task of protecting Hell's Kitchen as a means to test himself without the aid of the technology, resources, or metahuman abilities that he has come to rely on.[35] He successfully defeats Vlad Dinu, a super-powered Romanian crime boss looking to control the post-Daredevil Kitchen.[36]

Meanwhile, Matt wanders the country to escape his costumed life in the miniseries Daredevil: Reborn. However, despite his best effort to stay uninvolved, he ends up foiling a corrupt police force operating in a small New Mexico town that were involved in an illegal trade with a drug smuggler named Calavera. Despite Calavera's mysterious telepathic ability to draw out and exploit Murdock's sins, the ordeal leaves Matt reassured in himself and his responsibilities, and he returns to New York to rebuild both his legal and vigilante careers.[37]

In July 2011, Daredevil relaunched at issue #1 with the creative team of Mark Waid, Paolo Rivera, and Marcos Martín. Waid reported that in the new volume they were interested in "tweaking the adventure-to-depression ratio a bit and letting Matt win again," [38] as well as emphasizing his powers and perception of the physical world.[34] In his new status quo, Matt Murdock finds he can no longer serve as a trial lawyer due to the past allegations of him being Daredevil had caused the first case he represented in court to turn into a media circus,[39] and instead Nelson and Murdock's new business strategy is to serve as consulting counselors by teaching their clients how to represent themselves in court.[40] Daredevil also joined the New Avengers in issue #16 of the series, in a story that was notably written by former Daredevil series writer Brian Michael Bendis.[41]

Powers and abilities

Although blind, the character's remaining four senses function with high levels of superhuman accuracy and sensitivity, giving him abilities far beyond the limits of a sighted person. Daredevil developed a radar sense.[42] This radar sense has a function similar to echolocation. According to Stan Lee, due to the fact that Murdock's sensory organs have a superhuman level of development, his inner ear, which controls the equilibrium and motions of the body, is also preternaturally developed, aiding him in acrobatic feats that surpass even Olympic-level athletes.[citation needed]

When Frank Miller expanded most of Daredevil's abilities, he attempted to make them "extraordinary enough to be exciting, but not on par with Superman", noting Superman's distinctly unbelievable powers.[42] When Miller joined the title in 1979, the first thing he did to the character was "revamp" his radar sense and made it less distinct and more believable; he wanted Daredevil to have the "proximity" sense that most martial artists claim to have.[42] Because of this, he created an ability for Daredevil to hear the Hulk's heartbeat four blocks away. Due to the character's sensitive sense of touch, Daredevil can read by passing his fingers over the letters on a page.[42] (though laminated pages prevent him from reading the ink[43]) Daredevil has also commonly used his superhuman hearing to serve as a lie detector for interrogation by listening for changes in a person's heartbeat. However, this ability can be fooled if the other person's heart is not beating at a natural rate, such as if they have a pacemaker.[44]

However, just as Daredevil's other senses are stronger, they are also sensitive; his main weakness is his vulnerability to powerful sounds or odors that can be used to temporarily weaken his radar sense.[45] This weakness is often used to immobilize Daredevil if he were bombarded by too much sound, which will cause him great pain and disorient him.[46] Additionally Daredevil needs to detect something with his radar to know it is there or it will remain invisible to him, which makes it possible to have something get past his radar if he is unable to detect it. In one instance the hallucinogenic drug that Mysterio created was designed with no taste or smell so Daredevil could not tell he was drugged until he consulted Doctor Strange who was able to discover it from the small cross that Mysterio gave to Daredevil in disguise which contained the drug and magically cured him.[47]

Though he has no superhuman physical attributes beyond an enhanced sense of balance, Daredevil is a master of martial arts.[48] Having been trained by Stick, Daredevil is a master hand-to-hand combatant. His typical moves are unique blends of the martial arts of Ninjutsu, Aikijujutsu, Jujutsu, capoeira, Judo, Aikido,wrestling and stick fighting combined with American-style boxing while making full use of his gymnastics capabilities.[49]

Daredevil's signature weapon is his specially-designed billy club, which he created.[45] Disguised as a blind man's cane in civilian garb, it is a multi-purpose weapon and tool that contains thirty feet of aircraft control cable connected to a case-hardened steel grapnel. Internal mechanisms allow the cable to be neatly wound and unwound, while a powerful spring launches the grapnel. The handle can be straightened for use when throwing. The club can also be split into two parts, one of which is a fighting baton, the other of which ends in a curved hook.[1][45]

In his civilian identity, Murdock is a skilled and respected attorney with an encyclopedic knowledge of law, especially New York statutes and is also a skilled detective and tracker and is a interrogation expert and an expert marksman.

Other versions

In addition to his mainstream incarnation, Daredevil has had been depicted in other fictional universes, including Marvel 2099, the Marvel Mangaverse, Marvel Noir and the Ulimate Marvel Universe.

Reception

Daredevil was named Empire's thirty-seventh greatest comic book character, citing him as "a compelling, layered and visually striking character".[50] Empire praised Frank Miller's era, and also referenced Brian Michael Bendis, Jeph Loeb and Kevin Smith's tenures on the series.[50] Also, Wizard Magazine ranked Daredevil twenty-first among their list of the 200 Greatest Comic Characters of All Time,[51] and comic book readers polled through the website Comic Book Resources voted the character the third best of the Marvel Comics stable.[52] The Daredevil series has also received some acclaim over the years, including being ranked by IGN as the third best series from Marvel Comics in 2006.[53] In 2011, IGN ranked Daredevil #10 on their list of IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Heroes. [54]

Supporting characters

Throughout the core Daredevil series, many characters have had an influence in Matt Murdock's life. His father, "Battlin' Jack" Murdock instills in Matt the importance of education and nonviolence with the aim of seeing his son become a better man than himself.[2] He always encouraged Matt to study, rather than fight like him. Jack also forbade his son from undertaking any kind of physical training.[55] It is his father's murder that prompts the super-powered character to become a superhero, fighting gangsters.[55] He is trained by an old blind ninja master named Stick, who has served as Murdock's mentor following Murdock's childhood accident.[56]

Matt Murdock's greatest friend is Franklin "Foggy" Nelson, his college roommate, sidekick, and law partner.[2] As a superhero, one of his best friends is the hero Spider-Man; with his ability to distinguish heartbeats, Murdock learned Spider-Man's identity[57] and subsequently revealed his.[58] However, due to the events of the One More Day storyline, Murdock no longer knows Spider-Man's secret identity, and since then refused to relearn it due to the potential danger involved.[59] Iron Fist would also later become one of his greatest friends, and at one point took on the role of Daredevil himself.[28] Jessica Jones, a former superhero turned private investigator acts as a bodyguard for Matt Murdock in his civilian life. Her husband, Luke Cage, is also Daredevil's friend.[60] Maya Lopez, a deaf woman and skilled martial artist, is also a friend of Daredevil after he fought her and convinced her that he did not murder her father, because she was being manipulated by the Kingpin, who was responsible. Ben Urich, a reporter for the Daily Bugle had later discovered Daredevil's identity and eventually becomes his friend as well,[61] though during his identity dispute Daredevil decided to end his "secret professional relationship" with Urich to avoid getting Urich mixed up in his problems and being used against him.[62]

Daredevil is known to have a convoluted and often tortured love life.[63] Throughout the series, his girlfriends are often women who are traumatized, maimed, or killed, a narrative aspect some media critics refer to as "Women in Refrigerators" syndrome.[64] One of Daredevil's more notable love interests is Elektra, an assassin who would later be killed.[65] In the 2000s, Murdock marries a woman named Milla Donovan, although one of Daredevil's enemies drives her to insanity.[66]

Daredevil enemies

In his early years, Daredevil fought a number of costumed supervillains, the first of these being Electro, a prominent Spider-Man foe, in Daredevil #2. A number of recurring villains would be introduced over the years, such as the Owl,[67] the Purple Man,[68] Mister Fear,[69] Stilt-Man,[70] Gladiator,[71] The Jester,[72] The Man-Bull,[73] Death-Stalker,[74] and various others. The supervillain duo of the Cobra and Mr. Hyde have also frequently clashed with Daredevil, although Hyde has fought Daredevil alone on several occasions. One of his deadliest enemies, a psychotic assassin known as Bullseye, was introduced by Marv Wolfman in issue #131, and the two have battled each other many times over the years.

Beginning with Frank Miller's run on Daredevil, his traditional rogues gallery was used less often, and The Kingpin became Daredevil's arch-enemy. The Kingpin has long known Daredevil's secret identity, and used this information to try to destroy Murdock's life. Elektra made her debut as a bounty hunter for hire, leading to several confrontations with Daredevil. In Daredevil #254, Ann Nocenti introduced Typhoid Mary, an assassin for the Kingpin with an identity disorder, who also became a prominent Daredevil foe. The Punisher, vigilante Frank Castle, is one of Daredevil's most prolific antagonists and at times a reluctant ally.

Collected editions

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Essential Daredevil, Vol. 1 Daredevil #1-25 (b&w) October 2002 978-0785118619
Essential Daredevil, Vol. 2 Daredevil #26-48; Daredevil Special #1 (b&w) June 2004 978-0785114628
Essential Daredevil, Vol. 3 Daredevil #49-74; Iron Man #35-36 (b&w) 2005 978-0785118619
Essential Daredevil, Vol. 4 Daredevil #75-101; Avengers #111 (b&w) August 2007 978-0785127628
Essential Daredevil, Vol. 5 Daredevil #102-125; Marvel Two-in-One #3 (b&w) February 2010 978-0785144540
Marvel Masterworks: Daredevil Daredevil #1-11 July 2010 978-0785145639
Daredevil Visionaries: Frank Miller, Vol. 1 Daredevil #158-161, 163-167 October 2000 978-0785107576
Daredevil Visionaries: Frank Miller, Vol. 2 Daredevil #168-182 March 2001 978-0785107712
Daredevil Visionaries: Frank Miller, Vol. 3 Daredevil #183-191; What If? #28, 35; Bizarre Adventures #28 November 2001 978-0785108023
Daredevil: Love's Labor Lost Daredevil #215-217, 219-222, 225-226 September 2002 978-0785110293
Daredevil: Born Again Daredevil #227-233 1987 978-0871352972
Daredevil Legends, Vol. 4: Typhoid Mary Daredevil #254-257, 259-263 June 2003 978-0871352972
(Out of print)
Daredevil: Lone Stranger Daredevil #265-273 February 2010 978-0785144526
Daredevil: Fall of the Kingpin Daredevil #297-300 March 1993 978-0871359650
(Out of print)
Daredevil: Fall From Grace Daredevil #319-325 October 1994 978-0785100249
(Out of print)
Daredevil: Guardian Devil Daredevil vol. 2, #1-8 (vol. 1, #381-388) September 1999 978-0785134381
Daredevil: Parts of a Hole Daredevil vol. 2, #9-15 (vol. 1, #389-395) March 2003 978-0785142874
Daredevil: Wake Up Daredevil vol. 2, #16-19 (vol. 1, #396-399) July 2002 978-0785109488
Daredevil: Underboss Daredevil vol. 2, #26-31 (vol. 1, #406-411) October 2004 978-0785110248
Daredevil: Out Daredevil vol. 2, #32-40 (vol. 1, #412-420) February 2003 978-0785110743
Daredevil: Lowlife Daredevil vol. 2, #41-45 (vol. 1, #421-425) July 2003 978-0785111054
Daredevil: Hardcore Daredevil vol. 2, #46-50 (vol. 1, #426-430) December 2003 978-0785111689
Daredevil: Echo - Vision Quest Daredevil vol. 2, #51-55 (vol. 1, #431-435) March 2004 978-0785112327
Daredevil: King of Hell's Kitchen Daredevil vol. 2, #56-60 (vol. 1, #436-440) August 2004 978-0785113379
Daredevil: The Widow Daredevil vol. 2, #61-65 (vol. 1, #441-445); Daredevil #81 December 2004 978-0785113942
Daredevil: The Golden Age Daredevil vol. 2, #66-70 (vol. 1, #446-450) May 2005 978-0785113959
Daredevil: Decalogue Daredevil vol. 2, #71-75 (vol. 1, #451-455) November 2005 978-0785116448
Daredevil: The Murdock Papers Daredevil vol. 2, #76-81 (vol. 1, #456-461) April 2006 978-0785118107
Daredevil: The Devil, Inside and Out, Vol. 1 Daredevil vol. 2, #82-87 (vol. 1, #462-467) November 2006 978-0785119883
Daredevil: The Devil, Inside and Out, Vol. 2 Daredevil vol. 2, #88-93 (vol. 1, #468-473) May 2007 978-0785122418
Daredevil: Hell to Pay, Vol. 1 Daredevil vol. 2, #94-99 (vol. 1, #474-479) September 2007 978-0785124849
Daredevil: Hell to Pay, Vol. 2 Daredevil vol. 2, #100-105 (vol. 1, #480-485), Annual #1 April 2008 978-0785128151
Daredevil: Cruel and Unusual Daredevil vol. 2, #106-110 (vol. 1, #486-490) October 2008 978-0785128892
Daredevil: Lady Bullseye Daredevil vol. 2, #111-115 (vol. 1, #491-495) March 2009 978-0785131816
Daredevil: Return of the King Daredevil vol. 2, #116-119 (vol. 1, #496-499); Daredevil #500 October 2009 978-0785133407
Daredevil: The Devil's Hand Daredevil #501-507; Dark Days August 2010 978-0785141136
Daredevil: Shadowland Daredevil #508-512; Shadowland: After the Fall March 2011 978-0785149903
Daredevil: The Man Without Fear Daredevil: The Man Without Fear #1-5 2003 978-0785134794
Daredevil: Yellow Daredevil: Yellow #1-6 May 2002 978-0785134442
Daredevil by Frank Miller and Klaus Janson Omnibus Daredevil #158-161, 163-191; What If? #28 March 2007 0-7851-2669-4
Daredevil by Frank Miller Companion Omnibus Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man #27-28; Daredevil #219, 226-233; Daredevil: The Man Without Fear #1-5; Daredevil: Love and War December 2007 0-7851-2350-7
Daredevil by Brian Michael Bendis and Alex Maleev, Vol. 1 Omnibus Daredevil vol. 2, #16-19, 26-50, 56-60 August 2008 978-0785131120
Daredevil by Brian Michael Bendis and Alex Maleev, Vol. 2 Omnibus Daredevil vol. 2, #61-81; What If...Karen Page Had Lived; Ultimate Marvel Team-Up #6-8 December 2009 978-0785138136
Daredevil by Ed Brubaker and Michael Lark, Vol. 1 Omnibus Daredevil vol. 2, #82-105 June 2009 978-0785137856
Daredevil by Ed Brubaker and Michael Lark, Vol. 2 Omnibus Daredevil vol. 2, #106-119, Annual #1; Daredevil #500; Blood of the Tarantula May 2010 978-0785145202

In other media

Television

  • Daredevil makes his first animated television appearance as Matt Murdock only in the Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends episode, "Attack of the Arachnoid" voiced by Frank Welker.[75]
  • In the 1980s, ABC had planned a Daredevil animated television series that would have featured a guide dog named "Lightning the Super-Dog".[76][77] Television writer Mark Evanier said in 2008 that he was the last in a line of writers to have written a pilot and series bible, with his including Lightning as a guide dog without superpowers.[76]
  • Daredevil appears in the 1990s Fantastic Four episode "And a Blind Man Shall Lead Them" voiced by Bill Smitrovich.[78] He helps the powerless Fantastic Four get into the Baxter Building when Doctor Doom takes it over.
  • Daredevil appears in the Spider-Man: The Animated Series double episode "Framed"/"The Man Without Fear", voiced by Edward Albert.[75] J. Jonah Jameson hires Matt Murdock to defend Peter Parker when he is framed for industrial espionage by Richard Fisk. These episodes were later incorporated into the direct-to-DVD animated film Daredevil vs Spider-Man.
  • Daredevil will appear in The Super Hero Squad Show, voiced by Brian Bloom.[citation needed]

Film

Theatrical poster for the live-action movie Daredevil starring Ben Affleck.
  • Daredevil, portrayed by Rex Smith, appears in the 1989 television movie, The Trial of the Incredible Hulk. When David Banner (Bill Bixby) gets arrested, Matt Murdock helps to prove Banner's innocence. Daredevil tells his origins to Banner, which in this version involves Murdock being inspired by a police officer to become a hero. Later, with the help of Hulk, he battles the Kingpin (John Rhys-Davies), called only Wilson Fisk here.[79] While remaining fairly true to the source material of the Daredevil comic books, the largest change was that Daredevil's traditional costume, including his horns, was replaced with a black ninja-like outfit.

Video games

Daredevil as he appears in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance.

Toys

  • Daredevil is featured in the Marvel Legends (third series) toy line. The action figure was based on the film version Ben Affleck starred in.[86] The Marvel Legends Showdown 1/18th scale line also featured Daredevil figures in both his red uniform and a chase version in his yellow-and-black uniform.[87]
  • The "Spider-Man Classics" toy line (which was a precursor to Marvel Legends) also included a Daredevil figure, clad in his traditional red costume.[88] The action figure resembles Marvel Editor-in-Chief Joe Quesada's representation of Daredevil; it is derived from Quesada's stint as an artist on Daredevil.[88] Accessories to the figure include the two billy clubs that the character uses. Unlike the mainstream comics, the clubs are white (rather than red). An expensive variant of the character also included him in his original yellow and black garb, released in the same series.[88]
  • Daredevil is the 13th figurine in the Classic Marvel Figurine Collection.[citation needed]
  • Daredevil was featured in wave one of the first series in the 3 3/4" Marvel Universe line.[87]

Awards and accolades

Daredevil was named one of Empire's "50 Greatest Comic Book Characters",[50] as well as one of Wizard's "200 Greatest Comic Characters of All Time",[51] and #10 on IGN.com's "Top 100 Comic Book Heroes".[89]

See also


References

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  2. ^ a b c d e Lee, Stan (w), Everett, Bill (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "The Origin of Daredevil" Daredevil 1 (April 1964), Marvel Comics
  3. ^ "Daredevil". The Superhero Dictionary. http://shdictionary.tripod.com/superheroes/daredevil.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  4. ^ a b Daredevil (Marvel, 1964 series) at the Grand Comics Database
  5. ^ Quesada, Joe (n.d., circa May 2005). "Joe Fridays 4 (column)". Newsarama. Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20071011134509/http://newsarama.com/JoeFridays/JoeFridays4.htm. 
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  7. ^ Interview: "John Romita Sr.: Spidey's Man". Comic Book Artist (6). Fall 1999. http://www.twomorrows.com/comicbookartist/articles/06romita.html. 
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