- Mitte (locality)
Mitte Quarter of Berlin Coordinates Coordinates: Administration Country Germany State Berlin City Berlin Borough Mitte Quarter subdivisions 13 zones Basic statistics Area 10.7 km2 (4.1 sq mi) Elevation 52 m (171 ft) Population 79,582 (30 June 2009) - Density 7,438 /km2 (19,263 /sq mi) Founded 1920 Other information Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Licence plate B Postal codes (nr. 0101) 10115, 10117, 10119, 10178, 10179
Mitte (German for "middle, centre", commonly used without an article) is a central locality (Ortsteil) of Berlin in the homonymous district (Bezirk) of Mitte. Until 2001 it was itself an autonomous district.
It comprises the historic centre of Alt-Berlin around the churches of St. Nicholas and St. Mary, the City Hall and numerous main tourist attractions of the city. For these reasons Mitte is considered the "heart" of Berlin.
The history of Mitte corresponds to the history of the entire city until the early 20th century, and with the Greater Berlin Act in 1920 it became the first district of the city. It was among the areas of the city most heavily damaged in World War II.
Following a territorial redeployment by the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom that reshaped the borders of West Berlin's British Sector in August 1945, the western part of Staaken became in effect as of 1 February 1951 an exclave of Mitte, then still a borough of East Berlin. This ended on January 1, 1961, when western Staaken was incorporated into then East German Falkensee, which had already been under its de facto administration since June 1, 1952.
Between 1961 and 1990 Mitte, one of the most important boroughs of East Berlin but close to all three western sectors of the city, was almost surrounded by the Berlin Wall. One of the most important border crossings was Checkpoint Charlie, near Kreuzberg.
Situated in central Berlin and mostly in its old town, it is traversed by the river Spree. It borders the localities of Tiergarten, Moabit, Wedding, Gesundbrunnen, Prenzlauer Berg (in Pankow district), Friedrichshain, and Kreuzberg (both in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district).
Mitte is subdivided into 13 zones or neighborhoods (Stadtviertel) (the numbers refer to the map above right):
- Cölln (1)
- Museum Island (1a)
- Fischer Island (1b)
- Alt-Berlin (2)
- Nikolaiviertel (2a)
- Friedrichswerder (3)
- Neukölln am Wasser (4)
- Dorotheenstadt (5)
- Friedrichstadt (6)
- Luisenstadt (7)
- Stralauer Vorstadt (8)
- Alexanderplatz (9)
- Spandauer Vorstadt (10)
- Scheunenviertel (10a)
- Friedrich-Wilhelm-Stadt (11)
- Oranienburger Vorstadt (12)
- Rosenthaler Vorstadt (13)
Buildings and structures
Places, squares and streets
- Berlin Alexanderplatz railway station
- Berlin Friedrichstrasse railway station
- Berlin Potsdamer Platz railway station
Neighbourhoods of Mitte locality (Mitte district, Berlin)Alexanderplatz • Alt-Berlin (with Nikolaiviertel) • Cölln (with Fischerinsel and Museumsinsel) • Dorotheenstadt • Friedrichstadt • Friedrichswerder • Friedrich-Wilhelm-Stadt • Luisenstadt • Neukölln am Wasser • Oranienburger Vorstadt • Rosenthaler Vorstadt • Spandauer Vorstadt (with Scheunenviertel) • Stralauer Vorstadt Districts and localities of Berlin Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Lichtenberg Marzahn-Hellersdorf Mitte Neukölln Pankow Reinickendorf Spandau Steglitz-Zehlendorf Tempelhof-Schöneberg Treptow-Köpenick Districts > Localities > Zones • Greater Berlin Act • Former boroughs West boroughs
- Cölln (1)
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Mitte — This article is about the district in Berlin. For other uses, see Mitte (disambiguation). Arms Map Area … Wikipedia
Mitte (disambiguation) — The word Mitte (German for middle) may refer to: Places Germany: Mitte, a district in Berlin Mitte, a locality of Mitte district in Berlin Mitte, a district in Bielefeld Mitte, a district in Bremen Mitte, a district in Hamburg Mitte, a district… … Wikipedia
Neukölln (locality) — Berlin Neukölln redirects here: If you are looking for the district, see Neukölln. Neukölln Quarter of Berlin Hermannplatz … Wikipedia
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Dorotheenstadt — (5) within the locality of Mitte in central Berlin … Wikipedia
Oranienburger Vorstadt — Coat of Arms Map Map of central Berlin in 1789 showing Oranienburger Vorstadt highlighted Basic Information … Wikipedia
Cölln — For the city of Köln, anciently spelled Cölln, see Cologne. For the municipality in Schleswig Holstein, see Kölln Reisiek. Coat of Arms Map … Wikipedia
Alt-Berlin — Old Berlin redirects here. For other meanings, see Berlin or History of Berlin. Coat of Arms Map Seal of 1280 … Wikipedia
Nikolaiviertel — Neighborhoods in Berlin Mitte: Old Cölln  (with Museum Island [1a], Fischer Island [1b]), Alt Berlin  (with Nikolaiviertel [2a]), Friedrichswerder , Neukölln am Wasser , Dorotheenstadt , Friedrichstadt , Luisenstadt ,… … Wikipedia
Museum Island — Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin * UNESCO World Heritage Site Country … Wikipedia