Mitte


Mitte
Arms Map
Sign of Mitte The location of Mitte in Berlin.
Area: 39.47 km²
Inhabitants: 332,919 (2010-03-31)
Population density: 8,434 inhabitants per km²
Website: official homepage (German)
Politics
Mayor of Borough: Christian Hanke (SPD)
Parliament of Borough (BVV): SPD 18, Alliance '90/The Greens 15, CDU 10, The Left 6, Pirates 5 (last election 2011)
Map of the localities
Berlin Mitte.png
Allocation of seats in the borough council of Mitte (DE-2011-10-27).svg

Mitte is the first and most central borough of Berlin. It was created in Berlin's 2001 administrative reform by the merger of the former districts of Mitte proper, Tiergarten and Wedding; the resulting borough retained the name Mitte. It is one of the two boroughs (beside Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg) which comprises former West and East Berlin districts. Mitte encompasses Berlin's historic core and includes some of the most important tourist sites of Berlin like Museum Island, Brandenburg Gate, Unter den Linden, Potsdamer Platz, the Reichstag and Berlin Hauptbahnhof, most of which were in former East Berlin.

Note that when Berliners speak of Mitte, they usually refer to the smaller locality and not to the larger borough.

Contents

Geography

Mitte (German for "middle", "centre") is located in the centre of Berlin along the Spree River. It borders on Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in the west, Reinickendorf in the north, Pankow in the east, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in the southeast, and Tempelhof-Schöneberg in the southwest.

In the middle of the Spree lies Museum Island (Museumsinsel) with its museums and Berlin Cathedral (Berliner Dom). The central square in Mitte is Alexanderplatz with the prominent Fernsehturm (TV tower), Germany's highest building, and the large railway station with connections to many subway (U-Bahn), tramway (Straßenbahn), city trains (S-Bahn) and buses. There are some important streets which connect Mitte with the other boroughs, e.g. the boulevard Unter den Linden which connects Alexanderplatz to the west with Brandenburg Gate and runs further as Straße des 17. Juni to the Victory Column and the centre of former West Berlin in Charlottenburg, or Karl-Marx-Allee from Alexanderplatz to Friedrichshain and the eastern suburbs.

History

The former Mitte district had been established by the 1920 Greater Berlin Act and comprised large parts of the historic city around Alt-Berlin and Cölln. Brandenburg Gate was the western exit at the Berlin city boundary until 1861.

Between 1961 and 1990, Mitte was the central part of East Berlin, however at the same time it was surrounded by the Berlin Wall at its north, south and west. There were some border control points, the most famous of which was Checkpoint Charlie between Kreuzberg and Mitte, which was operated by the United States Army and its allies and was open to foreigners and diplomats. Two other checkpoints were at Heinrich-Heine-Straße/Prinzenstraße east of Checkpoint Charlie, open to citizens of West Germany and West Berlin and on Invalidenstraße in the north on the border with the West Berlin Tiergarten district (the present-day Moabit locality).

Subdivision

The present-day borough of Mitte consists of six localities:

(the former Mitte borough)

(the former Tiergarten borough)

(the former Wedding borough)

Demographics

As of 2010, the district had a population of 322,919, of whom 144.000 (44.5%) had a migration background. In the former West Berlin areas of Wedding, Gesundbrunnen and Moabit, foreigners and Germans of foreign origin compose nearly 70% of the population, while in Mitte proper the share of migrants is relatively low. The immigrant community is quite diverse, however, Middle Easterners (e.g. Turks, Arabs etc.), Africans, Eastern Europeans and East Asians form the largest groups.[1]

Percentage of people with migration background[2]
Germans without migration background/Ethnic Germans 55.5 % (184.000)
Germans with migration background, or Foreigners/Ausländer 44.5 % (144.000)
Muslim/Middle Eastern origin (Turkey, Arab League, Iran etc.) 18,0 % (60.000)
non-German European origin (Russia, Poland, USA, Greece, Serbia, Spain, France etc.) 10,7 % (35.400)
Others( East Asians, Afro-Germans, Sub-Saharan Africans etc.) 14,5 % (48.000)

Twin towns

View over Mitte from Berlin Cathedral

See also

  • Berlin Mitte (electoral constituency)

References

External links

Media related to Mitte at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°22′E / 52.517°N 13.367°E / 52.517; 13.367


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mitte — bezeichnet: in der Geometrie einen Mittelpunkt in der Politik einen Standpunkt im politischen Spektrum, siehe Politische Mitte Mitte bezeichnet in Geografie und Verkehr: Aachen Mitte, Stadtbezirk von Aachen Bezirk Mitte, zentraler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mitte — Mitte: Das altgerm. Substantiv mhd. mitte, ahd. mitta, aengl. midde, älter schwed. midja ist eine Bildung zu dem als selbstständigem Wort nicht mehr gebräuchlichen Adjektiv frühnhd., mhd. mitte, ahd. mitti, got. midjis, aengl. midde, aisl. miđr… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Mitte — Sf std. (11. Jh.), mhd. mitte, ahd. mittĭ, as. middia Stammwort. Aus g. * medjōn f. Mitte , auch in anord. miđja, ae. midde. Abstraktbildung zu dem Adjektiv g. * medja mitten, in der Mitte befindlich in gt. midjis, anord. miđr, ae. midd, afr.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Mitte — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Auch: • Zentrum Bsp.: • Sie trugen den Tisch in die Mitte des Zimmers. • Ich möchte das in der Mitte. • Hier ist ein Foto. Das bin ich in der Mitte …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Mitte — 1) was von gegebenen entgegengesetzten Dingen gleich weit entfernt ist; im Räumlichen kann dies, streng genommen, nur ein Punkt sein, s. Mittelpunkt; ist jedoch auf Linien, Flächen u. Körpermassen bezogen, ohne scharfe Abgrenzung von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mitte — Mittelpunkt; Zentrum * * * Mit|te [ mɪtə], die; , n: 1. a) Punkt oder Teil von etwas, der von allen Enden oder Begrenzungen gleich weit entfernt ist: die Mitte eines Kreises, der Strecke; die Mitte des Zimmers nimmt ein großer Tisch ein; die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mitte — Mịt·te die; , n; meist Sg; 1 der Teil, der z.B. bei einem Kreis von allen Teilen des Randes gleich weit entfernt ist ≈ Zentrum, Mittelpunkt ↔ Rand, Anfang, Ende <die Mitte einer Fläche, eines Gebiets, einer Gruppe, eines Körpers, eines Raumes …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • Mitte — 1. As (wenn) man gehet in Mitten, hot man a goldenen Schlitten; as man gehet im Eck, esst (isst) man a Schüssel mit Dreck. (Jüd. deutsch. Brody.) Empfiehlt kluges Masshalten und Vermeidung der Extreme. Böhm.: Nevychyluj se ku předu, nezůstávej… …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Mitte — die Mitte (Grundstufe) Punkt, der von allen seinen Begrenzungen gleich weit entfernt ist Beispiel: Die Insel liegt ganz in der Mitte des Sees. Kollokation: den Tisch in die Mitte des Zimmers schieben die Mitte (Grundstufe) Zeitpunkt oder kurzer… …   Extremes Deutsch

  • Mitte — Mịt|te , die; , n; in der Mitte; Mitte Januar; Mitte dreißig, Mitte der Dreißiger; Seite 3 [in der] Mitte, Obergeschoss Mitte …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung


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