Keith Olbermann


Keith Olbermann
Keith Olbermann

Olbermann in 2009
Born Keith Theodore Olbermann[1]
January 27, 1959 (1959-01-27) (age 52)
New York City, United States
Ethnicity German-American[2]
Education B.S. Communications Arts
Alma mater Cornell University
Occupation sports announcer, broadcast journalist, political commentator
Years active 1980s–present
Employer Current TV
Television Countdown with Keith Olbermann (2003–2011)
SportsCenter (1992–1997)
Football Night in America (2007–2010)
Awards three Edward R. Murrow Awards[3]

Keith Theodore Olbermann (play /ˈlbərmən/; born January 27, 1959) is an American political commentator and writer. He has been the chief news officer of the Current TV network and the host of Current TV's weeknight political commentary program, Countdown with Keith Olbermann, since June 20, 2011. He hosted a program with the same title and a similar format on MSNBC from March 2003 to January 2011.[4][5]

During his time at MSNBC, Olbermann established a niche in cable news commentary, gaining note for his pointed criticism of mainly right-leaning politicians and public figures[6][7][8][9][10] such as Fox News Channel commentator Bill O'Reilly,[11][12] President George W. Bush and 2008 Republican presidential nominee, John McCain.[13] Though he has been called a "liberal", he has resisted being labelled politically.[14][15]

Olbermann spent the first twenty years of his career in sports journalism. He was a sports correspondent for CNN and for local TV and radio stations in the 1980s, winning the Best Sportscaster award from the California Associated Press three times. He co-hosted ESPN's SportsCenter from 1992 to 1997. From 1998 to 2001, he was a producer and anchor for Fox Sports Net and a host of Major League Baseball on Fox.

Contents

Early life

Olbermann was born January 27, 1959, in New York City to Marie Katherine (née Charbonier),[16] a preschool teacher, and Theodore Olbermann, a commercial architect,[9] and is of German descent.[2] He has one younger sister, Jenna, who was born in 1968.[17] Olbermann grew up in a Unitarian household[18] in the town of Hastings-on-Hudson[19] in Westchester County, and attended Hackley School[9][10] in nearby Tarrytown.

Olbermann became a devoted fan of baseball at a young age, a love he inherited from his mother who was a lifelong New York Yankees fan.[16] As a teenager, he often wrote about baseball card-collecting and appeared in many sports card-collecting periodicals of the mid-1970s. He is also referenced in Sports Collectors Bible, a 1979 book by Bert Sugar, which is considered one of the important early books for trading card collectors.[20]

While at Hackley, Olbermann began his broadcasting career as a play-by-play announcer for WHTR. After graduating from Hackley in 1975, Olbermann enrolled at Cornell University at the age of 16.[21] At college, Olbermann served as sports director for WVBR, a student-run commercial radio station in Ithaca.[21] Olbermann graduated from Cornell in 1979 with a B.S. in communications arts.[22]

Sports broadcasting

Olbermann began his professional career at UPI and the RKO Radio Network before joining then nascent CNN in 1981. Among the early stories he covered was the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid including the "Miracle on Ice."[21] In the early-to-mid '80s he was a sportscaster on the old WNEW 1130-AM radio station in New York City. Also in the mid-1980s, he did the voice-over on the USA Cable Network's "Cartoon Express", with cheering kids heard in the background. In 1984, he briefly worked as a sports anchor at WCVB-TV in Boston, before heading to Los Angeles to work at KTLA and KCBS. His work there earned him 11 Golden Mike Awards, and he was named best sportscaster by the California Associated Press three times.[23]

ESPN

In 1992, Olbermann joined ESPN's SportsCenter, a position he held until 1997 with the exception of a period from 1993–1994 when he was at ESPN2 on SportsNight. He joined ESPN2 as their "marquee" personality to help launch the network.[24][25] He often co-hosted SportsCenter 11 PM show with Dan Patrick, the two becoming a popular anchor team. In 1995, Olbermann won a Cable ACE award for Best Sportscaster.[22] Olbermann later co-authored a book with Patrick called The Big Show about their experiences working at SportsCenter; he also said that the short-lived ABC dramedy Sports Night was based on his time on SportsCenter with Patrick.[26] He made $350,000 at the end of his tenure at ESPN.[27]

Early in 1997, Olbermann was suspended for two weeks after he made an unauthorized appearance on The Daily Show on Comedy Central with then-host and former ESPN colleague Craig Kilborn. At one point in the show, he referred to Bristol, Connecticut (ESPN's headquarters), as a "'Godforsaken place."[27] Later that year, Olbermann abruptly left ESPN under a cloud of controversy, apparently burning his bridges with the network's management;[28] this began a long and drawn-out feud between Olbermann and ESPN. Between 1997 and 2007, incidents between the two sides included Olbermann's publishing an essay on Salon.com in November 2002, titled "Mea Culpa", in which he stated: "I couldn't handle the pressure of working in daily long-form television, and what was worse, I didn't know I couldn't handle it."[29] The essay told of an instance when his former bosses remarked he had "too much backbone," a claim that is literally true, as Olbermann has six lumbar vertebrae instead of the normal five.[29]

In 2004, Olbermann was not included in ESPN's guest lineup for its 25th anniversary SportsCenter "Reunion Week," which saw Craig Kilborn and Charley Steiner return to the SportsCenter set. In 2007, ten years after Olbermann's departure, in an appearance on The Late Show with David Letterman, he said: "If you burn a bridge, you can possibly build a new bridge, but if there's no river any more, that's a lot of trouble." During the same interview, Olbermann stated that he had recently learned that as a result of ESPN's agreeing to let him return to the airwaves, he was banned from ESPN's main (Bristol, Connecticut) campus.[30]

Post-SportsCenter

In 1998, Olbermann joined Fox Sports Net as anchor and executive producer for The Keith Olbermann Evening News, a sportscast similar to SportsCenter, airing weekly on Sunday evenings. While at Fox, he again hosted the 2000 World Series as well as Fox Broadcasting's baseball Game of the Week. In May and July 1999, Olbermann also guest starred ten times on the Hollywood Squares.[31]

According to Olbermann, he was fired from Fox in 2001 after reporting on rumors that Rupert Murdoch, whose News Corporation owns Fox, was planning on selling the Los Angeles Dodgers.[32] When asked about Olbermann, Murdoch said: "I fired him...He's crazy."[33][34] News Corp. went on to sell the Dodgers to Frank McCourt in 2004. That year, Olbermann remarked, "Fox Sports was an infant trying to stand [in comparison to ESPN], but on the broadcast side there was no comparison—ESPN was the bush leagues."[21]

After Olbermann left Fox Sports in 2001, he provided twice-daily sports commentary on the ABC Radio Network, reviving the "Speaking of Sports" and "Speaking of Everything" segments begun by Howard Cosell.[35]

In 2005, Olbermann made a return to ESPN on the radio when he began co-hosting an hour of the syndicated Dan Patrick Show on ESPN radio, a tenure that lasted until Patrick left ESPN on August 17, 2007.[36] Olbermann and Patrick referred to this segment as "The Big Show," just as their book was known. Patrick often introduced Olbermann with the tagline "saving the democracy," a nod to his work on Countdown.

On April 16, 2007, Olbermann was named co-host of Football Night in America, NBC's NFL pre-game show that precedes their Sunday Night NFL game, a position which reunited him in 2008 with his former SportsCenter co-anchor Dan Patrick. Olbermann left the show prior to the start of the 2010 season.[37]

News journalism

In 1997, Olbermann left ESPN to host a primetime show on MSNBC, The Big Show with Keith Olbermann (ESPN objected to the use of the title).[27] The news-driven program, with substantial discussion, relied on Olbermann to carry the 8 to 9 PM hour.[27] The show typically covered three or four topics in a one-hour broadcast. Olbermann also hosted two Sunday editions of NBC Nightly News and once co-anchored a Saturday edition of the Today show.[38][39] During that period, Olbermann along with Hannah Storm, also co-hosted NBC Sports' pre-game coverage of the MLB 1997 World Series.

When the Monica Lewinsky scandal broke in 1998, The Big Show with Keith Olbermann morphed into White House in Crisis. Olbermann became frustrated as his show was consumed by the Lewinsky story. In 1998, he stated that his work at MSNBC would "make me ashamed, make me depressed, make me cry."[28] Olbermann left MSNBC for Fox Sports Net shortly thereafter.

After leaving Fox Sports in 2001, Olbermann returned once more to news journalism. In 2003, his network won an Edward R. Murrow Award for writing on the "Keith Olbermann Speaking of Everything" show.[40] In addition, Olbermann wrote a weekly column for Salon.com from July 2002 until early 2003,[41] worked for CNN as a freelance reporter,[21] and was a fill-in for newscaster Paul Harvey.[42][43]

Olbermann revived his association with MSNBC in 2003 briefly as a substitute host on Nachman and as an anchor for the network's coverage of the war in Iraq.

Countdown with Keith Olbermann

Olbermann's own show, Countdown, debuted on March 31, 2003, in the 8 p.m. ET time slot previously held by programs hosted by Phil Donahue and, briefly, Lester Holt. On October 13, 2004, Olbermann launched Bloggermann, his Countdown blog, hosted on MSNBC.com.[44] Olbermann used the open format of the blog to expand on facts or ideas alluded to in the broadcast, to offer personal musings and reactions. However, in February 2007, Olbermann launched a new blog, The News Hole.

Countdown's format, per its name, involves Olbermann ranking the five biggest news stories of the day or sometimes "stories my producers force me to cover," as Olbermann puts it. This is done in numerically reverse order, counting down with the first story shown being ranked fifth but apparently the most important. The segments ranked numbers two and one typically are of a lighter fare than segments ranked five through three. The first few stories shown are typically oriented toward government, politics, and world events. His stories usually involve celebrities, sports, and, regularly and somewhere in the middle, the bizarre, in a segment he calls "Oddball." Opinions on each are offered by Olbermann and interviewed guests. Olbermann has been criticized for only having guests that agree with his perspective. Former Los Angeles Times television critic Howard Rosenberg stated that "Countdown is more or less an echo chamber in which Olbermann and like-minded bobbleheads nod at each other."[45]

In a technique similar to that of former CBS News anchor Walter Cronkite in connection to the Iran Hostage Crisis,[46] Olbermann for many years closed[47] the program by counting the days since May 1, 2003, the day that President George W. Bush declared the end of "major combat operations" in Iraq under a banner that read "Mission Accomplished", and then crumpling up his notes, throwing them at the camera and saying "Good night and good luck" in the mode of another former CBS newsman, Edward Murrow. Olbermann discounts this gesture to his hero as "presumptuous" and a "feeble tribute." [48]

On February 16, 2007, MSNBC reported that Olbermann had signed a four-year extension on his contract with MSNBC for Countdown which also provided for his hosting of two Countdown specials a year to be aired on NBC as well as for his occasional contribution of essays on NBC's Nightly News with Brian Williams.[49]

Olbermann co-anchored, with Chris Matthews, MSNBC's coverage of the death of fellow NBC News employee Tim Russert on June 13, 2008.[50] He presented a tribute, along with several fellow journalists, in honor of Russert.[51]

During the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Olbermann co-anchored MSNBC's coverage with Chris Matthews until September 7, 2008, when they were replaced by David Gregory after complaints from both outside and inside of NBC that they were making partisan statements.[13] This apparent conflict of interest had been an issue as early as May 2007, when Giuliani campaign officials complained about his serving in dual roles, as both a host and a commentator.[52] Despite this, Countdown was broadcast both before and after each of the presidential and vice-presidential debates, and Olbermann and Matthews joined Gregory on MSNBC's Election Day coverage.[53] Olbermann and Matthews also led MSNBC's coverage of the inauguration of President Barack Obama.[54][55]

In November 2008, it was announced that Olbermann had signed a four-year contract extension worth an estimated $30 million.[56]

Feud with Bill O'Reilly

Since beginning Countdown's "Worst Person in the World" segment in July 2005, Olbermann has repeatedly awarded Bill O'Reilly, host of The O'Reilly Factor on Fox News Channel, the dubious honor.[6] The feud between the anchors originated with Olbermann's extensive coverage of a 2004 sexual harassment suit brought against O'Reilly by former Fox News Channel producer Andrea Mackris during which Olbermann asked Countdown viewers to fund the purchase of lurid audio tapes allegedly held by Mackris.[57][58] In 2008 O'Reilly decided to avoid mentioning Olbermann's name on the air, and once cut off a caller who mentioned Olbermann.[59] O'Reilly has also led campaigns against MSNBC's political coverage without ever specifically mentioning Olbermann.[6][60][14] The rivalry continued when in 2006 at Television Critics' Association in California, Olbermann donned a mask of O'Reilly and made a Nazi salute, leading to a letter of protest from the Anti-Defamation League.[61][62][63]

In an article on "perhaps the fiercest media feud of the decade", the New York Times's Brian Stelter noted that as of early June 2009 the "combat" between the two hosts seems to have abruptly ended due to instructions filtered down to Olbermann and O'Reilly from the chief executives of their respective networks.[64] On the August 3, 2009 edition of Countdown, Olbermann asserted that he had made statements to Stelter before the article was published denying that he was a party to such a deal, or that there was such a deal between NBC and Fox News, or that any NBC executive had asked him to change Countdown's content. Olbermann maintained that he had stopped joking about O'Reilly because of O'Reilly's attacks of George Tiller, and soon resumed his criticism of O'Reilly.[65]

Suspension

On October 28, 2010, days before the 2010 U.S. elections, Olbermann donated $2,400 each to three Democratic candidates for Congress: Kentucky Senate candidate Jack Conway, and Arizona Democratic Representatives Raul Grijalva and Gabrielle Giffords.[66] Grijalva had appeared on Olbermann's show immediately before Olbermann mailed the donations. In response, on November 5, MSNBC President Phil Griffin suspended him indefinitely without pay for violating a network policy which required employees to obtain approval from management before making political contributions.[67][68] An online petition calling for his reinstatement received over 250,000 signatures;[69] two days after the suspension began, Griffin announced that Olbermann would return to the air on November 9.[69]

Departure

On January 21, 2011, Olbermann announced his departure from MSNBC and the episode would be the final episode of Countdown.[70][71] MSNBC issued a statement that it had ended its contract with Olbermann, with no further explanation. Additional reporting in the days immediately following suggested that the negotiations for the end of Olbermann's tenure at MSNBC had begun soon after the end of his suspension.[72]

Current TV and FOKNewsChannel.com

On February 8, 2011, it was announced that Olbermann had taken the position of chief news officer for the Al Gore/Joel Hyatt owned public affairs channel Current TV and would begin hosting a one-hour prime time program on the network.[73] The new show was scheduled to air at 8 PM Eastern — the same time slot that Countdown was in.[74] On April 26, 2011 it was announced that Olbermann's new show would debut on June 20 and would be named "Countdown with Keith Olbermann".[75] Olbermann will also be heavily involved in the development of the rest of the network's news programming.[76] The deal also includes an equity stake in Current TV.[77]

During the interim between shows, Olbermann launched an "official not-for-profit" blog called FOKNewsChannel.com, "FOK" being an abbreviation for "Friends Of Keith". The blog featured political commentaries by Olbermann—including viral video versions of Countdown's "Special Comment" and "Worst Person" segments, as well as photographs of his outings at professional baseball games.[78] On May 29, 2011, the FOKNewsChannel.com domain redirected to the Current website promoting the June 20 launch.[79]

Political positions

Viewpoints

Although it began as a traditional newscast, Countdown with Keith Olbermann eventually adopted an opinion-oriented format. In a Countdown interview with Al Franken on October 25, 2005, Olbermann noted that in 2003, after having Janeane Garofalo and Franken on his show, a vice president of MSNBC had questioned him on inviting "liberals" on consecutive nights, contrasting that occurrence to the apparent ideological latitude he enjoyed at the time of the second Franken interview.[80] In January 2007 The Washington Post's Howard Kurtz wrote that Olbermann was "position[ing] his program as an increasingly liberal alternative to The O'Reilly Factor."[81] Much of the program has featured harsh criticism of prominent Republicans and right-leaning figures, including those who worked for or supported the George W. Bush Administration, 2008 Republican presidential nominee Senator John McCain and running mate Governor Sarah Palin,[13][82] and rival news commentator Bill O'Reilly, whom Olbermann has routinely dubbed the "Worst Person In The World".[7]

During the 2008 Democratic Party primaries Olbermann frequently chastised presidential aspirant Hillary Clinton for her campaign tactics against her principal opponent, Senator Barack Obama, and made her the subject of two of his "special comments".[83][84] Olbermann has also posted on the liberal blog Daily Kos.[85]

In November 2007, British newspaper The Daily Telegraph placed Olbermann at #67 on their Top 100 list of most influential US liberals. It said that he uses his MSNBC show to promote "an increasingly strident liberal agenda." It added that he would be "a force on the Left for some time to come."[86] Avoiding ideological self-labeling, Olbermann described his reporting in 2006 to Salon.com, "I don’t think in these issues that I’m a liberal; I think that I’m an American. I think I’m acting almost as a historian on these particular things".[7]

Before the 2010 Massachusetts special election, Olbermann called Republican candidate Scott Brown "an irresponsible, homophobic, racist, reactionary, ex-nude model, Tea Bagging supporter of violence against women, and against politicians with whom he disagrees".[87] This was criticized by his colleague Joe Scarborough, who called the comments "reckless" and "sad".[88] Yael T. Abouhalkah of the Kansas City Star said that Olbermann "crossed the line in a major way with his comments".[89] Jon Stewart criticized him about this attack in his show by noting that it was "the harshest description of anyone I've ever heard uttered on MSNBC", following which Olbermann apologized by noting, "I have been a little over the top lately. Point taken. Sorry."[90]

He has accused the Tea Party movement of being racist due to what he views as a lack of racial diversity at the events, using photos that show overwhelmingly Caucasian crowds attending the rallies. In response, the Dallas Tea Party invited Olbermann to attend one of their events and also criticized his network for a lack of racial diversity, pointing out that an online banner of MSNBC personalities that appears on the website shows only white personalities. Olbermann declined the invitation, citing his father's prolonged ill health and hospitalization and noted that the network has minority anchors, contributors and guests.[91]

Criticism of the Bush administration

In Olbermann's "Special Comment" segment on July 3, 2007, he called President George W. Bush's commutation of Lewis "Scooter" Libby's prison sentence the "last straw" and called for the resignation of Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney.[92]

On his February 14, 2008 "Special Comments" segment, Olbermann castigated Bush for threatening to veto an extension of the Protect America Act unless it provided full immunity from lawsuits to telecom companies.[93] During the same commentary, Olbermann called Bush a fascist.[93]

In a special comment on May 14, 2008, Olbermann criticized Bush for announcing that he had stopped playing golf in honor of American soldiers who died in the Iraq war. He stated that Bush never should have started the war in the first place, and he accused Bush of dishonesty and war crimes.[9]

Baseball fan

Olbermann is a dedicated baseball fan and historian of the sport, with membership in the Society for American Baseball Research.[94] In 1973, when he was only 14 years old, Card Memorabilia Associates published his book The Major League Coaches: 1921–1973. The September issue of Beckett Sports Collectibles Vintage included a T206 card that depicted Olbermann in a 1905-era New York Giants uniform.[95] He argues that New York Giants baseball player Fred Merkle has been unduly criticized for his infamous baserunning mistake.[96] He contributed the foreword to More Than Merkle (ISBN 0-8032-1056-6), a book requesting amnesty for "Merkle's Boner". Olbermann was also one of the founders of the first experts' fantasy baseball league, the USA Today Baseball Weekly League of Alternative Baseball Reality, and he gave the league its nickname "LABR".[97] Olbermann wrote the foreword to the 2009 Baseball Prospectus Annual.[98]

In March 2009, Olbermann began a baseball-related blog entitled Baseball Nerd. He has also written a series of articles on baseball cards for the Sports Collectors Digest.[99]

Personal life

In June 2006, Olbermann began dating Katy Tur, now a reporter with WNBC-TV.[10][100] According to Mediaite, the couple broke up in 2009 after three years of cohabitation.[101]

Olbermann suffers from a mild case of coeliac disease,[102] as well as restless legs syndrome.[9] In August 1980, he also suffered a head injury while "leaping" onto the NYC subway.[103] This head injury permanently upset his equilibrium, resulting in his avoidance of driving.[9] Along with Bob Costas, he supports the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation as an honorary board member.[104]

During a period in the mid-1990s, Olbermann appeared in a series of Boston Market advertisements, in which he would instruct a group of underweight models to "Eat something!"[27]

Olbermann's father, Theodore, died on March 13, 2010 of complications from colon surgery the previous September. His mother had died several months before.[105] Olbermann had cited the need to spend time with his father for taking a leave of absence shortly before his father's death, occasionally recording segments to air at the beginning of the shows which Lawrence O'Donnell guest hosted in his absence, giving his views on the state of the American health care system and updating viewers on his father's condition.[106]

Career timeline

Bibliography

  • The Major League Coaches: 1921–1973 (Card Memorabilia Associates, 1973).
  • The Big Show: Inside ESPN's Sportscenter (Atria, 1997) (coauthor: Dan Patrick). ISBN 0-671-00918-4.
  • The Worst Person In the World and 202 Strong Contenders (Wiley, September 2006). ISBN 0-470-04495-0.
  • Truth and Consequences: Special Comments on the Bush Administration's War on American Values (Random House, December 2007). ISBN 978-1-4000-6676-6.
  • Pitchforks and Torches: The Worst of the Worst, from Beck, Bill, and Bush to Palin and Other Posturing Republicans (Wiley, October 25, 2010). ISBN 0-470-61447-1.

References

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  36. ^ Cherner, Reid (2007-07-10). "Patrick to leave ESPN; next career move unknown". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/2007-07-09-Patrick-leaving-ESPN_N.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  37. ^ Shain, Michael (2010-08-09). "Keith Olbermann dropped by 'Sunday Night Football'". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/p/entertainment/tv/olbermann_dropped_by_snf_GQBPwqzMz9oLafV2szQ1jP. 
  38. ^ A search of the Vanderbilt University Television News Archive shows that Olbermann anchored NBC Nightly News on April 12, 1998 (Easter Sunday) and May 9, 1998. On his Nightly News debut, Olbermann led with coverage of the April 1998 Birmingham tornado and introduced stories about observances of Easter at the Vatican, the Northern Ireland peace process, and Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement among other subjects.
  39. ^ Graham, Tim (February 16, 2007). "Olbermann Assumes NBC's Bill Moyers Chair In Liberal Outrage". CyberAlert. Media Research Center. http://www.mrc.org/cyberalerts/2007/cyb20070216.asp#3. Retrieved January 21, 2011. "He actually anchored NBC Nightly News as a weekend substitute on April 12, 1998...and May 9, 1998. In recent years, he's surfaced a few times on the Today show. He was interviewed to plug his Worst Person In the World book last September 15. He reported on major-league shortstop Alex Rodriguez on February 16, 2004, and co-hosted the Saturday edition of Today with Campbell Brown on August 23, 2003." 
  40. ^ "2003 Edward R. Murrow National Winners". Radio-Television News Directors Association and Foundation. http://www.rtnda.org/pages/media_items/2003-murrow-national-winners701.php. Retrieved 2007-07-11. 
  41. ^ "Index of Olbermann's Salon columns". Salon.com. http://dir.salon.com/topics/keith_olbermann/index.html?ti=27. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  42. ^ Good Happy Birthday to Paul Harvey, who turns 90 Thursday[dead link]Chicago Tribune, 3 September 2008
  43. ^ Hinckley, David (January 4, 2002). "He picks up Cosell torch". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/entertainment/2002/01/04/2002-01-04_he_picks_up_cosell_torch__sp.html. Retrieved January 21, 2011. [dead link]
  44. ^ Olbermann, Keith (2004-10-13). "Welcome to Bloggerman". MSNBC.com. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6243014/#041013a. 
  45. ^ Rosenberg, Howard (2008-06-07). "Is Olbermann's snide act on MSNBC the future of TV news?". The Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/news/tv/la-et-comment7-2008jun07,0,834902.story. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  46. ^ Bliss, Edward (1991). Now the News: The Story of Broadcast Journalism. Columbia University Press. p. 317. ISBN 0-2310-4403-8. 
  47. ^ "Countdown with Keith Olbermann for March 4, 2009". Countdown with Keith Olbermann. MSNBC. 2009-03-05. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29530231/. 
  48. ^ Keith Olbermann, Olbermann/Bloggermann, August 30, 2006, Feeling morally, intellectually confused?. "Although I presumptuously use his sign-off each night, in feeble tribute, I have utterly no claim to the words of the exemplary journalist Edward R. Murrow."
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  50. ^ Elber, Lynn (2008-08-01). "Tim Russert's son to join NBC convention team". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/television/news/2008-07-31-russert_N.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
  51. ^ "Remembering Tim Russert". MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17168554/. 
  52. ^ MSNBC's Olbermann seeks delicate balance. David Bauder. USA Today. May 6, 2007.
  53. ^ "How the Networks Covered Election Night | Newsweek Politics | Newsweek.com". Newsweek.com. http://www.newsweek.com/id/167557. Retrieved 2008-11-09. [dead link]
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  55. ^ Stelter, Brian (2009-01-20). "TV Decoder: Watching the Inauguration". The Caucus (New York Times). http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/01/20/tv-decoder-live-blogging-coverage/. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  56. ^ "Olbermann's Deal Will Pay $30M Over Four Years". MediaBistro. 11 November 2008. http://www.mediabistro.com/tvnewser/msnbc/olbermanns_deal_will_pay_30m_over_four_years_100173.asp?c=rss. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  57. ^ Hagan, Joe; Kolhatkar, Sheelah (2004-10-31). "On-Air Women Snub Mackris, Olbermann Offers Cash". The New York Observer. http://www.observer.com/2004/air-women-snub-mackris-olbermann-offers-cash. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  58. ^ "Mackris' complaint v. O'Reilly, official document". TheSmokingGun.com. 2004-10-13. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/1013043mackris1.html. [dead link]
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  62. ^ Burkeman, Oliver. "News show feud boils over into open warfare" www.guardian.co.uk. 26 July 2006.
  63. ^ Kurtz, Howard. "A Gadfly With Buzz; MSNBC's Olbermann, Exercising the Right" The Washington Post. April 3, 2006
  64. ^ Stelter, Brian (2009-07-31). "Voices From Above Silence a Cable TV Feud". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/01/business/media/01feud.html. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
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  66. ^ Montgomery, David (November 6, 2010). "MSNBC's Keith Olbermann suspended for contributing to 3 Democratic candidates". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/05/AR2010110504496.html?hpid=topnews. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  67. ^ Danny Shea (November 5, 2010). "Keith Olbermann SUSPENDED From MSNBC Indefinitely Without Pay". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/11/05/keith-olbermann-suspended_n_779586.html. 
  68. ^ Stelter, Brian; Bill Carter (6 November 2010). "Keith Olbermann of MSNBC Suspended Over Donations". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/06/us/06olbermann.html?scp=2&sq=olbermann&st=cse. Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  69. ^ a b "NBC: Olbermann suspension ending Tuesday". MSNBC.com. 7 November 2010. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/40062578/ns/politics-decision_2010/. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  70. ^ "Keith Olbermann And MSNBC Announce They Are Parting Ways". HuffingtonPost. 21 January 2011. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/21/keith-olbermann-countdown-over_n_812506.htmls. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
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  72. ^ "Keith Olbermann -- The Rich Get Richer". TMZ.com. 24 January 2011. http://www.tmz.com/2011/01/24/keith-olbermann-msnbc-countdown-cable-news-comcast-nbc-universal-7-million-dollars-exit-package-televison-blackout-conan-obrien/. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 
  73. ^ "Olbermann Said to Be Going to Current TV". NYTimes.com. 7 February 2011. http://mediadecoder.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/02/07/olbermann-said-to-be-going-to-current-tv/?partner=rss&emc=rss. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  74. ^ "Keith Olbermann Current TV Show Time: 8 PM ET". HuffingtonPost. 2011-02-09. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/09/keith-olbermann-current-tv-show-time_n_821089.html. Retrieved 2011-02-09. 
  75. ^ "Current TV Unveils Name, Debut Date For New Keith Olbermann Show" (PDF). Current TV website (San Francisco, California). April 26, 2011. http://i2.crtcdn1.net/images/ed/2011/04/26/833284.pdf. Retrieved May 10, 2011. 
  76. ^ "Keith Olbermann Is Coming To Current TV". Current TV (announcement). 2011-02-08. http://current.com/keith-olbermann/. Retrieved 2011-02-08. [dead link]
  77. ^ Countdown with Keith Olbermann // Current TV[dead link]
  78. ^ "FOK News Channel, Keith Olbermann Website, Launches". The Huffington Post. 2011-02-26. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/02/26/fok-news-channel-keith-olbermann-website_n_828631.html. Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  79. ^ "FOKNewsChannel.com". http://foknewschannel.com/. Retrieved 2011-04-01. [dead link]
  80. ^ "Countdown with Keith Olbermann for October 25, 2005". Countdown with Keith Olbermann. MSNBC. 2005-10-26. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9827774/. 
  81. ^ Kurtz, Howard (2007-01-15). "Bill O'Reilly And NBC, Shouting to Make Themselves Seen?". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/14/AR2007011401124.html. 
  82. ^ "November 10, 2008 Issue". The Nation. 2008-11-10. http://www.thenation.com/issue/november-10-2008. 
  83. ^ "Keith Olbermann rips Sen. Clinton over Ferraro's comments". The Roland Report. Essence. 2008-03-18. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080523210708/http://essence.typepad.com/news/2008/03/keith-olbermann.html. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  84. ^ "Keith Olbermann Blasts Hillary Clinton Assassination Comment". The Daily Voice. 2008-05-24. http://thedailyvoice.com/voice/2008/05/keith-olbermann-blasts-hillary-000626.php. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  85. ^ "Olbermann Blogging Regularly At DailyKos". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2008/01/26/olbermann-blogging-regula_n_83411.html. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  86. ^ "The most influential US liberals". London: The Daily Telegraph. 2007-03-11. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/exclusions/uselection/nosplit/liberals61-80.xml. Retrieved 2007-12-15. 
  87. ^ Simpson, Jake (2010-01-20). "Olbermann Roasts 'Ex Nude Model' Brown". The Atlantic. http://atlanticwire.theatlantic.com/features/view/feature/Olbermann-Roasts-Ex-Nude-Model-Brown-618. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  88. ^ Barr, Andy (2010-01-19). "Joe Scarborough: Keith Olbermann is 'reckless'". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0110/31648.html. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  89. ^ Abouhalkah, Yael T (2010-01-20). "Keith Olbermann's disgusting comments". Kansas City Star. http://voices.kansascity.com/node/7296. Retrieved 2010-01-22. [dead link]
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  92. ^ "Olbermann: Bush, Cheney should resign". Msnbc.msn.com. July 3, 2007. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19588942/. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
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