2007 United Kingdom floods


2007 United Kingdom floods

Infobox flood
name=2007 UK floods


image location=Severn flood 2007 Interview with ITV (central).jpg
duration=1 June 2007— 26 July 2007
total da

total fatalities=~11
areas affected="(see below)"

The 2007 United Kingdom floods were a series of destructive floods that occurred in various areas across the country during the summer of 2007. The most severe floods occurred across Northern Ireland on 12 June; East Yorkshire and The Midlands on 15 June; Yorkshire, The Midlands, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire on 25 June; and Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire and South Wales on 20 July.

June was one of the wettest months on record in Britain (see List of weather records). Average rainfall across England was 140 millimetres (5.5 in), more than double the June average. Some areas received a month's worth of precipitation in just 24 hours. [cite news |title=Three dead following flood chaos |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6236348.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] It was Britain's wettest May–July since records began (in 1776).cite news |first=Fiona |last=Firth |title=Yes this is the wettest month ever - it's official |url=http://www.thestar.co.uk/news?articleid=2984243 |work=The Star |publisher=Sheffield Newspapers Ltd. |date=27 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] July had unusually unsettled weather and above-average rainfall through the month, peaking on 20 July as an active frontal system dumped more than convert|120|mm|in of rain in southern England.cite news|title=Flash floods and torrents of rain hit first exodus of Summer|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/weather/article2112848.ece|work=The Times|publisher=Times Online|date=21 July 2007|accessdate=2007-07-21]

Civilcite news |title=Flood Centre set up for weekend |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6252058.stm |work=BBC News Online|publisher=BBC. |date=29 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-29 ] and militarycite news |title=Flood Centre set up for weekend |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6252058.stm |work=BBC News Online|publisher=BBC. |date=29 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-29 ] authorities described the June and July rescue efforts as the biggest in peacetime Britain. The Environment Agency described the July floods as criticalcite news|title=Flood crisis grows as rivers rise|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6911226.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] and expected them to exceed the 1947 benchmark. [cite news |title=Floods crisis hits one million Britons|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/07/24/nfloods124.xml |work=Daily Telegraph |publisher=Daily Telegraph |date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23 ]

Meteorological background

June 2007 started quietly with an anticyclone to the north of the United Kingdom maintaining a dry, cool easterly flow. From 10 June the high pressure began to break down as an upper trough moved into the area, triggering thunderstorms that caused flooding in Northern Ireland on 12 June.

Later that week, a slow moving area of low pressure from the west of Biscay moved east across the British Isles. At the same time, an associated occluded front moved into Northern England, becoming very active as it did so with the peak rainfall on 15 June. Rainfall records were broken across the region [ cite web |title= News Release | publisher=Met office | url= http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/pressoffice/2007/pr20070726.html |format= html | date= 2007-07-25 | accessdate = 2007-11-07 ] , leading to localised flooding. As it weakened, the front moved north into Scotland on 16 June and left England and Wales with a very unstable airmass, frequent heavy showers, thunderstorms and cloudy conditions. This led to localised flash flooding and prevented significant drying where earlier rains had fallen.

On 25 June another unseasonably low pressure (993 hPa / 29.3 inHg) depression moved across England. The associated front settled over Eastern England and dumped more than 100 mm (3.9 in) of rain in places. The combination of high rainfall and high water levels from the earlier rainfall led to extensive flooding across many parts of England and Wales, with the Midlands, Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, South, West and East Yorkshire the most affected. Gales along the east coast also caused storm damage. RAF Fylingdales on the North Yorkshire Moors reported rainfall totals of 103 mm (4.1 in) in 24 hours, an estimated 100 mm (3.9 in) in Hull and 77 mm (3 in) on Emley Moor in West Yorkshire. The average monthly total for June for the whole UK is 72.6 mm (2.9 in). [cite news |title=Northern England hit hardest by midsummer flooding |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/news/26062007news.shtml |work=BBC Weather |publisher=BBC. |accessdate=2007-07-28 ]

On 27 June, the Met Office released an early warning of severe weather for the approaching weekend, stating that 20 to 50 mm (¾–2 in) of rain could fall in some areas, raising the possibility of more flooding within the already saturated flood plains.

On 20 July, another active frontal system moved across Southern England. Many places recorded a month's rainfall or more in one day. The Met Office at RAF Brize Norton in Oxfordshire reported 126.6 mm (5 in): a sixth of its annual rainfall. The college at Pershore in Worcestershire reported 142.2 mm (5.6 in), [cite news |title=Rescue mission for a nation under water|url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,,2132054,00.html |work=Guardian Unlimited |publisher=The Guardian|date=22 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-22 ] causing the Environment Agency to issue 16 further severe flood warnings. [cite news |title=Chaos as heavy rain brings floods |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6907316.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=20 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-21 ] By 21 July, many towns and villages were flooded, with Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, London and South Wales facing the brunt of the heavy rainfall.

Climate researchers have suggested that the unusual weather leading to the floods may be linked to this year's appearance of La Niña in the Pacific Ocean, [ [http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23402731-details/'Four+more+days'+to+pump+flood+water+from+homes+in+Doncaster/article.do Four more days to pump flood water from homes in Doncaster] This is London, accessed 3 July 2007] and the jet stream being further south than normal. [cite web |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/6911918.stm |title=Why has it been so wet? |accessdate=2007-07-24 |format= |work=BBC News ]

While all this was happening Rihanna's single Umbrella was the current number one single on the UK Single Charts, and stayed there for 10 weeks. During this time a lot of people blamed the song for the bad weather. The Sun Newspaper jokingly said it was the Rihanna Curse.

Affected areas in England

England was affected by the June and July floods, with the North badly hit in June, the West badly hit in July, and many areas hit in both. It was England's wettest July on record. [cite news |title=England suffers record wet July |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6925602.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=1 August 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ] Non-administrative counties [As defined in the Lieutenancies Act 1997] and administrative counties [As enabled by the Local Government Act 1992, defined by the Local Government Commission for England (1992), and completed by April 1, 1998] affected by the flooding are given below.

Bedfordshire

By 24 July, parts of Bedford and Luton were flooded [cite news |title=Your weather pictures (picture 9: Tuesday 24 July - Bedford Embankment) |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/threecounties/content/image_galleries/floods_july_2007_gallery.shtml?9 |work=BBC Beds, Herts and Bucks |publisher=BBC. |date=27 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] [cite news |title=Your weather pictures (picture 10: Tuesday 24 July - Bedford Embankment) |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/threecounties/content/image_galleries/floods_july_2007_gallery.shtml?10 |work=BBC Beds, Herts and Bucks |publisher=BBC. |date=27 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] and one man drowned attempting to swim across the River Great Ouse in Bedford.cite news|title=Body of man recovered from river|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/beds/bucks/herts/6914357.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24] Parts of Felmersham [cite news |title=Your weather pictures (picture 27: Flooding in Felmersham, Bedfordshire) |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/threecounties/content/image_galleries/floods_july_2007_gallery.shtml?27 |work=BBC Beds, Herts and Bucks |publisher=BBC. |date=27 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] and Turvey [cite news |title=Your weather pictures (picture 23: The flooding around Turvey, Beds) |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/threecounties/content/image_galleries/floods_july_2007_gallery.shtml?23 |work=BBC Beds, Herts and Bucks |publisher=BBC. |date=27 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] were also flooded by water from the river

Berkshire

On 20 July, the M4 was closed after a landslide caused by flooding between Junctions 12 and 13 eastbound. [cite news |title=M4 landslide causes traffic chaos |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/berkshire/6908071.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=20 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31 ]

By 21 July, Newbury and Maidenhead town centres were flooded, the shopping mall in Maidenhead was closed and parts of the Glade Festival were flooded. Officials warned that the River Thames, the River Ock, and its tributaries from Charney could burst their banks.cite news|title=Floods: At-a-glance |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6911778.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] . Trinity School was badly affected by the flooding as well due to Vodafone's HQ nearby. Vodafone's ornamental lake overflowed due to the sudden downpour and badly damaged Trinity School's astro turf to the front of the school as well as some damage to inside the school.

In Reading, rail services to the Southwest were affected and Westbound trains from Paddington could go no further.

The flood waters affected the Atomic Weapons Establishment at Burghfield, which handles Britain's nuclear warheads, resulting in a suspension of work for almost a year. [cite news|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/may/25/nuclear.defence?gusrc=rss&feed=networkfront|title=Trident plant shut down in safety alert|author=Jamie Doward|publisher=The Observer|date=2008-05-25|accessdate-2008-05-25]

Buckinghamshire

On 3 June, Stoke Goldington suffered flash flooding affecting 25 homes. [cite web|url=http://www.miltonkeynes.co.uk/news?articleid=2925836|title=Fire rescue boat sent out during floods] Stoke Goldington was affected again on 3 July, with 10 houses being flooded. [cite web|url=http://www.miltonkeynes.co.uk/news?articleid=2999317|title=Flash floods cause chaos north of city] By 21 July, 70 homes and businesses were flooded by the River Ouse in Buckingham and 30 people spent the night in the town's Radcliffe centre, but 10 miles away a system of balancing lakes prevented Milton Keynes from suffering significantly, apart from a flash flood of Stony Stratford High Street from the River Ouse. [cite web|url=http://www.miltonkeynes.co.uk/news?articleid=3060513|title=Floods warning on expansion agenda] [cite web|url=http://www.miltonkeynes.co.uk/ViewArticle.aspx?SectionID=415&articleid=3051918|title=Milton Keynes Today]

Cambridgeshire

On 24 July, four bridges in St Neots, Cambridgeshire were shut when the river level peaked, and the Environment Agency warned residents in the St Neots, Paxton and Offords areas to expect flooding that night. [cite news |title=Flood alert as river level peaks |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/cambridgeshire/6913169.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] By 25 July, parts of St Ives were flooded. [cite news |title=Gallery: Flooding in Cambs (picture 1: Flooding on The Waits in St Ives, 25 July, 2007.) |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/cambridgeshire/content/image_galleries/flood_cambs_july_07_gallery.shtml?1 |work=BBC Cambridgeshire |publisher=BBC. |date=25 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] Later the same day, the Environment Agency advised residents near the River Great Ouse that the peak had passed and further flooding was unlikely. [cite news |title=Flood 'unlikely' as peak passes |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/6914954.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=25 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ]

County Durham

On 15 June, heavy rainfall caused the postponement of the fourth test match between England and the West Indies at the Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street. On 23 June, flash floods affected parts of Darlington [cite news |title=Flooding Chaos as storms hit region |url=http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/search/display.var.1493866.0.flooding_chaos_as_storms_hit_region.php |work=The Northern Echo |publisher=Newsquest Media Group. |date=23 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] and Stanhope Road, Northgate, St Cuthbert's Way, Parkgate and Haughton Raod were closed after water levels rose by about 2 feet (0.6 m). On 17 July, flooding affected Peterlee town centre, closing shops, a McDonald's and a local school. [cite news |title=Clean-up after town hit by flood
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/6234406.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=24 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-25
]

Cumbria

A 64 year old man injured his head and died after trying to bail out his flooded home in Alston, Cumbria. [cite news|title=Tragic death of flooding victim|url=http://icnewcastle.icnetwork.co.uk/journallive/thejournal/tm_headline=tragic-death-of-flooding-victim&method=full&objectid=19488588&siteid=50081-name_page.html |work=Newcastle Journal|publisher=NCJ Media|date=20 July 2007|accessdate=2007-07-21]

Derbyshire

On 15 June, flooding affected properties in Coal Aston, Calow and Chesterfield town centre, and the A617 was filled with more than convert|2|ft|m|1 of floodwater causing traffic delays. [cite news|title=Floods chaos |url=http://www.derbyshiretimes.co.uk/ViewArticle.aspx?SectionID=8749&articleid=2969993 |work=Derbyshire Times |publisher=|date=20 June 2007|accessdate=2007-08-03] Shops affected in the Ravenside Retail Park included Currys, PC World and a pet store.

Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire was the worst affected county - with both some minor flooding in June, and major flooding in July. [cite web
title = Flood crisis grows as rivers rise
url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6911226.stm
publisher = BBC
format = html
accessdate = 2007-11-06
]

On the night of Friday 20 July an Amphicar was used to ferry food to over 100 school children who were stranded [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/hereford/worcs/6909330.stm] by floodwater at Tewkesbury High School. [http://www.amphicars.com/acfloods.htm]

On 21 July, Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service attended 1,800 calls in an 18 hour period. Normally they attend 8,000 in a year. [cite news |title=Water runs out in flood-hit areas water|url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,,2132054,00.html |work=Guardian Unlimited |publisher=Guardian|date=22 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-22 ]

On 22 July, Gloucester City A.F.C.'s Stadium was flooded. Tewkesbury was completely cut off with no road access, parts of the town were under around convert|3|ft|m|1 of water and flood waters entered Tewkesbury Abbey for the first time in 247 years.Tewkesbury Abbey website [http://web.archive.org/web/20070812021533/http://www.tewkesburyabbey.org.uk/Temporary+pages/Flooding.html Flooding at Tewkesbury Abbey, July 2007] ] Tewkesbury's Mythe Water Treatment Works were flooded,cite news|title=Flood crisis grows as rivers rise|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6911226.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] threatening drinking water supplies to 350,000 people, and Severn Trent Water warned that treated water would run out by early Sunday evening in Tewkesbury, Cheltenham and Gloucester. Combined military and civil emergency services tried to stop floods reaching the Walham electricity substation in Gloucester supplying half a million people.cite news|title=Benn defends response to floods|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6910838.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=22 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-21] cite news|title=10,000 homes flooded, 50,000 without power and 150,000 have no water|url=http://timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/weather/article2127616.ece|work=The Times |publisher=The Times|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24]

On 23 July 50,000 Gloucestershire homes were left without electricity after a major electricity substation in Castle Meads, Gloucester was turned off due to the flood.cite news|title=Residents braced for more floods|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6912650.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] cite news|title=10,000 homes flooded, 50,000 without power and 150,000 have no water|url=http://timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/weather/article2127616.ece|work=The Times |publisher=The Times|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24]

On 24 July, the battle to save the Walham substation succeeded, stopping flood waters just short of entrycite news|title=10,000 homes flooded, 50,000 without power and 150,000 have no water |url=http://timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/weather/article2127616.ece |work=The Times |publisher=The Times|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24] cite news|title=Floods crisis hits one million Britons|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml;jsessionid=YPN2EWLK4JFVPQFIQMFCFGGAVCBQYIV0?xml=/news/2007/07/24/nfloods224.xml|work=Daily Telegraph |publisher=Daily Telegraph|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24] and the Castle Meads substation was repaired,cite news|title=Flood crisis operation launched|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6913752.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24] restoring power supplies. [http://www.channel4.com/news/articles/society/environment/saving+walham/624157#fold Channel 4's information about saving of Walham from floods] [http://www.abb.co.uk/cawp/seitp202/F96BC80DD66741B08025705000507EB4.aspx] [cite web
url = http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/news/1827418?lang=_e&region=&projectstatus=&theme=&subject=&searchfor=&topic=&area=&month=
title = Environment Agency protects Gloucestershire's electricity supply
accessdate = 2008-01-02
date = 2007-07-24
publisher = Environment Agency
] [cite web
url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/gloucestershire/6916010.stm
title = Prime minister visits flood teams
accessdate = 2008-01-02
date = 2007-07-25
work = BBC Online
publisher = BBC
]

But 420,000 people were now without drinking water, including most of the population of Gloucester, Cheltenham, and Tewkesbury. Emergency services continued repair work at the Mythe water-treatment works but Severn Trent Water feared that water supplies would not be restored for at least fourteen days. [cite news|title=Flood crisis operation launched|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6913752.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24] 900 drinking water bowsers were brought in and the Army were mobilised to distribute three million bottles of water a day and keep the bowsers filled.

On 25 July, Coors, Carlsberg, Scottish and Newcastle, Inbev and Greene King brewing companies offered 23 beer tankers to help supply drinking water. Severn Trent Water organised a temporary solution to restore a temporary water supply from the next day to 10,000 homes in Tewkesbury, [cite news|title=Fears as floods loom in new areas|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6914876.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=25 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-25] the temporary solution allowed those to use it for toilets and washing, but not to drink. It was not until 7 August, 16 days after Mythe Treatment Works stopped pumping, that the tap water for the 140,000 homes affected was considered safe as drinking water. [cite news|title=tap water is safe to drink|url=http://www.stwater.co.uk/server.php?show=ConWebDoc.3180|work=Severn Trent Water |publisher=Severn Trent Water|date=7 August 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24]

On 26 July, a 64 year old father and his 27 year old son died pumping water out of the flooded Tewkesbury Rugby Football Club cellar. [cite news|title=Britain's worst floods claim father and son |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/07/27/nfloods127.xml |work=Daily Telegraph |publisher=Daily Telegraph |date=2007-07-28 |accessdate=2007-07-30] [cite news|title=Two dead after flooding accident|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6916774.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=26 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-26]

On 28 July, a body was recovered in Tewkesbury. [cite news|title=Body find in search for teenager |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/gloucestershire/6920501.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=28 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-30] It was that of a 19 year old Mitchell Taylor [cite news|title=Flood funds blocked by responsibility row |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/07/29/nfloods129.xml |work=Daily Telegraph |publisher=Daily Telegraph |date=2007-07-29 |accessdate=2007-07-30] who had gone missing on 21 July. [cite news|title=Floods recede but danger not over |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/07/24/nfloods224.xml |work=Daily Telegraph |publisher=Daily Telegraph |date=26 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-30]

Herefordshire

By 19 June, Herefordshire was affected by flooding. [cite news |title=Flash floods hit homes and roads |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/hereford/worcs/6769829.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=20 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] The M50 motorway near Ledbury was closed on 22 July due to flooding. [cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/herefordandworcester/content/image_galleries/flash_floods_gallery.shtml?10|title=M50 flooding: BBC photo] More than 5,200 people in and around Bromyard, Herefordshire were without clean water on 22 and 23 July after the pumps at the Whitbourne works in Herefordshire failed. Once supply was restored residents were urged by Welsh Water to boil their tap-water until further notice. The village of Hampton Bishop, 3 miles (5 km) from the city of Hereford remains surrounded and flooded by water after the River Lugg burst its banks. On the afternoon of 24 July the Fire Service began pumping flood water out of the village, but not before 130 residents were evacuated. [cite news|title=Roads reopening in cut off towns |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/hereford/worcs/6913041.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24] Houses, including the Herefordshire home of Daily Mail writer Quentin Letts, were flooded by a torrent of water gushing from what had previously been only a small, unnamed brook north of Ross-on-Wye.

Lancashire

On 12 June, Lostock Hall and Penwortham near Preston were hit by flash floods. [cite news |title=Homes damaged by flash floods
url=http://www.lep.co.uk/ViewArticle.aspx?sectionid=73&articleid=2945135 |work=Lancashire Evening Post |publisher=Johnston Press. |date=12 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28
] On 3 July, heavy rain caused flooding in Earby [cite news |title=Rain water pumped from 40 homes |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lancashire/6264254.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=3 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] and Ribchester, [cite news |title=Lancs homes under water |url=http://www.lep.co.uk/news?articleid=2999139 |work=Lancashire Evening Post |publisher=Johnston Press. |date=3 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] affecting homes and causing the Royal Lancashire Show to be cancelled on 9 July. [cite news |title=Royal agricultural show cancelled |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lancashire/6283320.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=9 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] On 4 July, the Blackburn Mela was cancelled due to ground conditions. [cite news |title=Asian festival cancelled in rain |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lancashire/6268420.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=4 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] On 18 July, Walton-le-Dale near Preston was hit by flash floods. [cite news |title=Residents hit by flash floods
url=http://www.lep.co.uk/news?articleid=3039194 |work=Lancashire Evening Post |publisher=Johnston Press. |date=18 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28
]

Lincolnshire

On 25 June, the region was hit by flooding. Emergency services received more than 600 flood-related calls, roads were flooded in Grantham, Lincoln, Louth and Horncastle, homes in Louth and Langworth were flooded, the River Witham and Brayford Pool overtopped, people left their homes in Wainfleet, people were evacuated by boat from about 120 flats in Lincoln, and homes near Market Rasen and Scunthorpe, North Lincolnshire were left without power. [cite news |title= Homes evacuated after downpours |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lincolnshire/6240086.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

About 400 homes were evacuated in total. [cite news |title= Homes evacuated after downpours |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lincolnshire/6240086.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

On 26 June, North East Lincolnshire was affected by flooding as about 50 Grimsby homes were evacuated by boat and the Army used to sandbag areas in Grimsby and Cleethorpes. [cite news |title=Boats needed to rescue residents |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6239898.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

Fields across the county were waterlogged, damaging crops and up to 40% of the pea harvest. Food prices were predicted to rise.

Although it did not formally flood, the Witham river came within inches of doing so. If it had, it would have created a convert|20|mi|km|1 wide lake, paralysing the county's transport.

On 20 July, parts of Louth and Horncastle were hit by flooding again, and the main road in Covenham St Marys was under several feet of water. [cite news |title=High tide alert for flood village |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lincolnshire/6909797.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=21 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

London

On 20 July flooding occurred in many parts of London. Water and power supplies were not disrupted but parts of South West London were under convert|2|ft|cm|0 of water. Heathrow Airport cancelled 141 flights. Two of four rail lines in South Croydon were closed by landslips. The London Underground was severely disrupted and 25 stations were closed.

Nottinghamshire

On 27 June 2007, flash flooding caused extensive damage to the villages of Lambley, Woodborough and Burton Joyce. Major towns were hit including Mansfield and Hucknall but not as severely as Lambley. Nottingham city was on high ground and unaffected. The same day, flooding occurred at Retford and Worksop after the River Idle and River Ryton respectively overtopped their banks.

Oxfordshire

Many rivers burst their banks, including both the Thames and the Cherwell in Oxford, the Thames and the Ock in Abingdon, the Cherwell in Banbury, and the Windrush and Evenlode in Witney.

By 21 July, Banbury [cite news|title=Floods wreak havoc in Banbury|url=http://www.banburyguardian.co.uk/news?articleid=3050221|work=Banbury Guardian|publisher=Johnston press|date=21 July 2007|accessdate=2007-07-21] and Witney [ [http://www.witney.net/floods Witney Flood Gallery] ] were flooded. Oxford, particularly Botley, was flooded and some 300 people were evacuated.

On 22 July, the Environment Agency warned of further flooding and 1,500 people in Abingdon were evacuated. Forty thousand sandbags were transported from Grantham in Lincolnshire to Abingdon and Oxford.

By 23 July, Oxford, Abingdon, Kidlington and Bladon were affected; some 3,000 homes including the home of William Morris at Kelmscott were flooded and 600 residents were evacuated, with many taking refuge in Oxford United Football Club's Kassam Stadium. [cite news |title=Flood fears as river levels rise |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/oxfordshire/6911321.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=23 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31 ]

On 24 July the Thames in Abingdon rose 3 feet (0.9 m) in less than 12 hours to a "perilously high" level and the Thames and the Severn were expected to rise to 20 feet (6.1 m) higher than normal.

On 25 July residents of Osney in west Oxford were advised to leave their homes. About 30 people went to the Kassam stadium shelter while another 250 decided to stay with family and friends. Osney Mead substation, which supplies power to Oxford city centre, was threatened but did not flood. Later that evening, the Thames breached its banks at Henley.

hropshire

By 19 June, rain had washed away the main road at . | date=22 June 2007 | accessdate=2007-06-28 ] Repair costs to the railway were estimated at £2 million. [cite news |title=SVR repair bill to hits £2 m|url=http://www.expressandstar.co.uk/2007/07/13/svr-repair-bill-to-hit-%c2%a32m/ |publisher=Express & Star |date=13 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-21]

On 26 June, a bridge collapsed on the main road into Ludlow, severing a gas main and causing the surrounding area to be evacuated.

On 1 July, a woman was pulled out of the River Severn at Jackfield on the Telford and Wrekin border near Ironbridge. [cite news|title=Woman's body pulled out of Severn |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/shropshire/6259152.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=1 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-05] By 24 July, the UK National Ballooning Championships in Ludlow had been cancelled for the first time in their 32-year history. [cite news|title=County to share in £1m flood aid|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/shropshire/6914256.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11]

Warwickshire

By 21 July, flooded parts of Warwickshire included Alcester, Stratford-upon-Avon, Shipston on Stour and Water Orton. To a lesser extent, areas of Leamington Spa and Warwick also experienced flooding. [cite news |title=Your pictures: Warwickshire floods
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/6910192.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=21 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-25
]

Several nature reserves in the Tame Valley, including Ladywalk and Kingsbury Water Park were badly affected, just as ground- and reedbed- nesting birds were hatching young.cite web|url=http://www.westmidlandbirdclub.com/ladywalk/latest.htm|title=West Midland Bird Club news from Ladywalk Reserve]

West Midlands

200 people were forced to leave Witton Road and Tame Road in Aston, Birmingham when the River Tame flooded. Water entered the streets of Shirley, Solihull. As in Warwickshire, the Tame caused losses at a nature reserve; this time RSPB Sandwell Valley.cite news |title=Lethal Floods Claim Fourth Victim |url=http://news.sky.com/skynews/article/0,,30100-1272449,00.html|publisher=Syk News|date=27 June 2007 |accessdate=2008-01-20 ] The waters were still rising, endangering the confluence of the River Teme and the River Severn. On 26 June 2007 the New Road Ground, home to Worcestershire County Cricket Club, was flooded after the River Severn overtopped its banks, causing the next day's Twenty20 match against Warwickshire to be cancelled. [cite news |title=Severn floods ground at New Road |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/cricket/counties/worcestershire/6241536.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] On 17 July, Tenbury Wells in Worcestershire was flooded for the second time in three weeks after a thunderstorm caused flash flooding. [cite news|title=Tenbury Wells mops up after latest floods |url=http://www.worcesternews.co.uk/search/display.var.1551740.0.tenbury_wells_mops_up_after_latest_floods.php|work=Worcester News |Publisher=Newsquest Media Group|date=18 July 2007|accessdate=2007-07-21] By 21 July the M5 was affected, compounded by the closure of the Strensham services, and the motorway was closed, stranding hundreds in their vehicles overnight. [cite news|title=Hundreds stranded in flood chaos |url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/uklatest/story/0,,-6795755,00.html |work=Guardian |publisher=Guardian Unlimited |date=21 July 2007|accessdate=2007-07-21]

By 23 July, parts of Worcestershire were under 6 feet (2 m) of water and the Army was brought in to help emergency services supply the inhabitants of Upton-upon-Severn which was cut-off by floodwater.

East Riding of Yorkshire and Kingston upon Hull

On 15 June, the region was hit by flooding. Roads including the A63 and A1105 in Hull and schools in the region were closed, the Hull Lord Mayor's Parade was cancelled, the Festival of Football was postponed, police declared a major incident and Hessle in Hull, on the border between one council and the other, suffered two square miles of severe sewage-contaminated flooding. [cite news |title=Caravan park evacuated at resort |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6755819.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=15 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

On 25 June, the region was hit by flooding again. Fire crews received over 1500 calls in a 12 hour period, [cite news |title=Floods force thousands from homes |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6239828.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31 ] dozens of homes in Beverley and about 50 people at a Hull nursing home were evacuated, [cite news |title=Boats needed to rescue residents |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6239898.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ] boats were used to evacuate about 90 people from 4 feet (1 m) of floodwater in Hull's County Road North, [cite news |title=Boats needed to rescue residents |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6239898.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ] and in Hessle a 28 year old man died after becoming trapped in a drain. [cite news |title=Man Trapped in Flooded Drain Dies |url=http://news.sky.com/skynews/article/0,,30100-1272135,00.html?f=rss |work=Sky News |publisher=BSkyB. |date=25 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] The new Hull police station had to be vacated because of flooding. The next day, only 12 of Hull's 88 schools were still open, affecting 30,000 out of 38,000 Hull schoolchildren. [cite news |title=Floods struck as pupils sat exam |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/6284536.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=9 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

By 4 July in Hull, six schools were still closed and 120 residents in residential or nursing care had been relocated. [cite news |title=Flood-hit Hull a 'forgotten city' |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6270236.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=4 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

By 5 July, an estimated 35,000 people [cite news |title= Minister in flood cash aid pledge
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6272012.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=5 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11
] in streets containing 17,000 homes [cite news |title=Flood-hit Hull a 'forgotten city' |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6270236.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=4 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ] had been affected by flooding in Hull and by the next day more than 10,000 homes had been evacuated. [cite news |title=Floods: The worst affected places
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6277996.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=6 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11
] Hull City Council estimated repair costs at £200 million. [cite news |title= Minister in flood cash aid pledge
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6272012.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=5 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11
]

By 24 July, Hull City Council had checked each house in the flooded streets and stated that 6,500 homes had been flooded. [cite news |title=Flooded homes total is revealed |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6913629.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

By 27 July, £2.1 million had been allocated to Hull and £600,000 to the East Riding for clean-up and immediate repairs, [cite news |title= Government shares out flood cash
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6897232.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=13 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11
] and £3.2 million to Hull and £1.5 million to the East Riding for further repairs to the region's estimated 101 schools suffering significant flood damage. [cite news |title=Funding plans for flooded schools |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/6919362.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=27 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-11 ]

By 3 September, figures released by Hull City Council had been revised upwards to 7,800 houses that had been flooded plus 1,300 businesses that were affected.

North Yorkshire

By 15 June, towns and villages in North Yorkshire were flooded, with Knaresborough, Harrogate and York being particularly affected. [cite web|url=http://archive.thenorthernecho.co.uk/2007/6/16/235885.html|title=Torrential Rain Brings Misery|publisher=The Northern Echo|aaccessdate=September|accessyear=2008] In Scarborough, the main A171 Scalby Road flooded outside Scarborough Hospital, and the ornamental lake at Peasholm Park overtopped its banks and poured down Peasholm Gap into North Bay. Near Catterick, North Yorkshire, a 17 year old soldier on a training exercise from Catterick Garrison died after being swept away whilst crossing Risedale Beck, Hipswell Moor. [cite news |title=Soldier found dead after floods |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/north_yorkshire/6760659.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=16 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] On 23 June, flooding affected Middlesbrough. [cite news |title=Flooding Chaos as storms hit region |url=http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/search/display.var.1493866.0.flooding_chaos_as_storms_hit_region.php |work=The Northern Echo |publisher=Newsquest Media Group. |date=23 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ]
Pickering was flooded after Pickering Beck overflowed its banks. On 18 July, streams overflowed and roads were blocked in Barton, Gilling West, Melsonby, Hartforth, Scotch Corner, Middleton Tyas and Kirby Hill after a freak rainstorm, [cite news|title=Villages are hit by flash floods misery|url=http://www.thisisthenortheast.co.uk/mostpopular.var.1559757.mostviewed.villages_are_hit_by_flash_floods_misery.php |work=The Northern Echo|publisher=Newsquest Media Group|date=20 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-21] and on 18 July 2007 a cloud burst left parts of Filey under 3 feet (1 m) of water, just caused by the rain, rather than by a river bursting its banks. Pensioners were stranded in the town's swimming pool and rescued by lifeboat. [cite news|title=Flash floods hit east coast town|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/north_yorkshire/6905066.stm|work=BBC|publisher=BBC Online|date=18 July 2007|accessdate=2007-07-21]

South Yorkshire

On 25 June, Sheffield suffered extensive damage as the River Don over topped its banks causing widespread flooding in the Don Valley area of the city. A 14-year-old boy was swept away by the swollen River Sheaf [cite news |title=Family tribute to flood death boy |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/south_yorkshire/6240662.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] and a 68 year old man died after attempting to cross a flooded road in Sheffield city centre.cite news |first=Richard |last=Heath |title=Two die in city floods |url=http://www.thestar.co.uk/ViewArticle.aspx?SectionID=58&articleid=2982556 |work=The Star |publisher=Sheffield Newspapers Ltd. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] The Meadowhall shopping centre was closed due to flooding with some shops remaining closed downstairs until late September and Sheffield Wednesday's ground Hillsborough was under 6 feet (1.8 m) of water. A number of people had to be rescued by RAF helicopters from buildings in the Brightside area, [cite web |title= RAF helicopters in major flood rescue effort
url= http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceNews/MilitaryOperations/RafHelicoptersInMajorFloodRescueEffort.htm
publisher= Ministry of Defense (United Kingdom)
date= 2006-07-26
format= html
accessdate= 2007-11-07
] whilst in the Millhouses Park area to the southwest of the city the River Sheaf overtopped its banks causing widespread damage. [cite web
url= http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/06/27/nflood227.xml
date= 2007-06-27
accessdate= 2007-11-06
publisher= The Telegraph
format= html
title= People of Sheffield show steel
] There was also widespread flooding in Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham with much of these towns cut off.

By 26 June, the waters in some parts of Sheffield and the surrounding area had receded, but over 700 villagers from Catcliffe, near Rotherham's Ulley reservoir were evacuated after cracks appeared in the dam. [cite news |title=Dam 'stable' after burst worries |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/south_yorkshire/6241924.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] Emergency services from across England pumped millions of gallons of water from the reservoir to ease the pressure on the damaged dam, and the nearby M1 Motorway was closed between junctions 32 and 36 as a precaution. [cite news |title=Dam families' second night away |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/south_yorkshire/6243478.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=27 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ]

On 27 June, the Army moved into the Doncaster area after the River Don overtopped its banks and threatened the area around what was Thorpe Marsh Power Station. A man was incorrectly reported missing near the village of Adwick le Street near Doncaster. [cite news |title=Disruption continues after floods |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6243926.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=27 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ]

West Yorkshire

On 15 June and again on 25 June, the villages of Scissett and Clayton West and other parts of Kirklees were flooded by the River Dearne, the second time worse than the first.

On 29 June, Wakefield was flooded. Six elderly women, including a 91-year-old, were stranded in their homes. [cite news |title=Man rescues elderly flood victims
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/west_yorkshire/6254634.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=29 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-25
]

During the Wakefield flood, hundreds of homes were evacuated in the Agbrigg area of Wakefield and looting was feared, but by 1 July only four looters had been arrested in the city and were later released on bail. [cite news |title=Forced to protect flood-hit homes

url=http://www.wakefieldexpress.co.uk/ViewArticle.aspx?SectionID=702&articleid=3009214 |work=Wakefield Express |publisher=Wakefield Express. |date=29 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-06 ]

The Leeds village of Collingham (near Wetherby) was particularly effected by the flooding and one house was looted.

Affected areas in Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland was hit by flooding in the June and July floods and it was Northern Ireland's wettest June since 1958. [cite news |title=June wettest for nearly 50 years |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6260766.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=2 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] The non-administrative counties [As last defined by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898] and districts [As defined by the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972] affected are given below.

County Antrim

On 12 June, the Knockmore campus of the Lisburn Institute in Lisburn was affected by flooding. The same day, parts of East Belfast near the Antrim-Down border that were affected included the Kings Road, Ladas Drive, Strandtown Primary School and the Parliament Buildings in Stormont, with 80 residents evacuated from their old people's home on the Kings Road and Avoniel Leisure Centre opened to assist flood victims. [cite news |title=30 rescued as floods strike city
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6745285.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=12 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29
] [cite news |title=Executive in pledge over flooding |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6747321.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=13 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] On 2 July, houses were flooded and two people evacuated from their home in Cushendall in Antrim after the River Dall burst its banks following heavy rain. [cite news |title=Flooding after river bursts banks |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6263584.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=2 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] [cite news |title=Flood victims to get compensation |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6263902.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=3 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] On 16 July, parts of Belfast International Airport near Aldergrove in Antrim were flooded by a freak thunderstorm leaving 10 planes unable to land, [cite news |title=Rain storm chaos strikes Ulster again|url=http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/article2776814.ece |work=Belfast Telegraph |publisher=Independent News & Media. |date=17 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-09 ] landslides closed the Antrim Coast Road near Ballygally, Larne, and people were trapped in their cars in Portrush, Coleraine. [cite news |title=Rain causes havoc in north-east |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6901878.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=16 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] [cite news |title=Mudslide risk keeps road closed |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6902001.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=16 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ]

County Down

On 15 June, there was severe flooding around Bangor in North Down, Saintfield, Crossgar and Ballynahinch in Down and Newtownards and Comber in Ards, with shops in Crossgar centre flooded. [cite news |title= Further flooding hits parts of NI |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6753987.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=15 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ]

County Londonderry

On 12 June, Magherafelt was affected by flooding. [cite news |title=30 rescued as floods strike city
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6745285.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=12 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29
] [cite news |title=Executive in pledge over flooding |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6747321.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=13 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] On 16 July, roads in Aghadowey, Coleraine [cite news |title=Rain causes havoc in north-east |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6901878.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=16 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] [cite news |title=Mudslide risk keeps road closed |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6902001.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=16 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] and Portstewart, Coleraine [cite news |title=Rain storm chaos strikes Ulster again|url=http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/article2776814.ece |work=Belfast Telegraph |publisher=Independent News & Media. |date=17 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-08-09 ] were rendered impassable by floodwater.

County Tyrone

On 12 June, Omagh and Dungannon were affected by flooding, with a Dunnes supermarket evacuated in Omagh. [cite news |title=30 rescued as floods strike city
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6745285.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=12 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29
] [cite news |title=Executive in pledge over flooding |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/6747321.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=13 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ]

Affected areas in Scotland

Scotland was hit by flooding in June and July, with the Lowlands most badly affected. On 12 June, the Met Office issued torrential rain warnings for Scotland [cite news |title='Torrential' rain warning issued |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/south_of_scotland/6745911.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=12 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] and it was Scotland's wettest June since 1938. [cite news |title=Wettest June in almost 70 years |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/6278208.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC |date=6 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] The non-administrative counties [As defined in the Lieutenancies Act 1997] and council areas [As defined in the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994] affected are given below.

Ayrshire and Arran

On 21 June, about 2000 homes were left without electricity and properties were affected as flash floods hit Kilmarnock. [cite news |title=Kilmarnock hit by flash flooding |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/glasgow_and_west/6228956.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=21 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] On 18 July, flooding affected Kilmarnock again, the River Irvine burst its banks in Newmilns, and flash floods affected roads including the M77. [cite news |title=Firefighters combat heavy floods |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/glasgow_and_west/6906123.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=19 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ]

Dumfries

On 18 July, floods wrecked homes in Closeburn, power was cut off at Eaglesfield, and roads were closed at Moffat and Lochmaben. [cite news|title=Flash floods wreck homes
url=http://icdumfries.icnetwork.co.uk/dumfriesgalloway/news/tm_headline=flash-floods-wreck-homes&method=full&objectid=19486026&siteid=77296-name_page.html
work=Dumfries and Galloway Standard |Publisher=unknown publisher|date=20 July 2007|accessdate=2007-07-31
]

Edinburgh and Midlothian

On 1 July rain cancelled the one-day international cricket match between Scotland and Pakistan in Edinburgh [cite news |title=Scotland suffer Pakistan wash-out |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/cricket/counties/scotland/6257044.stm |work=BBC Sport |publisher=BBC. |date=1 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] and by 3 July parts of Midlothian were flooded, with worst hit areas including residential areas in Dalkeith and Mayfield. [cite news|title=Heavy rain leaving us marooned
url=http://edinburghnews.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=1049252007
work=Edinburgh Evening News |Publisher=Johnston Press|date=5 July 2007|accessdate=2007-08-08
]

Glasgow and Lanarkshire

On 22 June, heavy storms flooded roads [cite news |title=In Pictures: Glasgow floods chaos
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/6232282.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=22 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28
] and dumped debris on the railway line in Glasgow. [cite news |title=Flooding causes severe disruption |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/glasgow_and_west/6231928.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=22 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ] [cite news |title=Glasgow flooding causes severe disruption |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/glasgow_and_west/6231928.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=22 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-06-28 ] The same day, torrential rain caused a landslide just south of Lesmahagow, closing the M74. [cite news|title=Power cuts and travel chaos in wake of storms
url=http://www.theherald.co.uk/news/news/display.var.1493768.0.0.php
work=The Herald (Glasgow) |Publisher=Newsquest|date=23 July 2007|accessdate=2007-08-08
]

Moray

On 3 July a landslide caused by floodwater disrupted traffic on the A941 Rothes to Aberlour road in Moray. [cite news |title=Police warning on storm landslide
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/north_east/6266144.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=3 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28
]

Ross and Cromarty

On 18 July, heavy rain caused landslips blocking the railway line between Strathcarron and Achnasheen for a predicted 10 days, [cite news |title= Railway line blocked by landslip
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/highlands_and_islands/6907981.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=19 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28
]

Tweeddale

On 25 June rain forced the 108-year old Beltane Festival in Peebles to be held indoors for the first time. [cite news |title=Downpour forces festival indoors |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/south_of_scotland/6236668.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=25 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-28 ]

Affected areas in Wales

Wales was hit by flooding in June and July, with the Eastern areas most badly affected. It was Wales's wettest June since 1998, and its second wettest since 1914. [cite news |title=BBC Weather Centre UK Weather Review - June 2007 Wales |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/ukweather/year_review/reviews/june2007_review_wales.shtml |work=BBC Weather |publisher=BBC. |date=8 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-29 ] The preserved counties [As created by the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 and amended by the [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/wales/wsi2003/20030974e.htm Preserved Counties (Amendment to Boundaries) (Wales) Order 2003] ] and principal areas [As created by the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994] affected are given below.

Clwyd

On 26 June, roads including the A5 were impassable at Corwen in Denbighshire, a river overflowed at Worthenbury in Flintshire, and properties were affected in Wrexham. [cite news |title=Flooding, travel delays hit Wales |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/6236728.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] In North Wales, a man was rescued by fire services after he was stranded on a small island in the River Dee in Llangollen, Denbighshire. On 17 July, flash floods after torrential rain forced the closure of a secondary school in Prestatyn in Denbighshire. [cite news |title=Rain shuts school, leisure centre |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/north_east/6903051.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=17 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ]

Dyfed

Lampeter in Ceredigion was affected by flooding on 11 June [cite news |title=School evacuated after flooding |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/north_west/6741919.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=11 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-26 ] and then again on 15 June. [cite news |title=Town flooded twice in five days |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/6758569.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=15 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ]

Gwent

On 26 June, properties were affected in Tintern on the River Wye in Monmouthshire. [cite news |title=Flooding, travel delays hit Wales |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/6236728.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=26 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ] On 20 July, flash floods affected parts of Newport, Monmouthshire and Torfaen. [cite news |title=Flash floods hit homes and roads |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_east/6221060.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=20 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-27 ]

Powys

In Montgomeryshire, ten people were taken to safety at Tregynon and a dozen homes were flooded at Bettws Cedewain on 22 July, [cite news |title=Flood rescues in Powys villages |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/mid/6911303.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=23 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31 ] firefighters used a boat to evacuate five people from a house near Welshpool after they were cut off by floods on 23 July, [cite news |title=Rescues after flooding continues |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_east/6910593.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=23 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31 ] and the same boat was later used to rescue three people stranded in a car on the A483. [cite news |title=Flood rescues in Powys villages |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/mid/6911303.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=23 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31 ] In Radnorshire, 30 tonnes of debris and earth blocked the only road out of Barland near Presteigne on 23 July. [cite news |title=Rescues after flooding continues |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_east/6910593.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=23 June 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31 ] In Brecknockshire, the River Wye burst its banks in Builth Wells on 1 July, [cite news |title=Flooded River Wye (picture 1: River Wye in flood at Builth Wells) |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/mid/sites/in_pictures/pages/flooded_wye.shtml?1
work=BBC Wales |publisher=BBC. |date=3 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31
] [cite news |title=Flooded River Wye (picture 2: Wye bridge at Builth) |url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/mid/sites/in_pictures/pages/flooded_wye.shtml?2
work=BBC Wales |publisher=BBC. |date=3 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31
] the saturated ground later causing chaos at the Royal Welsh Show in Llanelwedd on 24 July. [cite news |title=Wales braces itself for even more rain |url=http://icwales.icnetwork.co.uk/0100news/0200wales/tm_headline=braced-for-more-flooding&method=full&objectid=19506534&siteid=50082-name_page.html
work=Western Mail |publisher=Western Mail and Echo Ltd. |date=24 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-31
]

outh Glamorgan

On 20 July, flash floods affected the Vale of Glamorgan, [cite news |title=Schools evacuated in flash floods |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_east/6908215.stm |work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC. |date=20 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-26 ] causing schools to be evacuated, roads to be closed, and boats used to rescue people from their homes in Barry.

Timeline for June and July floods

Areas affected by flooding during this period were as follows (see above for specific citations):

*1-7 June: :England (Buckinghamshire)
*8-14 June: :England (Lancashire), :Northern Ireland (Belfast, Cookstown, Dungannon, Lisburn, Magherafelt, Omagh), :Wales (Ceredigion)
*15-21 June: :England (County Durham, Herefordshire, North and West Yorkshire, Shropshire, Worcestershire), :Northern Ireland (Ards, Down, North Down), :Scotland (Ayrshire, Lanarkshire), :Wales (Ceredigion)
*22-28 June: :England (East Riding of Yorkshire, Hull, Nottinghamshire, Shropshire, Worcestershire, South Yorkshire), :Scotland (Peebles), :Wales (Denbighshire, Flintshire, Monmouthshire, Wrexham)
*29 June-5 July: :England (Buckinghamshire, Lancashire, West Yorkshire), :Northern Ireland (Antrim), :Scotland (Midlothian, Moray)
*6-12 July:: De facto gap between the June and July floods
*13-19 July: :England (County Durham, Cumbria, Lancashire, North Yorkshire, Worcestershire), :Northern Ireland (Coleraine, Larne), :Scotland (Ayrshire, Dumfriesshire, Ross and Cromarty), :Wales (Denbighshire)
*20-26 July::England (Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Gloucestershire, Greater London, Herefordshire, Lincolnshire, Oxfordshire, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire), :Wales (Newport, Monmouthshire, Powys, Torfaen, Vale of Glamorgan)

Aftermath

Rescue effort

Following the flooding in late June, the rescue effort was described by the Fire Brigades Union as the "biggest in peacetime Britain". Following the flooding in July, the RAF said it is carrying out its biggest ever peacetime rescue operation, with six Sea King helicopters from as far afield as RAF St Mawgan in Cornwall, RAF Valley in Anglesey and RAF Leconfield in the East Riding of Yorkshire rescuing up to 120 people.cite news|title=WATERWORLD; Biggest peacetime rescue by RAF|url=http://www.gulf-times.com/site/topics/article.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=162518&version=1&template_id=38&parent_id=20 |work=Gulf Times |publisher=Gulf Times |date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] cite news|title=More flooding on the way, minister warns|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/07/22/nflood822.xml |work=Daily Telegraph |publisher=Daily Telegraph |date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] cite news|title=The threat of worse to come as waters surge down river|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article2120927.ece |work=The Times |publisher=The Times |date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] [cite news|title=RAF Responded to 51 operations from the central Midlands in the last 24 hours warns|url=http://www.raf.mod.uk/news/index.cfm?storyid=F241BE92-1143-EC82-2E699D8E67406E90 |work=RAF |publisher=Ministry of Defence |date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23] An RAF heavy lift Chinook helicopter was also employed to move aggregate to reinforce the banks of the River Don.cite news|title=RAF Chinook heavy lift helicopter helps with the flood relief|url=http://www.raf.mod.uk/news/index.cfm?storyid=77EAA995-1143-EC82-2EDBBE344361BB56|publisher=Royal Air Force |date=July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-24] The Environment Agency described the situation as "critical".

Health risks

The Health Protection Agency advised people that the risk of contracting any illness was low but that it was best to avoid coming into direct contact with floodwater.


=Crop da

The floods caused widespread crop damage, especially broccoli, carrots, peas and potatoes. In parts of Lincolnshire it was estimated that 40% of the pea crop may have been damaged, with other crops also suffering major losses. Prices of vegetables were expected to rise in the following months. [cite news|title=Extra funds won't help flooded farmers |url=http://www.farmersguardian.com/story.asp?sectioncode=1&storycode=11018 |work=Farmers Guardian |publisher=Farmers Guardian |date=5 July 2007 | accessdate=2007-07-05]

Financial cost

Environment Agency chief executive Baroness Young said that about £1bn a year was needed to improve flood defences. The Association of British Insurers has said the total bill for the June and July floods could reach £2bn.

Government response

On 3 July, Environment Secretary Hilary Benn announced that the Government would increase the spending on risk management and flood defences by £200 million to £800 million by 2010-11. [cite news|title=Benn pledges £200 m flood defence increase |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/07/03/nbenn103.xml |work=Daily Telegraph |publisher=Daily Telegraph |date=3 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-05] During Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons later that month, Prime Minister Gordon Brown promised £46 million in aid to flood-hit councils and £800 million rise in annual spending on flood protection by 2010-11, confirming Hilary Benn's announcement. Brown also pledged to push insurance firms to make payouts.

On 22 July, the Government convened COBRA to co-ordinate the response to the crisis. [cite news|title=UK ministers travel to flood area|url=http://www.ft.com/cms/s/6fa3e306-3856-11dc-bca9-0000779fd2ac.html
work=Financial Times |publisher=Financial Times|date=22 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-22
]

Visiting Gloucestershire on 25 July, Mr. Brown praised emergency services for their efforts, but added: "We've got to get the supplies stepped up. We will get more tankers in, we will get more bowsers in, we will get more regular filling of them, and at the same time, more bottled water will be provided." [cite news|title=Fears as floods loom in new areas|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6914876.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=25 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-25]

On 8 August 2007 Defra announced that Sir Michael Pitt would chair an independent review of the response to the flooding. On 4 September of that year the Cabinet Office website launched a comments page to let people affected by the flooding contribute their experiences to the review.

Sir Michael published his interim report on 17 December 2007. [Cabinet Office: [http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/thepittreview/interim_report.aspx Learning lessons from the 2007 floods - Interim Report] ]

Criticism of Hull Council

Hull Council was criticised for not insuring the city's libraries, schools and other public buildings. In response, Hull Council said that "Many councils do not have the feature in their budget"Fact|date=July 2007, but other flood-hit councils were insured. It was thought that council tax payers would be left with the bill, as emergency Government funding would not cover it.

Criticism of Government response

In June, councillors in Hull claimed that the city was being forgotten and had the floods occurred in the Home Counties, help would have arrived much more quickly. One in five homes in Hull was damaged and 90 out of the city's 105 schools suffered some damage. Damage to the schools alone was estimated to cost £100 million. The Bellwin Scheme for providing aid after natural disasters was criticised as inadequate by Hull MP Diana Johnson. [cite news|title=Hull pleads for aids after floods leave one in five homes damaged |url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/weather/Story/0,,2118791,00.html |work=Guardian Unlimited|publisher=Guardian|date=5 July 2007 | accessdate=2007-07-05] The lack of media coverage of flooding in Kingston upon Hull led the city council leader Carl Minns to dub Hull "the forgotten city".

In July, the Government came under mounting criticism of its handling of the crisis, the fact that responsibilities were spread across four departments and no single minister could be held responsible, and the fact that the Army had not been called in to assist. [cite news|title=Floods continue to cause disruption |url=http://www.itv.com/news/index_a8b619ded8eafc678d2a2002df644101.html |work=ITV News |publisher=ITV Network Limited |date=22 July 2007 | accessdate=2007-07-22]

"The Observer" newspaper stated on 22 July 2007 that the Government had been warned in the spring by the Met Office that summer flooding would be likely because the El Niño phenomenon had weakened, but no action was taken. [cite news|title=Met Office warned months ago about risk of flooding |url=http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,,2132232,00.html |work=Guardian Unlimited |publisher=Guardian Newspapers |date=22 July 2007 | accessdate=2007-07-22]

In response to the criticism, Environment Secretary Hilary Benn said on the BBC's Sunday AM programme that "This was very, very intense rainfall, with five inches in 24 hours in some areas; even some of the best defences are going to be overwhelmed". He praised the way the emergency services had dealt with "unprecedented" levels of rainfall and said he had "total confidence" in the response of the Environment Agency.

Conservative leader David Cameron called for a public inquiry into the flooding after visiting Witney, the main town in his Oxfordshire constituency. [cite news|title=Benn defends response to floods|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6910438.stm|work=BBC News Online |publisher=BBC|date=22 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-21]

Then Liberal Democrat leader Sir Menzies Campbell accused the government of lack of preparation leading to a "summer of suffering", and said, "With sophisticated weather forecasting as we now have, particularly in relation to what’s happened over the weekend, there are quite a few questions as to how it was that flood-prevention measures were not in place or were not more effective." [cite news|title=Thousands cut off in Britain's worst floods|url=http://timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article2123487.ece?token=null&offset=0|work=The Times |publisher=The Times|date=23 July 2007 |accessdate=2007-07-23]

See also

* List of natural disasters in the United Kingdom
* Great Sheffield Flood
* Jenna Meredith
* Rihanna Curse
* Flood risk assessment

References

External links

* [http://www.bluelinemedia.co.uk/onlinebowsermaps.php Online Bowser Maps For Gloucestershire]
* [http://www.ukflood.co.uk UK Flood]


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