Charente-Maritime — Department —
Coat of arms
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country France Region Poitou-Charentes Prefecture La Rochelle Subprefectures Jonzac
Government - President of the General Council Dominique Bussereau (UMP) Area1 - Total 6,864 km2 (2,650.2 sq mi) Population (2007) - Total 605,410 - Rank 39th - Density 88.2/km2 (228.4/sq mi) Time zone CET (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Department number 17 Arrondissements 5 Cantons 51 Communes 472 ^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
When first created, the commune of Saintes was assigned as the prefecture of the department (Saintes had previously been the prefecture of Saintonge). This changed in 1810 when Napoléon passed an imperial decree which moved the prefecture to La Rochelle.
During World War II, the department was invaded by the German army and became part of occupied France. To provide defence against a possible beach landing, the Organisation Todt constructed a number of sea defences in the area. Defences such as pillboxes are particularly noticeable on the beaches of the presqu'île d'Arvert and the island of Oléron.
At the end of the war there were only two pockets of German resistance: La Rochelle, in the north and Royan in the south. Despite being almost completely destroyed during an RAF bombing raid on 5 January 1945, the town of Royan wasn't liberated by the French resistance until April of the same year. La Rochelle was finally captured on 9 May 1945.
Charente-Maritime is part of the Poitou-Charentes administrative region. It is the second largest and the most populated department in the region with a land area of 6864 km² and 598 915 inhabitants as of 2006.
The important rivers are the Charente and its tributaries, the Boutonne and the Seugne, along with the Sèvre Niortaise, the Seudre, and the Garonne, in its downstream part, which is the estuary of the Gironde.
The department includes the islands of Île de Ré, Île d'Aix, and Ile d'Oléron.
The department forms the northern part of the Aquitaine basin. It is separated from the Massif Armoricain by the Marais Poitevin to the north-west and from the Parisian basin by the Seuil du Poitou to the north-east. The highest point in the department is in the woods of Chantemerlière, near the commune of Contré in the north-east, and rises to 173 m.
The climate is mild and sunny, with less than 900 mm of precipitation per year. Average temperatures vary from 20 °C (68 °F) in summer to 5 °C (41 °F) in winter.
During the summer months, families flock from all over Europe to bask in the sun and enjoy the local seafood.
Charente-Maritime is the headquarters of the major oyster producer Marennes-Oléron. Oysters cultivated here are shipped across Europe.
Rochefort is the site of shipbulding and a French naval base.
La Rochelle is a seat of major French industry. Just outside the city is a factory for the French engineering giant Alstom, where the TGV, the cars for the Paris and other metros are manufactured. It is a popular venue for tourism, with its picturesque medieval harbour and city walls.
The inhabitants of the department are called Charentais-Maritimes.
Party seats • Union for a Popular Movement 18 Socialist Party 15 • Miscellaneous Right 8 Left Radical Party 7 The Greens 1 • New Centre 1 MoDem 1
- Cantons of the Charente-Maritime department
- Communes of the Charente-Maritime department
- Arrondissements of the Charente-Maritime department
- Éclade des Moules
- (French) Charente Maritime website
- (English) Official Tourism Guide of Charente-Maritime
- (French) Official Tourism Guide of Charente-Maritime
- (French) Charente Maritime News
- (French) Zoo de la Palmyre
- (French) Ile d'Oléron
- (French) Ile de ré
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Charente-Maritime — /shann rddahonnt mann rddee teem /, n. a department in W France. 497,859; 2792 sq. mi. (7230 sq. km). Cap.: La Rochelle. * * * … Universalium
Charente-Maritime — /ʃaˌrɒ̃t marəˈtim/ (say shah.ront mahruh teem) noun a department in western France. 7231 km2. Capital: La Rochelle … Australian English dictionary
Charente-Maritime — /shann rddahonnt mann rddee teem /, n. a department in W France. 497,859; 2792 sq. mi. (7230 sq. km). Cap.: La Rochelle … Useful english dictionary
Charente-Maritime's 5th constituency — 5th constituency of the Charente Maritime French National Assembly circonscription Deputy Didier Quentin UMP Department … Wikipedia