Isère


Isère
Isère
—  Department  —

Coat of arms
Location of Isère in France
Coordinates: 45°20′N 05°30′E / 45.333°N 5.5°E / 45.333; 5.5Coordinates: 45°20′N 05°30′E / 45.333°N 5.5°E / 45.333; 5.5
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Prefecture Grenoble
Subprefectures La Tour-du-Pin
Vienne
Government
 – President of the General Council André Vallini
Area1
 – Total 7,431 km2 (2,869.1 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 – Total 1,178,714
 – Rank 16th
 – Density 158.6/km2 (410.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 38
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 58
Communes 533
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Isère (pronounced: [izɛːʁ]; Arpitan: Isera, Occitan: Isèra) is a department in the Rhône-Alpes (Rôno-Arpes in Arpitan) region in the east of France named after the river Isère.

Contents

History

Isère is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Dauphiné. Its area has been reduced twice, in 1852 and again in 1967, on both occasions losing territory to the department of Rhône.

In 1852 in response to rapid urban development round the edge of Lyon, the (hitherto Isère) communes of Bron, Vaulx-en-Velin, Vénissieux and Villeurbanne were transferred to Rhône. In 1967 the redrawing of local government frontiers led to the creation of the Urban Community of Lyon (more recently known simply as Greater Lyon / Grand Lyon). At that time intercommunal groupings of this nature were not permitted to straddle departmental frontiers, and accordingly 23 more Isère communes (along with 6 communes from Ain) found themselves transferred to Rhône. The affected Isère communes were Chaponnay, Chassieu, Communay, Corbas, Décines-Charpieu, Feyzin, Genas, Jonage, Jons, Marennes, Meyzieu, Mions, Pusignan, Saint-Bonnet-de-Mure, Saint-Laurent-de-Mure, Saint-Pierre-de-Chandieu, Saint-Priest, Saint-Symphorien-d'Ozon, Sérézin-du-Rhône, Simandres, Solaize, Ternay and Toussieu.

Most recently, on 1 April 1971, Colombier-Saugnieu was lost to Rhône. Banners appeared in the commune's three little villages at the time proclaiming "Dauphinois toujours" (Always Dauphinois)

Isère was also the name of the French ship which delivered the 214 boxes holding the Statue of Liberty.

Geography

Isère is part of the current region of Rhône-Alpes and is surrounded by the departments of Rhône, Ain, Savoie, Hautes-Alpes, Drôme, Ardèche, and Loire.

Isère includes a part of the French Alps. The highest point in the department is the Sub-Peak "Pic Lory" at 4,088 metres, subsidiary to the Barre des Ecrins. The summit of La Meije at 3,988 metres is also very known. The Vercors Plateau dominates the west of the department.

Demographics

Inhabitants of the department are called Isérois.

Politics

The President of the General Council is André Vallini of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 24
Union for a Popular Movement 14
Miscellaneous Right 7
French Communist Party 6
Miscellaneous Left 4
The Greens 3

Culture

The Grande Chartreuse is the mother abbey of the Carthusian order. It is located 14 miles north of Grenoble.

As early as the 13th century, residents of the north and central parts of Isère spoke a dialect of the Franco-Provençal language called Dauphinois. It continued to be spoken in rural areas of Isère into the 20th century.

Tourism

Isère features many ski resorts, including the Alpe d'Huez, Les Deux Alpes, the 1968 Winter Olympics resorts of Chamrousse, Villard de Lans, Autrans. Other popular resorts include Les 7 Laux, Le Collet d'Allevard, Méaudre, Saint Pierre de Chartreuse, Alpe du Grand Serre, Gresse en Vercors.

Grenoble has a dozen museums, including the most famous created in Grenoble in 1798, the Museum of Grenoble.

It comes as the third largest ski & winter destination of France after Savoie (Tignes, the 3 Valleys...) and Haute-Savoie (Chamonix, Morzine...) and before Hautes-Alpes (Serre-Chevalier, Montgenèvre, etc.) It also hosts Coupe Icare, an annual festival of free flight, such as paragliding and hang-gliding, held at the world-renowned paragliding site at Lumbin.

Miscellaneous Topics

Poma (ski-lifts) and Rossignol (ski and winter surf company) are headquartered in Isère, near Grenoble.

Other companies include STMicroelectronics France, Schneider Electric SA, Caterpillar France SAS, Hewlett Packard, Becton Dickinson France SAS, Soitec, Siemens, Teisseire.

Isère produces the following cheeses: Bleu du Vercors-Sassenage, an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée cheese, and Saint-Marcellin.

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isère — Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Daten Gewässerkennzahl FR:  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isère — Departamento de Francia …   Wikipedia Español

  • ISÈRE — Si l’on excepte l’Arve et le Fier, l’Isère, née au pied de l’Iseran, draine toutes les Alpes françaises du Nord. Elle doit le développement de son réseau à l’absence de l’obstacle jurassien qui a facilité le creusement de son lit et à la présence …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Isere — Isère ist ein Fluss in Frankreich, siehe Isère (Fluss) ein Departement in Frankreich, siehe Isère (Département) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isere — Isère Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le département de l Isère; L Isère, une rivière française. Voir aussi Iseres AD Isère Drac Romanche Ce document provient de « Is%C3%A8re ».… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isère — (spr. Isähr), 1) Nebenfluß der Rhône links; entspringt westlich am Iseran in Savoyen, nimmt dort den Arc auf, geht bei dem Fort Barraux nach Frankreich über, durchfließt das Departement Isère, wo er den Drac u. Bourne empfängt, u. das Departement …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Isère —   [i zɛːr],    1) die, linker Nebenfluss der Rhône in den französischen Alpen, 290 km lang, entspringt an der italienischen Grenze am Col de l Iseran, durchfließt die Tallandschaften Tarentaise und Grésivaudan, nimmt bei Grenoble den Drac auf,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Isère [1] — Isère (spr. isǟr , bei den Alten Isăra), linker Nebenfluß der Rhone, entspringt im franz. Depart. Savoyen nördlich vom Mont Iseran in einer Höhe von 240010, verfolgt in großen Krümmungen südwestliche Hauptrichtung, bildet im obern Lauf das Tal… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Isère [2] — Isère (spr. isǟr ), Departement im südlichen Frankreich, nach dem Fluß I. benannt, ist aus dem nördlichen Teil des Dauphiné gebildet, grenzt nördlich an das Depart. Ain, östlich an Savoyen, südöstlich an das Depart. Oberalpen, südwestlich an… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Isère — (spr. isähr), l. Nebenfluß der Rhône, entspringt, 2300 m hoch, am Mont Iseran in Savoyen, mündet nach 290 km (160 km schiffbar) oberhalb Valence. – Das franz. Dep. I. (in der alten Dauphiné), 8237 qkm, (1901) 568.693 E., gebirgig, bes. im SO.;… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Isère — (Isähr), 41 Ml. langer Nebenfluß der Rhone, entspringt in Savoyen, mündet oberhalb Valence, gibt einem französ. Departem. den Namen. Dasselbe ist 153 QM. groß, hat in 4 Arrondissements, 45 Cantons u. 551 Gemeinden 604000 E., ist gebirgig, in den… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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