Timeline of Michigan history

Timeline of Michigan history


Natural history

French colonization

British colonization

U.S. territory

  • 1805 Michigan Territory was created, with Detroit designated as the seat of government. William Hull appointed as governor. Detroit was destroyed by fire.
  • 1812 Detroit and Mackinac are captured by the British in the War of 1812
  • 1813 Detroit recovered from the British by future-President William Henry Harrison
  • 1813 Lewis Cass became Territorial Governor.
  • 1817 The University of Michigan is established in Detroit, the first public university in the state.
  • 1818 The British cede control of the Upper Peninsula and the St. Clair River islands to the U.S. after the Treaty of Ghent and border negotiations are concluded.
  • 1819 In the Treaty of Saginaw, the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi ceded more than six million acres (24,000 km²), in the central portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan to the United States.
  • 1821 With the Treaty of Chicago, the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi ceded all the lands south of the Grand River to the United States.
  • 1823 Congress transferred legislative powers previously exercised by the Territorial Governor and Judges to a nine-member Legislative Council, appointed by the U.S. President who selected them from eighteen persons chosen by the people. The Council was expanded to thirteen members in 1825 and made an elected body in 1827.
  • 1824 The Chicago Road is surveyed between Fort Dearborn in Chicago and Detroit. It will become a major avenue for settlement and trade besides its original military purpose.
  • 1828 The British turn over their fort on Drummond Island to the United States
  • 1828 Territorial Capitol built in Detroit at a cost of $24,500.
  • 1833 Detroit Arsenal constructed in Dearborn, Michigan to serve the territorial militia and the regular army
  • 1835 First Constitutional Convention. Stevens T. Mason inaugurated as the first Governor. A minor conflict with Ohio, known as the Toledo War, over an area including the city of Toledo, Ohio, contributed to delaying Michigan's statehood. As a resolution, Ohio received Toledo and the Toledo Strip, while Michigan gained the western two-thirds of what is now Michigan's Upper Peninsula.
  • 1836 Treaty of Washington representatives of the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Native Americans cede an area of approximately 13,837,207 acres (55,997 km²) in the northwest portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan and the eastern portion of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. This area represents approximately 37% of the current land area of the state of Michigan.
  • 1837 Admitted as a free state into the union (the 26th state), it was admitted a few months after the slave state of Arkansas.

As a U.S. state

  • 1837 The Panic of 1837 was a severe setback to the nascent state bank and to several ambitious programs of public improvements, including the Clinton-Kalamazoo Canal
  • 1838 The Patriot War saw Irish nationalists invade Canada from southeast Michigan.
  • 1840 Douglass Houghton reported finding copper deposits on the Keweenaw Peninsula.
  • 1842 Treaty of La Pointe is the last Native American land cession in Michigan
  • 1846 Marji-Gesick, an Ojibwa Indian, pointed out a large deposit of iron ore to prospector Philo Everett near the present-day city of Negaunee.
  • 1847 Under the leadership of Dr. Albertus van Raalte, Dutch Calvinist separatists founded Holland, Michigan in southwest Michigan.
  • 1847 A law was passed by the State Legislature to re-locate the state capital from Detroit to a site "in the township of Lansing, in the county of Ingham."
  • 1854 The first official meeting of the group that called itself the "Republican Party" was held in Jackson.
  • 1855 Michigan State University is founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, becoming the first land grant university in the United States.
  • 1861-1865 Michigan sends 90,000 men, nearly a quarter of the state's male population to fight in state regiments for American Civil War
  • 1871 Fires burn Manistee and Holland
  • 1879 New State Capitol dedicated in Lansing. The structure cost $1,510,130.
  • 1890s and 1900s Ford, Chrysler and General Motors were among many automotive companies founded in southeastern Michigan.
  • 1928 Construction of the Ford River Rouge Plant is completed; the largest integrated factory complex in the world employs 100,000 people
  • 1929 The Ambassador Bridge opens between Detroit and Windsor, Ontario. It is the longest bridge in the world when built. The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel would open the next year.
  • 1937 Flint Sit-Down Strike ended with official recognition of the United Auto Workers by General Motors.
  • 1941-1945 During World War II, Detroit is called the "Arsenal of Democracy" for its wartime industry; Fort Wayne is the largest motor vehicle and parts depot in the world.[1]
  • 1943 Riot broke out pitting whites against blacks during wartime.
  • 1950 Detroit is the 4th largest city in the U.S., with 1.8 million people
  • 1957 Five-mile long Mackinac Bridge opens on November 1.
  • 1959 Motown music begins recordiing in Detroit.
  • 1960 Census results reveal a 1.45 million increase in state population, the largest in state history.
  • 1967 Race riots struck the city of Detroit. After 5 days of rioting, 43 people lay dead, 1,189 injured and over 7,000 people had been arrested. The riot had lasting effects on the entire metro region and is usually cited as one of the reasons the Detroit area is among the most segregated areas in the United States.
  • 1974 Gerald R. Ford of Grand Rapids became the 38th President of the United States.
  • 1987 Michigan celebrated 150 years of statehood.
  • 2002 Michigan elects its first female governor, Jennifer Granholm (D).
  • 2006 - mid-2010 Michigan has the worst unemployment rate of any state, peaking at over 15%, due to the Auto industry crisis and the general financial crisis.

See also

References and further reading

  • Dunbar, Willis F. and George S. May (1995). Michigan: A History of the Wolverine State. WM. B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-7055-4. 
  • Poremba, David Lee (2003). Detroit: A Motor City History. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-2435-2. 
  • Poremba, David Lee (2001). Detroit in Its World Setting (timeline). Wayne State University. ISBN 0-8143-2870-9. 
  • Woodford, Arthur M. (2001). This is Detroit 1701-2001. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-2914-4. 

External links

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